Some content of this application is unavailable at the moment.
If this situation persist, please contact us atFeedback&Contact
1. (WO2019033039) APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR AUTOMATED SLIDE DRILLING
Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. A drilling rig system, comprising:

a drilling rig further comprising at least one control system;

a drill string coupled to the drilling rig;

a drill bit coupled to a first end of the drill string; and

a computer system in communication with and operable to control the at least one control system of the drilling rig, wherein the computer system further comprises a processor, a memory, and instructions stored in the memory that are capable of execution by the processor, wherein the computer system is adapted to receive at least one input during operation of the drilling rig and the instructions are adapted to perform the following operations:

(i) determine that the drilling rig is to enter a slide drilling mode to perform a slide drilling operation of a wellbore;

(ii) begin the slide drilling operation either from a rotary drilling mode or after a connection of a pipe to the drill string has been made;

(iii) establish a torque value in the drill string;

(iv) engage a bottom of the wellbore with the drill bit;

(v) determine a target tool face for the slide drilling operation;

(vi) maintain the target tool face within predetermined limits during the slide drilling operation;

(vii) control the slide drilling mode until the computer system determines that the slide drilling operation is complete;

(viii) resume rotary drilling mode or prepare for a survey at an upcoming end of a current drill pipe stand; and

(ix) set at least one parameter associated with at least one of: an equipment parameter, a drilling parameter, and a formation parameter.

2. The drilling rig system according to claim 1, wherein the computer system is adapted to perform any one or more of the operations (i) - (ix) after first obtaining a user input to proceed.

3. The drilling rig system according to claim 1, wherein the computer system is adapted to perform any one or more of the operations (i) - (ix) after first providing a display of the operation or operations to be performed.

4. The drilling rig system according to claim 1, wherein the at least one input comprises at least one of: input from a surface sensor, input from a downhole sensor, and a user input.

5. The drilling rig system according to claim 4, wherein the user input is associated with at least one of: the equipment parameter, the drilling parameter, and the formation parameter.

6. The drilling rig system according to claim 5, wherein the at least one equipment parameter comprises information relating to at least one of: a type of drill bit, and a type of bottom hole assembly.

7. The drilling rig system according to claim 5, wherein the at least one drilling parameter comprises at least one of: weight on bit, rate of penetration, motor torque, motor speed, and pressure differential.

8. The drilling rig system according to claim 5, wherein the at least one formation parameter comprises at least one of: a formation hardness, a formation structure, inclination, a current wellbore zone, a measured depth, a vertical section, and a formation identity.

9. The drilling rig system according to claim 1, wherein the instructions adapted to perform (iii) further comprise instructions for:

determining the torque value for the drill string for the slide drilling operation; and outputting a first control signal to the at least one control system to establish the torque value.

10. The drilling rig system according to claim 1, wherein the instructions adapted to perform (v) further comprise instructions for:

determining a target tool face for the slide drilling operation; and

outputting a second control signal to the at least one control system to establish the target tool face.

11. An automated slide drilling system for drilling a well borehole, comprising:

at least one processor; and

at least one memory coupled to the at least one processor and storing instructions executable by the at least one processor, wherein the instructions comprise instructions for:

receiving information from a measurement-while-drilling (MWD) system, at least one sensor, and at least one rig control system during drilling of a well borehole by a drilling rig, the drilling rig further comprising a drill string having a bottom hole assembly attached thereto at one end thereof;

determining, responsive to the information received, whether a slide is to be performed and, when the slide is to be performed, determining a length and a direction of the slide;

determining a current tool face;

determining when a tool face adjustment is indicated for the slide and, when the tool face adjustment is indicated, determining an amount of the tool face adjustment, and sending a first control signal to the at least one drilling rig control system to adjust the tool face by the amount of the tool face adjustment;

determining if oscillation of the drill string will assist the slide and, when the oscillation will assist the slide, identifying a magnitude and a frequency of the

oscillation, and sending a second control signal to the at least one drilling rig control system to implement the magnitude and the frequency of the oscillation;

sending a third control signal to the at least one drilling rig control system to rotate the drill bit;

maintaining the tool face within a target range during the slide; and

determining if the slide is complete and, when the slide is complete, sending a fourth control signal to the at least one drilling rig control system to stop the slide.

12. The automated slide drilling system according to claim 11, further comprising instructions for establishing a desired torque in the drill string.

13. The automated slide drilling system according to claim 11, further comprising instructions for engaging a bottom of the well borehole with the drill bit.

14. The automated slide drilling system according to claim 11, further comprising instructions for resuming rotary drilling after the slide is complete.

15. The automated slide drilling system according to claim 11, further comprising instructions for returning control of drilling to another drilling control system or to an operator after the slide is complete.

16. The automated slide drilling system according to claim 11, further comprising instructions for displaying a status of the slide during the slide.

17. The automated slide drilling system according to claim 11, further comprising instructions for:

receiving updated information from the MWD system, the at least one sensor, and the at least one rig control systems during the slide; and

determining whether at least one drilling parameter should be adjusted for the slide, and, when the at least one drilling parameter is to be adjusted, sending a fifth control signal to adjust the one or more drilling parameters.

18. The automated slide drilling system according to claim 11, further comprising instructions for:

receiving updated information from the MWD system, the at least one sensor, and the at least one rig control system during the slide; and

responsive to at least some of the updated information, displaying an updated status of the slide during the slide.

19. The automated slide drilling system according to claim 11, wherein the at least one sensor includes at least one of: a downhole sensor and a surface sensor.

20. The automated slide drilling system according to claim 11, wherein the instructions further comprise instructions for providing a graphical user interface further comprising at least one of:

a plot of current toolface versus a target toolface;

a plot of toolface limits; and

an indication of a confidence level of at least one toolface reading.

21. The automated slide drilling system according to claim 11, wherein the instructions further comprise instructions for obtaining a confidence level from a decoder receiving information from a bottom hole assembly (BHA).

22. The automated slide drilling system according to claim 19c, wherein the instructions further comprise instructions for comparing a current toolface reading with a previous toolface reading and, based on a difference between the current toolface reading and the previous toolface reading, and the confidence level, determining whether to take an action to correct the toolface.

23. A method for drilling a well borehole, the method comprising:

determining, by an automated slide drilling system, that a drilling rig should begin slide drilling, wherein the slide drilling is controlled by the automated slide drilling system in communication with at least one control system of the drilling rig;

determining, by the automated slide drilling system, whether an operator has indicated that the slide drilling is to be performed without further user input;

when the slide drilling is to be performed without further user input, determining, by the automated slide drilling system, whether at least one risk mitigation action is indicated; when at least one risk mitigation action is indicated, identifying and performing the at least one risk mitigation action;

determining, by the automated slide drilling system, a torque in the drill string;

setting, by the automated slide drilling system, at least one drilling rig parameter to establish the torque in the drill string;

controlling, by the automated slide drilling system, engagement of a drill bit with a bottom of the well borehole, including zeroing the weight on bit (WOB) and differential pressure (DP) values;

determining, by the automated slide drilling system, a target range for a tool face orientation for the slide drilling;

controlling, by the automated slide drilling system, an orientation of the drill bit within the target range for the tool face orientation, including sending a first control signal to the at least one control system to achieve the tool face orientation within the target range;

controlling, by the automated slide drilling system, at least one rig operating parameter during the slide drilling;

determining, by the automated slide drilling system, whether the slide drilling has been completed;

when the slide drilling has been completed, ceasing the slide drilling by the automated slide drilling system and returning control of the drilling rig to the operator or another control system; and

when the slide drilling has not been completed, then continuing the controlling, by the automated slide drilling system, of the at least one operating parameter until the slide drilling has been completed.

24. The method according to claim 23, further comprising:

receiving, by the automated slide drilling system, input information from at least one surface sensor or at least one downhole sensor during the slide drilling.

25. The method according to claim 23, further comprising:

querying, by the automated slide drilling system, updated data during the slide drilling from at least one of: a bit guidance system, a measurement-while-drilling directional system, and the at least one rig control systems.

26. The method according to claim 23 further comprising:

determining, by the automated slide drilling system, if oscillation of the drill pipe is expected to improve the slide drilling;

when oscillation of the drill pipe is expected to improve the slide drilling, determining, by the automated slide drilling system, a magnitude and a frequency of oscillation of the drill pipe, and sending, by the automated slide drilling system without further user input, a second control signal to the at least one rig control system to set the magnitude and the frequency during the slide drilling.

27. The method according to claim 23, further comprising:

stopping, by the automated slide drilling system, the slide drilling when user input corresponding to a stop command is received.

28. The method according to claim 23, further comprising:

stopping, by the automated slide drilling system, the slide drilling when input information is not received within a predetermined period.

29. The method according to claim 23, wherein the risk mitigation action further comprises: waiting for an indication from an operator that the slide drilling is to proceed before allowing the slide drilling to be performed.

30. The method according to claim 23, wherein the at least one control system includes a first control system for a top drive of the drilling rig, and a second control system for a draw works of the drilling rig, and wherein the risk mitigation action further comprises:

using the automated slide drilling system to communicate with the first control system and the second control system to control the top drive and the draw works, respectively, during the slide drilling.

31. A method for maintaining tool face orientation during drilling, the method comprising: determining, by a computer system, whether to modify a rate of penetration (ROP) of a drill bit in a borehole;

responsive to the determining, sending, by a computer system, a first signal to at least one control system coupled to a drilling rig to modify at least one of a weight on bit (WOB) and a differential pressure (DP) of a drilling fluid in the borehole to respectively modify the ROP by an ROP offset determined by the computer system; and

sending, by the computer system, a second signal to the at least one control system for adjusting an angular rotation of a top drive of the drilling rig to modify the ROP by the ROP offset, wherein a tool face orientation within a desired range of a target tool face orientation is maintained.

32. The method according to claim 31, wherein the method is performed by a processor executing computer software instructions, wherein the instructions comprise instructions for: maintaining the tool face orientation within the desired range by sending the second signal for adjusting the angular rotation of the top drive by an amount corresponding to the ROP offset.

33. The method according to claim 32, wherein the amount of angular rotation is adjusted after a predetermined time interval after the WOB or DP is modified.

34. The method according to claim 33, wherein the predetermined time interval is determined responsive to the length of a drill string in the borehole.

35. A control system for maintaining tool face orientation during drilling, the control system comprising:

a processor;

a memory coupled to the processor, wherein the memory stores computer software instructions executable by the processor, and wherein the instructions comprise instructions for:

determining, by the control system when coupled to a drilling rig, whether to modify a rate of penetration (ROP) of a drill bit in a borehole drilled by the drilling rig, and, when modifying the ROP is indicated, determining an amount to modify the ROP; determining whether to modify at least one of a weight on bit (WOB) and a differential pressure (DP) of a drilling fluid in the borehole to modify the ROP;

determining an amount of angular rotation of a top drive of the drilling rig that corresponds to the ROP when modified;

adjusting an angular rotation of the top drive, respectively, corresponding to the ROP when modified; and

modifying at least one of the WOB and the DP to achieve the amount to modify the ROP.

36. The control system according to claim 35, wherein the instructions further comprise instructions for:

maintaining, without further user input, a tool face orientation within a range of a target tool face orientation by adjusting the angular rotation of the top drive by an amount calculated to offset the amount to modify the ROP.

37. The control system according to claim 36, wherein the instructions for modifying the at least one of the WOB and the DP further comprise instructions for:

modifying at least one of the WOB and the DP after a time interval has elapsed after the angular rotation of the top drive has been adjusted.

38. The control system according to claim 37, wherein the time interval is determined responsive to the length of a drill string in the borehole.

39. A method for drilling a well borehole, the method comprising:

determining, by an automated slide drilling system, that a drilling rig should begin slide drilling, wherein the slide drilling is controlled by the automated slide drilling system in communication with at least one control system of the drilling rig;

determining, by the automated slide drilling system, whether an operator has indicated that the slide drilling is to be performed without further user input;

determining, by the automated slide drilling system, a torque in the drill string;

setting, by the automated slide drilling system, at least one drilling rig parameter to establish the torque in the drill string;

controlling, by the automated slide drilling system, engagement of a drill bit with a bottom of the well borehole;

determining, by the automated slide drilling system, a target range for a tool face orientation for the slide drilling;

controlling, by the automated slide drilling system, an orientation of the drill bit within the target range for the tool face orientation, including sending a first control signal to the at least one control system to achieve the tool face orientation within the target range;

controlling, by the automated slide drilling system, at least one rig operating parameter during the slide drilling;

determining, by the automated slide drilling system, whether the slide drilling has been completed;

when the slide drilling has been completed, ceasing the slide drilling by the automated slide drilling system and returning control of the drilling rig to the operator or another control system; and

when the slide drilling has not been completed, then continuing the controlling, by the automated slide drilling system, of the at least one operating parameter until the slide drilling has been completed.

40. The method according to claim 39, further comprising:

receiving, by the automated slide drilling system, input information from at least one surface sensor or at least one downhole sensor during the slide drilling.

41. The method according to claim 39, further comprising:

querying, by the automated slide drilling system, updated data during the slide drilling from at least one of: a bit guidance system, a measurement-while-drilling directional system, and the at least one rig control systems.

42. The method according to claim 39 further comprising:

determining, by the automated slide drilling system, if oscillation of the drill pipe is expected to improve the slide drilling;

when oscillation of the drill pipe is expected to improve the slide drilling, determining, by the automated slide drilling system, a magnitude and a frequency of oscillation of the drill pipe, and sending, by the automated slide drilling system without further user input, a second control signal to the at least one rig control system to set the magnitude and the frequency during the slide drilling.

43. The method according to claim 39, further comprising:

stopping, by the automated slide drilling system, the slide drilling when user input corresponding to a stop command is received.

44. The method according to claim 39, further comprising:

stopping, by the automated slide drilling system, the slide drilling when input information is not received within a predetermined period.

45. The method according to claim 39, wherein the risk mitigation action further comprises: waiting for an indication from an operator that the slide drilling is to proceed before allowing the slide drilling to be performed.

46. The method according to claim 39, wherein the at least one control system includes a first control system for a top drive of the drilling rig, and a second control system for a draw works of the drilling rig, and further comprising:

using the automated slide drilling system to communicate with the first control system and the second control system to control the top drive and the draw works, respectively, during the slide drilling.