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1. WO2020112217 - DEVELOPABLE AND COLLAPSABLE SHAFT DEPLOYMENT MECHANISM

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[ EN ]

CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A hollow rod developable actuator tool, the tool comprising:

a first link comprising an outer cylinder, the outer cylinder comprising:

a first end having a first aperture;

a second end having a second aperture,

a first wall extending between the first end and second end defining an outer circumference of the hollow rod and a central passage therethrough from the first end to the second end; and

a first cavity disposed in the first wall having a first joint mounted therein;

a deployment ring comprising:

a second link comprising a first portion of the deployment ring, the first portion comprising:

a first end pivotably coupled to the first wall of the first link at the first joint;

a second end having a second joint; and

a body extending between first end and second end; and

a third link comprising a second portion of the deployment ring, the second portion comprising:

a first end pivotably coupled to the body of the second link at the second joint;

a second end pivotably connected to a third joint; and

a body extending between the first end and second end; and

a fourth link comprising an inner cylinder disposed within the central passage of the outer cylinder of the first link, the inner cylinder comprising:

a first end having a first aperture;

a second end having a second aperture;

a second wall extending between the first end and the second end defining an inner circumference of the hollow rod and a central passage therethrough from the first end to the second end; and

a second cavity in the second wall having the third joint pivotably coupled to the body of the third link;

wherein, when the inner cylinder of the fourth link is rotated in relation to the outer cylinder of the first link in such a way that moves the first joint and third joint away from each other along the perimeter of the tool, the tool transitions from a first state wherein the deployment ring is within the first cavity and the second cavity of the respective first wall and second wall to a second state where the deployment ring extends outside the outer circumference of the tool.

2. The hollow rod developable actuator tool of claim 1 , wherein a device is attached to the deployment ring.

3. The hollow rod developable actuator tool of claim 2, wherein a mount is provided for attaching the device to the deployment ring.

4. The hollow rod developable actuator tool of claim 1 , wherein at least one of the body of the second link and the body of the third link are curved to match the curvature of the first link making the second link and third link flush with the outer circumference when the actuator tool is in the first state.

5. The hollow rod developable actuator tool of claim 1, wherein the first cavity and the second cavity are located in proximity to the second end of the first link and the second end of the fourth link.

6. The hollow rod developable actuator tool of claim 1, wherein the second joint connecting the second link and third link of the deployment ring is a compliant segment.

7. The hollow rod developable actuator tool of claim 1, wherein the first joint and third joint are compliant segments.

8. The hollow rod developable actuator tool of claim 1 further comprising a second deployment ring, the second deployment ring comprising:

a fifth link comprising a first portion of the second deployment ring, the first portion comprising:

a first end pivotably coupled to the first wall of the first link at a fourth joint in a third cavity in the first link;

a second end having a fifth joint;

a body extending between first end and second end;

a sixth link comprising a second portion of the deployment ring, the second portion comprising:

a first end pivotably coupled to the body of the fifth link at the fifth joint;

a second end pivotably connected to the second wall of the fourth link at a sixth joint in a fourth cavity in the fourth link; and

a body extending between the first end and second end;

wherein, when the inner cylinder of the fourth link is rotated in relation to the outer cylinder of the first link in such a way that moves the fourth joint and sixth joint away from each other along the perimeter of the hollow rod, the actuator tool transitions from a first state wherein the second deployment ring is within the first cavity and the second cavity of the respective first wall and second wall to a second state where the second deployment ring extends outside the outer circumference of the hollow rod.

9. The hollow rod developable actuator tool of claim 8, wherein a device is attached to the second deployment ring.

10. The hollow rod developable actuator tool of claim 9, wherein a mount is provided for attaching the device to the second deployment ring.

11. The hollow rod developable actuator tool of claim 8, wherein at least one of the body of the fifth link and the body of the sixth link are curved to match the curvature of the first link making the fifth link and sixth link flush with the outer circumference when the actuator tool is in the first state.

12. The hollow rod developable actuator tool of claim 8, wherein the fifth joint connecting the fifth link and sixth link of the second deployment ring is a compliant segment.

13. The hollow rod developable actuator tool of claim 8, wherein the fourth joint and sixth joint are compliant segments.

14. A method of using a hollow rod developable actuator tool, the method comprising:

Providing a hollow rod developable actuator tool, the tool comprising:

a first link comprising an outer cylinder, the outer cylinder comprising:

a first end having a first aperture;

a second end having a second aperture,

a first wall extending between the first end and second end defining an outer circumference of the hollow rod and a central passage therethrough from the first end to the second end; and

a first cavity disposed in the first wall having a first joint mounted therein;

a deployment ring comprising:

a second link comprising a first portion of the deployment ring, the first portion comprising:

a first end pivotably coupled to the first wall of the first link at the first joint;

a second end having a second joint; and

a body extending between first end and second end;

a third link comprising a second portion of the deployment ring, the second portion comprising:

a first end pivotably coupled to the body of the second link at the second joint;

a second end pivotably connected to a third joint; and

a body extending between the first end and second end;

a fourth link comprising an inner cylinder disposed within the central passage of the outer cylinder of the first link, the inner cylinder comprising:

a first end having a first aperture;

a second end having a second aperture;

a second wall extending between the first end and the second end defining an inner circumference of the hollow rod and a central passage therethrough from the first end to the second end; and

a second cavity in the second wall having the third joint pivotably coupled to the body of the third link;

wherein, when the inner cylinder of the fourth link is rotated in relation to the outer cylinder of the first link in such a way that moves the first joint and third joint away from each other along the perimeter of the tool, the actuator tool transitions from a first state wherein the deployment ring is within the first cavity and the second cavity of the respective first wall and second wall to a second state where the deployment ring extends outside the outer circumference of the tool; and

actuating the tool by rotating the inner cylinder of the fourth link in relation to the outer cylinder of the first link in such a way that moves the first joint and third joint away from each other along the perimeter of the tool to transition the tool from a first state to the second state.

15. The method of claim 14, further comprising:

rotating the inner cylinder of the fourth link in relation to the outer cylinder of the first link in such a way that moves the first joint and third joint toward each other along the perimeter of the tool to transition the tool from a second state to the first state.