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1. WO2019046327 - PULSED POWER GENERATION USING MAGNETRON RF SOURCE WITH INTERNAL MODULATION

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[ EN ]

CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A system for radio-frequency (RF) power generation, comprising:

an RF pulsed transmitter configured to produce a pulsed RF transmitter output signal using a first pulsed magnetron output signal, the pulsed RF transmitter including:

a transmitter input to receive a pulsed RF transmitter input signal; a transmitter output to transmit the pulsed RF transmitter output signal;

a first magnetron having a first self-excitation threshold voltage and configured to operate with internal modulation using the pulsed RF transmitter input signal to produce the first pulsed magnetron output signal when being powered at a first voltage level below the first self- excitation threshold voltage; and

a first direct-current (DC) power supply configured to power the magnetron.

2. The system according to claim 1, further comprising a superconducting RF accelerating cavity coupled to the transmitter output and configured to receive the pulsed RF transmitter output signal and to be powered by the pulsed RF transmitter output signal.

3. The system according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the RF pulsed transmitter further comprises one or more circulators configured to simultaneously direct the pulsed RF transmitter input signal to the first magnetron and the first pulsed magnetron output signal to the transmitter output and to protect the RF transmitter from a reflected wave.

4. The system according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the RF pulsed transmitter further comprises one or more of a first directional coupler and a second directional coupler, the first directional coupler coupled between the transmitter input and the first magnetron and configured to allow for measuring the pulsed RF transmitter input signal, the second directional coupler coupled between the first magnetron and the transmitter output and configured to allow for measuring the pulsed RF transmitter output signal.

5. The system according to claim 4, wherein the RF pulsed transmitter further comprises a low level RF system configured to measure the pulsed RF transmitter input signal and the pulsed RF transmitter output signal and to control the first DC power supply using an outcome of the measurement.

6. The system according to any of claims 1 and 2, wherein the RF pulsed transmitter further comprises:

a second magnetron having a second self-excitation threshold voltage, connected in series with the first magnetron, and configured to operate with internal modulation using the first pulsed magnetron output signal to produce a second pulsed magnetron output signal when being powered at the second voltage level below the second self-excitation threshold voltage; and

a second direct-current (DC) power supply configured to power the magnetron,

wherein the RF pulsed transmitter is configured to direct the second pulsed magnetron output signal to the transmitter output to transmit as the pulsed RF transmitter output signal.

7. The system according to claim 6, wherein the RF pulsed transmitter further comprises 4-port circulators configured to simultaneously direct the pulsed RF transmitter input signal to the first magnetron, the first pulsed magnetron output signal to the second magnetron, and the second pulsed magnetron output signal to the transmitter output and to protect the RF transmitter from a reflected wave.

8. The system according to any of claims 6 and 7, wherein the RF pulsed transmitter further comprises a phase and power controller configured to control a power of the pulsed RF transmitter output signal by controlling the second DC power supply.

9. The system according to any of claims 6 to 8, further comprising a superconducting RF (SRF) accelerating cavity coupled to the transmitter output and configured to receive the pulsed RF transmitter output signal and to be powered by the pulsed RF transmitter output signal, and wherein the RF pulsed transmitter further comprises an RF probe configured to measure a phase and an amplitude of an pulsed RF accelerating field of the SRF accelerating cavity, and the phase and power controller is configured to control the phase of the pulsed RF accelerating field based on comparing the measured phase of the pulsed RF accelerating field to a phase of the pulsed RF transmitter input signal and to control the power of the pulsed RF transmitter output signal based on the measured amplitude of the pulsed RF accelerating field.

10. A method for radio-frequency (RF) power generation, comprising: receiving a pulsed RF transmitter input signal;

operating a first magnetron having a first self-excitation threshold voltage, including:

powering the first magnetron at a first voltage level below the first self-excitation threshold voltage using a first direct-current (DC) power supply; and

producing a first pulsed magnetron output signal by internal modulation using the pulsed RF transmitter input signal; and producing a pulsed RF transmitter output signal using the first pulsed magnetron output signal

11. The method according to claim 10, further comprising powering a superconducting RF accelerating cavity using the pulsed RF transmitter output signal.

12. The method according to any of claims 10 and 11 , further comprising separating the pulsed RF transmitter output signal from the pulsed RF transmitter input signal using one or more circulators.

The method according to any of claims 10 to 12, further comprising:

measuring the pulsed RF transmitter input signal and the pulsed RF transmitter output signal; and

controlling the first DC power supply using an outcome of the measurement.

14. The method according to any of claims 10 and 11 , further comprising: operating a second magnetron having a second self-excitation threshold voltage, including:

powering the second magnetron at a second voltage level below the second self-excitation threshold voltage using a second DC power supply; and

producing a second pulsed magnetron output signal by internal modulation using the first pulsed magnetron output signal; and transmitting the second pulsed magnetron output signal out as the pulsed RF transmitter output signal.

15. The method according to claim 14, further comprising using circulators to simultaneously directing the pulsed RF transmitter input signal to the first magnetron, the first pulsed magnetron output signal to the second magnetron, and the second pulsed magnetron output signal to an output transmitting the pulsed RF transmitter output signal.

16. The method of according to any of claims 14 and 1 S, further comprising: powering a superconducting RF (SRF) accelerating cavity using the pulsed RF transmitter output signal;

measuring a phase and an amplitude of a pulsed RF accelerating field in the SRF cavity, and

controlling the phase and the amplitude of the pulsed RF transmitter output signal by controlling a phase of the pulsed RF transmitter input signal and a voltage of the second DC power supply using an outcome of the measurement.

17. A system for powering an accelerating cavity, comprising:

a magnetron configured to receive an input injection-locking signal, to produce an injection-locked output signal using the input injection-locking

signal when the input injection-locking signal allows the magnetron to operate at a subcritical cathode voltage that is below a critical voltage needed for self-excitation of the magnetron, and to interrupt the injection-locked output signal when the input injection-locking signal is not sufficiently strong to allow the magnetron to operate at the subcritical cathode voltage; and

a cathode voltage supply system coupled to the magnetron and configured to supply the subcritical cathode voltage and to control a power of the injection-locked output signal by controlling the cathode voltage.

18. The system according to claim 17, wherein the cathode voltage supply system is configured to supply the subcritical cathode voltage to allow the magnetron to be turned on and off by controlling the input injection-locking signal.

19. The system according to claim 17, further comprising an additional magnetron connected in series to the magnetron, the additional magnetron configured to receive the injection-locked output signal and to produce an additional output signal by operating at an additional subcritical cathode voltage that is below a critical voltage needed for self-excitation of the additional magnetron and controls a power of the additional output signal.

20. The system according to claim 19, wherein the additional magnetron configured to produce the additional output signal being a radio-frequency (RF) pulsed signal suitable for powering the accelerating cavity being a

superconductive RF accelerating cavity.