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1. (WO2019046593) COMPACT AUTO-INJECTOR
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COMPACT AUTO-INJECTOR

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

[0001] This application claims the benefit of priority to U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 62/552,052 entitled "Compact Auto-Injector," filed on August 30, 2017, and U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 62/568,567 entitled "Protective Case for an Auto-Injector," filed on October 5, 2017, the contents of both of which are incorporated herein by reference in their entireties.

TECHNICAL FIELD

[0002] The invention relates generally to medicament auto-injectors and, more particularly, to an auto-injector of a relatively low profile and high aspect ratio. The auto-injector allows for administration of a desired dose of medicament intramuscularly or subcutaneously.

BACKGROUND

[0003] The auto-injector market is growing rapidly through an increase in prescriptions, along with new indications for use. Auto-injectors are becoming more dominant as they provide an innovative approach to administer drugs or biological products, and they may enhance safety, improve dosing accuracy, and increase patient compliance, particularly in self-administration settings.

[0004] Existing auto-injectors leave patients actively seeking an alternative to address the anxiety they feel associated with existing pain points; poor portability, unwanted attention, accidental injections, and lacerations. An improved auto-injector is needed.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0005] Through a human-centered design focus, embodiments of the auto-injector described herein are portable, intuitive, and easy-to-use. The auto-injector technology is diversely applicable to many indications for uses that require fixed dose, single-use intramuscular or subcutaneous injections. Embodiments of the auto-injector are designed to consider the

human element. The enhanced ergonomics of embodiments of the device, in combination with the high aspect ratio injector technology, are designed to match modern lifestyles.

Embodiments of the invention include a high aspect ratio auto-injector technology that enables the creation of a portable as well as wearable auto-injector for safe and effective dosing of epinephrine, and other medicaments (note that the exemplary value ranges in the chart of FIG. 141 relate to the delivery of multiple medicaments, but can be adjusted, as necessary, to accommodate the delivery of other medicaments). FIG. 1 provides example illustrations of how the aspect ratio of an auto-injector is calculated, using both conventional auto-injectors and the inventive auto-injector described herein. As used herein, and with reference to FIG. 1, height (H) is defined as the largest straight- line length of the auto-injector away from the skin during injection (perpendicular to the injection surface), and width (W) is measured as the smallest straight-line length on the surface that is in contact with a patient's skin during injection (parallel to the injection surface).

[0006] The novel auto-injector technology can be readily incorporated into an auto-injector that can be worn in a bracelet, pendant or other accessory to ensure that the auto-injector is always within reach in the event of an emergency. The objectives of a portable and wearable auto-injector that is safe, easy to use, as well as other objectives, will be apparent to those skilled in the art.

[0007] In one aspect, the invention is a compact auto-injector for delivering a medicament dose subcutaneously or intramuscularly. The auto-injector may be composed of two main components: a sealed housing, and a cover. Disposed inside the sealed housing is a medicament reservoir containing the medicament, a medicament dispensing system (MDS) and a needle extension system (NES). Upon time of injection, the medicament reservoir and needle extension system are in fluidic connection.

[0008] The sealed housing may be rotatably retained in a cover. In one embodiment, the sealed housing may be rotated relative to the cover from an initial position, to a second position following a user input through a designed interface. At least one of the components comprising the sealed housing or the cover may include indicia indicating the first, second, or subsequent positions. The sealed housing may be bounded during the transition such that the sealed housing may be displaced relative to the cover in a controlled means. The auto-injector can further include a biasing member, whose function includes displacing the sealed housing relative to the cover. In various embodiments, the biasing member can be a spring that is integrally formed with the sealed housing or cover or conversely a separate component which can be disposed between the sealed housing and the cover. The auto-injector may further include an interlock, such that the sealed housing cannot be displaced unless the mechanism has been removed or released by the user when use of the auto-injector is required.

[0009] To assist the user in performing a proper administration, the auto-injector should be correctly oriented at the time of injection. The auto-injector may assist orientation with labeling, tactile surfaces, material color or transparency, and other indicia indicating select sides. Furthermore, the auto-injector may present itself with rotational aids, whereas the aids can be contoured, textured, coated or combination of such to further indicate orientation and operation. In addition, the auto-injector can include a viewing window into the internals of the auto-injector for medicament inspection which may further assist the user in establishing orientation.

[0010] In one aspect the sealed housing is composed of two components; a top and bottom half that are mated together. Disposed inside the sealed housing is a medicament reservoir containing the medicament, a medicament dispensing system (MDS), and a needle extension system (NES). The embodiment of the bottom half may provide an aperture for the injection needle to pass through. The two halves, are of such geometry that they may locate and secure the internal components. The two halves which comprise the sealed housing may provide a mechanism or interface for rotating the housing relative to the cover. In some embodiments the sealed housing may aid in determining the fixation location for the MDS, and the NES, as well as aid in the releasing of both systems at time of injection. Additionally, the housing may provide a feature for determining the angular displacement or rotation of the needle barrel that the injection needle is affixed to. The sealed housing may aid in providing alignment during the displacement relative to the cover. Furthermore, the two halves may each provide features to assist in assembly of the two halves to ensure the correct internal alignment. The sealed housing can provide a means of bracing or supporting the injection needle. In addition, the two halves may contain or align the interlocks for preventing displacement of the sealed housing relative to the cover, once the injection has been performed.

[0011] The medicament dispensing system (MDS) which dispenses the medicament is composed of a plunger, a biasing member, a retainer, and a keeper. The biasing member may be similar to a mechanical compression spring. The spring may be held in a state preserving potential energy to be released at the time of injection. The retainer which displaces the plunger, may bound the spring on one end and may have a fixation point on the opposite end. The retainer may facilitate a self-fixation or be fixed in place with a separate locking mechanism which may be released or unlocked at the time of injection. The keeper may bound the side of the spring opposite of the retainer and control the displacement of the retainer relative to the keeper. The displacement of the retainer relative to the keeper is proportional to the volume of medicament dispensed. The MDS may further include a dispensing needle coupled to the retainer in constant fluidic communication to the injection needle. Once the retainer contacts the plunger, the dispensing needle pierces the plunger and is in communication with the contained medicament, and therefore, the medicament is in

fluidic connection with the injection needle as well. Once released, the retainer further displaces the plunger to pump the dose out of the reservoir, through the dispensing needle, through the fluidic connection, and through the injection needle. A flexible or combination of a rigid and flexible tube may be used to interconnect the dispensing needle with the injection needle.

[0012] In certain embodiments the needle extension system (NES) can include a curved injection needle, a needle barrel for supporting the curved injection needle, a needle barrel guide for aligning the needle barrel and injection needle during administration, and a biasing member coupled to the needle barrel for rotating the needle barrel to straighten the curved injection needle to deploy the distal end of the tissue. The biasing member may be a torsion spring. In some embodiments, the axis of rotation of the needle barrel may be substantially perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the medicament reservoir. The NES can include a needle barrel cap, or another means of fixating or securing a proximal end of the injection needle to the barrel. Additionally, the needle barrel cap may aid in securing the flexible tubing to the needle. The barrel cap and or barrel may provide a means of determining the starting and ending rotational position of the injection needle proportional to the depth of injection. In certain embodiments the needle barrel may be secured with a locking mechanism to maintain the potential energy of the torsion spring while held under load, to be released or removed at the time of injection. Furthermore, the needle barrel guide may maintain the concentricity of the needle barrel during the injection. The step of triggering the deployment of the curved injection needle through the aperture in the housing can include manually compressing the auto-injector when the housing is aligned with the cover for an injection and the rotation of the needle barrel to drive the distal end of the curved injection needle through the aperture. Advantageously, the step of retracting the distal end of the injection needle through the aperture, results from releasing the manual compression of the auto-injector.

Following the injection, the displacement of the sealed housing relative to the cover may actuate an interlock, preventing further reuse of the auto-injector.

[0013] In certain embodiments the housing is protected by the cover which provides protection for the sealed housing during the storage of the auto-injector. The cover may also provide a means of bounding the sealed housing, such that the sealed housing is displaced with respect to the cover in a controlled manner. In various embodiments, a biasing member facilitates this displacement of the housing relative to the cover. The biasing member can be a spring that is integrally formed with the cover, or sealed housing, or conversely a separate component which can be disposed between the sealed housing and the cover. The cover may act or perform as the triggering mechanism for the injection. In addition to acting or performing as a protection and a triggering mechanism, the cover may also provide a stable base or platform to perform the injection. The injection contact surface of the cover may provide a tactile surface, which can facilitate the following functionalities: provide a stabilizing base for the auto-injector during injection, aid the user in establishing orientation, as well as affix the auto-injector to the injection location through the means of an adhesive layer or other attachment means. Furthermore, the bounding of the sealed housing by the cover may serve as a means of alignment during the injection. Once the sealed housing has been displaced relative to the cover to perform an injection, the cover will maintain alignment during the manual compression of the auto-injector from the armed to injection position to release the MDS and NES. The manual compression of the sealed housing while performing an injection, reduces the total height of the auto-injector and causes the sealed housing to contact with the intended triggers or protrusions on the cover. The contact with the triggers or protrusions between the cover and the sealed housing while performing an injection, due to the compression of the auto-injector by the user may release the energy stored in the biasing members to both deploy the injection needle and dispense the medicament. Upon

compressing the sealed housing relative to the cover, the distal end of the injection needle will protrude past the cover, through an aperture, and dispense the desired dose. In some embodiments the cover may serve as a means of straightening the injection needle and provide a backing to support the injection needle during injection. In this manner, the length of the injection needle that is deployed into the tissue can be straight and perpendicular to the injection surface. Additionally, the cover can provide a means of guiding the sealed housing during the manual compression to aid in the alignment between the two components, to ensure proper release of the MDS and NES. Upon releasing the applied compression force, the biasing member displaces the sealed housing relative to the cover, increasing the height of the auto-injector and retracting the distal end of the injection needle to conceal the needle and protect the user from accidental needle sticks. Advantageously, the auto-injector can include an interlock to prevent a subsequent manual compression of the auto-injector, thereby rendering the auto-injector single-use. The interlock can be an abutting structure in the housing and the cover. The method mentioned above includes the steps of triggering deployment of the curved injection needle through an aperture in the housing, straightening of the injection needle, to embed the distal end of the injection needle in tissue at a desired depth, triggering piercing of the medicament reservoir with the dispensing needle to provide fluidic communication between the reservoir and the injection needle, dispensing the dose through the injection needle and, thereafter, retracting the distal end of the injection needle.

[0014] In certain embodiments the auto-injector will be presented with a safety mechanism to be removed firstly before any subsequent operations. The injection surface may be exposed to the user once the safety mechanism has been removed, further aiding in establishing an auto-injector orientation. The safety mechanism may also provide a means of preventing the sealed housing from displacing relative to the cover prior to removal, such that the injection sequence may not commence without first removing said mechanism. Alternatively, or

additionally, the safety mechanism may protect the user from the injection needle if an accidental discharge were to happen or remove a protective shroud or sheath that would perform a similar functionality. Therefore, the removal of the safety mechanism may provide or facilitate the following functionalities: establish orientation of the auto-injector, provide an interlock to prevent the displacement of the sealed housing relative to the cover prior to removal, protecting the user from the injection needle, removing a conjoined or coupled component that would further protect the injection needle or user from said injection needle, as well as protecting a tactile coating or surface on the injection contact surface of the cover.

[0015] Prior to performing the injection, the injection needle in the NES and the dispensing needle in the MDS may be covered or sealed to maintain predetermined cleanliness criteria during storage of the auto-injector. Subsequently one embodiment of the auto-injector may provide the user with protection from the distal end of the injection needle by the means of a needle sheath. The needle sheath may fully encase the injection needle to prevent any contamination to the needle prior to use. In one embodiment the needle sheath is used in conjunction with another component to protect the distal portion of the injector needle, which will be embedded in the tissue, from contaminants. The needle sheath may also provide a means to prevent the needle from injuring the user if an accidental discharge were to occur. In other embodiments, the needle sheath may be fixed to the safety mechanism to aid in preventing an accidental injection. The needle sheath may provide a means of fixation to aid in removal prior to use. In one embodiment the needle sheath has a snap fit which allows the joining of the needle sheath to the safety mechanism to assist in removal prior to injection. Alternatively, the needle sheath may only serve to prevent the injection needle from being contaminated and the safety mechanism can provide the user with protection from an accidental discharge of the injection needle.

[0016] In some embodiments the auto-injector may have an internal power source to allow certain functionalities of the auto-injector during storage, during injection, and post injection. The auto-injector may provide audible instructions for performing an injection. Additionally, connectivity of the auto-injector to everyday smart devices allows for additional

functionality. The connected smart device may display visual and/or auditory instructions for performing an injection. Certain embodiments may allow for the user to monitor the temperature, and location of the auto-injector. Additionally, the connected smart device may allow the user to see if other auto-injectors are nearby. Additional embodiments may allow the smart device to contact emergency responders or next of kin once an injection has been initiated. Furthermore, information about the auto-injector may be monitored remotely by the manufacturer.

[0017] In one aspect, the invention relates to a compact, high aspect ratio auto-injector for delivering a medicament dose subcutaneously or intramuscularly. The auto-injector can include a housing; a medicament dispensing system disposed within the housing and including a medicament reservoir adapted to contain the dose; and a needle extension mechanism coupled to the medicament reservoir, the needle extension mechanism including a curved injection needle adapted to be straightened during deployment of the needle to facilitate dispensing of the dose by the auto-injector.

[0018] In some embodiments of the above aspect, the housing includes a sealed housing rotatably retained in a cover. The housing can also include an interface to receive user input to facilitate a manual rotation of the housing relative to the cover from a first locked position to a second unlocked position. In some cases, the housing, the cover, a label, and/or a component directly visible to the user includes indicia indicating the locked position, the unlocked position, and an armed position. The auto-injector can also include a biasing member, such that when the housing is rotated to the unlocked position, the sealed housing is automatically displaced axially relative to the cover, increasing a height of the auto-injector. The biasing member can include a spring that integrally formed with the housing integrally formed with the cover, and disposed between the housing and the cover. In some instances, the auto-injector also includes an interlock, such that the housing cannot be rotated relative to the cover or displaced axially relative to the cover without removal of the interlock. In some cases, manual compression of the auto-injector in an armed position, reduces the height of the auto-injector, and activates a mechanism that straightens and extends a distal end of the injection needle through the housing, dispenses the dose through the injection needle, and activates an interlock. In such cases, upon release of manual compression, the biasing member can automatically displace the housing axially relatively to the cover, increasing a height of the auto-injector and retracting the distal end of the injection needle into the housing. The auto-injector can also include an interlock to prevent subsequent manual compression of the auto-injector, thereby rendering the auto-injector single-use. The interlock can include an abutting structure in the housing and the cover.

[0019] In some embodiments of the above aspect, the medicament dispensing system can further include a plunger within the medicament reservoir and forming a sealed cavity for retaining the dose. The medicament dispensing system can include a dispensing needle in fluidic communication with the injection needle. In some cases, the auto-injector can include a flexible tube interconnecting the dispensing needle with the injection needle. The medicament dispensing system can also include a spring, a retainer, and a locking mechanism such that when the locking mechanism is released, the spring displaces the retainer and forces the dispensing needle to pierce the plunger to provide fluidic communication with the dose. In some cases, the cover includes a second trigger to release the retainer and the locking mechanism. The spring (e.g., a compression spring) may further displace the plunger out of the vial and through the dispensing needle to the injection needle.

[0020] In some embodiments of the above aspect, the needle extension mechanism can also include a needle barrel for supporting the curved injection needle, a spring (e.g., a torsion spring) coupled to the barrel for rotating the barrel to uncoil the curved injection needle, and a barrel locking mechanism to prevent inadvertent rotation of the barrel. The cover can form an aperture through which a distal end of the injection needle passes during rotation of the barrel to straighten the injection needle. In some cases, release of the barrel locking mechanism permits the spring to rotate the barrel and deploy the injection needle. In some cases, the cover includes a first trigger to release the needle barrel locking mechanism. The needle extension mechanism may also include a barrel cap to secure a proximal end of the injection needle to the needle barrel.

[0021] In another aspect, the invention relates to a method of operating a compact, high aspect ratio auto-injector for delivering a medicament dose subcutaneously or

intramuscularly. The auto-injector can include a housing, a medicament dispensing system including a medicament reservoir adapted to contain the dose, and a needle extension mechanism coupled to the medicament reservoir, the needle extension mechanism including a curved injection needle. The method can include the steps of triggering deployment of a distal end of a curved injection needle through an aperture in a cover of the housing to straighten the injection needle; triggering piercing of the medicament reservoir to provide fluidic communication between the reservoir and the curved injection needle; dispensing the dose through the injection needle at a desired injection location; and thereafter, retracting the distal end of the injection needle into the auto-injector.

[0022] In some embodiments of the above aspect, the auto-injector further includes an interlock, such that the housing cannot be rotated relative to the cover or displaced axially relative to the cover without removal of the interlock. In some cases the housing can include a sealed housing rotatably retained in the cover and the method further includes manually

rotating the housing relative to the cover from a first locked position to a second unlocked position, in which the sealed housing is automatically displaced axially relative to the cover to an armed position, increasing a height of the auto-injector. In some instances, the method further includes the step of determining the locked position, the unlocked position, and the armed position based on indicia on at least one of the housing, the cover, a label, and a component directly visible to the user. The method can further include adhering the cover to the desired injection location prior to triggering of the auto-injector. In some instances, the step of triggering piercing of the medicament reservoir includes manually compressing the auto-injector when the auto-injector is in the armed position, which includes activating the medicament dispensing mechanism triggering piercing of a plunger within the medicament reservoir with a distal end of a dispensing needle. The step of triggering piercing of the medicament reservoir can further include pumping the dose out of the reservoir to the injection needle.

[0023] In some embodiments of the above aspect, the step of manually compressing the auto-injector when the auto-injector is in the armed position further includes activating the needle extension mechanism triggering the deployment of the curved injection needle through the aperture in the cover. In some cases, the step of activating the needle extension mechanism including deploying the curved injection needle through the aperture in the cover further includes rotating a needle barrel to drive the distal end of the curved injection needle through the aperture. In some cases, the step of activating the needle extension mechanism includes deploying a distal end of the curved injection needle through the aperture in the cover to straighten the injection needle. The step of retracting the distal end of the injection needle into the auto-injector can result from releasing manual compression of the auto-injector. The method can also include the step of removing the auto-injector from the desired injection location after dispensing the dose. The method can also include the step of automatically

interlocking the auto-injector after retraction of the needle to prevent reuse of the auto-injector and exposure of a distal end of the injection needle. The method can also include the step of disposing of the auto-injector after a single use.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0024] In the drawings, reference characters generally refer to the same parts throughout the different views. Also, the drawings are not necessarily to scale, emphasis is instead generally being placed upon illustrating the principles of the invention. In the following description, various embodiments of the present invention are described with reference to the following drawings, in which:

[0025] FIG. 1 is a comparison of existing auto-injector form factor aspect ratios versus an example high aspect ratio auto-injector, according to various embodiments;

[0026] FIG. 2 is a depiction of the injection sequence indicating a user's inputted actions with the auto-injector and the subsequent auto-injector outputs, according to various embodiments;

[0027] FIG. 3 is a schematic isometric view of an auto-injector in the stored or locked position, according to various embodiments;

[0028] FIG. 4 is a schematic side view of the auto-injector in the stored or locked position, according to various embodiments;

[0029] FIG. 5 is a schematic isometric exploded view of internals of the auto-injector, according to various embodiments;

[0030] Figure 6 is a schematic side exploded view of internals of the auto-injector, according to various embodiments;

[0031] FIGS. 7-11 are schematic side view of the sequential steps in performing an injection, according to various embodiments (e.g., depicted in FIG. 2);

[0032] FIGS. 12-140 are schematic views of various system assemblies and components of auto-injectors, according to various embodiments; and

[0033] FIG. 141 is a chart listing exemplary value ranges for certain parameters of the auto-injector, according to various embodiments.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0034] A first embodiment of an auto-injector 1 is described below. Example user interactions and inputs with the auto-injector 1 are described first, followed by example internal mechanisms and interactions of the auto-injector's 1 components.

[0035] To assist the user in performing a proper administration, the auto-injector 1 should be correctly oriented at the time of injection. The auto-injector 1 may assist orientation with labeling, tactile surfaces, material color or transparency, and/or other indicia indicating select sides. Furthermore, the auto-injector 1 may present itself with rotational aids MC-301 (see, e.g., FIG. 29), which can be contoured, textured, coated (or combinations thereof) such to further indicate orientation and operation. In addition, the auto-injector 1 can include a viewing window into the internals of the auto-injector 1 for medicament inspection which may further assist the user in establishing proper orientation.

[0036] In certain embodiments, the auto-injector 1 includes a safety mechanism SS-200 (see, e.g., FIGS. 3-7) to be initially removed before any subsequent operations. An injection surface MC-121 (see, e.g., FIG. 17) may be exposed to the user once the safety mechanism SS-200 has been removed, further aiding in establishing a proper orientation. The safety mechanism SS-200 may also provide a means of preventing the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 (see, e.g., FIGS. 3-6) from displacing relative to the cover MC-100 (see, e.g., FIGS. 3-6) prior to removal, such that the injection sequence may not commence without first removing said mechanism SS-200. Alternatively, or additionally, the safety mechanism SS-200 may protect the user from an injection needle NES-700 (see, e.g., FIG. 65) if an

accidental discharge were to happen or remove a protective shroud or sheath NES-100 (see, e.g., FIG. 38-40) that performs a similar functionality. Therefore, the removal of the safety mechanism SS-200 may provide or facilitate the following functionalities: establish orientation of the auto-injector 1, provide an interlock SS-204 (see, e.g., FIGS. 101-102) to prevent the displacement of the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 relative to the cover MC-100 prior to removal, protecting the user from the injection needle NES-700, removing a conjoined or coupled component NES-100 that would further protect the injection needle NES-700 or user from said injection needle NES-700, as well as protecting a tactile coating or surface on the injection contact surface MC-121 (see, e.g., FIG. 17) of the cover MC-100.

[0037] In various embodiments, in addition to the internal components discussed below, the auto-injector 1 includes two main parts, a sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 rotatably retained in a cup-shaped cover MC-100 that also forms the bottom side or injection contact surface MC-121. The sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 is made from upper MC-300 and lower MC-200 halves bonded together through the means of ultrasonic welding or alternative means that provide sufficient adhesion and strength. In some embodiments the bond between the upper MC-300 and lower MC-200 halves may be such that it is a hermetic seal. Furthermore, the housing MC-200, MC-300 or one of the subsequent halves that compose the housing MC-200, MC-300 may contain tabs MC-210 (see, e.g., FIG. 12), that are molded or formed protrusions that guide and constrain the housing MC-200, MC-300 during operation within the cover MC-100. The sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 functions as the primary interface for the user performing the subsequent injection. The two halves that form the sealed housing, are of such geometry (e.g.: MC-201, MC-202, MC-204, MC-205, MC-206, MC-207, MC-208, MC-211, MC-213, MC-214, MC-216, MC-217, MC-218, MC-304, MC-305, MC-309, MC-310, MC-311, MC-312, MC-313, MC-314, MC-316) that they may locate and secure the internal components.

[0038] The cover MC-100, provides a protective shroud around the housing MC-200, MC-300 and supports the housing for rotation. In some embodiments, the first step in performing or initiating an injection is to remove the safety mechanism SS-200. The next step can be to place the injection contact surface MC-121 of the cover MC-100 on location. As mentioned previously, the safety mechanism SS-200 may aid the user in establishing an overall orientation of the auto-injector 1; therefore, once the injection contact surface MC-121 of the cover MC-100 is exposed from its removal it may further establish this orientation. The injection contact surface MC-121 of the cover MC-100 may provide a tactile surface which can facilitate the following functionalities: provide a stabilizing base for the auto-injector 1 during injection, aid the user in establishing orientation, and/or affix the auto-injector 1 to the injection location through the means of an adhesive or other attachment means.

[0039] In various embodiments, the cover MC-100 has a spring SS-300 (see, e.g., FIGS. 5-6) disposed or formed therein, to bias the housing MC-200, MC-300 away from the cover MC-100 during activation, to facilitate use. A sidewall of the cover MC-100 may include channels, slots, detents, etc. MC-103 (see, e.g., FIG. 15) that correspond to different positions MC-117, MC-118, MC-119, MC-120 (see FIG. 18) or positions (e.g., locked, unlocked, armed, and injection) that cooperate with tabs or protrusions MC-210 (see FIGS. 21-22) on a sidewall of the housing MC-200, MC-300 or such components that form the housing MC-200, MC-300, to maintain alignment and control relative movement between various positions (e.g., locked, unlocked, armed, and injection). The channels, slots, detents, etc. MC-103 formed in the cover MC-100 guide the housing MC-200, MC-300 during the twisting, expanding, compressing, and subsequent expanding of the auto-injector 1 to facilitate the different phases of the injection method and use. In addition, the cover MC-100 facilitates the means of activating an interlock SS-100 (see, e.g., FIGS. 11-14) such that once the cover MCIOO is in an injection position MC-120 and injection has commenced, subsequent

expansion of the housing MC-200, MC-300 relative to the cover MC- 100 has occurred, the auto-injector 1 may not be compressed a second time rendering the auto-injector 1 single use. The triggering mechanism MC-109 (see, e.g., FIGS. 19-20) is designed such that the interlock SS-100 will always be activated before the MDS or the NES to ensure that the sharps injury prevention feature functions, if the injection needle NES-700 is ever deployed. The cover MC-100 may also contain geometry MC-101, MC-102 or indicia, formed, molded or stamped to provide an orientation of the housing MC-200, MC-300 for either assembly of the auto-injector 1 or for operational administration.

[0040] In various embodiments, when the auto-injector 1 is in a stored position MC-117 and prior to use, the auto-injector 1 is in a locked position, in which the spring SS-300 is compressed and the auto-injector 1 is constrained. To move from the locked position MC-117 to the unlocked position MC-118, the user manually rotates the housing MC-200, MC-300 by applying an activation force to the grip surfaces MC-301 (e.g., one or more depressions, protrusions, textures, coatings, or combinations, etc.) formed on the upper surface MC-300 of the housing MC-200, MC-300. The user applied force displaces the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 relative to the cover MC-100 from the locked position MC-117 to the unlocked position MC-118. Indicia, such as alignment marks on the sidewalls of the housing MC-200, MC-300 and the cover MC-100 may indicate the different positions (MC-117, MC-118, MC-119, MC-120) of the auto-injector 1. The alignment indicia may also be indicated using labels or other auto-injector 1 components (e.g., interlock SS-100) that are observable from the exterior surfaces. Once the housing MC-200, MC-300 is rotated from the locked position MC-117 to the unlocked position MC-118, the housing MC-200, MC-300 is biased away from the cover MC-100, and the auto-injector 1 expands to the armed position MC-119. The expansion from the unlocked position MC-118 to the armed position MC-119 is performed automatically by means of the stored potential energy in the biasing member SS-300, such that the user only needs to apply an activating force to the grip surfaces MC-301 to move the auto-injector 1 from the locked position MC-117 to the unlocked position MC-118. The automatic translation and rotation of the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 relative to the cover MC-100 may be constrained and guided by the tabs or protrusions MC-210 on the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 and channels, slots, detents, etc. MC-103 on the cover MC-100.

[0041] In various embodiments, once the housing MC-200, MC-300 is in the armed position MC-119, the tabs or protrusions MC-210 on the housing MC-200, MC-300, and the guides on the cover wall MC-103 prevent the housing MC-200, MC-300 from being rotated back to the unlocked position MC-118 and the locked position MC-117. In the armed position MC- 119, the auto-injector 1 can only be vertically displaced towards the injection position MC- 120. The orientation of the auto-injector 1 is such that the top side MC-300 is facing upwards (i.e., away from the injection location), with the flat bottom surface MC-121 of the cover MC-100 against the injection site. To inject the medicament, the user applies a normal force, perpendicular to the top side MC-300 pushing the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 into the cover MC-100 to commence the activation sequence of the auto-injector 1 and injection of the medicament. The interlock mechanism SS-100 is activated just before the auto-injector 1 reaches the injection position MC-120, such that, once the user releases pressure, the interlock SS-100 is engaged, and a second injection cannot be attempted. To ensure complete dosing, the user maintains force on the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 to maintain the injection position MC-120 for an allotted duration, and then releases pressure on the top side MC-300 of the auto-injector 1. The release of pressure on the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 may permit the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 to translate relative to the cover MC-100, by means of the biasing member SS-300, thereby retracting the needle NES-700. In various embodiments, since the interlocks SS-100 were previously activated MC-109, they

will engage themselves while the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 is translating relative to the cover MC-100. After the injection has been performed and the interlock SS-100 has engaged the triggering mechanism MC-109, a force of, at minimum, twice the injection force on the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 will not permit exposure of the needle NES-700 from the injection contact surface MC-121of the cover MC-100 and is able to be safely disposed of.

[0042] The following list of items (1-11) describes an example activation sequence of internal components and mechanisms of the auto-injector 1 and the individual component interactions, according to various embodiments.

[0043] 1.) Before initiating an injection, the user can remove a safety mechanism SS-200 before any subsequent operations. The safety mechanism SS-200 protects the injection surface MC-121 such that upon removal, the injection surface MC-121 is exposed to the user, which may further aid in establishing proper orientation. The safety mechanism SS-200 can also provide a means (e.g., interlock SS-204) of preventing the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 from displacing relative to the cover MC-100 prior to removal, such that the injection sequence may not commence without first removing said mechanism SS-200. The safety mechanism SS-200 may also remove a needle sheath NES-100 that protects the user from the injection needle NES-700 in the event of an accidental discharge. Additionally, the sheath NES-100 in combination with a barrier NES-600 (see, e.g., FIGS. 38-40) can cover the injection needle NES-700 and may prevent any possible contamination during storage of the injection needle NES-700. Therefore, at the time of injection, prior to the removal of the needle sheath NES-100, the injection needle NES-700 is sterile.

[0044] 2.) Following the removal of the safety mechanism SS-200, the user can rotate the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 from the locked position MC-117 to the unlocked position MC-118, whereupon the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 is automatically moved to the

armed position MC-119 by a biasing member SS-300. As a result, the housing MC-200, MC-300 translates and rotates a certain constrained distance and angle. When the user applies a force and transitions the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 from the armed position MC-119 to the injection position MC-120, the mechanisms that initiate the internal activation sequences inside the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 are triggers or protrusions MC-106, MC-107 (see, e.g., FIGS. 15-16). The activation triggers or protrusions MC-106, MC-107 can be molded or formed on a surface of the cover MC-100. Cavities MC-202 (see, e.g., FIGS. 22-23) are molded or formed into the lower half MC-200 of the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 to allow the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 and the cover MC-100 to rotate and translate relative to one another without interfering with or damaging the activation mechanism MC-106, MC-107 or alignment mechanism MC-105 (see, e.g., FIGS. 19-20). During the assembly, activation, and injection, the protrusions or tabs MC-210, molded or formed on the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 and corresponding channels, slots, detents, etc. MC-103 on the cover MC-100, may interface to provide sufficient clearance and alignment to prevent damage of the protrusions or triggers on the cover MC-105, MC-106, MC-107. The cover MC-100 may also have alignment posts or protrusions MC-105, that interface with corresponding cavities MC-211 (see, e.g., FIG. 23) in the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 at the time of injection (e.g., when the auto-injector 1 is in position MC-120) such that they may aid in the alignment of the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 and cover MC-100 to orient the triggers MC-106, MC-107 on the cover MC-100 with the corresponding locking mechanisms NES-500 (see, e.g., FIGS. 38-41), MDS-100 (see, e.g., FIGS. 69-73) disposed in the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300. In some embodiments, the cover MC-100 and/or sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 may contain additional features (e.g., MC-103, MC-104, MC-109, MC-115, MC-210, SS-102) that aid in maintaining alignment between the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 and the cover MC-100 during relative movement.

[0045] 3.) When the user applies a force to the top surface MC-300 of the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 to compresses the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 into the cover MC-100 to perform the injection, the first system to be activated may be the interlock system SS-100. Activating the interlock system SS-100 first, ensures that when the user deploys the needle extension system (NES), the interlock system SS-100 will always engage the triggering mechanism MC-109. In some embodiments, the interlocks SS-100 are activated by an interference fit between the cover MC-109 and interlock SS-101 (see, e.g., FIGS. 98-100) when the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 is compressed during injection. Following the injection, and the release of pressure on the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300, the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 may be automatically displaced relative to the cover MC-100, and the interlocks SS-100 are deployed or engaged. Prior to activation, the interlocks SS-100 can be held in a stored state in cavities MC-201 (see, e.g., FIG. 103), MC-314 (see, e.g., 29-34) in the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300.

[0046] 4.) Following the activation of the interlocks SS-100, the needle extension system (NES) can be activated. The corresponding needle extension trigger or protrusion MC-107 on the cover MC-100 breaks the plane of the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 in a

predetermined location MC-203 (see, e.g., FIG. 23) and contacts the fixture or locking mechanism NES-500 of the NES. The fixture or locking mechanism NES-500 of the NES can preserve the potential energy of a biasing member NES-800 (see, e.g., FIGS. 67-68). The biasing member NES-800 may be coupled to the needle barrel NES-200 (see, e.g., FIGS. 46-50) at a specified contact point NES-202 (see, e.g., 48-50). In one embodiment the biasing member NES-800 is a torsion spring which rotates the needle barrel NES-200. The fixture or locking mechanism NES-500 may maintain the potential energy of the torsion spring NES-800 by an interference portion NES-201 (see, e.g., FIG. 47) with the needle barrel NES-200. The contact portion NES-501 (see, e.g., FIGS. 60-62) between the needle extension trigger or protrusion MC-107 on the cover MC-100 and the fixture or locking mechanism NES-500 disengages the locking mechanism NES-500, releasing the potential energy stored in the torsion spring NES-800. The release of the torsion spring NES-800 rotates the needle barrel NES-200 and deploys the curved injection needle NES-700. The housing may have an internal geometric portion MC-307 (see, e.g., FIG. 31) to facilitate the disengagement of the locking mechanism NES-500 at the time of injection.

[0047] 5.) Once the locking mechanism NES-500 is disengaged from the needle barrel NES-200, the torsion spring NES-800 may rotate the needle barrel NES-200. The injection needle NES-700 may be fixed to and retained in the needle barrel NES-200 by a needle barrel cap NES-300 (see, e.g., FIGS. 51-54) that mates element NES-308 (see, e.g., FIGS. 53-54) with a corresponding recess NES-207 formed in the needle barrel NES-200. The needle barrel cap NES-300 may secure the injection needle NES-700 to the needle barrel NES-200 through a friction fit between elements NES-306 (see, e.g., FIGS. 53-54), NES-206 (see, e.g., FIGS. 46-47). In addition, the barrel cap NES-300 may secure a flexible tubing NES-900 (see FIG. 40) to the injection needle NES-700 through a friction or compression fitting formed by elements NES-304 (see FIG. 51), NES-305 (see FIG. 51), NES-204 (see FIG. 49), NES-205 (see FIG. 49). Furthermore, the needle barrel cap NES-300 provides a contact surface NES-301 (see FIG. 52) for limiting the needle barrel's NES-200 rotation to a specific angle. In various embodiments, the bottom half MC-200 of the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 provides an interface MC-218 (see, e.g., FIGS. 21-22) which contacts the needle barrel cap NES-300 during rotation to limit the angular displacement of the barrel NES-200 to the desired rotation angle, proportional to the desired injection depth. The barrel cap NES-300 and the bottom half MC-200 of the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 work together to prevent the injection needle NES-700 from over rotating and ensure that the proper injection depth is achieved. The needle barrel NES-200 maintains alignment along its rotational axis during rotation

through guides (e.g., NES-203 (see FIG. 46), NES-303 (see FIG. 51), NES-208 (see FIG. 48)) formed in the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 halves (e.g., MC-207, MC-312, MC-316, MC-302, MC-310, MC-309, MC-216) as well as a needle barrel guide NES-400 (see FIGS. 55-59). These guides may maintain axial alignment and prevent the needle barrel NES-200 and injection needle NES-700 from translating relative to the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 during injection. The needle barrel guide NES-400 may also provide a channel NES-401 (see FIG. 55) to brace and guide the NES locking mechanism NES-500 (see, e.g., FIGS. 60-62) during auto-injector 1 storage and injection. In some embodiments the needle barrel cap NES-300 can be ultrasonically welded (see welds NES-210 (FIG. 49), NES-307(FIG. 51) or utilize another means of joining the two components together. Additionally, the NES components of the system can be integrated independent of the housing MC-200, MC-300, during assembly.

[0048] 6.) Upon rotation of the injection needle NES-700, the distal end NES-701 (see FIGS. 65-66) of the curved injection needle passes through an aperture MC-204 (see FIG. 23) formed in the lower half MC-200 of the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 and makes contact with a needle guide MC-110 (see FIG. 19) on the cover MC-100, such that a portion of the curved injection needle NES-700 is straightened during uncoiling. The location where the injection needle NES-700 contacts the surface MC-112, MC-113 (see FIG. 19) on the needle guide MC-110 may be such that the distal end NES-701 (e.g., a lancet) is not in contact with the guide MC-110 to mitigate the chance of scoring or scraping the needle guide MC-110, and to mitigate the chance of producing debris. In addition to the needle guide MC-110, the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 may provide a brace MC-309 (see FIGS. 31-34) to further limit possible radial (with respect to the needle axis) deflections during injection.

[0049] 7.) After the needle barrel locking mechanism NES-500 has been disengaged by the first trigger MC-107, further compression of the housing MC-200, MC-300 into the cover MC-100, allows the second trigger MC-106 to initiate release of the medicament dispensing system (MDS) and deliver the medicament. Similar to the NES, the medicament dispensing trigger MC-106 makes contact MDS-101 with a corresponding fixture or locking mechanism MDS-100 and releases said locking mechanism MDS-100. The trigger MC-106 makes contact at an interface portion MDS-101 (see FIG. 74) when the fixture or locking mechanism MDS-100 is in a predetermined location MC-203. The fixture or locking mechanism MDS-100 maintains the stored potential energy of a biasing member MDS-700 (see FIG. 72). In one embodiment, the biasing member MDS-700 is a compression spring that is bounded by a retainer MDS-400, MDS-300 (see FIGS. 72-73) and a keeper MDS-200 (see FIGS. 72-73). The release of the fixture or locking mechanism MDS-100 allows the retainer MDS-300, MDS-400 to displace relative to the keeper MDS-200 to make contact with a plunger MDS-900 (see FIG. 72). After contacting the plunger MDS-900, the retainer MDS-300, MDS-400 and plunger MDS-900 displace together. The total displacement of the retainer MDS-300, MDS-400, and concomitantly the plunger MDS-900, is determined by the keeper MDS-200 which may provide an interference or another feature MDS-201 (see FIGS. 78-80), MDS-309 (see FIGS. 81-84), MDS-409 (see FIGS. 85-88) to restrict the retainer's MDS-300, MDS-400 movement. As such, the displacement of the retainer MDS-300, MDS-400 relative to the keeper MDS-200 can be proportional to the amount of medicament expelled from the reservoir MDS-800 (see FIGS. 94-95). Furthermore, the housing MC-200, MC-300 may have sufficient internal geometry MC-306 (see FIG. 31) to assist in the disengagement of the fixture or locking mechanism MDS-100 during injection.

[0050] 8.) Upon release of the MDS fixture or locking mechanism MDS-100 (see FIG. 74), the retainer MDS-300, MDS-400 can be displaced due to the stored potential energy of the compression spring MDS-700 and contact plunger MDS-900. A dispensing needle MDS-600 can be coupled to the retainer MDS-300, MDS-400 and in fluidic contact with the injection needle NES-700 through a flexible tubing NES-900. Furthermore, the dispensing needle MDS-600 like the injection needle NES-700 is protected with a protective barrier MDS-500 to prevent any contamination prior to injection MC-120. Therefore, the release of the compression spring MDS-700 causes the retainer MDS-300, MDS-400 to contact the plunger MDS-900, forcing the dispensing needle MDS-600 to pierce both the protective barrier MDS-500 and the plunger MDS-900. The medicament is dispensed from the reservoir MDS-800 out of the dispensing needle MDS-600 (see FIG. 91) in the opposite direction of the movement of the plunger MDS-900. In various embodiments, the retainer MDS-300, MDS-400 is composed of two halves (e.g., MDS-300, MDS-400) that are ultrasonically welded (e.g., with welds MDS-405, MDS-305 (see FIGS. 84,85)) together or by an alternative means that provides sufficient adhesion and strength. The retainer halves MDS-300, MDS-400 may secure the dispensing needle MDS-600 through a friction fit (MDS-602, MDS-302, MDS-402 (see FIGS. 82, 84, 91)). In addition, the retainer halves MDS-300, MDS-400 may secure the flexible tubing NES-900 to the dispensing needle MDS-600 through a friction or compression fitting MDS-303, MDS-304, MDS-403, MDS-404 (see FIGS. 83-85) to prevent any possible disengagement during dispensing. When fitted together, each half of the retainer MDS-300, MDS-400 may have orienting features MDS-301, MDS-401 (see FIGS. 83-85) that force the proper alignment of the two halves MDS-300, MDS-400 during assembly, which also act to maintain the dispensing needle MDS-600 and tubing NES-900 in proper alignment. To maintain a sealed reservoir MDS-800 and to not contaminate the medicament, the dispensing needle MDS-600 may only penetrate the protective barrier MDS-500 (see FIGS. 89-90) and plunger MDS-900 at the time of injection.

[0051] 9.) Both the needle extension and drug dispensing triggers MC-106, MC-107, which activate the NES and MDS respectively, may have complimentary contoured surfaces to their respective locking mechanisms NES-501 (see FIGS. 60-62), MDS-101 (see FIG. 74) at the

point of contact to reduce the force required to disengage and limit the induced stresses in the triggers MC-106, MC-107. Additionally, via the predetermined interaction location MC-203, the housings MC-200, MC-300 may provide bracing MC-219 (see FIG. 26) to limit any possible deflections in the triggers MC-106, MC-107, induced by the disengagement forces.

[0052] 10.) The proximal end MDS-604 (see FIG. 91) of the dispensing needle MDS-600 may be fluidically connected to a proximal end NES-703 (see FIG. 65) of the injection needle NES-700 by a length of flexible hose or tubing NES-900. The timing of the activation of the NES and MDS can be such that the injection needle NES-700 is embedded into tissue and the drug is dispensed within a designated, or predetermined time frame.

[0053] 11.) After the injection, and the release of pressure on the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 by the user, the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 may automatically translate relative to the cover MC-100 due to the biasing member SS-300. In some embodiments, the biasing member is a compression spring SS-300. During the subsequent expansion of the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 the interlocks SS-100 are removed from their cavities MC-201, MC-314 and restrict any relative motion between the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 and cover MC-100. The interlocks SS-100 prevent the auto-injector 1 from being collapsed, thereby preventing subsequent extension of the distal end NES-701 of the injection needle NES-700 from the cover MC-100. The expansion of the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 relative to cover MC-100 can be sufficient to fully withdraw and conceal the injection needle NES-700 in the auto-injector 1. Additionally, the channels, slots, detents, etc. MC-103 in the cover MC-100 and the molded or formed tabs or protrusions MC-210 on the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 may prevent any rotation of either the cover MC-100 or the sealed housing MC-200, MC-300 relative to one another. The interlocks SS-100 which prevent subsequent collapse of the auto-injector 1 and the inability to rotate the cover MC-100 or housing MC- 200, MC-300 allow for a safe means of disposal, preventing accidental needle exposure NES-700.

[0054] The following paragraphs describe another embodiment of the auto-injector 1, including alternate or complimentary configurations and activation sequences of the auto-injector 1.

[0055] In this embodiment, the auto-injector 1 may have an internal power source to allow certain functionalities of the auto-injector 1 during storage, during injection, and post injection. The auto-injector 1 may provide audible instructions for performing an injection. Additionally, connectivity of the auto-injector 1 to everyday smart devices allows for additional functionality. The connected smart device may display visual and/or auditory instructions for performing an injection. Certain embodiments may allow for the user to monitor the temperature, and location of the auto-injector 1. Additionally, the connected device may allow the user to see if other auto-injectors 1 are nearby. Additional embodiments may allow the smart device to contact emergency responders or next of kin once an injection has been initiated. Furthermore, information about the auto-injector 1 may be monitored remotely by the manufacturer.

[0056] Similar to the embodiment described above, this embodiments can establish an orientation of the auto-injector 1 prior to performing any injection, through proper human factor engineering principles. The auto-injector 1 may present the user with an intuitive interface, leveraging existing mental models from everyday applications. In regard to the user interface, additional or alternative embodiments will provide the same benefits with possible variations of the following aspects: geometry or element 1101 (see FIG. 115), tactile surfaces, indicia, labeling, and/or coloring, that may aid the user in establishing an orientation prior to performing an injection.

[0057] In certain embodiments, the auto-injector 1 includes a safety mechanism SS-200 to be removed before any subsequent operations. The injection surface MC-121 may be exposed to the user once the safety mechanism SS-200 has been removed, further aiding in establishing the proper orientation. The safety mechanism SS-200 may also provide a means of preventing the auto-injector 1 from moving from a locked position 3102 (see FIGS. 110-111) to an unlocked position 3103, 3104 (see FIGS. 110-111) prior to removal, such that the injection sequence may not commence without first removing the safety mechanism SS-200. Alternatively, or additionally, the safety mechanism SS-200 may protect the user from an injection needle 4102 (see FIG. 122) if an accidental discharge were to happen, or remove a protective shroud or sheath NES-100 that can facilitate similar functionality. Therefore, the removal of the safety mechanism SS-200 may provide or facilitate the following

functionalities, for example: establish orientation of the auto-injector 1, provide an interlock SS-204 to prevent rotation of the sealed housing prior to removal, protect the user from the injection needle 4102, remove a conjoined or coupled component NES-100 that further protects the injection needle 4102 or a user from the injection needle 4102, and protect a tactile coating or surface on the injection contact surface MC-121 of a cover 3100 (see FIGS. 110-111).

[0058] In addition to the internal components discussed below, the auto-injector 1 can include two main parts, a sealed housing 1100, 2100 (see FIGS. 105-107) rotatably retained in the cup-shaped cover 3100 that may also form the bottom side or injection contact surface MC-121. The sealed housing can be made from upper half 1100 and lower half 2100 bonded together through the means of ultrasonic welding or alternative means that provide sufficient adhesion and joint strength. In some embodiments the bond between the upper half 1100 and the lower half 2100 may form a hermetic seal. In some cases, the housing 1100, 2100 or one of the subsequent halves 1100, 2100 that compose the housing 1100, 2100 contain molded or

formed protrusions 2107 (see FIGS. 112-113) that guide and constrain the housing 1100, 2100 during operation within the cover 3100. The sealed housing 1100, 2100 can function as the primary interface for the user performing the injection. In addition to the housing 1100, 2100 being possibly hermetically sealed, the sealed housing 1100, 2100 may contain additional sealing components MC-215 (see FIG. 26), MC-315 (see FIGS. 31-32) or compounds to completely enclose the internal chamber of the housing. This sealed chamber may perform the following functionalities, for example: provide and maintain internal desired cleanliness criteria, provide a water-resistant enclosure, and allow for a pressure differential between the internal and external environments. Some embodiments of the auto-injector 1 may preserve the desired internal conditions until the time of injection. The two halves 1100, 2100 that form the sealed housing, can have a geometry and/or components (e.g., 1102, 1103, 1104, 1105, 1106, 1107, 1108, 1109, 2101, 2102, 2103, 2104, 2105, 2106, 2108, 2109, 2110, 2112, 2113) that may locate and secure the internal components.

[0059] The following list of items (1-14) describes another example activation sequence of internal components and mechanisms of the auto-injector 1 and the individual component interactions, according to various embodiments.

[0060] 1.) When the user unlocks the housing 1100, 2100 from the cover 3100, the housing 1100, 2100 automatically moves to an armed position 3103 (see FIGS. 110-111). The housing 1100, 2100 translates and rotates a certain constrained distance and degree. The mechanisms that activate the internal activation sequences inside the sealed housing are triggers or protrusions MC-106, MC-107 which are molded or formed on a surface of the cover 3100. Cavities MC-202, MC-211 are molded or formed into the lower half 2100 of the sealed housing 1100, 2100 to allow the sealed housing and the cover 2100 to rotate and translate relative to one another without interfering with or damaging the activation or alignment mechanisms. During the assembly (see position 3105), activation (see positions

3102, 3103), and injection (see position 3104), the protrusions or tabs 2107, molded or formed on the sealed housing 1100, 2100 and corresponding channels, slots, detents, etc. 3106, 3108, 3107 (see FIG. 110) on the cover 3100, interface to provide sufficient clearance and alignment to prevent damage of the protrusions or triggers MC-106, MC-107 on the cover 3100. Furthermore, the cover 3100 can have alignment posts or protrusions MC-105, that interface with corresponding cavities MC-211 in the sealed housing 1100, 2100 at the time of injection such that they may aid in the alignment of the sealed housing 1100, 2100 and cover 3100 to orient the triggers MC-106, MC-107 on the cover 3100 with the corresponding locking mechanisms 5100 (see FIG. 136), 7110 (see FIG. 116) disposed in the sealed housing 1100, 2100. Additionally, the cover 3100 and/or sealed housing 1100, 2100 may contain additional features that aid in maintaining alignment between the sealed housing 1100, 2100 and the cover 3100 during relative movement. The automatic expansion may occur due to a spring 3101 (see FIGS. 108-111) disposed or formed therein, to bias the housing 1100, 2100 away from the cover 3100 during activation, to facilitate use. In certain embodiments the housing 1100, 2100 can be returned to the locked position 3102 and maintain the internal sealed nature of the sealed housing. To return to the locked position

3103, 3104, the user compresses the housing 1100, 2100 into the cover 3100 and rotates the housing 1100, 2100 in the opposite direction.

[0061] 2.) In certain embodiments the internal injection needle 4102 is not aligned with the needle aperture MC-112 formed in the bottom side of the cover 3100. Therefore, if the injection needle 4102 were to inadvertently misfire, the sharp distal end of the needle NES-701 would not penetrate through the bottom side of the cover MC-121. The user may verify the positioning of the housing 1100, 2100 relative to the cover 3100 by means of indicia and labeling present on the auto-injector 1.

[0062] 3.) Once the auto-injector 1 is in the unlocked position MC-118 and has transitioned to the activated position 3103, 3104, the housing 1100, 2100 can rotate freely without interference with the triggers MC-106, MC-107. Preceding the manual compression of the auto-injector 1 to facilitate an injection, the housing 1100, 2100 can be reset or returned to the locked position 3102, if accidental movement to the activated position 3103 has taken place.

[0063] 4.) When the housing 1100, 2100 is compressed into the cover 3100, transitioning from the armed position 3104 to the injection position MC-120, the triggers or protrusions MC-106, MC-107 on the cover 3100 pierce the designated locations MC-203 on the housing 2100, making contact with the corresponding locks 5100, 7110, and starting the injection sequence. To allow the triggers MC-106, MC-107 to penetrate through the bottom side of the lower housing half 2100 without causing any loose breakage or compromising the structure of the triggers MC-106, MC-107. Therefore, the areas MC-203 where the triggers MC-106, MC-107 penetrate may contain perforations or other aids MC-219 (e.g., different material, etc.).

[0064] 5.) When the user compresses the auto-injector 1 to perform the injection, the first trigger MC-107 pierces the lower housing half 2100 and initiates the uncoiling of the curved injection needle 4102. The uncoiling is initiated by the first trigger MC-107 disengaging the locking mechanism 5100. The first trigger MC-107 pierces the housing and contacts the uncoiling locking mechanism 5100. The uncoiling locking mechanism 5100 is disengaged by being retracted from the needle barrel 4100 (see FIGS. 125-130) where it sits during the stored, active, and armed positions 3102, 3103, 3104. The housing 1100, 2100 may have sufficient internal geometry (see elements MC-306, MC-307 (see FIG. 31)) to assist in the disengagement of the locking mechanisms 5100, 7110 during the time of injection. Prior to engagement with the first trigger MC-307, the uncoiling of the injection needle 4102 may be prevented by the uncoiling locking mechanism 5100, inhibiting the needle barrel 4100 from

rotating. Therefore, the corresponding torsion spring 8100 remains wound and under load. In this embodiment, a portion of the injection needle 4102 has a helical shape prior to injection and a straightened out shape at the time of injection. The helical shape of the injection needle 4102 allows the auto-injector 1 to maintain a low profile and high aspect ratio. Additionally, the needle 4102 can be of such material that it will not be compromised during manufacturing or uncoiling during injection.

[0065] 6.) Once the locking mechanism 5100 is disengaged from the needle barrel 4100, the torsion spring 8100 is free to rotate the needle barrel 4100 a set angle. The injection needle 4102 can be fixed to a retainer 4103 (see FIG. 122) that mates with a corresponding recess 4112 (see FIGS. 125-126) formed in the needle barrel 4100. When the needle barrel 4100 rotates, a portion of the helical injection needle 4102 is uncoiled. In this embodiment, a portion of the needle 4102 that was curved before injection, can be straightened and embedded in tissue during the injection. A pair of opposing ribs 2102 (see FIG. 108), 1104 (see FIGS. 114-115) molded in the upper half 1100 and the lower half 2100 of the housing keep the needle barrel 4100 in place and properly aligned during rotation while both uncoiling and recoiling. In addition, the ribs or housing 4113 (see FIGS. 125-126), 1104, 2102 that aligns and guides the needle barrel 4100 may be formed or have such geometry (see elements 1103 (see FIGS. 114-115), 2103 (see FIG. 112)) that guides and allows the injection needle 4102 to disengage from the needle barrel 4100.

[0066] 7.) The distal end NES-701 of the helical injection needle 4102 passes through an aperture 2111 (see FIGS. 112-113) of similar size to the injection needle 4102 formed in the lower housing half 2100, so that the injection needle 4102 is straightened during uncoiling by the aperture 2111. Controlling the needle barrel's 4100 rotation by an interference element 4107 (see FIGS. 125-127) ensures the barrel 4100 is rotated the desired predetermined

number of degrees, ensuring that the distal end NES-701 of the needle 4102 is stopped at the desired injection depth.

[0067] 8.) In addition, when the distal end NES-701 of the needle 4102 exits the lower housing half 2100, it may pass through and pierce a seal covering the aperture 2111. The seal acts as the barrier between the internals of the housing 1100, 2100 and the outside environment. This seal may by an adhesively adhered thin TPE membrane (e.g.,

Santoprene® material) that keeps the housing 1100, 2100 hermetically sealed. In addition, this type of seal allows the distal end NES-701 of the needle 4102 to pass through, without removing any material, avoiding a corking effect and partial or complete blocking of the internal lumen or bore of the needle 4102 during injection. The seal may also ensure that the sterile internal environment of the housing is maintained.

[0068] 9.) Once the needle barrel 4100 uncoiling rotation is complete, the torsion spring 8100 can disengage from the needle barrel 4100. The torsion spring 8100 can disengage from the needle barrel 4100 because an uncoiling spring tensioner 4104 (see FIG 128) which is in contact with both the needle barrel 4100 and the torsion spring 8100 includes a torsion spring contact point 4106 (see FIG 128) and collared surface 4105 (see FIGS. 129-130) that has a noncircular shape. In one embodiment, the torsion spring contact surface 4114 (see FIGS. 137-138) causes an axial deflection of the torsion spring 8100, due to the non-circular collar 4105, allowing the proximal end 8103 (see FIG. 140) of the torsion spring 8100 to raise up and out of contact point 4106 on the barrel 4100 and disengage from the needle barrel 4100. Disengagement can occur, so that the recoil torsion spring 8101 that performs the recoiling of the injection needle 4102 onto the barrel 4100 does not have to rewind the uncoiling torsion spring 8100.

[0069] 10.) After the needle barrel locking mechanism 5100 has been disengaged by the first trigger MC-107, further compression of the housing 1100, 2100 into the cover 3100 allows the second trigger MC-106 to initiate dispensing of the medicament. A plunger 7102 associated with a reservoir or vial 7100 containing the medicament is propelled or driven forward by a compression spring 7106, which in turn dispenses the medicament. The compression spring 7106 is actuated when the second trigger MC-106 released a retainer 7101 that bounds and retains the spring 7106 in a stored position. The compression spring 7106 drives the retainer 7101 and in turn the plunger 7102 into the vial 7100, to force the medicament out of the vial 7100, through the dispensing port 7104.

[0070] 11.) The proximal end NES-703 of the injection needle 4102 is fluidically connected to the dispensing port 7104 by a length of flexible hose or tubing NES-900. The timing of the uncoiling NES and medicament administration MDS is such that the injection NES and medicament MDS delivery occur within a short designated time window (e.g., a few seconds after compression).

[0071] 12.) Once the auto-injector 1 has been compressed against the injection location and the injection has commenced, the individual holds the auto-injector 1 against the injection location for a designated time duration. Upon release of the pressure on the auto-injector 1, after the designated time duration, recoiling of the injection needle 4102 commences. Due to the biasing member 3101, the housing 1100, 2100 automatically expands and upon expansion releases a third locking 9100 (see FIGS. 133-134) mechanism which in turn activates the recoiling torsion spring 8101 (see FIG. 129).

[0072] 13.) While the auto-injector 1 is in the compressed configuration, the recoil torsion spring 8101 can be maintained in a wound state by another tensioner 9101 (see FIGS. 131-132) and retainer 9100. This recoil spring retainer 9100 may maintain the tensioned state of the recoil torsion spring 8101 during compression of the auto-injector 1 and injection of the dose. Note that the recoil spring 8101 may be disengaged from the needle barrel 4100 during uncoiling of the injection needle 4102. Following the expansion, after injection, the recoil spring 8101 can engage interference element 4107 of the needle barrel 4100 such that the injection needle 4102 is recoiled. This engagement 4107 of the recoiling spring 8101 on the needle barrel 4100 is facilitated by the axial movement of the needle barrel 4100 during the uncoiling process. To prevent the recoil torsion spring 8101 from unwinding (and recoiling the injection needle 4102 prematurely) once the uncoiling spring 8100 is disengaged from the needle barrel 4100, the trigger MC-106 actuates the recoil spring retainer 9100, such that full auto-injector 1 compression acts as a temporary spring retainer, until the expansion of the auto-injector 1.

[0073] 14.) Once the auto-injector 1 is permitted to expand after the injection has been completed, the trigger MC-106 disengages, releasing the tensioner 9101 and allowing the recoil torsion spring 8101 to recoil the injection needle 4102 into the housing 1100, 2100. Subsequently an interlock SS-100 prevents the injection needle 4102 from being able to be deployed again.

[0074] The table below provides names and brief descriptions of the references numerals appearing in the figures:


REFERENCE

NAME DESCRIPTION NUMERAL

MDS-203 RETAINER KEEPER RESERVOIR ASSEMBLY TABS

RETAINER LOCK CONTACT

MDS-204 RETAINER KEEPER

SURFACE

MDS-300 RETAINER LEFT HALF COMPLETE PART

ASSEMBLY ALIGNMENT

MDS-301 RETAINER LEFT HALF

POST/HOLE

MDS-302 RETAINER LEFT HALF DISPENSING NEEDLE CHANNEL

MDS-303 RETAINER LEFT HALF FLEXIBLE TUBING CHANNEL

MOLDED FLEXIBLE TUBING

MDS-304 RETAINER LEFT HALF

CLAMPS

U-SONIC WELD ENERGY

MDS-305 RETAINER LEFT HALF

DIRECTORS

RETAINER LOCK CONTACT

MDS-306 RETAINER LEFT HALF

SURFACE

DISPENSING NEEDLE BARRIER

MDS-307 RETAINER LEFT HALF

LIP

MDS-308 RETAINER LEFT HALF DISPENSING SPRING SHOULDER

RETAINER KEEPER STROKE

MDS-309 RETAINER LEFT HALF

STOP CONTACT SURFACE

RETAINER TIP FOR PUSHING

MDS-310 RETAINER LEFT HALF

THE PLUNGER

MDS-400 RETAINER RIGHT HALF COMPLETE PART

ASSEMBLY ALIGNMENT

MDS-401 RETAINER RIGHT HALF

POST/HOLE

MDS-402 RETAINER RIGHT HALF DISPENSNIG NEEDLE CHANNEL

MDS-403 RETAINER RIGHT HALF FLEXIBLE TUBING CHANNEL

MOLDED FLEXIBLE TUBING

MDS-404 RETAINER RIGHT HALF

CLAMPS

U-SONIC ENERGY DIRECTOR

MDS-405 RETAINER RIGHT HALF

WELLS

RETAINER LOCK CONTACT

MDS-406 RETAINER RIGHT HALF

SURFACE

DISPENSING NEEDLE BARRIER

MDS-407 RETAINER RIGHT HALF

LIP

REFERENCE

NAME DESCRIPTION NUMERAL

MDS-408 RETAINER RIGHT HALF DISPENSING SPRING SHOULDER

RETAINER KEEPER STROKE

MDS-409 RETAINER RIGHT HALF

STOP CONTACT SURFACE

RETAINER TIP FOR PUSHING

MDS-410 RETAINER RIGHT HALF

THE PLUNGER

DISPENSING NEEDLE

MDS-500 COMPLETE PART

(CLEANLIESS) BARRIER

DISPENSING NEEDLE

MDS-501 PLUNGER FACING SURFACE

(CLEANLIESS) BARRIER

DISPENSING NEEDLE

MDS-502 SEALING EDGE FOR RETAINER

(CLEANLIESS) BARRIER

MDS-600 DISPENSING NEEDLE COMPLETE PART

MDS-601 DISPENSING NEEDLE LANCET TIP

MDS-602 DISPENSING NEEDLE GRIT BLASTED SURFACE

HEEL DULLED AREA (TO

MDS-603 DISPENSING NEEDLE

PREVENT COREING)

MDS-604 DISPENSING NEEDLE PROXIMAL END OF NEEDLE

MDS-700 DISPENSING SPRING COMPLETE PART

RETAINER KEEPER CONTACT

MDS-701 DISPENSING SPRING

SURFACE

RETAINER SHOULDER

MDS-702 DISPENSING SPRING

CONTACT SURFACE

MDS-800 MEDICAMENT RESERVOIR COMPLETE PART

MDS-900 PLUNGER COMPLETE PART

MDS-901 PLUNGER TRIM EDGE (SEALING SURFACE)

DISPENSING NEEDLE BARRIER

MDS-902 PLUNGER

CONTACT SURFACE

NES-100 NEEDLE SHEATH COMPLETE PART

SNAP FIT EDGE FOR SAFETY

NES-101 NEEDLE SHEATH

MECHANISM

NES-102 NEEDLE SHEATH MOLD PIN SUPPORT WINDOWS

INJECTION NEEDLE GUIDE CUT

NES-103 NEEDLE SHEATH

OUT ON SNAP FIT EDGE REFERENCE

NAME DESCRIPTION NUMERAL

TOP CURVED CUT OUT FOR

NES-104 NEEDLE SHEATH FITTING UP TO THE NEEDLE

BARREL

NES-200 NEEDLE BARREL COMPLETE PART

NEEDLE BARREL LOCK CUT

NES-201 NEEDLE BARREL

OUT

NES-202 NEEDLE BARREL TORSION SPRING SLOT CUT

FLEXIBLE TUBING CHANNEL

CUT OUT (TO ALLOW FOR

NES-203 NEEDLE BARREL

TUBING DEFLECTION DURING ROTATION)

FLEXIBLE TUBING CONTACT

NES-204 NEEDLE BARREL SURFACE WHILE BEING

ULTRASONICALLY WELDED

NES-205 NEEDLE BARREL MOLDED TUBING CLAMPS

INJECTION NEEDLE CHANNEL

NES-206 NEEDLE BARREL CUT OUT WITH TEXTURED

SURFACE

NEEDLE BARREL CAP SHAFT

NES-207 NEEDLE BARREL

RECEPTICAL

ROTATIONAL ALIGNMENT

NES-208 NEEDLE BARREL RIDGE FOR BARREL GUIDE

CONTACT

INJECTION NEEDLE CHANNEL

NES-209 NEEDLE BARREL (COMPLETED CHANNEL

FORMED AFTER WELDING)

ULTRASONIC WELD STEP ON

NES-210 NEEDLE BARREL

NEEDLE BARREL FACE

NES-300 NEEDLE BARREL CAP COMPLETE PART

NES-301 NEEDLE BARREL CAP HARD STOP CUT OUT

TORSION SPRING WINDING CUT

NES-302 NEEDLE BARREL CAP OUT IN FACE OF NEEDLE

BARREL CAP

FLEXIBLE TUBING CHANNEL

CUT OUT (TO ALLOW FOR

NES-303 NEEDLE BARREL CAP

TUBING DEFLECTION DURING ROTATION)

REFERENCE

NAME DESCRIPTION NUMERAL

FLEXIBLE TUBING CONTACT

NES-304 NEEDLE BARREL CAP SURFACE WHILE BEING

ULTRASONICALLY WELDED

NES-305 NEEDLE BARREL CAP MOLDED TUBING CLAMPS

INJECTION NEEDLE CHANNEL

NES-306 NEEDLE BARREL CAP CUT OUT WITH TEXTURED

SURFACE

ULTRASONIC WELD ENERGY

NES-307 NEEDLE BARREL CAP

DIRECTOR

NES-308 NEEDLE BARREL CAP NEEDLE BARREL CAP SHAFT

INJECTION NEEDLE CHANNEL

NES-309 NEEDLE BARREL CAP (COMPLETED CHANNEL

FORMED AFTER WELDING)

NES-400 NEEDLE BARREL GUIDE COMPLETE PART

NEEDLE BARREL LOCK

NES-401 NEEDLE BARREL GUIDE

CHANNEL

TORSION SPRING BRACE LEG

NES-402 NEEDLE BARREL GUIDE

CUT OUT

NEEDLE BARREL TAIL

NES-403 NEEDLE BARREL GUIDE

ROTATION STABILIZING HOLE

NEEDLE BARREL SHOULDER,

NES-404 NEEDLE BARREL GUIDE FOR SETTING DEPTH OF

NEEDLE BARREL IN THE GUIDE

NES-500 NEEDEL BARREL LOCK COMPLETE PART

NES-501 NEEDEL BARREL LOCK TRIGGER CONTACT SURFACE

LOCK DISENGAGEMENT

NES-502 NEEDEL BARREL LOCK

SURFACE FOR THE TOP HALF

LOCKING DEPTH SHOULDER

NES-503 NEEDEL BARREL LOCK FOR THE NEEDLE BARREL

GUIDE

NEEDLE BARREL CONTACT

NES-504 NEEDEL BARREL LOCK

SURFACE

REFERENCE

NAME DESCRIPTION NUMERAL

NEEDLE SHEATH

NES-600 COMPLETE PART

(CLEANLIENESS) BARRIER

NEEDLE SHEATH MOLDED RIBBING FOR PRESS

NES-601

(CLEANLIENESS) BARRIER FITTING IN NEEDLE SHEATH

TOP CURVED CUT OUT FOR

NEEDLE SHEATH

NES-602 FITTING UP TO THE NEEDLE

(CLEANLIENESS) BARRIER

BARREL

NES-700 INJECTION NEEDLE COMPLETE PART

NES-701 INJECTION NEEDLE DISTAL END/LANCET TIP

NES-702 INJECTION NEEDLE GRIT BLASTED SURFACE

NES-703 INJECTION NEEDLE PROXIMAL END

NES-800 TORSION SPRING COMPLETE PART

ROTATIONAL LEG MAKING

NES-801 TORSION SPRING CONTACT WITH THE NEEDLE

BARREL

BRACING LEG (SUPPORTED ON

NES-802 TORSION SPRING

THE NEEDLE BARREL GUIDE)

NES-900 FLEXIBLE TUBING COMPLETE PART

AUTO-INJECTOR

SS-100 COMPLETE PART

INTERLOCK

AUTO-INJECTOR

SS-101 LOCKOUT ENGAGMENT ARM

INTERLOCK

AUTO-INJECTOR

SS-102 KICK BACK FOOT

INTERLOCK

AUTO-INJECTOR

SS-103 SLANTED FOOT FOR LOCKOUT

INTERLOCK

SS-200 SAFETY MECHANISM COMPLETE PART

TAPERED LEAD IN EDGE FOR

SS-201 SAFETY MECHANISM

NEEDLE SHEATH

ALIGNMENT PROTRUSIONS FOR

SS-202 SAFETY MECHANISM ASSEMBLY (FIT IN GRABBER

UNDECUTS)

SS-203 SAFETY MECHANISM NEEDLE SHEATH HOLE

SS-204 SAFETY MECHANISM LOCKING POST

SS-300 EXPANSION SPRING COMPLETE PART

CONTACT SURFACE FOR

SS-301 EXPANSION SPRING

BOTTOM HALF

REFERENCE

NAME DESCRIPTION NUMERAL

SS-302 EXPANSION SPRING CONTACT SURFACE FOR COVER

MC-100 COVER COMPLETE PART

EXPANSION SLOTS FOR

MC-101 COVER

ASSEMBLY

ASSEMBLY ALIGNMENT

MC-102 COVER CHANNELS FOR EXPANSION

TABS ON THE BOTTOM HALF

ROTATIONAL CHANNEL FOR

MC-103 COVER THE EXPANSION TABS ON THE

BOTTOM HALF

MC-104 COVER EJECTOR PIN LOCATIONS

ALIGNMENT POSTS FOR THE

MC-105 COVER BOTTOM HALF DURING

INJECTION

MC-106 COVER RETAINER TRIGGER

NEEDLE BARREL LOCK

MC-107 COVER

TRIGGER

EXPANSION SPRING RECESS

MC-108 COVER

CUT

PUCK STOPPER GRABBER

MC-109 COVER CONTACT SURFACE FOR THE

STOPPER

MC-110 COVER INJECTION NEEDLE GUIDE

MC-111 COVER NEEDLE SHEATH HOLE

MC-112 COVER INJECTION NEEDLE HOLE

INJECTION NEEDLE GUIDE

MC-113 COVER TAPERED UNDERCUT TO

PREVENT PLASTIC SCORING

GRABBER UNDERCUT HOLE

MC-114 COVER FOR THE SAFETY COVER

PROTRUSIONS

WALL CUT AWAY FOR STOPPER

MC-115 COVER

CLEARANCE

PERIMETER WALL CUT TO

MC-116 COVER PREVENT DEFORMATION

DURING MOLDING

MC-117 COVER STORED LOCKED POSITION

MC-118 COVER UNLOCKED POSITION REFERENCE

NAME DESCRIPTION NUMERAL

MC-119 COVER ARMED POSITION

MC-120 COVER INJECTION POSITION

MC-121 COVER INJECTION SURFACE

MC-200 BOTTOM HALF COMPLETE PART

MC-201 BOTTOM HALF HOUSINGS FOR PUCK STOPPERS

HOUSINGS FOR TRIGGERS AND

MC-202 BOTTOM HALF ALIGNMENT POSTS (DURING

STORED STATE)

MC-203 BOTTOM HALF TRIGGER HOLES

MC-204 BOTTOM HALF NEEDLE SHEATH HOLE

MC-205 BOTTOM HALF RETAINER KEEPER RECESS CUT

RESERVOIRCUT OUT /

MC-206 BOTTOM HALF

RESERVOIRCRADDLE

MC-207 BOTTOM HALF NEEDLE BARREL CRADDLE

MC-208 BOTTOM HALF RESERVOIRB RACING WALL

MC-209 BOTTOM HALF ASSEMBLY FINS FOR TOP HALF

MC-210 BOTTOM HALF ROTATION /EXPANSION TABS

ALIGNMENT POST HOUSINGS

MC-211 BOTTOM HALF

FOR INJECTION

PUCK STOPPER LEDGE FOR

MC-212 BOTTOM HALF

DEVICE LOCK OUT

EXPANSION SPRING RECESS

MC-213 BOTTOM HALF

CUT OUT

INJECTION NEEDLE GUIDE CUT

MC-214 BOTTOM HALF

OUT

PUCK SEALING SURFACE WITH

MC-215 BOTTOM HALF

TEXTURED PROFILE

NEEDLE BARREL GUIDE

MC-216 BOTTOM HALF

PLATFORM

KEYED SLOT FOR SAFETY

MC-217 BOTTOM HALF

PLATE

HARD STOP FOR NEEDLE

MC-218 BOTTOM HALF

BARREL ROTATION

MC-219 BOTTOM HALF TIRGGER BRACING

MC-300 TOP HALF COMPLETE PART

REFERENCE

NAME DESCRIPTION NUMERAL

FINGER PLACEMENT

MC-301 TOP HALF

LOCATIONS (FOR ROTATION)

RIDGE ON TOP SURFACE FOR

MC-302 TOP HALF NEEDLE BARREL GUIDE AND

ROTATIONAL AID

ASSEMBLY FIN CUT OUTS FOR

MC-303 TOP HALF

BOTTOM HALF

RESERVOIRCUT OUT / CRADDLE

MC-304 TOP HALF

FOR VIAL

CUT OUT FOR THE RETAINER

MC-305 TOP HALF

KEEPER

RETAINER LOCK

MC-306 TOP HALF

DISENGAGEMENT RAMP

NEEDLE BARREL LOCK

MC-307 TOP HALF

DISENGAGEMENT RAMP

EJECTOR PIN LOCATION ON

MC-308 TOP HALF

NEEDLE BRACE

MC-309 TOP HALF INJECTION NEEDLE BRACE

FLEXIBLE TUBING CUT OUT

MC-310 TOP HALF FOR ROTATING AROUND THE

NEEDLE BARREL

MC-311 TOP HALF RESERVOIRB RACING WALL

NEEDLE BARREL LEDGE CUT

(KEEPS THE NEEDLE BARREL

MC-312 TOP HALF INSIDE THE GUIDE DURING

ROTATION BY PREVENTING AXIAL DISPLACEMENT)

NEEDLE BARREL GUIDE CUT

MC-313 TOP HALF

OUT

MC-314 TOP HALF PUCK STOPPER HOUSINGS

MC-315 TOP HALF PUCK SEALING SURFACE/RIM

MC-316 TOP HALF NEEDLE BARREL TAIL CUT OUT

FULL ASSEMBLY INCLUDING

1 AUTOINJECTOR ASSEMBLY

THE COVER

1100 TOP HALF TOP HALF

1101 TOP HALF FINGER TAB

1102 TOP HALF ASSEMBLY ALIGNMENT HOLES REFERENCE

NAME DESCRIPTION NUMERAL

1103 TOP HALF MALE THREAD FOR HELIX

1104 TOP HALF MIDDLE HOUSING

RESERVOIRRECESS CUT TOP

1105 TOP HALF

HALF

1106 TOP HALF RECOILING SPRING CUTOUT

RESERVOIRCRADDLE HOUSING

1107 TOP HALF

SIDE

RESERVOIRCRADDLE OUTSIDE

1108 TOP HALF

EDGE

1109 TOP HALF RETAINER GUIDE HOUSING

2100 BOTTOM HALF BOTTOM HALF

ASSEMBLY ALIGNMENT

2101 BOTTOM HALF

PYRAMIDS

2102 BOTTOM HALF MIDDLE HOUSING

MALE THREAD FOR HELIX

2103 BOTTOM HALF

ALIGNMENT

RESERVOIRRECESS CUT

2104 BOTTOM HALF

BOTTOM HALF

RESERVOIRCRADDLE HOUSING

2105 BOTTOM HALF

SIDE

RESERVOIRCRADDLE OUTSIDE

2106 BOTTOM HALF

EDGE

2107 BOTTOM HALF EXPANSION TABS

RESERVOIRREAR BRACE

2108 BOTTOM HALF

BOTTOM HALF

2109 BOTTOM HALF UNCOILING SPRING BRACE

2110 BOTTOM HALF HELIX LOCK GUIDE CHANNEL

INJECTION NEEDLE HOLE IN

2111 BOTTOM HALF

BOTTOM HALF

2112 BOTTOM HALF RETAINER GUIDE HOUSING

RECOIL LOCK ALIGNMENT

2113 BOTTOM HALF

SLOTS

3100 COVER COVER WITH MOLDED SPRINGS

3101 COVER MOLDED SPRINGS

STORED/COLLAPSED

3102 COVER

CONFIGURATION POSITION

ACTIVATED CONFIGURATION

3103 COVER

POSTION

ARMED CONFIGURATION

3104 COVER

POSITION

ASSEMBLY SHOULDER IN

3105 COVER COVER FOR REACHING STORED

POSITION

EXPANSION CHANNEL IN

3106 COVER

COVER

REFERENCE

NAME DESCRIPTION NUMERAL

STORED/COLLAPSED POSITION

3107 COVER

LOCK

3108 COVER ACTIVE TO ARMED LOCK

4100 NEEDLE BARREL HELIX

NEEDLE BARREL WITH

4101 NEEDLE BARREL

SLANTED CHANNEL

4102 NEEDLE BARREL COILED NEEDLE

4103 NEEDLE BARREL COILED NEEDLE COLLAR

4104 NEEDLE BARREL UNCOILING TENSIONER

UNCOILING TENSIONER LOBED

4105 NEEDLE BARREL

HEAD

UNCOILING TORSIONAL SPRING

4106 NEEDLE BARREL

SLOT IN HELIX

RECOILING SPRING SLOT IN

4107 NEEDLE BARREL

HELIX

NEEDLE BARREL WITH SLANT

4108 NEEDLE BARREL

CUT TORSIONAL SPRING SLOT

UNCOILING TENSIONER

4109 NEEDLE BARREL

SQUARE HOLE FOR WINDING

SLANTED CHANNEL NEEDLE

4110 NEEDLE BARREL

BARREL THRUST BEARING

SLANTED CHANNEL INJECTION

4111 NEEDLE BARREL

NEEDLE GUIDE CHANNEL

NEEDLE COLLAR SLOT IN

4112 NEEDLE BARREL

HELIX

NEEDLE GUIDE GROOVE IN

4113 NEEDLE BARREL

HELIX

UNCOILING TENSIONER

4114 NEEDLE BARREL

TORSIONAL SPRING SLOT

5100 NEEDLE BARREL LOCK HELIX LOCK

5101 NEEDLE BARREL LOCK SLANTED CUT FOR TRIGGER

5102 NEEDLE BARREL LOCK SLANTED CUT HELIX SIDE

MEDICAMENT RESERVOIR &

7100 VIAL

ASSEMBLY

MEDICAMENT RESERVOIR &

7101 RETAINER

ASSEMBLY

MEDICAMENT RESERVOIR &

7102 PLUNGER

ASSEMBLY

MEDICAMENT RESERVOIR &

7103 SHEATH

ASSEMBLY

REFERENCE

NAME DESCRIPTION NUMERAL

MEDICAMENT RESERVOIR & RESERVOIR MOLDED IN 90

7104

ASSEMBLY DEGREE ELBOW TIP

MEDICAMENT RESERVOIR & PLUNGER MOLDED RECEPTICLE

7105

ASSEMBLY FOR RETAINER

MEDICAMENT RESERVOIR &

7106 DISPENSING SPRING

ASSEMBLY

MEDICAMENT RESERVOIR &

7107 RETAINER TIP FOR PLUNGER

ASSEMBLY

RETAINER SHOULDER FOR

MEDICAMENT RESERVOIR &

7108 GRABBING

ASSEMBLY SHEATH/DISPENSING SPRING

MEDICAMENT RESERVOIR & RETAINER SHOULDER FOR

7109

ASSEMBLY PLUNGER

MEDICAMENT RESERVOIR &

7110 RETAINER RELEASE TABS

ASSEMBLY

8100 TORSION SPRING UNCOILING TORSIONAL SPRING

8101 TORSION SPRING RECOILING TORSIONAL SPRING

UNCOILING TORSIONAL SPRING

8102 TORSION SPRING

ANTI-ROTATIONAL TAIL

UNCOILING TORSIONAL SPRING

8103 TORSION SPRING

HELIX END

RECOILING TORSIONAL SPRING

8104 TORSION SPRING

ANTI-ROTATIONAL TAIL

RECOILING TORSIONAL SPRING

8105 TORSION SPRING

HELIX END

9100 RECOIL SYSTEM RECOIL LOCK

9101 RECOIL SYSTEM RECOILING SPRING TENSIONER

9102 RECOIL SYSTEM RECOIL LOCK LIVING HINGE

RECOIL LOCK ALIGNMENT

9103 RECOIL SYSTEM

SLOTS

RECOILING TENSIONER SLOT

9104 RECOIL SYSTEM

FOR WINDING

RECOILING TENSIONER SLOT

9105 RECOIL SYSTEM

FOR LOCKING

RECOILING TENSIONER

9106 RECOIL SYSTEM

TORSION SPRING SLOT

REFERENCE

NAME DESCRIPTION NUMERAL

RECOIL LOCK NEEDLE BARREL

9107 RECOIL SYSTEM

PIECE

[0075] Each numerical value presented herein is contemplated to represent an exemplary minimum value or a maximum value in a range for a corresponding parameter. Accordingly, when added to the claims, the exemplary values provide express support for claiming the range, which may lie above or below the numerical value, in accordance with the teachings herein. Every value between the minimum value and the maximum value within each numerical range presented herein (including in the chart shown in FIG. 141), is contemplated and expressly supported herein, subject to the number of significant digits expressed in each particular range.

[0076] The terms and expressions employed herein are used as terms and expressions of description and not of limitation and there is no intention, in the use of such terms and expressions, of excluding any equivalents of the features shown and described or portions thereof. In addition, having described certain embodiments of the invention, it will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art that other embodiments incorporating the concepts disclosed herein may be used without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. The structural features and functions of some embodiments may be arranged in various combinations and permutations, and all are considered to be within the scope of the disclosed invention. Unless otherwise necessitated, recited steps in the various methods may be performed in any order and certain steps may be performed substantially simultaneously. Accordingly, the described embodiments are to be considered in all respects as only illustrative and not restrictive. Furthermore, the configurations described herein are intended as illustrative and in no way limiting. Similarly, although physical explanations have been provided for explanatory purposes, there is no intent to be bound by any particular theory or mechanism, or to limit the claims in accordance therewith.