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1. (WO2019032983) FRAME STRUCTURE FOR UNLICENSED NARROWBAND INTERNET-OF-THINGS SYSTEM
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Claims

What is claimed is:

1. An apparatus operable for unlicensed narrowband transmission to support Internet-of-Things (IoT) service, the apparatus comprising a baseband circuitry that includes: a radio frequency (RF) interface; and

one or more processors to:

select a transmission channel within an unlicensed narrow band for downlink transmission of a discovery reference signal (DRS) that includes a primary synchronization signal (PSS), a secondary synchronization signal (SSS) and physical broadcast channel (PBCH) content; and

for channel hopping, select, according to the DRS, a communication channel within the unlicensed narrow band for downlink data and upink data.

2. The apparatus as claimed in Claim 1, wherein the one or more processors of the baseband circuitry are to predetermine at least one anchor channel as the transmission channel for the downlink transmission of the DRS.

3. The apparatus as claimed in Claim 2, wherein the at least one anchor channel is only for the downlink transmission of the DRS.

4. The apparatus as claimed in Claim 2, wherein the one or more processors of the baseband circuitry are to select the at least one anchor channel as the communication channel.

5. The apparatus as claimed in Claim 4, wherein the one or more processors of the baseband circuitry are to divide a frame in each of the at least one anchor channel into a downlink subframe and an uplink subframe while satisfying:

^ = 10%

N anchor D well

where TDL indicates a time duration of the downlink subframe, Ή anchor indicates a number of the at least one anchor channel, and Dwell indicates a dwell time.

6. The apparatus as claimed in Claim 4, further comprising a radio frequency (RF) circuitry to use the at least one anchor channel as one of a physical random access channel (PRACH), an Msg3 physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) and a physical uplink control channel (PUCCH) for the upink data.

7. The apparatus as claimed in Claim 2, wherein the one or more processors of the baseband circuitry are to predetermine a number of the at least one anchor channel, where the number of the at least one anchor channel depends on a region where the apparatus is to be used.

8. The apparatus as claimed in Claim 2, wherein the one or more processors of the baseband circuitry are to predetermine a number of the at least one anchor channel, where the number of the at least one anchor channel is identical for all regions.

9. The apparatus as claimed in Claim 2, wherein the one or more processors of the baseband circuitry are to predetermine the at least one anchor channel according to a cell identifier (cell ID) associated with a radio access network (RAN) node.

10. The apparatus as claimed in Claim 2, wherein the one or more processors of the baseband circuitry are to divide a frame in each of the at least one anchor channel into multiple orthogonal subframes, and to randomly select one of the orthogonal subframes for the DRS so as to reduce probability of collision of the DRS's.

11. The apparatus as claimed in Claim 2, wherein the one or more processors of the baseband circuitry are to determine, according to a cell identifier (cell ID) associated with a radio access network (RAN) node, a subframe in the at least one anchor channel for starting the DRS.

12. The apparatus as claimed in any of Claims 1-11 wherein the one or more processors of the baseband circuitry are to select, from a plurality of channels within the unlicensed narrow band, the transmission channel for the DRS, and to select the transmission channel as the communication channel.

13. The apparatus as claimed in Claim 12, further comprising a radio frequency (RF) circuitry to use the plurality of channels each as one of a narrowband physical downlink control channel (NPDCCH), a narrowband physical downlink shared channel (NPDSCH) and a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) for broadcasting and unicasting data.

14. The apparatus as claimed in any of Claims 1-13, wherein the one or more processors of the baseband circuitry are further to detect, from among a plurality of channels within the unlicensed narrow band, a free channel that is unoccupied,

wherein the apparatus further comprises radio frequency (RF) circuitry to provide a presence signal at beginning of a frame in the free channel to notify a user equipment of the free channel, so that the user equipment is to transmit and receive data through the free channel upon receipt of the presence signal.

15. The apparatus as claimed in any of Claims 1-14, wherein the one or more processors of the baseband circuitry are to determine, based on medium-utilization limitation, a dwell time during which the communication channel is to transmit and receive data.

16. A method for unlicensed narrowband transmission to support Internet-of-Things (IoT) service, the method to be implemented by a baseband circuitry and comprising: selecting a transmission channel within an unlicensed narrow band for downlink transmission of a discovery reference signal (DRS) that includes a primary synchronization signal (PSS), a secondary synchronization signal (SSS) and physical broadcast channel (PBCH) content;

for channel hopping, selecting, according to the DRS, a communication channel within the unlicensed narrow band for downlink data and upink data.

17. The method as claimed in Claim 16, wherein selecting the transmission channel within the unlicensed narrow band for the downlink transmission of the DRS includes predetermining at least one anchor channel as the transmission channel for the downlink transmission of the DRS.

18. The method as claimed in Claim 17, wherein the at least one anchor channel is only for the downlink transmission of the DRS.

19. The method as claimed in Claim 17, wherein selecting the communication channel within the unlicensed narrow band for downlink data and uplink data includes selecting the at least one anchor channel as the communication channel.

20. The method as claimed in Claim 19, further comprising:

dividing a frame in each of the at least one anchor channel into a downlink subframe and an uplink subframe while satisfying

^ = 10%

N anchor D well

where TDL indicates a time duration of the downlink subframe, Ή anchor indicates a number of the at least one anchor channel, and Dwell indicates a dwell time.

21. The method as claimed in Claim 19, to be implemented further by a radio frequency (RF) circuitry, and further comprising:

using, by the RF circuitry, the at least one anchor channel as one of a physical random access channel (PRACH), an Msg3 physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) and a physical uplink control channel (PUCCH) for the uplink data.

22. The method as claimed in Claim 17, wherein predetermining the at least one anchor channel includes predetermining a number of the at least one anchor channel, where the number of the at least one anchor channel depends on a region where the baseband circuitry is to be used.

23. The method as claimed in Claim 17, wherein predetermining the at least one anchor channel includes predetermining a number of the at least one anchor channel, where the number of the at least one anchor channel is identical for all regions.

24. The method as claimed in Claim 17, wherein predetermining the at least one anchor channel includes predetermining the at least one anchor channel according to a cell identifier (cell ID) associated with a radio access network node.

25. The method as claimed in Claim 17, further comprising:

dividing a frame in each of the at least one anchor channel into multiple orthogonal subframes; and

randomly selecting one of the orthogonal subframes for the DRS so as to reduce probability of collision of the DRS's.

26. The method as claimed in Claim 17, further comprising:

determining, according to a cell identifier (cell ID) associated with a radio access network node, a subframe in the at least one anchor channel for starting the DRS.

27. The method as claimed in Claim 16, wherein:

selecting the transmission channel within the unlicensed narrow band for the downlink transmission of the DRS includes selecting, from a plurality of channels within the unlicensed narrow band, the transmission channel for the DRS; and

selecting the communication channel within the unlicensed narrow band for downlink data and uplink data includes selecting the transmission channel as the communication channel.

28. The method as claimed in Claim 27, to be implemented further by a radio frequency (RF) circuitry, and further comprising:

using, by the radio frequency (RF) circuitry, the plurality of channels each as one of a narrowband physical downlink control channel (NPDCCH), a narrowband physical downlink shared channel (NPDSCH) and a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) for broadcasting and unicasting data.

29. The method as claimed in Claim 16, to be implemented further by a radio frequency (RF) circuitry, and further comprising:

detecting, by the baseband circuitry, from among a plurality of channels within the unlicensed narrow band, a free channel that is unoccupied; and

providing, by the RF circuitry, a presence signal at beginning of a frame in the free channel to notify a user equipment of the free channel, so that the user equipment is to transmit and receive data through the free channel upon receipt of the presence signal.

30. The method as claimed in Claim 16, further comprising:

determining, based on medium-utilization limitation, a dwell time during which the communication channel is to transmit and receive data.

31. A non-transitory, computer-readable storage medium comprising instructions that, when executed by a processor, direct the processor to perform the method according to any one of Claims 16 to 30.