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1. (WO2019028438) SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING EVAPORATIVE FLUID LOSS
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CLAIMS

1. A system for reducing evaporative water loss in an evaporative cooling tower, the system comprising:

an electric and magnetic field inducing device attached around one of either a makeup pipe or a recirculation pipe of the evaporative cooling tower, the electric and magnetic field inducing device comprising:

a core comprising a sheet having a front side, a back side, a top, a bottom, a first edge, a second edge and a plurality of notches; and

windings comprising electrically conductive material wrapped around the core, wherein the windings are positioned along the core at the notches, and wherein the windings are in electrical communication to allow current to flow therethrough; and

a power supply providing power to the core.

2. The system of claim 1, wherein the core comprises a material selected from the group consisting of:

a metallic material;

a ferrous material;

a mesh material; and

one or more of a metal, a ceramic, and a polymer.

3. The system of claim 1, wherein the system comprises two cores as recited in claim 1, the two cores disposed end-to-end on the one of either the makeup pipe or the recirculation pipe of the evaporative cooling tower.

4. The system of claim 3, wherein a polarity of the two cores is selected from the group consisting of:

an opposite polarity of the two cores; and

a same polarity of the two cores.

5. The system of claim 1, wherein the system includes a water use measurement device that determines water used by the evaporative cooling tower.

6. The system of claim 5, wherein the system includes a communications module that transmits information received by the water measurement device over a network to a remote computing device.

7. The system of claim 1, wherein the electrically conductive material comprises a material selected from the group consisting of:

single-stranded wire;

multi-stranded wire;

carbon nano tubes;

single wall carbon nanotubes; and

polymeric conductors.

8. The system of claim 1, wherein the windings comprising electrically conductive material wrapped around the core comprise:

a first winding formed by wrapping the conductive material around the core a plurality of times in a first direction at a first set of aligned notches, wherein the conductive material is wrapped in a single direction from the front of the core to the back of the core; and

a second winding formed by wrapping the conductive material around the core a plurality of times in the first direction at a second set of aligned notches, wherein the conductive material is wrapped in a single direction around the core from a first end of a core to a second end of the core,

wherein the first winding and the second winding are conductively connected.

9. A system for reducing evaporative water loss in an evaporative cooling tower, the system comprising:

a first device for generating electric and magnetic fields disposed around a first pipe of an evaporative cooling tower;

a second device for generating electric and magnetic fields disposed around the first pipe of the evaporative cooling tower adjacent the first device for generating electric and magnetic fields;

wherein each of the first device for generating electric and magnetic fields and the second device for generating electric and magnetic fields comprises:

a plurality of notches disposed along opposing edges of a flexible planar core; a wire capable of conducting an electrical current, wherein a first portion of the first wire is disposed about a first set of notches by coiling the first portion of the wire about the first set of notches and wherein a second portion of the wire is disposed about a second set of notches by coiling the second portion of the wire about the second set of notches; and

a power supply operatively connected to supply power to the wire of the first device for generating electric and magnetic fields and to the wire of the second device for generating electric and magnetic fields.

10. The system of claim 9, wherein the system includes a water use measurement device that determines water used by the evaporative cooling tower.

11. The system of claim 9, wherein the first device for generating electric and magnetic fields has a first polarity and the second device for generating electric and magnetic fields has a second polarity, and wherein the first polarity and the second polarity are opposite each other.

12. The system of claim 9, wherein the wire comprises a material selected from the group consisting of:

single-stranded wire;

multi-stranded wire;

carbon nanotubes;

single wall carbon nanotubes; and

polymeric conductors.

13. The system of claim 9, wherein the first pipe comprises a pipe selected from the group consisting of:

a makeup line of the water cooling tower; and

a recirculation line of the water cooling tower.

14. A method of reducing evaporative water loss in an evaporative cooling tower, the method comprising:

providing two electric and magnetic field inducing devices each comprising:

a core comprising a sheet having a front side, a back side, a top, a bottom, a first edge, a second edge and a plurality of notches; and

windings comprising electrically conductive material wrapped around the core, wherein the windings are positioned along the core at the notches, and wherein the windings are in electrical communication to allow current to flow therethrough; and

wrapping and securing the two electric and magnetic field inducing devices around either a makeup pipe or a recirculating pipe of the evaporative cooling tower;

attaching a power supply to the windings of the electric and magnetic field inducing devices; and

applying a current through the windings using the power supply.

15. The method of claim 14, further comprising molding the core to the shape of the makeup pipe.

16. The method of claim 14, wherein the electric and magnetic field inducing devices are a first and a second electric and magnetic field inducing device and are wrapped around the makeup pipe, the method further comprising:

providing a third and a fourth electric and magnetic field inducing device each comprising:

a core comprising a sheet having a front side, a back side, a top, a bottom, a first edge, a second edge and a plurality of notches; and

windings comprising electrically conductive material wrapped around the core, wherein the windings are positioned along the core at the notches, and wherein the windings are in electrical communication to allow current to flow therethrough;

wrapping and securing the third and fourth electric and magnetic field inducing devices around the recirculating pipe of the evaporative cooling tower; and

supplying power to the third and fourth electric and magnetic field inducing devices.

17. The method of claim 16, further comprising measuring water use by the evaporative cooling tower.

18. The method of claim 17, further comprising transmitting water use measurements to a remote computing device.

19. The method of claim 14, further comprising measuring changes in water use by the evaporative cooling tower when the electric and magnetic field inducing devices are powered by the power supply.

20. The method of claim 19, further comprising transmitting measured changes in water use to a remote computing device.