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1. (WO2019028167) LIGHT-NUCLEI ELEMENT SYNTHESIS
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Pub. No.: WO/2019/028167 International Application No.: PCT/US2018/044856
Publication Date: 07.02.2019 International Filing Date: 01.08.2018
IPC:
B01D 59/44 (2006.01) ,B01D 59/48 (2006.01) ,G21B 1/05 (2006.01) ,G21G 1/12 (2006.01) ,H01J 49/26 (2006.01) ,H01J 49/36 (2006.01) ,H05H 1/10 (2006.01) ,H05H 1/16 (2006.01) ,H05H 1/46 (2006.01)
B PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01
PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
D
SEPARATION
59
Separation of different isotopes of the same chemical element
44
Separation by mass spectrography
B PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01
PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
D
SEPARATION
59
Separation of different isotopes of the same chemical element
44
Separation by mass spectrography
48
using electrostatic and magnetic fields
G PHYSICS
21
NUCLEAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR ENGINEERING
B
FUSION REACTORS
1
Thermonuclear fusion reactors
05
with magnetic or electric plasma confinement
G PHYSICS
21
NUCLEAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR ENGINEERING
G
CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ELEMENTS; RADIOACTIVE SOURCES
1
Arrangements for converting chemical elements by electromagnetic radiation, corpuscular radiation, or particle bombardment, e.g. producing radioactive isotopes
04
outside of nuclear reactors or particle accelerators
12
by electromagnetic irradiation, e.g. with gamma or X-rays
H ELECTRICITY
01
BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
J
ELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
49
Particle spectrometers or separator tubes
26
Mass spectrometers or separator tubes
H ELECTRICITY
01
BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
J
ELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
49
Particle spectrometers or separator tubes
26
Mass spectrometers or separator tubes
34
Dynamic spectrometers
36
Radio frequency spectrometers, e.g. Bennett-type spectrometers, Redhead-type spectrometers
H ELECTRICITY
05
ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
H
PLASMA TECHNIQUE; PRODUCTION OF ACCELERATED ELECTRICALLY- CHARGED PARTICLES OR OF NEUTRONS; PRODUCTION OR ACCELERATION OF NEUTRAL MOLECULAR OR ATOMIC BEAMS
1
Generating plasma; Handling plasma
02
Arrangements for confining plasma by electric or magnetic fields; Arrangements for heating plasma
10
using applied magnetic fields only
H ELECTRICITY
05
ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
H
PLASMA TECHNIQUE; PRODUCTION OF ACCELERATED ELECTRICALLY- CHARGED PARTICLES OR OF NEUTRONS; PRODUCTION OR ACCELERATION OF NEUTRAL MOLECULAR OR ATOMIC BEAMS
1
Generating plasma; Handling plasma
02
Arrangements for confining plasma by electric or magnetic fields; Arrangements for heating plasma
16
using applied electric and magnetic fields
H ELECTRICITY
05
ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
H
PLASMA TECHNIQUE; PRODUCTION OF ACCELERATED ELECTRICALLY- CHARGED PARTICLES OR OF NEUTRONS; PRODUCTION OR ACCELERATION OF NEUTRAL MOLECULAR OR ATOMIC BEAMS
1
Generating plasma; Handling plasma
24
Generating plasma
46
using applied electromagnetic fields, e.g. high frequency or microwave energy
Applicants:
NEX-GEN SOLAR TECHNOLOGIES, LLC [US/US]; 550 S. Federal Highway Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301, US
Inventors:
ZUCKERMAN, Matthew, M.; US
Agent:
O'CONNELL, Thomas, P.; US
Priority Data:
62/539,91001.08.2017US
Title (EN) LIGHT-NUCLEI ELEMENT SYNTHESIS
(FR) SYNTHÈSE D'ÉLÉMENTS À NOYAU LÉGEER
Abstract:
(EN) A system and method for the synthesis of light-nuclei elements (LNEs), including the battery element Lithium, in high-purity form. The method eliminates the need for high-energy proton collision in Cosmic Rays to produce Nitrogen- 15. LNEs are produced by placing a mixture with carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen (CNO) source material in a strong, fixed magnetic field (12), then introducing instability to the CNO's stable isotopes through high-frequency radio waves tuned to the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) frequency of a target material in the mixture to produce a LNE product material, and then separating the LNE product material from other materials within the mixture by enhancing gravity separation based on the opposite signs of respective dipole magnetic moments (DMM) to cause attraction of the product material, such as Lithium, to the South magnetic pole away from another product material, such as Beryllium, that is attracted to the North magnetic pole.
(FR) L'invention concerne un système et un procédé pour la synthèse d'éléments à noyau léger (LNEs), comprenant l'élément de batterie Lithium, sous une forme de haute pureté. Le procédé élimine la nécessité d'une collision de protons à haute énergie dans des rayons cosmiques pour produire de l'azote-15. Les LNE sont produits en plaçant un mélange avec un matériau source de carbone, d'azote et d'oxygène (CNO) dans un champ magnétique fort et fixe (12), puis l'introduction d'une instabilité aux isotopes stables de CNO par l'intermédiaire d'ondes radio à haute fréquence accordées à la fréquence de résonance magnétique nucléaire (RMN)) d'un matériau cible dans le mélange pour produire un matériau de produit LNE, puis la séparation du matériau de produit LNE des autres matériaux à l'intérieur du mélange par amélioration de la séparation par gravité sur la base des signes opposés des moments magnétiques dipolaires respectifs (DMM) pour provoquer l'attraction du matériau de produit, tel que le lithium, vers le pôle magnétique sud à l'opposé d'un autre matériau de produit, tel que le béryllium, qui est attiré vers le pôle magnétique nord.
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Designated States: AE, AG, AL, AM, AO, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BH, BN, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CL, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DJ, DK, DM, DO, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, GT, HN, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IR, IS, JO, JP, KE, KG, KH, KN, KP, KR, KW, KZ, LA, LC, LK, LR, LS, LU, LY, MA, MD, ME, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MY, MZ, NA, NG, NI, NO, NZ, OM, PA, PE, PG, PH, PL, PT, QA, RO, RS, RU, RW, SA, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SM, ST, SV, SY, TH, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, UZ, VC, VN, ZA, ZM, ZW
African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) (BW, GH, GM, KE, LR, LS, MW, MZ, NA, RW, SD, SL, ST, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW)
Eurasian Patent Office (AM, AZ, BY, KG, KZ, RU, TJ, TM)
European Patent Office (EPO) (AL, AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LT, LU, LV, MC, MK, MT, NL, NO, PL, PT, RO, RS, SE, SI, SK, SM, TR)
African Intellectual Property Organization (BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, KM, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG)
Publication Language: English (EN)
Filing Language: English (EN)