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1. (WO2019007750) ALKOXYLATED ESTERAMINES AND SALTS THEREOF
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Alkoxylated esteramines and salts thereof

Description

The invention relates to alkoxylated esteramines and salts thereof.

Due to the increasing popularity of easy-care fabrics made of synthetic fibers as well as the increasing energy costs and growing ecological concerns of detergent users, the once popular hot water wash has now taken a back seat to washing fabrics in cold water. Many commercially available laundry detergents are even advertised as being suitable for washing fabrics at 40°C or 30°C or even at room temperature. To achieve satisfactory washing result at such low temperatures, i.e. results comparable to those obtained with hot water washes, the demands on low temperature detergents are especially high.

It is known to include certain additives in detergent compositions to enhance the detergent power of conventional surfactants so as to improve the removal of grease stains at temperatures of 60°C and below.

US6346643 discloses a process for the preparation of esters of poly(ethylene glycol) with amino acid hydrochlorides.

DE 2025629 discloses esters of glutamic acid and Cio to Cis fatty alcohols and derivatives.

WO 2007/054226 describes the use of pyroglutamic acid esters as gas hydrate inhibitors. The pyroglutamic acid esters are obtained by esterification of pyroglutamic acid or glutamic acid with an alcohol comprising 1 to 100 hydroxyl groups.

JP2003064282 discloses ligands for semiconductor particles based on triethylene glycol Ci to C7 monoethers esterified with C2 to C21 aminoacids.

JP2005263890 discloses esters of Ce to C10 ζ- to κ-amino acids of ethoxylated glycerols.

WO2003059317 describes polyethylene glyocol monomethyl or -ethyl ethers esterified with al-pha-aminoacids as part of a medicinal aerosol composition.

There is a continuous need for cleaning compositions that remove grease stains from fabrics and other soiled materials, as grease stains are challenging stains to remove. Conventional cleaning compositions directed to grease removal frequently utilize various amine compounds which tend to show strong negative impacts on whiteness. As a consequence there is still a

continual need for amine compounds which provide grease removal abilities from fabrics and other soiled materials which at the same time do not negatively impact clay cleaning abilities or whiteness. There is a need for compounds having grease cleaning abilities at low temperatures.

It was an object of the present invention to provide compounds which comply with the above identifies objectives and needs.

This goal was achieved by the present invention as described herein below and as reflected in the claims.

Throughout this specification and the claims which follow, unless the context requires otherwise, the word "comprise", and variations such as "comprises" and "comprising", will be understood to imply the inclusion of a stated integer or step or group of integers or steps but not the exclusion of any other integer or step or group of integer or step. When used herein the term "comprising" can be substituted with the term "containing" or "including" or sometimes when used herein with the term "having".

When used herein "consisting of excludes any element, step, or ingredient not specified in the claim element. When used herein, "consisting essentially of" does not exclude materials or steps that do not materially affect the basic and novel characteristics of the claim.

In each instance herein any of the terms "comprising", "consisting essentially of" and "consisting of" may be replaced with either of the other two terms.

Generally, as used herein, the term "obtainable by" means that corresponding products do not necessarily have to be produced (i.e. obtained) by the corresponding method or process described in the respective specific context, but also products are comprised which exhibit all features of a product produced (obtained) by said corresponding method or process, wherein said products were actually not produced (obtained) by such method or process. However, the term "obtainable by" also comprises the more limiting term "obtained by", i.e. products which were actually produced (obtained) by a method or process described in the respective specific context.

The present invention relates to alkoxylated esteramines of Formula (I) and salts thereof,

(Formula I)

wherein independently from each other

t being an integer from 1 to 100;

Ai is independently for each repetition unit t selected from the list consisting of ethyleneoxy group, 1 ,2-propyleneoxy group, 1 ,2-butyleneoxy group, 2,3-butyleneoxy group, i-butyleneoxy group, pentyleneoxy group, hexyleneoxy group, styryloxy group, decenyloxy group, dodecenyloxy group, tetradecenyloxy group, and hexadecanyloxy group, wherein for t equal to 1 the oxygen atom of the Ai group is bound to the B group and the following Ai group is always bound via the oxygen atom to the previous Ai group.

Bi is independently selected from the group consisting of a bond, linear Ci to C12 alkanediyl groups, and branched Ci to C12 alkanediyl groups;

R4, Re, and R12 being selected from the group consisting of H, linear alkyl, branched alkyl, and cycloalkyl;

with the provisio that Zi is selected from the group consisting of alanine, arginine, asparagine, aspartic acid, cysteine, glutamine, glycine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, proline, serine, threonine, tryptophan, tyrosine, valine, and a compound according to Formula (II), wherein said compound according to Formula (II) connects to the compound accord-ing to Formula (I) via the bond labeled with *, with the provisio of at least one group R4, Rs, and/or R12 containing at least 7 or more carbon atoms;


(Formula II)

with independently from each other

w being an integer from 0 to 12;

Ri3 and Ru independently for each repetition unit w being selected from the group consisting of

H, linear alkyl, branched alkyl, and cycloalkyl;

Ri5, Ri6, Ri7, and Ris being selected from the group consisting of H, linear alkyl, branched alkyl, and cycloalkyl.

Esteramines according to the present invention may be used in cleaning composition, for example in liquid laundry detergents. They lead to improved cleaning performance of said composi-tions, for example when used in cold water washing conditions. They surprisingly boost grease cleaning performance of liquid laundry detergents, especially under cold water washing conditions. The esteramine according to the present invention show improved compatibility in liquid laundry detergent formulations.

In the following, the various embodiments of the present invention are described in more detail:

Ai is independently for each repetition unit t selected from the list consisting of ethyleneoxy group,

I , 2-propyleneoxy group, 1 ,2-butyleneoxy group, 2,3-butyleneoxy group, i-butyleneoxy group pen-tenyloxy group, hexyloxy group, styryloxy group, decenyloxy group, dodecyloxy group, tetrade-cenyloxy group and hexadecenyloxy group, wherein for t equal to 1 the oxygen atom of the Ai group is bound to the B group and the following Ai groups are always bound via the oxygen atom to the previous Ai group. When t is equal to or more than 2, the independently selected Ai either form a randomly distributed sidechain of various alkylenyloxy units or the form a block structure with at least one alkylenyloxy group repeating itself at least two times, optionally followed by fur-ther blocks of different alkylenyloxy group repeating themselves at least two times.

In one embodiment Ai is independently for each repetition unit t selected from the list consisting of ethylenoxy group, 1 ,2-propyleneoxy group1 ,2-1 ,2-propyleneoxy group, and 1 ,2-butylenoxy group. In another embodiment, Ai forms a block of at least two ethyleneoxy groups followed by a block of at least two propylenoxy groups, optionally followed by another block of at least two ethyleneoxy groups. In another embodiment, Ai forms a block of at least two 1 ,2-propyleneoxy groups followed by a block of at least two ethylenoxy groups, optionally followed by another block of at least two 1 ,2-propyleneoxy groups. In another embodiment, Ai is selected from the list consisting of ethyleneoxy group, 1 ,2-propyleneoxy group, and 1 ,2-butyleneoxy group in such a way that at least one block of ethyleneoxy groups, 1 ,2-propyleneoxy groups, or 1 ,2-butyleneoxy groups is formed, optionally followed by one or more blocks of ethyleneoxy groups, 1 ,2-propyl-eneoxy groups, or 1 ,2-butyleneoxy groups. In another embodiment, Ai is ethyleneoxy groups. In another embodiment, Ai is 1 ,2-propyleneoxy groups. In another embodiment, Ai is selected in

such a way that a block of one to five ethyleneoxy groups is followed by a block of one to three propylenoxy groups followed by a block of one to five ethylenoxy groups.

In one embodiment t is in the range of from 1 to 30. In another embodiment t is in the range of from 1 to 20. In another embodiment t is in the range of from 2 to 10.

In one embodiment of the present invention, Bi is selected from the group consisting of a bond, and linear Ci to C12 alkanediyl groups. In another embodiment, Bi is selected from the group consisting of a bond, and linear Ci to C6 alkanediyl groups. In another embodiment, Bi is selected from the group consisting of a bond, and linear Ci to C3 alkanediyl groups. In another embodiment, Bi is selected from the group consisting of a bond, and a Ci alkanediyl group. In another embodiment Bi is selected from the group consisting of a bond, and a Ci alkanediyl group. In another embodiment Bi is bond.

In one embodiment of the present invention, R4, Rs, and R12 are all independently selected from the group consisting of H, linear alkyl, branched alkyl, and cycloalkyl. In one embodiment, R4, R8, and R12 are all independently selected from the group consisting of H, linear Ci to C12 alkyl, and Ci to C12 branched alkyl. In another embodiment, R4, Re, and R12 are all independently selected from the group consisting of H, linear Ci to C6 alkyl, and Ci to C9 branched alkyl.

For Zi being selected a compound according to Formula (II), said compound according to Formula (II) connects to the compound of Formula I) via the bond labeled with *,


(Formula II)

with independently from each other

w being an integer from 0 to 12;

Ri3 and Ri4 independently for each repetition unit w being selected from the group consisting of H, linear alkyl, branched alkyl, and cycloalkyl;

Ri5, R16, Ri7, and R18 being selected from the group consisting of H, linear alkyl, branched alkyl, and cycloalkyl. In one embodiment of the present invention, R13, Ri4, R15, R16, R17, and R18 are all independently selected from the group consisting of H, linear Ci to C12 alkyl, and Ci to C12

branched alkyl. In another embodiment, Ri3, Ri4, R15, R16, R17, and R-is are all independently selected from the group consisting of H, linear Ci to C6 alkyl, and Ci to C9 branched alkyl.

In one embodiment of the present invention Zi is selected from the group consisting of alanine, glycine, lysine, and of compounds according to Formula (II), wherein w is an integer in the range of from 1 to 4, and the compound according to Formula (I I) connects to the compound according to Formula (I) via the bond labeled with *, with the provisio of at least one group R4, Rs, and/or R12 containing at least 7 or more carbon atom. In another embodiment Zi is alanine. In another embodiment Zi is a compound according to Formula (I I) with w = 0 and R15 to Ris are all H. In another embodiment Zi is a compound according to Formula (II) with w = 1 and R13 to R18 are all H. In another embodiment Zi is a compound according to Formula (II) with w = 3 and R13

In another embodiment of the present invention Bi is selected from branched or linear Ci- to Ci2-alkyl and Rs is selected from linear or branched C6- to C23-alkyl. In another embodiment of the present invention Bi is selected from branched or linear Ci- to Ci2-alkyl and Rs is selected from linear or branched Ci- to C3-alkyl. Another embodiment consists of Bi being 2-ethyl-ethandiyl and Rs being linear C3-alkyl.

In another embodiment of the present invention Bi is selected from branched or linear Ci- to Ci2-alkyl and Rs is selected from linear or branched Ci- to C3-alkyl, and Zi is a is a compound according to Formula (I I) with w = 3 and R13 to Ris are all H.

In another embodiment of the present invention Bi is selected from branched or linear C6- to Ci2-alkyl and Rs is selected from linear or branched Ci- to C3-alkyl, t is in the range of from 1 to 10, Ai is for each repetition unit t ethyleneoxy group, and Zi is selected from the group consisting of alanine, a compound according to Formula (I I) with w = 0 and R15 to Ris all H, a compound according to Formula (II) with w = 1 and R13 to Ris all H, and a compound according to Formula (II) with w = 3 and R13 to Ris all H.

In another embodiment of the present invention Bi is selected from branched or linear C6- to Ci2-alkyl and Rs is selected from linear or branched Ci- to C3-alkyl, R4 and R12 are selected from H and linear or branched Ci- to C3-alkyl, t is in the range of from 1 to 10, Ai is for each repetition unit 1 1 ,2-propyleneoxy group, and Zi is selected from the group consisting of alanine, a com-pound according to Formula (I I) with w = 0 and R15 to Ris all H, a compound according to Formula (I I) with w = 1 and R13 to Ris all H, and a compound according to Formula (I I) with w = 3 and Ri3 to Ris all H.

The esteramines according to the present invention are obtained either as free amines, as salts thereof or as a mixture of free amines and salts. Salts are formed by at least partial protonation of the amine groups by an acid being a protic organic acid or a protic inorganic acid. In one em-bodiment, the acid for at least partial protonation of the amine groups is selected from the group consisting of methanesulfonic acid, hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, citric acid, and lactic acid.. In one embodiment, the acid is selected from the group of methanesulfonic acid, hydrochloric acid, and sulfuric acid. In another embodiment, the acid is methanesulfonic acid.

Partial protonation in one embodiment is protonation of the amine groups in the range of from 1 to 99 mol-% of all amine groups, in another embodiment in the range of from 10 to 90 mol-% of all amine groups, in another embodiment in the range of from 25 to 85 mol-%, in another embodiment in the range of from 40 to 75 mol-% of all amine groups.

The present invention also comprises combinations of at least two embodiments as presented herein.

The present invention also relates to a process for preparation of esteramine or salt thereof com-prises the steps of

a) Alkoxylation of an alcohol of Formula (III)


Formula (III)

wherein independently from each other

Bi is selected from the group consisting of a bond, linear Ci to C12 alkanediyl groups, and branched Ci to C12 alkanediyl groups;

R4, Re, and R12 being selected from the group consisting of H, linear alkyl, branched alkyl, and cycloalkyl;

with one or more C2 to C16 alkylene oxide, followed by

b) at least partial esterification of the alkoxylated alcohol with at least one acid selected from the group consisting of alanine, arginine, asparagine, aspartic acid, cysteine, glutamine, glycine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, proline, serine, threonine, tryp-tophan, tyrosine, valine, and acids of Formula IV)


(Formula IV)

with w being an integer from 0 to 12,

Ri3 and R-u independently for each repetition unit w being selected from the group consisting of H, linear alkyl, branched alkyl, and cycloalkyl;

Ri5, Ri6, Ri7, and Ris being selected from the group consisting of H, linear alkyl, branched alkyl, and cycloalkyl.

In one embodiment of the present invention, Bi is selected from the group consisting of a bond, and linear Ci to C12 alkanediyl groups. In another embodiment, Biis selected from the group consisting of a bond, and linear Ci to C6 alkanediyl groups. In another embodiment, Biis selected from the group consisting of a bond, and linear Ci to C3 alkanediyl groups. In another embodiment, Bi is selected from the group consisting of a bond, and a Ci alkanediyl group. In another embodiment Bi is a bond.

In one embodiment of the present invention, R4, Rs, and R12 are all independently selected from the group consisting of H, linear alkyl, branched alkyl, and cycloalkyl. In one embodiment, R4, R8, and R12 are all independently selected from the group consisting of H, linear Ci to C12 alkyl, and Ci to C12 branched alkyl. In another embodiment, R4, Re, and R12 are all independently selected from the group consisting of H, linear Ci to C6 alkyl, and Ci to C9 branched alkyl.

Step a) Alkoxylation of alcohol according to Formula (III) with at least one C2- to C16- akylene oxide.

The alcohol of Formula (III) may be reacted with one single C2- to Ci6-alkylene oxide or combinations of two or more different C2- to Ci6-alkylene oxides. Using two or more different C2- to C16- alkylene oxides, the resulting polymer can be obtained as a block-wise structure or a random structure.

The molar ratio of alcohol of Formula (III) to total alkylene oxide may be in the range of from 1 : 1 to 1 : 400. In one embodiment, the molar ratio of the moles of hydroxyl groups of the alcohol of Formula (III) to the alkylene oxides with which the alkoxylation reaction is carried out may lie in the range of 1 :1 to 1 :100. In another embodiment the ratio of the moles of hydroxyl groups of the alcohol of Formula (III) to the alkylene oxides at which the alkoxylation reaction is carried out may lie in the range of from 1 :2 to 1 :50, in another embodiment in the range of 1 :3 to 1 :10.

This reaction may be undertaken generally in the presence of a catalyst at a reaction temperature from about 70 to about 200°C, in another embodiment from about 80 to about 160°C. This reaction may be affected at a pressure of up to about 10 bar, in another embodiment at a pressure of up to about 8 bar.

Examples of suitable catalysts comprise basic catalysts such as alkali metal and alkaline earth metal hydroxides such as sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide and calcium hydroxide, alkali metal alkoxides, in particular sodium and potassium Ci-C4-alkoxides, such as sodium methoxide, sodium ethoxide and potassium tert-butoxide, alkali metal and alkaline earth metal hydrides such as sodium hydride and calcium hydride, and alkali metal carbonates such as sodium carbonate and potassium carbonate. In one embodiment, alkali metal hydroxides are used. In another embodiment, potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide are used. Typical use amounts for the base are from 0.01 to 10% by weight, in particular from 0.05 to 2% by weight, based on the total amount of alcohol and C2- to C16- alkylene oxide.

Step b) Esterification

The esterification reaction may be performed as known in the art. An inorganic or organic protic acid may be added to the product of step a). The molar ratio of amino acid to hydroxyl groups of the alkoxylated alcohol of step a) is 0.8 : 1 to 1 : 1.5. In one embodiment, the process is carried out with the molar ratio of the acid to the hydroxyl groups of the alkoxylated alcohol of step a) is in the range of from 0.1 : 1 to 1 : 1. Reaction temperatures may be from 50°C to 200°C, in another embodiment from 80°C to 160°C. The reaction may be affected by applying vacuum from 1000 mbar to 1 mbar, in another embodiment from 500 mbar to 5 mbar. Reaction times may be from 2 to 48 hours. Suitable solvents for the reaction may be water, toluene, xylene.

The effects for laundry as described and exemplified herein may be extrapolated to personal care applications.

The esteramines and salts thereof can be used in applications in personal care, as curing agent for epoxy resins, as reactant in the production of polymers, in polyurethanes, polyureas, or as thermoplastic polyamide adhesives. The can also be used in shampoo or body wash formulations. The esteramines and salts thereof may be included in personal care composition.

Methods

1H NMR measured in MeOD with Bruker Avance 400 MHz spectrometer.

pH is measured in 10 % aqueous solution.

Hydroxyl values are measured according to DIN 53240-1 .

Molecular weight of polyalkylene oxides (e.g. polyethylene glycol) is calculated from the meas-ured hydroxyl values by following formula:

Molecular weight [g/mol] = 1000 / (hydroxyl value [mgKOH/g] / 56.1 1 ) x hydroxyl groups per molecule

Examples

Example 1 : 2-Propylheptanol, ethoxylated with 3 mole ethylene oxide, ester with 6-amino hexane acid, methane sulfonic acid salt

In a 4-neck vessel with thermometer, reflux condenser, nitrogen inlet, dropping funnel, and stirrer, 58.1 g 2-Propylheptanol, ethoxylated with 3 mole ethylene oxide and 26.2 g 6-amino hexane acid are placed and heated to 90°C. To the mixture 19,6 g methane sulfonic acid is added within 10 minutes. The reaction mixture is heated to 130°C and is stirred for 0.5 hours at 130°C. Vacuum (2 mbar) is applied and the reaction mixture is stirred for additional 10 hours at 130°C. 90.5 g of a light brown solid is obtained. 1 H-NMR in MeOD indicates complete conversion to 6-amino hexane acid acid - triethylene glycol 2-propyl-heptylether ester as methane sulfonic acid salt.

Example 2: Ci3-Oxoalkohol ethoxylated with 3 mole ethylene oxide, ester with 6-amino hexane acid, methane sulfonic acid salt

In a 4-neck vessel with thermometer, reflux condenser, nitrogen inlet, dropping funnel, and stirrer, 65.93 g C13 oxoalkohol ethoxylated with 3 mole ethylene oxide and 26,23 g 6-amino hexane acid are placed and heated to 90°C. To the mixture 19,6 g methane sulfonic acid is added within 10 minutes. The reaction mixture is heated to 135°C and is stirred for 7.0 hours at 135°C. Vacuum (5 mbar) is applied and the reaction mixture is stirred for additional 3 hours at 130°C. 101 .95 g of a light brown solid is obtained. 1 H-NMR in MeOD indicates complete conversion to 6-amino hexane acid acid - triethylene glycol C13-oxoalkohol ester as methane sulfonic acid salt.

Example 3:

3a: C12/C14 fatty alcohol, alkoxylated with 2 mol propylene oxide and 2 mol ethylene oxide In a 2 I autoclave 573.6 g C12/C14 fatty alcohol and 2.4 g potassium tert.-butylate are placed and the mixture is heated to 140°C. The vessel is purged three times with nitrogen and 348.5 g propylene oxide is added within 5 h. The mixture is stirred for additional 6 h, followed by the addition of 264.3 g ethylene oxide within 5 h. To complete the reaction, the mixture is allowed to post-react for additional 6 h at 140°C. The reaction mixture was stripped with nitrogen and volatile compounds were removed in vacuo at 80°C. After filtration 1 178.0 g of a light yellowish oil was obtained (hydroxy value: 141 .8 mgKOH/g).

3b: C12/C14 fatty alcohol, alkoxylated with 2 mol propylene oxide and 2 mol ethylene oxide, ester with 6-amino hexane acid, methane sulfonic acid salt

In a 4-neck vessel with thermometer, reflux condenser, nitrogen inlet, dropping funnel, and stirrer, 59.3 g C12/C14 fatty alcohol, alkoxylated with 2 mol propylene oxide and 2 mol ethylene oxide and 17.9 g 6-amino hexane acid are placed and heated to 60°C. To the mixture 13.4 g methane sulfonic acid is added within 10 minutes. The temperature is allowed to rise to 70 °C during the addition. The reaction mixture is heated to 130°C and is stirred for 13 hours at 130°C. Volatile compounds are removed in vacuo (2 mbar) at elevated temperature (135°C) and 81 .0 g of a light brown solid is obtained. 1H-NMR in MeOD indicates complete conversion to C12/C14 fatty alcohol, alkoxylated with 2 mol propylene oxide and 2 mol ethylene oxide, ester with 6-amino hexane acid, methane sulfonic acid salt.

Example 4:

4a 2-ethyl-hexanol, alkoxylated with 2 mol propylene oxide and 2 mol ethylene oxide

In a 2 I autoclave 390.7 g 2-ethylhexanol and 2.0 g potassium tert.-butylate are placed and the mixture is heated to 140°C. The vessel is purged three times with nitrogen and 348.5 g propylene oxide is added within 4 h. The mixture is stirred for additional 6 h, followed by the addition of 264.3 g ethylene oxide within 3 h. To complete the reaction, the mixture is allowed to post-react for additional 6 h at 140°C. The reaction mixture was stripped with nitrogen and volatile compounds were removed in vacuo at 80°C. 1024.0 g of a light yellowish oil was obtained (hydroxy value: 164.0 mgKOH/g).

4b: 2-ethylhexanol, alkoxylated with 2 mol propylene oxide and 2 mol ethylene oxide, ester with 6-amino hexane acid, methane sulfonic acid salt

In a 4-neck vessel with thermometer, reflux condenser, nitrogen inlet, dropping funnel, and stirrer, 50.2 g 2-ethylhexanol, alkoxylated with 2 mol propylene oxide and 2 mol ethylene oxide and 17.9 g 6-amino hexane acid are placed and heated to 60°C. To the mixture 13.4 g methane sulfonic acid is added within 10 minutes. The temperature is allowed to rise to 70 °C during the addition. The reaction mixture is heated to 130°C and is stirred for 13 hours at 130°C. Volatile compounds are removed in vacuo (2 mbar) at elevated temperature (135°C) and 72.0 g of a light brown solid is obtained. 1 H-NMR in MeOD indicates complete conversion to 2-ethylhexanol, alkoxylated with 2 mol propylene oxide and 2 mol ethylene oxide, ester with 6-amino hexane acid, methane sulfonic acid salt.

Example 5:

5a: 2-propylheptanol, alkoxylated with 2 mol propylene oxide and 2 mol ethylene oxide

In a 2 I autoclave 474.0 g 2-ethylhexanol and 2.4 g potassium tert.-butylate are placed and the mixture is heated to 140°C. The vessel is purged three times with nitrogen and 348.5 g propylene oxide is added within 4 h. The mixture is stirred for additional 6 h, followed by the addition of 264.3 g ethylene oxide within 3 h. To complete the reaction, the mixture is allowed to post-react for additional 6 h at 140°C. The reaction mixture was stripped with nitrogen and volatile compounds were removed in vacuo at 80°C. 1065.0 g of a light yellowish oil was obtained (hydroxy value: 152.0 mgKOH/g).

5b: 2-propylheptanol, alkoxylated with 2 mol propylene oxide and 2 mol ethylene oxide, ester with 6-amino hexane acid, methane sulfonic acid salt

In a 4-neck vessel with thermometer, reflux condenser, nitrogen inlet, dropping funnel, and stirrer, 59.8 g 2-propylheptanol, alkoxylated with 2 mol propylene oxide and 2 mol ethylene oxide and 19.7 g 6-amino hexane acid are placed and heated to 60°C. To the mixture 14.7 g methane sulfonic acid is added within 10 minutes. The temperature is allowed to rise to 70 °C during the addition. The reaction mixture is heated to 130°C and is stirred for 5 hours at 130°C. Then, vacuum is applied (800 mbar) and the mixture is stirred for 2 hours under these conditions. Volatile compounds are removed in vacuo (2 mbar) at elevated temperature (140°C) and 86.9 g of a light brown solid is obtained. 1 H-NMR in MeOD indicates complete conversion to 2-propylheptanol, alkoxylated with 2 mol propylene oxide and 2 mol ethylene oxide, ester with 6-amino hexane acid, methane sulfonic acid salt.

Example 6:

6a: 2-ethyl-hexanol, ethoxylated with 1 mol ethylene oxide

In a 2 I autoclave 651 .1 g 2-ethylhexanol and 1 .74 g potassium tert.-butylate are placed and the mixture is heated to 140°C. The vessel is purged three times with nitrogen and 220.3 g ethylene oxide is added within 4 h. The mixture is stirred for additional 5 h at 140°C to complete the reaction. The reaction mixture was stripped with nitrogen and volatile compounds were removed in vacuo at 80°C. 870.0 g of a light yellowish oil was obtained (hydroxy value: 321 .0 mgKOH/g).

6b: 2-ethylhexanol, ethoxylated with 1 mol ethylene oxide, ester with 6-amino hexane acid, methane sulfonic acid salt

In a 4-neck vessel with thermometer, reflux condenser, nitrogen inlet, dropping funnel, and stirrer, 38.3 g 2-ethylhexanol, ethoxylated with 1 mol ethylene oxide and 26.2 g 6-amino hexane acid are placed and heated to 60°C. To the mixture 19.6 g methane sulfonic acid is added within 10 minutes. The temperature is allowed to rise to 70 °C during the addition. The reaction mixture is heated to 130°C and is stirred for 4 hours at 130°C. Vacuum is applied and volatile compounds are removed in vacuo (5 mbar) at elevated temperature (135°C) for 2 hours. 72.0 g of a light brown solid is obtained. 1 H-NMR in MeOD indicates complete conversion to 2-ethylhexanol, ethoxylated with 1 mol ethylene oxide, ester with 6-amino hexane acid, methane sulfonic acid salt.

Example 7:

7a: 2-propylheptanol, ethoxylated with 1 mol ethylene oxide

In a 2 I autoclave 794.0 g 2-propylheptanol and 2.0 g potassium tert.-butylate are placed and the mixture is heated to 140°C. The vessel is purged three times with nitrogen and 220.9 g eth-ylene oxide is added within 4 h. The mixture is stirred for additional 5 h at 140°C to complete the reaction. The reaction mixture was stripped with nitrogen and volatile compounds were removed in vacuo at 65°C. 1010.0 g of a light yellowish oil was obtained (hydroxy value: 275.0

mgKOH/g).

7b: 2-propylheptanol, ethoxylated with 1 mol ethylene oxide, ester with 6-amino hexane acid, methane sulfonic acid salt

In a 4-neck vessel with thermometer, reflux condenser, nitrogen inlet, dropping funnel, and stirrer, 44.5 g 2-propylheptanol, ethoxylated with 1 mol ethylene oxide and 26.2 g 6-amino hexane acid are placed and heated to 60°C. To the mixture 19.6 g methane sulfonic acid is added within 10 minutes. The temperature is allowed to rise to 70 °C during the addition. The reaction mixture is heated to 130°C and is stirred for 4 hours at 130°C. Vacuum is applied and volatile compounds are removed in vacuo (4 mbar) at elevated temperature (135°C) for 6 hours. 80.0 g of a light brown solid is obtained. 1 H-NMR in MeOD indicates complete conversion to 2-propylheptanol, ethoxylated with 1 mol ethylene oxide, ester with 6-amino hexane acid, methane sulfonic acid salt.

Comparative example 1 : Butyltriglycol ester with 6-amino hexane acid, methane sulfonic acid salt In a 4-neck vessel with thermometer, reflux condenser, nitrogen inlet, dropping funnel, and stirrer, 64.39 g butyltriglycol and 39.35 g 6-amino hexane acid are placed and heated to 90°C. To the mixture 29.4 g methane sulfonic acid is added within 10 minutes. The reaction mixture is heated to 135°C and is stirred for 4 hours at 135°C. Vacuum (5 mbar) is applied and the reaction mixture is stirred for additional 13.5 hours at 130°C. 122.0 g of a light brown solid is obtained. 1 H-NMR in MeOD indicates complete conversion to 6-amino hexane acid acid - butyltriglycol ester as methane sulfonic acid salt.

Comparative example 2: Polyethylene glycol, Mw approx.. 200 g/mol; ester with 6-amino hexane acid, methane sulfonic acid salt

In a 4-neck vessel with thermometer, reflux condenser, nitrogen inlet, dropping funnel, and stirrer, 30.0 g polyethylene glycol (Mw approx. 200 g/mol) and 39.35 g 6-amino hexane acid are placed and heated to 90°C. To the mixture 29.4 g methane sulfonic acid is added within 10 minutes. The reaction mixture is heated to 135°C and is stirred for 4 hours at 135°C. Vacuum (5 mbar) is applied and the reaction mixture is stirred for additional 22 hours at 135°C. 97.0 g of a light brown solid is obtained. 1 H-NMR in MeOD indicates complete conversion to 6-amino hexane acid acid - polyethylene glycol ester as methane sulfonic acid salt.

Example 8 Use as additives in detergents

Technical stain swatches of blue knitted cotton containing Bacon Grease were purchased from Warwick Equest Ltd. The stains were washed for 30 min in a launder-o-meter (manufactured by SDL Atlas) at room temperature using per canister 500 mL of washing solution, 20 metal balls and ballast fabrics. The washing solution contained 5000 ppm of detergent composition DC1 (table 1 ). Water hardness was 2.5 mM (Ca2+ : Mg2+ was 4:1 ). Additives were added to the washing solution of each canister separately and in the amount as detailed below. After addition the pH value was re-adjusted to the pH value of washing solution without additive.

Standard colorimetric measurement was used to obtain L*, a* and b* values for each stain before and after the washing. From L*, a* and b* values the stain level were calculated as color difference ΔΕ (calculated according to DIN EN ISO 1 1664-4) between stain and untreated fabric.

Stain removal from the swatches was calculated as follows:

Stain Removal Index AE/n/t/a/ - AEwaShed X 100

(SRI) =

ΔΕ initial

AEinitiai = Stain level before washing

AEwashed = Stain level after washing

Stain level corresponds to the amount of grease on the fabric. The stain level of the fabric before the washing (AEinmai) is high, in the washing process stains are removed and the stain level after washing is smaller (AEwaShed). The better the stains have been removed the lower the value for AEwashed will be and the higher the difference will be to AEinmai- Therefore, the value of stain removal index increases with better washing performance.

Table 1: Detergent composition DC1


Table 3: Washing Experiment with Example 5b: 2-propylheptanol, alkoxylated with 2 mol propylene oxide and 2 mol ethylene oxide, ester with 6-amino hexane acid, methane sulfonic acid salt


Use as additives in detergents

Technical stain wfk20D (polyester/cotton 65/35, soil: pigment/sebum) from wfk Testgewebe GmbH, was used. Washing procedure and determination of stain removal index was followed as described above but with 1584 ppm of detergent composition 2 (table 4). The pH of the washing solution prior to washing with and without additives was adjusted in each case to pH= 8.0.

Table 4: Detergent composition DC2