Some content of this application is unavailable at the moment.
If this situation persist, please contact us atFeedback&Contact
1. (WO2019027882) CYCLODEXTRIN-POLYOXOMETALATE IONIC LIQUID INCLUSION COMPLEX FLAME RETARDANT ADDITIVE FOR MAKING A LOW SMOKE ZERO HALOGEN COMPOUND
Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

What is claimed is:

1. A flame retardant compound comprising:

a polymer base resin; and

a flame retardant additive distributed within the polymer base resin, the flame retardant additive including inclusion complexes, wherein each inclusion complex comprises:

at least one guest molecule, wherein each of the at least one guest molecules is a polyoxometalate ionic liquid; and

at least one carbonific host molecule; and

wherein the flame retardant compound achieves a limiting oxygen index of at least 25% according to ISO 4589.

2. The flame retardant compound of claim 1 , wherein the polyoxometalate ionic liquid includes polyoxometalate anions containing molybdenum.

3. The flame retardant compound of claim 2, wherein the polyoxometalate anion is derived from at least one of molybdenum trioxide, ammonium octamolybdate, ammonium phosphomolybdate, molybdenum acetate, calcium molybdate, zinc molybdate, or molybdenum dialkyldithiocarb amate.

4. The flame retardant compound of claim 1 , wherein the polyoxometalate ionic liquid is formed from an ionic liquid including at least one based on an ammonium, an imidazolium, a guanidinium, a pyridium, a morpholinium, a pyridazinium, a 1 ,2,4-triazolium, a triazine, a sulfonium, a phosphazenium, or a phosphonium and an anion based on a sulfate, a sulfonate, a phosphate, or a borate.

5. The flame retardant compound of claim 1 , wherein the at least one carbonific host molecule is a cyclodextrin.

6. The flame retardant compound of claim 5, wherein the cyclodextrin is at least one of alpha, beta, gamma, or larger cyclodextrins.

7. The flame retardant compound of claim 5, wherein the cyclodextrin is a chemically modified derivative of cyclodextrin.

8. The flame retardant compound of claim 1, wherein the at least one carbonific host molecule is at least one of calixarene, a chemically modified derivative of calixarene, zeolites, chibaite, urea, thiourea, hydroquinone, or 4-p-hydroxyphenyl-2,2,4-trimethylchroman.

9. The flame retardant compound of claim 1, wherein the base resin includes at least one of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymers; ethylene-acrylate copolymers; low, medium, and high density polyethylene homopolymers; linear low density polyethylene; very low density polyethylene; polyolefin elastomer copolymer; polypropylene homopolymer;

polyethylene-polypropylene copolymer; butene- and octene branched copolymers; maleic anhydride -grafted versions of the previously listed polyolefins; polyvinyl chloride; polyamide 6; polyamide 6/6; polyamide 11 ; polyamide 12; thermoplastic polyurethane; or crosslinked polyethylene.

10. The flame retardant compound of claim 1, wherein the flame retardant additive further includes at least one of a metal hydrate, a char strength booster, a syntergist, or a gas-forming compound.

11. The flame retardant compound of claim 1 , wherein the flame retardant compound is comprised of from 0.1 to 15 wt% of the inclusion complexes.

12. The flame retardant compound of claim 1, wherein the flame retardant additive further includes a second carbonific source, an acid donor, and a spumific agent.

13. The flame retardant compound of claim 12, wherein the second carbonific source is at least one of a polyol, a starch, or polyamide-6.

14. The flame retardant compound of claim 12, wherein the acid donor is at least one of ammonium polyphosphate, diammonium diphosphate, or diammonium pentaborate.

15. The flame retardant compound of claim 12, wherein a single compound is both the acid donor and the spumific agent.

16. A flame retardant cable, comprising:

at least one communication element;

a polymeric jacket that surrounds the at least one communication element, wherein the polymeric jacket is formed from a flame retardant compound comprising:

a polymer base resin;

a flame retardant additive distributed within the polymer base resin, the flame retardant additive including inclusion complexes, wherein each inclusion complex comprises:

at least one guest molecule, wherein each of the at least one guest molecules is a polyoxometalate ionic liquid; and

at least one carbonific host molecule.

17. The flame retardant cable of claim 16, wherein the at least one communication element comprises an optical fiber.

18. The flame retardant cable of claim 16, wherein the flame retardant compound achieves a limiting oxygen index of at least 25% according to ISO 4589.

19. The flame retardant cable of claim 16, wherein the flame retardant compound is comprised of 20 wt% or less of the flame retardant additive and achieves a V-0 rating according to UL-94.

20. The flame retardant cable of claim 16, wherein the polyoxometalate ionic liquid includes polyoxometalate anions containing molybdenum, wherein the at least one carbonific host molecule is a cyclodextrin, and wherein the ratio of carbonific host molecule to polyoxometalate anion is more than 0 and less than or equal to 3.

21. The flame retardant cable of claim 16, wherein the flame retardant compound is comprised of from 0.1 to 5 wt% of the inclusion complexes.

22. The flame retardant cable of claim 16, wherein the flame retardant additive further includes a second carbonific source, an acid donor, and a spumific agent.