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International application No. Applicant's or agent's file reference
PCT/US2018/044953 317418-2
International filing date (day/month/year) (Earliest) Priority Date (day/month/year)
02 August 2018 07 August 2017
FOR FURTHER ACTION: See Form PCT/ISA/220 as well as, where applicable, item 5 below.
This international search report has been prepared by this International Searching Authority and is transmitted to the applicant according to Article 18. A copy is being transmitted to the International Bureau.
It is also accompanied by a copy of each prior art document cited in this report.
1. Basis of the report
a. With regard to the language, the international search was carried out on the basis of:
the international application in the language in which it was filed.
a translation of the international application into                                          which is the language of a translation furnished for the purposes of international search (Rules 12.3(a) and 23.1(b)).
This international search report has been established taking into account the rectification of an obvious mistake authorized by or notified to this Authority under Rule 91 (Rule 43.6bis(a)).
With regard to any nucleotide and/or amino acid sequence disclosed in the international application, the international search was carried out on the basis of a sequence listing:
2. Certain claims were found unsearchable
3. Unity of invention is lacking
4. Title of the invention
The text is approved as submitted by the applicant.
The text has been established by this Authority to read as follows:
5. Abstract
The text is approved as submitted by the applicant.
The text has been established, according to Rule 38.2, by this Authority as it appears in Box No. IV. The applicant may, within one month from the date of mailing of this international search report, submit comments to this Authority.
6. Drawings
The figure of the drawings to be published with the abstract is Figure No.     1    
as suggested by the applicant.
as selected by this Authority, because the applicant failed to suggest a figure.
as selected by this Authority, because this figure better characterizes the invention.
none of the figures is to be published with the abstract.


     B22F 7/06 (2006.01)i; C22C 19/05 (2006.01)i; B23K 35/02 (2006.01)i; F01D 5/00 (2006.01)i; B23P 6/04 (2006.01)i
According to International Patent Classification (IPC) or to both national classification and IPC


Minimum documentation searched (classification system followed by classification symbols):
Documentation searched other than minimum documentation to the extent that such documents are included in the fields searched:
Korean utility models and applications for utility modelsJapanese utility models and applications for utility models
Electronic data base consulted during the international search (name of data base and, where practicable, search terms used):
eKOMPASS(KIPO internal) & Keywords: braze, binder, core, coat, mix, green, preform, sinter


Category* Citation of document, with indication, where appropriate, of the relevant passages Relevant to claim No.
US 2011-0070119 A1 (BELHADJHAMIDA et al.) 24 March 2011 See paragraphs [0020]-[0043]; and claims 1-9.
US 2014-0154082 A1 (SHINN et al.) 05 June 2014 See paragraphs [0039]-[0041]; and claim 1.
US 2011-0243785 A1 (WAAG et al.) 06 October 2011 See paragraphs [0008]-[0021]; and claim 17.
WO 2014-052754 A1 (ALLOMET CORPORATION) 03 April 2014 See claims 1-16.
US 6051277 A (CLAUSSEN et al.) 18 April 2000 See claims 1-7.
Special categories of cited documents:
document defining the general state of the art which is not considered to be of particular relevance
earlier application or patent but published on or after the international filing date
document which may throw doubts on priority claim(s) or which is cited to establish the publication date of another citation or other special reason (as specified)
document referring to an oral disclosure, use, exhibition or other means
document published prior to the international filing date but later than the priority date claimed
later document published after the international filing date or priority date and not in conflict with the application but cited to understand the principle or theory underlying the invention
document of particular relevance; the claimed invention cannot be considered novel or cannot be considered to involve an inventive step when the document is taken alone
document of particular relevance; the claimed invention cannot be considered to involve an inventive step when the document is combined with one or more other such documents, such combination being obvious to a person skilled in the art
document member of the same patent family


Patent document cited in search report Publication date
Patent family member(s) Publication date
US 2011-0070119 A1
24 March 2011
US 8790571 B2
WO 2009-146385 A1
29 July 2014
03 December 2009
US 2014-0154082 A1
05 June 2014
CN 104903041 A
EP 2928633 A1
JP 2016-510372 A
KR 10-2015-0080611 A
US 9863249 B2
WO 2014-088771 A1
09 September 2015
14 October 2015
07 April 2016
09 July 2015
09 January 2018
12 June 2014
US 2011-0243785 A1
06 October 2011
BR PI0923363 A2
CA 2746010 A1
CN 102245332 A
DE 102008062614 A1
EP 2376245 A1
JP 2012-511629 A
KR 10-2011-0099708 A
MX 2011005902 A
TW 201039945 A
US 2011-0229918 A1
WO 2010-066529 A1
21 July 2015
17 June 2010
16 November 2011
17 June 2010
19 October 2011
24 May 2012
08 September 2011
20 June 2011
16 November 2010
22 September 2011
17 June 2010
WO 2014-052754 A1
03 April 2014
BR 112015006805 A2
CA 2886381 A1
CN 105142825 A
EP 2900404 A1
JP 2016-500626 A
KR 10-2015-0063457 A
MX 2015003721 A
TW 201427924 A
US 2014-0087210 A1
US 9186726 B2
08 August 2017
03 April 2014
09 December 2015
05 August 2015
14 January 2016
09 June 2015
23 September 2015
16 July 2014
27 March 2014
17 November 2015
US 6051277 A
18 April 2000
EP 0790223 A1
JP 09-227969 A
DE 19605858 A1
20 August 1997
02 September 1997
21 August 1997
Name and mailing address of the ISA/:
Korean Intellectual Property Office
189 Cheongsa-ro, Seo-gu, Daejeon Metropolitan City, 302-701
Republic of Korea
Facsimile No. +82-42-481-8578
Date of the actual completion of the international search:
02 January 2019
Date of mailing of the international search report:
02 January 2019
Authorized officer:
LEE, Se Gyoung
Telephone No. +82-42-481-8740
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