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1. (WO2019046208) IMPROVED METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR HULLING CROPS
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Pub. No.: WO/2019/046208 International Application No.: PCT/US2018/048175
Publication Date: 07.03.2019 International Filing Date: 27.08.2018
IPC:
A23N 5/00 (2006.01) ,A23N 5/08 (2006.01) ,B02B 3/04 (2006.01) ,B07B 13/05 (2006.01)
A HUMAN NECESSITIES
23
FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
N
MACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES, OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING-STUFFS
5
Machines for hulling, husking, or cracking nuts
A HUMAN NECESSITIES
23
FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
N
MACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES, OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING-STUFFS
5
Machines for hulling, husking, or cracking nuts
08
for removing fleshy or fibrous hulls of nuts
B PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
02
CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
B
PREPARING GRAIN FOR MILLING; REFINING GRANULAR FRUIT TO COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS BY WORKING THE SURFACE
3
Hulling; Husking; Decorticating; Polishing; Removing the awns; Degerming
04
by means of rollers
B PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
07
SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
B
SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, OR SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; OTHER SEPARATING BY DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
13
Grading or sorting solid materials by dry methods, not otherwise provided for; Sorting articles otherwise than by indirectly controlled devices
04
according to size
05
using material mover cooperating with retainer, deflector or discharger
Applicants:
ZYMEX INDUSTRIES, INC. [US/US]; 168 Hawk Dr. Merced, CA 95341, US
Inventors:
FOROUTANALIABAD, Ahmed; US
Agent:
MILLER, Mark, D.; US
NELSON, William, K.; US
Priority Data:
62/551,11428.08.2017US
Title (EN) IMPROVED METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR HULLING CROPS
(FR) PROCÉDÉS ET APPAREIL AMÉLIORÉS POUR DÉCORTICAGE DE CULTURES
Abstract:
(EN) Improved methods and apparatus for dry hulling or dry peeling harvested crops, particularly pistachio nuts, are disclosed. The methods and apparatus of the present invention provide crop harvesting with great efficiency resulting in consistently high percentages of hulled or peeled crops and low percentages of nut breakage, without increasing processing times regardless of the sizes of the crops being hulled or peeled. The methods and apparatus of the present invention also provide for a relatively small overall machine footprint, plus easy and efficient removal and replacement of the impingement drum to accommodate for different drum speeds, different crop sizes, different bolt patterns, different bolt sizes, and other variations allowing embodiments of the invention to be used on a wide range of nuts and vegetables of different varieties, sizes and shapes.
(FR) La présente invention concerne des procédés et un appareil améliorés de décorticage à sec ou de pelage à sec de cultures récoltées, en particulier de pistaches. Les procédés et l'appareil selon la présente invention permettent de récolter très efficacement des cultures, ce qui permet d'obtenir de manière constante des pourcentages élevés de cultures décortiquées ou pelées et de faibles pourcentages de rupture de noix, sans augmenter les durées de traitement quelles que soient les tailles des cultures qui sont décortiquées ou pelées. Les procédés et l'appareil selon la présente invention concernent également un encombrement global relativement faible de la machine, plus un retrait et un remplacement faciles et efficaces du tambour d'impact pour s'adapter à différentes vitesses de tambour, différentes tailles de cultures, différents motifs de montaison, différentes tailles de montaison, et d'autres variations permettant à des modes de réalisation de l'invention d'être utilisés sur un large éventail de noix et de légumes de différentes variétés, tailles et formes.
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Designated States: AE, AG, AL, AM, AO, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BH, BN, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CL, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DJ, DK, DM, DO, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, GT, HN, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IR, IS, JO, JP, KE, KG, KH, KN, KP, KR, KW, KZ, LA, LC, LK, LR, LS, LU, LY, MA, MD, ME, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MY, MZ, NA, NG, NI, NO, NZ, OM, PA, PE, PG, PH, PL, PT, QA, RO, RS, RU, RW, SA, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SM, ST, SV, SY, TH, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, ZA, ZM, ZW
African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) (BW, GH, GM, KE, LR, LS, MW, MZ, NA, RW, SD, SL, ST, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW)
Eurasian Patent Office (AM, AZ, BY, KG, KZ, RU, TJ, TM)
European Patent Office (EPO) (AL, AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LT, LU, LV, MC, MK, MT, NL, NO, PL, PT, RO, RS, SE, SI, SK, SM, TR)
African Intellectual Property Organization (BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, KM, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG)
Publication Language: English (EN)
Filing Language: English (EN)