Processing

Please wait...

Settings

Settings

Goto Application

1. WO2020109797 - MICROFLUIDIC APPARATUS AND METHOD

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

[ EN ]

CLAIMS

1. A microfluidic cassette comprising:

a microfluidic cassette body comprising at least one fluid flow channel, and at least one chamber containing reagent, the chamber comprising a seal to prevent fluid from entering the chamber, wherein the seal is breakable in situ in the cassette body, and wherein the cassette body and the chamber are configured such that when the seal is broken, the reagent is exposed to fluid flow in the channel.

2. The microfluidic cassette of claim 1 , further comprising a sealing layer on a surface of the cassette body adjacent to the at least one chamber to prevent fluid outside the microfluidic cassette from contacting the cassette body.

3. The microfluidic cassette of claims 1 or 2, further comprising an insert, wherein the insert comprises the at least one chamber.

4. The microfluidic cassette of claim 3, wherein the seal is breakable in situ when a piercing force is applied to the seal.

5. The microfluidic cassette of claim 4, wherein the cassette body comprises one or more seal breaking mechanisms adapted to break the seal.

6. The microfluidic cassette of claim 5, wherein the one or more seal breaking mechanisms comprise one or more structures adapted to pierce the seal in situ in the cassette body, and wherein the insert is secured within the cassette body and is movable from a first position within the cassette body where the seal is not in contact with the one or more structures to a second position within the cassette body where the seal is in contact with the one or more structures.

7. The microfluidic cassette of claim 6, wherein the one or more structures are adapted such that when the seal is pierced, a fluid flow channel through the chamber is formed, the fluid flow channel in fluid communication with the fluid flow channel of the cassette body.

8. The microfluidic cassette of claim 7, wherein the one or more structures comprises a first annular wall enclosing a first fluid aperture and a second annular wall enclosing a second fluid aperture, and wherein the first and second fluid apertures are in fluid communication with the fluid flow channel of the cassette body.

9. The microfluidic cassette of claim 8, wherein at least one of the annular walls includes a cut-out region around part of the circumference of the wall.

10. The microfluidic cassette of any of claims 6 to 9, wherein the cassette body further comprises a cover element arranged to provide a sealed chamber enclosing the one or more structures and the insert.

11. The microfluidic cassette of claim 10, wherein the insert is secured to an inner surface of the cover element.

12. The microfluidic cassette of claims 10 or 11 , wherein the cover element is resiliently deformable.

13. The microfluidic cassette of claim 12, wherein the cover element is arranged to hold the insert in the first position and is resiliently deformable to move the insert into the second position.

14. The microfluidic cassette of claim 13, wherein the cassette body further comprises an outer wall enclosing the one or more structures, said outer wall shaped to guide movement of the insert between the first and second position.

15. The microfluidic cassette of any preceding claim, wherein the seal is breakable in situ when exposed to a temperature substantially above atmospheric temperature.

16. The microfluidic cassette of any preceding claim, wherein the seal is breakable in situ when exposed to a directional beam of light, and wherein the microfluidic cassette comprises at least one pathway that allows light to pass through the cassette and contact the seal.

17. A microfluidic diagnostic system comprising:

a microfluidic cassette according to any of claims 1 to 16; and

a microfluidic diagnostic device adapted to receive the microfluidic cassette, the device comprising:

one or more actuators adapted to break the seal of the microfluidic cassette.

18. The microfluidic diagnostic system of claim 17, wherein the one or more actuators comprise an aperture shaped to receive the microfluidic cassette body.

19. The microfluidic diagnostic system of claims 17 or 18, wherein the one or more actuators comprise a moveable actuating member.

20. The microfluidic diagnostic system of any of claims 17 to 19, wherein the one or more actuators comprise a source of heat.

21. The microfluidic diagnostic system of any of claims 17 to 20, wherein the one or more actuators comprise a source of directional light.

22. An insert for a microfluidic cassette body comprising:

at least one chamber containing reagent, the chamber comprising a seal to prevent fluid from entering the chamber, wherein the seal is breakable in situ in the cassette body.

23. A method of manufacturing a microfluidic cassette comprising:

providing a microfluidic cassette body comprising at least one fluid flow channel; and

providing at least one chamber containing reagent, the chamber comprising a seal to prevent fluid from entering the chamber, wherein the seal is breakable in situ in the cassette body, and wherein the cassette body and the chamber are configured such that when the seal is broken, the reagent is exposed to fluid flow in the channel.