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1. (WO2019006204) MULTI-CHANNEL AND BI-DIRECTIONAL BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
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What is claimed is:

1. A redundant battery management system comprising:

a first client coupled within a multi-channel, bi-directional and daisy-chained communication loop, the first client manages a first plurality of battery cells and comprises:

a first interface coupled to the communication loop;

a first splitter coupled to received data from the first interface and to split the data across at least two outputs on the first splitter;

a first primary circuit coupled to receive at least a first portion of the data from a first output of the first splitter and to transmit data on a first channel within the communication loop;

a first secondary circuit coupled to receive at least a second portion of the data from a second output of the first splitter and to transmit data on a second channel within the communication loop;

a second client coupled to the communication loop, the second client manages a second plurality of battery cells and comprises:

a second interface coupled to the communication loop;

a second splitter coupled to received data from the second interface and to split the data across at least two outputs on the second splitter;

a second primary circuit coupled to receive the at least first portion of the data from a first output of the second splitter and to transmit data on the first channel within the communication loop;

a second secondary circuit coupled to receive the at least second portion of the data from a second output of the second splitter and to transmit data on a second channel within the communication loop; and

a host coupled to the communication loop, the host manages a plurality of clients comprising at least the first and second clients.

2. The system of claim 1 wherein the at least second portion of the data is a redundant copy of the at least first portion of the data.

3. The system of claim 1 wherein the at least first portion of the data is specifically addressed to at least one client within the plurality of clients and the at least second portion of the data is broadcast to the plurality of clients.

4. The system of claim 1 wherein the first splitter comprises a first filter that separates and transmits the at least first portion of the data from the data received from the communication loop, the at least first portion of the data being communicated on a first channel.

5. The system of claim 4 wherein the first splitter further comprises a second filter that separates and transmits the at least second portion of the data from the data received from the communication loop, the at least second portion of the data being communicated on a second channel.

6. The system of claim 1 further comprising an isolation element coupled between the first client and the communication loop, the isolation element isolates the first client from the communication loop.

7. The system of claim 6 wherein the isolation element comprises a transformer.

8. The system of claim 1 wherein the host communicates with the plurality of clients using a frequency division multiplexed signaling architecture that employs a balanced serial signal protocol.

9. The system of claim 1 wherein the host communicates with the plurality of clients using a frequency division multiplexed signaling architecture that employs FSK modulation.

10. The system of claim 1 wherein the first client device measures and transmits at least one physical or electrical measurement associated with the first plurality of battery cells in response to a request from the host received from the communication link.

11. The system of claim 1 wherein the first client device performs at least one function on the first plurality of battery cells in response to a request from the host received from the communication link.

12. A method for identifying a failure location within a battery management system, the method comprising:

transmitting a first request from a host to a first client within a plurality of clients, the request being transmitted on a first channel and in a first direction on a bi-directional and multi-channel communication path coupling the plurality of clients in a daisy-chained architecture;

receiving a frequency division multiplexed signal at the first client, the frequency division multiplexed signal comprising the first channel; filtering the first channel from the frequency division multiplexed signal at the first client;

processing the first request within the first channel at the first client; and transmitting a response related to the first request from the first client to the host on the bi-directional and multi-channel communication path, the response being transmitted in a second channel within the multi-channel communication path.

13. The method of claim 12 wherein the first and second channels are the same channel.

14. The method of claim 12 further comprising the step of re-transmitting the first request in a third channel within the multi-channel communication path in response to failing to receive the response from the first client at the host.

15. The method of claim 12 further comprising the step of re-transmitting the first request in a second direction in the bi-directional communication path in response to failing to receive the response from the first client at the host.

16. The method of claim 15 further comprising the step of identifying a failure point within the communication path based on an analysis of the first request transmitted in the first direction of the bi-directional communication path and the first request transmitted in the second direction of the bi-directional path.

17. The method of claim 12 wherein the processing of the first request at the first client comprises performing a physical or electrical measurement on at least one battery cell within a plurality of battery cells managed by the first client.

18. The method of claim 12 wherein the processing of the first request at the first client comprises performing a function on at least one battery cell within a plurality of battery cells managed by the first client.

19. A method for managing a plurality of daisy-chained clients within a battery management system, the method comprising:

transmitting a first plurality of requests to the plurality of daisy-chained clients in at least one channel within a plurality of channels in a bi-directional and multi-channel communication loop, each of the requests within the first plurality of requests being specifically addressed to at least one client within the plurality of clients;

transmitting a second plurality of requests to the plurality of daisy-chained clients in a broadcast channel within the plurality of channels in the bi-directional and multi-channel communication loop, the second plurality of requests being broadcasted to the plurality of clients and the broadcast channel being distinct from the at least one channel; and

awaiting, at a host, a first plurality of responses corresponding to the first plurality of requests and a second plurality of responses corresponding to the second plurality of requests.

20. The method of claim 19 wherein the second plurality of requests within the broadcast channel is generated in response to failing to receive a response within the first plurality of responses associated within the first plurality of requests specifically addressed to the at least one client.

21. The method of claim 20 wherein a failure location within the communication loop is identified based on an analysis of the second plurality of responses corresponding to the broadcasted second plurality of requests.