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1. WO2020000085 - SPATIALLY-DISTRIBUTED MULTI-INPUT INTERFEROMETER RECEIVER FOR 5G BACKHAULING SYSTEMS AND BEYOND

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS :

1 . A receiver for receiving a radio frequency (RF) signal that comprises a carrier signal modulated with a baseband symbol, the receiver comprising : a plurality of spatially-distributed antennas to receive the RF signal; a local reference signal generator configured to generate a local reference signal;

a plurality of power couplers, each power coupler having a first input connected to a respective one of the antennas to receive a respective version of the RF signal, a second input connected to the local reference signal generator to receive the local reference signal, and an output to output a corresponding coupled signal; and

a differentiator circuit connected to the power coupler outputs for determining a power differential between at least one pair of the coupled signals to recover the baseband symbol from the RF signal.

2. The receiver of claim 1 wherein :

the plurality of spatially-distributed antennas includes a first, second, third and fourth antenna,

the plurality of power couplers includes:

a first power coupler having the first input thereof connected to the first antenna to receive a first phased version of the RF signal and the second input thereof connected to the local reference signal generator to receive the local reference signal, the output of the first power coupler outputting a first coupled signal;

a second power coupler having the first input thereof connected to the second antenna to receive a second phased version of the RF signal and the second input thereof connected to the local reference signal generator to receive the local reference signal, the output of the second power coupler outputting a second coupled signal;

a third power coupler having the first input thereof connected to the third antenna to receive a third phased version of the RF signal and the second input thereof connected to the local reference signal generator to receive the local reference signal, the output of the third power coupler outputting a third coupled signal; and

a fourth power coupler having the first input thereof connected to the fourth antenna to receive a fourth phased version of the RF signal and the second input thereof connected to the local reference signal generator to receive the local reference signal, the output of the fourth power coupler outputting a fourth coupled signal;

wherein the differentiator circuit is configured to determine a first power differential between the first and third coupled signals that represents an in-phase component of the baseband symbol and a second power differential between the second and fourth coupled signals that represents a quadrature component of the baseband symbol.

3. The receiver of claim 1 or 2 wherein the local reference signal generator is configured to generate the local reference signal to have a frequency and a phase that matches an operating frequency and a phase of the carrier signal.

4. The receiver of any one of claims 1 to 3 wherein the local reference signal generator comprises a local oscillator that generates a base reference signal to match an operating frequency of the carrier signal, and a phase shifter that adjusts a phase of the base reference signal to match the unmodulated phase of the carrier signal.

5. The receiver of claim 4 wherein the local reference signal generator comprises a first power divider at an output of the phase shifter to output two copies of the local reference signal, and a second and third power divider each connected to the first power divider to receive a respective one of the two copies of the local reference signal, the second and third power dividers each providing copies of the local reference signal to the second inputs of a respective two of the power couplers such that each of the power couplers simultaneously receives the local reference signal.

6. The receiver of claim 3 wherein the second phased version of the RF signal has a phase difference of approximately 90°from the first phased version of the RF signal, the third phased version of the RF signal has a phase difference of approximately 180°from the first phased version of the RF signal, and the fourth phased version of the RF signal has a phase difference of approximately 270° from the first phased version of the RF signal.

7. The receiver of any one of claims 1 to 6 wherein the antennas are arranged in a linear array with a constant inter-antenna distance between adjacent antennas that is equal to or greater than one quarter of an operating frequency wavelength of the carrier signal.

8. The receiver of claim 7 wherein the antennas are in a fixed positioned relative to the transmitter such that the RF signal is received within plus or minus 11 ° of a target angle for which a phase difference between the versions of the RF signal from any two adjacent antennas is 90 ° .

9. The receiver of claim 8 wherein the target angle is equal to:


where A0 is the operating frequency wavelength of the carrier signal; and d is the inter-antenna distance.

10. The receiver of claim 2 comprising :

a first delay line between the first input of the first power

coupler and the first antenna, a second delay line between the first input of the second power coupler and the second antenna, a third delay line between the first input of the third power coupler and the third antenna, and a fourth delay line between the first input of the fourth power coupler and the fourth antenna, the delay lines being configured so that the second phased version of the RF signal has a phase difference of approximately 90°from the first phased version of the RF signal, the third phased version of the RF signal has a phase difference of approximately 180°from the first phased version of the RF signal, and the fourth phased version of the RF signal has a phase difference of approximately 270° from the first phased version of the RF signal.

11. The receiver of claim 2 wherein the differentiator circuit comprises: a first power detector connected to the first power coupler to receive the first coupled signal and output a first voltage signal representing a power of the first coupled signal;

a second power detector connected to the second power coupler to receive the second coupled signal and output a second voltage signal representing a power of the second coupled signal;

a third power detector connected to the third power coupler to receive the third coupled signal and output a third voltage signal representing a power of the third coupled signal;

a fourth power detector connected to the fourth power coupler to receive the fourth coupled signal and output a fourth voltage signal representing a power of the fourth coupled signal;

a first differential op-amp having first and second inputs connected to the first and third power detectors to receive the first and third voltage signals, respectively, and output a voltage representing the first power differential; and

a second differential op-amp having first and second inputs connected to the second and fourth power detectors to receive the second and fourth voltage signals, respectively, and output a voltage representing the second power differential.

12. The receiver of claim 11 comprising respective sample and hold circuits at outputs of the first differential op-amp and the second differential op-amp for sampling the voltages output thereby, the sample and hold circuits each operating at a sampling rate that is approximately double a symbol rate used to modulate the baseband symbols at the transmitter.

13. A method at a receiver for receiving a radio frequency (RF) signal that comprises a carrier signal modulated with a baseband symbol, comprising : receiving the RF signal simultaneously at each one of a plurality of spatially-distributed antennas;

coupling the RF signal received at each of the plurality of antennas with a local reference signal to output a corresponding coupled signal; and determining a power differential between at least one pair of the coupled signals to recover the baseband symbol from the RF signal.

14. The method of claim 13 wherein :

receiving the RF signal simultaneously at each one of a plurality of spatially-distributed antennas comprises receiving the RF signal at each of a first, second, third and fourth antenna, and

coupling the RF signal received at each of the plurality of antennas includes:

coupling a first phased version of the RF signal from the first antenna with the local reference signal to output a first coupled signal;

coupling a second phased version of the RF signal from the second antenna with the local reference signal to output a second coupled signal;

coupling a third phased version of the RF signal from the third antenna with the local reference signal to output a third coupled signal; and

coupling a fourth phased version of the RF signal from the fourth antenna with the local reference signal to output a fourth coupled signal, and

determining a power differential between at least one pair of the coupled signals comprises determining a first power differential between the first and third coupled signals that represents an in-phase component of the baseband symbol and a second power differential between the second and fourth coupled signals that represents a quadrature component of the baseband symbol.

15. The method of claim 13 or 14 comprising generating the local reference signal with a frequency and a phase that matches an operating frequency and a phase of the carrier signal.

16. The method of any one of claims 13 to 15 wherein generating the local reference signal comprises dividing a generated reference signal into two local reference signals that are then each divided into two further local reference signals that are each coupled in simultaneous phase with a respective one of the phased versions of the RF signal.

17. The method of claim 14 wherein the second phased version of the RF signal has a phase difference of approximately 90°from the first phased version of the RF signal, the third phased version of the RF signal has a phase difference of approximately 180°from the first phased version of the RF signal, and the fourth phased version of the RF signal has a phase difference of approximately 270° from the first phased version of the RF signal.

18. The method of claim 17 comprising a step of locating the antennas in a fixed positioned relative to the transmitter such that the RF signal is received within plus or minus 11 ° of a target angle for which a phase difference between the versions of the RF signal from any two adjacent antennas is 90° .

19. The method of claim 14 comprising, prior to coupling the RF signal received at each of the plurality of antennas with the local reference signal : applying a first delay to the RF signal from the first antenna to produce the first phased version of the RF signal for coupling with the local reference signal,

applying a second delay to the RF signal from the second antenna to produce the second phased version of the RF signal for coupling with the local reference signal,

applying a third delay to the RF signal from the third antenna to produce the third phased version of the RF signal for coupling with the local reference signal,

applying a fourth delay to the RF signal from the fourth antenna to produce the fourth phased version of the RF signal for coupling with the local reference signal,

the delays being applied so that the second phased version of the RF signal has a phase difference of approximately 90°from the first phased version of the RF signal, the third phased version of the RF signal has a phase difference of approximately 180°from the first phased version of the RF signal, and the fourth phased version of the RF signal has a phase difference of approximately 270° from the first phased version of the RF signal.

20. The method of claim 14 or 19 wherein :

determining the first power differential between the first and third coupled signals

comprises:

outputting from a first power detector a first voltage signal representing a power of the first coupled signal; and

outputting from a third power detector a third voltage signal representing a power of the third coupled signal;

the first power differential being a difference between the first voltage signal and the second voltage signal, and

determining the second power differential between the second and fourth coupled signals comprises:

outputting from a second power detector a second voltage signal representing a power of the second coupled signal; and

outputting from a fourth power detector a fourth voltage signal representing a power of the fourth coupled signal;

the second power differential being a difference between the second voltage signal and the fourth voltage signal.