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1. WO2019060751 - COMPACT VARIABLE GEOMETRY DIFFUSER MECHANISM

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[ EN ]

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. A diffuser system for a centrifugal compressor, the diffuser system comprising:

a nozzle base plate that cooperates with an opposed interior surface on a housing to define a diffuser gap, a surface of the nozzle base plate having a groove adjacent the diffuser gap;

a plurality of support blocks extending from a back side of the nozzle base plate opposite the diffuser gap;

a drive ring rotatable by an actuator between a first position and a second position relative to the plurality of support blocks, the drive ring comprising a plurality of first cam tracks and a plurality of bearing assemblies positioned proximate an outer circumferential surface of the drive ring;

a plurality of drive pins, each drive pin extending through a corresponding support block and the nozzle base plate, a first end of each drive pin including a cam follower mounted into one of the plurality of first cam tracks on the drive ring, and a second end of each drive pin extending through the nozzle base plate into the groove on the surface of the nozzle base plate; and

a diffuser ring coupled to the second end of each drive pin and extending into the groove on the nozzle base plate.

2. The diffuser system of claim 1, wherein the plurality of bearing assemblies comprises an axial bearing assembly and a radial bearing assembly.

3. The diffuser system of claim 2, wherein the radial bearing assembly comprises a roller member in contact with the outer circumferential surface of the drive ring, the roller member configured to resist radial movement of the drive ring as it rotates.

4. The diffuser system of claim 2, wherein the drive ring further comprises a plurality of second cam tracks.

5. The diffuser system of claim 4, wherein the axial bearing assembly comprises a bearing member mounted into one of the plurality of second cam tracks on the drive ring, the bearing member configured to resist axial movement of the drive ring as it rotates.

6. The diffuser system of claim 4, wherein each of the plurality of second cam tracks is substantially parallel to a top surface and a bottom surface of the drive ring.

7. The diffuser system of claim 6, wherein each of the plurality of first cam tracks is inclined relative to the top surface and the bottom surface of the drive ring.

8. The diffuser system of claim 1, wherein the second position of the diffuser ring is configured to fully close the diffuser gap and prevent a flow of fluid through the diffuser gap-

9. A system for a variable capacity centrifugal compressor for compressing a fluid, the system comprising:

a housing;

an impeller rotatably mounted in the housing for compressing fluid introduced through an inlet; and

a diffuser system mounted in the housing and configured to stabilize a flow of fluid exiting the impeller, the diffuser system comprising:

a nozzle base plate that cooperates with an opposed interior surface on the housing to define a diffuser gap, a surface of the nozzle base plate having a groove adjacent the diffuser gap;

a plurality of support blocks positioned on a back side of the nozzle base plate opposite the diffuser gap;

a drive ring rotatable by an actuator between a first position and a second position relative to the plurality of support blocks, the drive ring comprising a plurality of first cam tracks and a plurality of bearing assemblies positioned proximate an outer circumferential surface of the drive ring;

a plurality of drive pins, each drive pin extending through a corresponding support block and the nozzle base plate, a first end of each drive pin including a cam follower mounted into one of the plurality of first cam tracks on the drive ring, and a second end of each drive pin extending through the nozzle base plate into the groove on the surface of the nozzle base plate; and

a diffuser ring coupled to the second end of each drive pin and extending into the groove on the nozzle base plate;

wherein rotation of the drive ring between the first position and the second position causes axial movement of the plurality of drive pins by movement of the cam followers in the plurality of first cam tracks, which causes movement of the diffuser ring between a first diffuser ring position and a second diffuser ring position to control fluid flow through the diffuser gap.

10. The system of claim 9, wherein the plurality of bearing assemblies comprises an axial bearing assembly and a radial bearing assembly.

11. The system of claim 10, wherein the radial bearing assembly comprises a roller member in contact with the outer circumferential surface of the drive ring, the roller member configured to resist radial movement of the drive ring as it rotates.

12. The system of claim 10, wherein the drive ring further comprises a plurality of second cam tracks.

13. The system of claim 12, wherein the axial bearing assembly comprises a bearing member mounted into one of the plurality of second cam tracks on the drive ring, the bearing member configured to resist axial movement of the drive ring as it rotates.

14. The system of claim 9, wherein the second position of the diffuser ring is configured to fully close the diffuser gap and prevent the flow of fluid exiting the impeller from flowing through the diffuser gap.

15. The system of claim 9, wherein the impeller is a high specific speed impeller.

16. The system of claim 9, wherein the fluid is a refrigerant.

17. The system of claim 16, wherein the refrigerant is R1233zd.

18. A diffuser system for a centrifugal compressor, the diffuser system comprising:

a nozzle base plate that cooperates with an opposed interior surface to define a diffuser gap;

a plurality of support blocks extending from a back side of the nozzle base plate opposite the diffuser gap;

a drive ring rotatable by an actuator between a first position and a second position relative to the plurality of support blocks, the drive ring comprising a plurality of cam tracks;

a plurality of bearing assemblies positioned proximate an outer circumferential surface of the drive ring and configured to resist movement of the drive ring in both a radial direction and an axial direction;

a plurality of drive pins, each drive pin extending through a corresponding support block and the nozzle base plate, a first end of each drive pin including a cam follower mounted into one of the plurality of cam tracks on the drive ring, and a second end of each drive pin extending through the nozzle base plate; and

a diffuser ring coupled to the second end of each drive pin.

19. The diffuser system of claim 18, wherein the plurality of bearing assemblies comprises a V-groove bearing assembly, the V-groove bearing assembly comprising:

an outer ring comprising two flanges extending in a V-shape; and an inner ring configured to permit rotation of the outer ring relative to the inner ring.

20. The diffuser system of claim 19, wherein the drive ring comprises a base portion and an extension portion situated orthogonally relative to each other, the extension portion configured to contact the two flanges of the outer ring.