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1. (WO2019005665) DRIVER TOOL AND METHOD
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CLAIMS

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. A surgical driver comprising:

a driver shaft;

a handle rotatably connected to the driver shaft;

a resilient, elongate pin extending transverse to the driver shaft and operably engaged with the driver shaft and the handle such that torque applied to the handle for turning of the handle causes turning of the driver shaft, the pin being configured to deflect to limit the torque applied to the driver shaft.

2. The surgical driver of claim 1 wherein the pin has an initial configuration wherein the pin has a linear shape and a deflected configuration wherein the pin has a nonlinear shape and applying torque to the handle deforms the pin from the initial

configuration to the deflected configuration.

3. The surgical driver of claim 1 wherein the driver shaft includes a through opening and the pin extends through the through opening.

4. The surgical driver of claim 1 wherein the driver shaft includes a longitudinal axis and the pin includes a free end portion that deflects axially to permit the pin to limit the torque applied to the driver shaft.

5. The surgical driver of claim 1 wherein the pin extends perpendicular to the driver shaft and spans between the driver shaft and the handle.

6. The surgical driver of claim 1 wherein the pin is mounted to one of the driver shaft and the handle and the other of the driver shaft and handle includes pockets for receiving a portion of the pin, the pockets including ramp surfaces adapted to deflect and shift the pin portion out of the pocket to limit the torque applied to the driver shaft.

7. The surgical driver of claim 6 wherein the handle includes a body including the pockets and a cap connected to the body and extending about the pockets and the pin.

8. The surgical driver of claim 1 wherein the pin is of a superelastic metallic material.

9. The surgical driver of claim 1 wherein the handle has an annular wall and the elongate pin extends from the driver shaft to the annular wall.

10. The surgical driver of claim 1 wherein the shaft includes a shaft member and a sleeve extending about the shaft member, the sleeve and shaft member having through openings and the pin extends through the openings of the sleeve and shaft member.

11. A surgical driver comprising:

a driver shaft;

a handle rotatably connected to the driver shaft;

a resilient member operably engaged with the driver shaft and handle such that torque applied to the handle causes turning of the driver shaft, the resilient member being configured to deflect to limit torque applied to the driver shaft;

a plurality of spaced, raised ridge members adapted to deflect the resilient member upwardly to a deflected configuration as torque is applied to the handle, the raised ridge members each having a ramp surface for deflecting the resilient member upwardly and an upper surface along which the deflected resilient member travels as the handle turns relative to the driver shaft;

a vertical surface of each of the raised ridge members extending at a different inclination relative to the upper surface than the ramp surface;

a corner of each raised ridge member connecting the top surface and the vertical surface thereof; and

a lower surface extending between adjacent ones of the raised ridge members against which the resilient member strikes as the resilient member rebounds from the deflected configuration thereof.

12. The surgical driver of claim 11 wherein the corner connecting the top surface and the vertical surface of each raised ridge member is a substantial right angle corner.

13. The surgical driver of claim 11 wherein the upper surface of each raised ridge member is flat.

14. The surgical driver of claim 11 wherein the driver shaft has a longitudinal axis and the flat upper surfaces of the raised ridge members extend obliquely to the longitudinal axis.

15. The surgical driver of claim 11 wherein the resilient member extends through an opening of the driver shaft.

16. The surgical driver of claim 11 wherein the raised ridge members are arranged in an annular pattern and the handle includes an annular wall extending around a radially outer circumference of the raised ridge members.

17. The surgical driver of claim 11 wherein the resilient member includes a pair of free end portions that engage different ones of the raised ridge members.

18. A surgical driver comprising:

a driver shaft;

a handle rotatably coupled to the driver shaft;

a resilient member operably engaged with the driver shaft and handle such that torque applied to the handle for turning the handle causes turning of the driver shaft;

a plurality of pockets each configured to receive the resilient member therein with the resilient member spaced from surfaces of the pockets prior to the application of torque to the handle and

ramp surfaces of the pocket surfaces adapted to deflect the resilient member out of the pockets to limit torque applied to the handle when the handle is turned.

19. The surgical driver of claim 18 wherein the driver shaft includes a longitudinal axis and the ramp surfaces of the pockets are adapted to shift the resilient member axially out of the pocket as the torque applied to the handle exceeds the predetermined torque.

20. The surgical driver of claim 18 wherein the pockets include floors extending transverse to the driver shaft longitudinal axis that limit axial movement of the resilient member.

21. The surgical driver of claim 18 further comprising lands intermediate the pockets so that the deflected resilient member shifts out of the pockets and onto the lands.

22. The surgical driver of claim 18 wherein the handle includes the pockets and ramp surfaces thereof, the pockets having an annular arrangement extending about the driver shaft.

23. The surgical driver of claim 18 wherein the resilient member has a pair of free end portions received in two of the pockets without the resilient member contacting surfaces of the pockets prior to application of the torque to the handle.

24. The surgical driver of claim 18 wherein the resilient member has an initial, linear configuration and the resilient member has a deflected, non-linear configuration in response to torque being applied to the handle.

25. The surgical driver of claim 18 wherein the driver shaft has a longitudinal axis, the handle is fixed at an axial position relative to the driver shaft, and the resilient member includes a base portion mounted to the driver shaft at a fixed axial position.