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1. (WO2019046581) DUAL-MODE IMAGING RECEIVER
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CLAIMS

1. A dual-mode imaging receiver comprising:

a focal plane array comprising an array of photodetectors; and

a read-out integrated circuit operably coupled to the focal plane array, the read-out integrated circuit containing at least one pixel per photodetector in the array of photodetectors, wherein each pixel in the read-out integrated circuit is independently switchable between a photon-counting mode and a photon-timing mode.

2. The dual-mode imaging receiver of claim 1, wherein the array of photodetectors is an array of single-photon detectors.

3. The dual-mode imaging receiver of claim 1, wherein the read-out integrated circuit is configured to synchronously read pixels in the photon-counting mode and to asynchronously read each pixel in the photon-timing mode.

4. The dual-mode imaging receiver of claim 1, wherein each pixel in the read-out integrated circuit comprises a counter to count photons in the photon-counting mode and to track photon arrivals in the photon-timing mode.

5. The dual-mode imaging receiver of claim 4, wherein the counter is an up/down counter and the read-out integrated circuit is configured to modulate a counting direction of the up/down counter with an up/down modulation signal based on a time-domain structure of a

communication waveform detected by the pixel.

6. The dual-mode imaging receiver of claim 5, wherein the read-out integrated circuit is configured to vary a relative phase between the up/down modulation signal and the

communication waveform.

7. The dual-mode imaging receiver of claim 1, further comprising:

a first clock, operably coupled to the read-out integrated circuit, to clock read-out of each pixel in the photon-counting mode at a first rate; and

a second clock, operably coupled to the read-out integrated circuit, to clock each pixel in the photon-timing mode at a second rate greater than the first rate.

8. The dual-mode imaging receiver of claim 7, wherein the first rate is from 1 kHz to 10 kHz and the second rate is from 100 kHz to 10 MHz.

9. The dual-mode imaging receiver of claim 1, further comprising:

a processor, operably coupled to the read-out integrated circuit, to generate an image of a scene based on outputs from the pixels in the photon-counting mode.

10. A method of imaging and communicating with a dual-mode imaging receiver comprising a focal plane array comprising an array of photodetectors and a read-out integrated circuit containing at least one pixel per photodetector in the array of photodetectors, the method comprising:

detecting photons with a first photodetector in the array of photodetectors;

counting the photons detected by the first photodetector with a first pixel in the read-out integrated circuit;

detecting photons with a second photodetector in the array of photodetectors; and timing arrivals of the photons detected by the second photodetector with a second pixel in the read-out integrated circuit while the first pixel counts the photons detected by the first photodetector, the arrivals representing a communications signal.

11. The method of claim 10, further comprising:

receiving the photons detected by the first photodetector and the photons detected by the second photodetector via the same aperture.

12. The method of claim 10, further comprising:

switching the first pixel from photon-counting mode to photon-timing mode independent of a mode of the second pixel.

13. The method of claim 10, wherein timing arrivals of the photons comprises incrementing a count in an up/down counter in the second pixel.

14. The method of claim 13, further comprising:

modulating a counting direction of the up/down counter with an up/down modulation signal based on a time-domain structure of a communication waveform detected by the second pixel.

15. The method of claim 14, further comprising:

varying a relative phase between the up/down modulation signal and the communication waveform.

16. The method of claim 10, further comprising:

synchronously reading a counter in the first pixel; and

asynchronously reading a counter in the second pixel.

17. The method of claim 16, further comprising:

clocking read-out of the first pixel at a first rate; and

clocking the second pixel at a second rate greater than the first rate.

18. The method of claim 17, wherein the first rate is from 1 kHz to 10 kHz and the second rate is from 100 kHz to 10 MHz.

19. The method of claim 10, further comprising:

generate an image of a scene based on the photons outputs from the pixels in the photon-counting mode.

20. The method of claim 10, wherein the communications signal is a first communications signal, and further comprising:

detecting photons with a third photodetector in the array of photodetectors; and timing arrivals of the photons detected by the third photodetector with a third pixel in the read-out integrated circuit while the first pixel counts the photons detected by the first photodetector and the second pixel times arrivals of the photons detected by the second photodetector, the arrivals timed by the third photodetector representing a second

communications signal.