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1. WO2020072732 - FAST-SWITCHED OPTICAL COMPONENTS WITH DYE-DOPED DUAL-FREQUENCY LIQUID CRYSTAL

Publication Number WO/2020/072732
Publication Date 09.04.2020
International Application No. PCT/US2019/054423
International Filing Date 03.10.2019
IPC
G02F 1/13 2006.01
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
G02F 1/1337 2006.01
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements
1337Surface-induced orientation of the liquid crystal molecules, e.g. by alignment layers
G02F 1/1343 2006.01
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements
1343Electrodes
G02F 1/1347 2006.01
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements
1347Arrangement of liquid crystal layers or cells in which the final condition of one light beam is achieved by the addition of the effects of two or more layers or cells
G03B 9/02 2006.01
GPHYSICS
03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
BAPPARATUS OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR TAKING PHOTOGRAPHS OR FOR PROJECTING OR VIEWING THEM; APPARATUS OR ARRANGEMENTS EMPLOYING ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
9Exposure-making shutters; Diaphragms
02Diaphragms
CPC
G02F 1/13306
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
13306Circuit arrangements or driving methods for the control of single liquid crystal cells
G02F 1/13475
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements; ; Manufacturing methods
1347Arrangement of liquid crystal layers or cells in which the final condition of one light beam is achieved by the addition of the effects of two or more layers or cells
13475in which at least one liquid crystal cell or layer is doped with a pleochroic dye, e.g. GH-LC cell
G02F 1/13725
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
137characterised by the electro-optical or magneto-optical effect, e.g. field-induced phase transition, orientation effect, guest-host interaction or dynamic scattering
13725based on guest-host interaction
G02F 2001/133742
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements; ; Manufacturing methods
1337Surface-induced orientation of the liquid crystal molecules, e.g. by alignment layers
133742for homeotropic alignment
G02F 2203/48
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
2203Function characteristic
48Variable attenuator
G03B 9/02
GPHYSICS
03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
BAPPARATUS OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR TAKING PHOTOGRAPHS OR FOR PROJECTING OR VIEWING THEM; APPARATUS OR ARRANGEMENTS EMPLOYING ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
9Exposure-making shutters; Diaphragms
02Diaphragms
Applicants
  • KENT STATE UNIVERSITY [US]/[US]
Inventors
  • LAVRENTOVICH, Oleg D.
  • SHIYANOVSKII, Sergij V.
  • LI, Bingxiang
  • XIAO, Ruilin
Agents
  • KLINKO, Mark D.
Priority Data
62/740,98704.10.2018US
Publication Language English (EN)
Filing Language English (EN)
Designated States
Title
(EN) FAST-SWITCHED OPTICAL COMPONENTS WITH DYE-DOPED DUAL-FREQUENCY LIQUID CRYSTAL
(FR) COMPOSANTS OPTIQUES À COMMUTATION RAPIDE DOTÉS D'UN CRISTAL LIQUIDE À DOUBLE FRÉQUENCE DOPÉ PAR COLORANT
Abstract
(EN)
An electro-optic shutter includes a pair of dual frequency dye-doped nematic cells with orthogonal alignments driven by an electric field of low and high frequency between transparent and light-absorbing states. The shutter is polarization-independent, with sub- millisecond switching time and contrast ratio in the range from 10:1 to 1000:1, or higher. The shutter may be used in dimmable eyewear or in devices for multispectral imaging.
(FR)
Un obturateur électro-optique comprend une paire de cellules nématiques dopées par un colorant à double fréquence avec des alignements orthogonaux entraînés par un champ électrique de basse et haute fréquence entre des états transparents et d'absorption de lumière. L'obturateur est indépendant de la polarisation, avec un temps de commutation inférieur à la milliseconde et un rapport de contraste dans la plage de 10:1 à 1000:1, ou plus. L'obturateur peut être utilisé dans des lunettes à intensité variable ou dans des dispositifs d'imagerie multispectrale.
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