Processing

Please wait...

Settings

Settings

Goto Application

1. WO2020112091 - PIPE THICKNESS INVERSION USING A FAST FORWARD MODEL

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

[ EN ]

CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A method for estimating a pipe property for a plurality of nested pipes comprising:

disposing an electromagnetic logging tool in a wellbore, wherein the electromagnetic logging tool comprises:

a transmitter, wherein the transmitter is a first coil; and

a receiver, wherein the receiver is a second coil;

transmitting an electromagnetic field from the transmitter into a pipe string; energizing the pipe string with the electromagnetic field to produce an eddy current in the pipe string;

measuring the eddy current in the pipe string with the receiver on at least one channel to obtain a plurality of measurement;

determining the pipe property from the plurality of measurements, wherein the pipe property identifies a feature in the wellbore;

forming a pre-computed table of responses for the at least one channel comprising a plurality of points that sample the pipe property; and

performing a model-based inversion to estimate the pipe property using the plurality of measurements, the nominal properties of the pipes, and a fast forward model based on the pre-computed table of responses.

2. The method of claim 1 , wherein the plurality of measurements are multi-frequency and multi-spacing and the electromagnetic logging tool is a frequency-domain tool.

3. The method of claim 1 , wherein the electromagnetic logging tool is a time-domain tool further comprising a plurality of receivers with a plurality of sizes.

4. The method of claim 1, further comprising measuring the electromagnetic field with the transmitter, wherein the transmitter acts as the receiver for the measuring the electromagnetic field.

5. The method of claim 1, wherein the pipe property includes a thickness, a percentage metal loss or gain, a magnetic permeability, an electrical conductivity, a total thickness, an eccentricity, an inner diameter, an outer diameter, or an ovality of each pipe.

6. The method of claim 1 , wherein determining the pipe property is found from a well plan.

7. The method of claim 1 , wherein determining the pipe property is estimated in a pre-inversion step and wherein the pre-inversion step is a permeability estimation step or a conductivity estimation step.

8. The method of claim 1, wherein the fast forward model is computed using an interpolation and a linear combination of the plurality of measurements in the pre-computed table and higher-order non-mixed derivatives.

9. The method of claim 1, wherein the performing a model-based inversion further comprises inverting the pipe property in at least one inversion zone, wherein number of pipes, their individual weights, and their individual inner diameters are invariant in the inversion zone.

10. The method of claim 9, wherein the plurality of points that sample a given pipe property are chosen such that they capture linear and higher order variations of all channels to the given pipe property over an entire dynamic range of the given pipe property within a given inversion zone.

1 1. The method of claim 10, wherein sampling points that sample a given pipe property comprise the nominal pipe property and at least one other point.

12. The method of claim 10, wherein number of sampling points is increased in steps until linear and higher order variations of a given channel to a given pipe property over an entire dynamic range of the given pipe property within a given inversion zone is captured and wherein the number of sampling points are different for different pipe properties and different channels.

13. The method of claim 1, wherein the pre-computed table of responses is computed for a first subset of channels, and a full forward model is evoked within the model-based inversion for a second subset of channels.

14. The method of claim 14, wherein the first subset of channels comprises channels with negligible sensitivity to cross-couplings between different pipe properties, whereas the second subset of channels comprises channels with non-negligible sensitivity to cross-couplings between different pipe properties.

15. The method of claim 1 , further comprising performing a well operation in response to the feature identified in a wellbore at least partially by the pre-computed table of responses.

16. A system for estimating a pipe property for a plurality of nested pipes comprising:

an electromagnetic logging tool, wherein the electromagnetic logging tool comprises:

a transmitter, wherein the transmitter is a first coil and is operable to transmit an electromagnetic field;

a receiver, wherein the receiver is a second coil and is operable to measure the electromagnetic field and wherein the transmitter and receiver are separated by about one inch to about two hundred inches; and

an information handling system configured to form a pre-computed table of responses for the at least one channel comprising a plurality of points that sample each one of pipe properties for a plurality of pipes and perform a model-based inversion to estimate a set of pipe properties, the nominal properties of the pipes, and a fast forward model based on the pre-computed table of responses.

17. The system of claim 16, wherein the information handling system is further configured to estimate a pre-inversion step to determine an initial pipe property and wherein the pre-inversion step is a permeability estimation step or a conductivity estimation step.

18. The system of claim 16, wherein the fast forward model is computed using an interpolation and a linear combination of the measurements in the pre-computed table of responses and higher-order non-mixed derivatives.

19. The system of claim 16, wherein the information handling system is further configured to invert the pipe properties in at least one inversion zone, wherein number of the pipes, their individual weights, and their individual inner diameters are invariant in the inversion zone.

20. The system of claim 19, wherein the plurality of points that sample a given pipe property are chosen such that they capture linear and higher order variations of all channels to the given pipe property over an entire dynamic range of the given pipe property within a given inversion zone.