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1. WO2020070451 - PROCESS FOR MANUFACTURING AN ALUMINUM ALLOY PART

Publication Number WO/2020/070451
Publication Date 09.04.2020
International Application No. PCT/FR2019/052346
International Filing Date 03.10.2019
IPC
B22F 3/105 2006.01
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
FWORKING METALLIC POWDER; MANUFACTURE OF ARTICLES FROM METALLIC POWDER; MAKING METALLIC POWDER; APPARATUS OR DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR METALLIC POWDER
3Manufacture of workpieces or articles from metallic powder characterised by the manner of compacting or sintering; Apparatus specially adapted therefor
10Sintering only
105by using electric current, laser radiation or plasma
C22C 1/04 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
CALLOYS
1Making non-ferrous alloys
04by powder metallurgy
B33Y 40/00 2015.01
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
40Auxiliary operations or equipment, e.g. for material handling
B33Y 70/00 2015.01
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
70Materials specially adapted for additive manufacturing
CPC
B22F 2998/10
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
FWORKING METALLIC POWDER; MANUFACTURE OF ARTICLES FROM METALLIC POWDER; MAKING METALLIC POWDER
2998Supplementary information concerning processes or compositions relating to powder metallurgy
10Processes characterised by the sequence of their steps
B22F 3/1055
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
FWORKING METALLIC POWDER; MANUFACTURE OF ARTICLES FROM METALLIC POWDER; MAKING METALLIC POWDER
3Manufacture of workpieces or articles from metallic powder characterised by the manner of compacting or sintering; Apparatus specially adapted therefor ; ; Presses and furnaces
10Sintering only
105by using electric current ; other than for infra-red radiant energy; , laser radiation or plasma
1055Selective sintering, i.e. stereolithography
B33Y 40/00
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL [3-D] OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3-D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
40Auxiliary operations or equipment, e.g. for material handling
B33Y 70/00
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL [3-D] OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3-D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
70Materials specially adapted for additive manufacturing
C22C 1/0416
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
CALLOYS
1Making alloys
04by powder metallurgy
0408Light metal alloys
0416Aluminium-based alloys
Applicants
  • C-TEC CONSTELLIUM TECHNOLOGY CENTER [FR]/[FR]
Inventors
  • CHEHAB, Bechir
Agents
  • C-TEC CONSTELLIUM TECHNOLOGY CENTER
Priority Data
187113205.10.2018FR
Publication Language French (FR)
Filing Language French (FR)
Designated States
Title
(EN) PROCESS FOR MANUFACTURING AN ALUMINUM ALLOY PART
(FR) PROCÉDÉ DE FABRICATION D'UNE PIÈCE EN ALLIAGE D'ALUMINIUM
Abstract
(EN)
The invention relates to a process for manufacturing a part comprising the formation of successive solid metal layers (201...20n) that are stacked on top of one another, each layer describing a pattern defined using a numerical model (M), each layer being formed by the deposition of a metal (25), referred to as solder, the solder being subjected to an input of energy so as to start to melt and to constitute, by solidifying, said layer, wherein the solder takes the form of a powder (25), the exposure of which to an energy beam (32) results in melting followed by solidification so as to form a solid layer (201...20n). The process is characterized in that the solder (25) is an aluminum alloy comprising at least the following alloy elements: - Fe, in a weight fraction of from 1 to 10 %, preferably from 2 to 8 %, more preferably from 2 to 5 %, even more preferably from 2 to 3.5 %; - Cr, in a weight fraction of from 1 to 10 %, preferably from 2 to 7 %, more preferably from 2 to 4 %; - optionally Zr and/or Hf and/or Er and/or Sc and/or Ti, in a weight fraction of up to 4 %, preferably from 0.5 to 4 %, more preferably from 1 to 3 %, even more preferably from 1 to 2 % each, and in a weight fraction of less than or equal to 4 %, preferably less than or equal to 3 %, more preferably less than or equal to 2 % in total; - Si, in a weight fraction of less than or equal to 1 %, preferably less than or equal to 0.5 %. The invention also relates to a part obtained by this process. The alloy used in the additive manufacturing process according to the invention makes it possible to obtain parts having remarkable features.
(FR)
L'invention concerne un procédé de fabrication d'une pièce comportant une formation de couches métalliques solides successives (201...20n), superposées les unes aux autres, chaque couche décrivant un motif défini à partir d'un modèle numérique(M), chaque couche étant formée par le dépôt d'un métal (25), dit métal d'apport, le métal d'apport étant soumis à un apport d'énergie de façon à entrer en fusion et à constituer, en se solidifiant, ladite couche, dans lequel le métal d'apport prend la forme d'une poudre (25), dont l'exposition à un faisceau énergétique (32) résulte en une fusion suivie d'une solidification de façon à former une couche solide (201...20n), le procédé étant caractérisé en ce que le métal d'apport (25) est un alliage d'aluminium comprenant au moins les éléments d'alliage suivant : - Fe, selon une fraction massique de 1 à 10 %, de préférence de 2 à 8 %, plus préférentiellement de 2 à 5, encore plus préférentiellement de 2 à 3,5 %; - Cr, selon une fraction massique de 1 % à 10 %, de préférence de 2 à 7 %, plus préférentiellement de 2 à 4 %; - optionnellement Zr et/ou Hf et/ou Er et/ou Sc et/ou Ti, selon une fraction massique jusqu'à 4 %, de préférence de 0,5 à 4 %, plus préférentiellement de 1 à 3 %, encore plus préférentiellement de 1 à 2 % chacun, et selon une fraction massique inférieure ou égale à 4 %, de préférence inférieure ou égale à 3 %, plus préférentiellement inférieure ou égale à 2 % au total; - Si, selon une fraction massique inférieure ou égale à 1 %, de préférence inférieure ou égale à 0,5 %. L'invention concerne également une pièce obtenue par ce procédé. L'alliage utilisé dans le procédé de fabrication additive selon l'invention, permet d'obtenir des pièces aux caractéristiques remarquables.
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