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1. (WO2019001838) ORGANIC MOLECULES, IN PARTICULAR FOR USE IN OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICES
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ORGANIC MOLECULES,

IN PARTICULAR FOR USE IN OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICES

The invention relates to organic molecules and their use in organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) and in other optoelectronic devices.

Description

The object of the present invention is to provide molecules which are suitable for use in optoelectronic devices.

This object is achieved by the invention which provides a new class of organic molecules.

According to the invention, the organic molecules are purely organic molecules, i.e. they do not contain any metal ions in contrast to metal complexes known for use in organic optoelectronic devices.

According to the present invention, the organic molecules exhibit emission maxima in the blue, sky-blue or green spectral range. The organic molecules exhibit in particular emission maxima between 420 nm and 520 nm, preferably between 440 nm and 495 nm, more preferably between 450 nm and 470 nm. The photoluminescence quantum yields of the organic molecules according to the invention are, in particular, 70 % or more. The molecules according to the invention exhibit in particular thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF). The use of the molecules according to the invention in an optoelectronic device, for example an organic light-emitting diode (OLED), leads to higher efficiencies of the device. Corresponding OLEDs have a higher stability than OLEDs with known emitter materials and comparable color.

The organic molecules according to the invention comprise or consist of a first chemical moiety comprising or consisting of a structure of Formula I,


Formula I

and

- two second chemical moieties, each independently from another comprising or consisting of a structure of Formula II,


Formula II

wherein the first chemical moiety is linked to each of the two second chemical moieties via a single bond.

T is the binding site of a single bond linking the first chemical moiety to one of the two second chemical moieties, or is hydrogen.

V is the binding site of a single bond linking the first chemical moiety to one of the two second chemical moieties, or is hydrogen.

W is the binding site of a single bond linking the first chemical moiety to one of the two second chemical moieties, or is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, CN and CF3.

X is the binding site of a single bond linking the first chemical moiety to one of the two second chemical moieties or is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, CN and CF3.

Y is the binding site of a single bond linking the first chemical moiety to one of the two second chemical moieties or is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, CN and CF3.

# represents the binding site of a single bond linking the first chemical moiety to one of the two second chemical moieties.

Z is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of a direct bond, CR3R4, C=CR3R4, C=0, C=NR3, NR3, O, SiR3R4, S, S(O) and S(0)2.

R1 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium,

d-Cs-alkyl,

wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium;

C2-C8-alkenyl,

wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium;

C2-C8-alkynyl,

wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium; and

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6.

R2 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium,

d-Cs-alkyl,

wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium;

C2-C8-alkenyl,

wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium;

C2-C8-alkynyl,

wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are optionally substituted by deuterium; and

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6.

Ra, R3 and R4 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, N(R5)2, OR5, Si(R5)3, B(OR5)2, OSO2R5, CF3, CN, F, Br, I, Ci-C4o-alkyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent Ch -groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C≡C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=0, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=0)(R5), SO, S02, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

Ci-C4o-alkoxy,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent Ch -groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C≡C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=0, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=0)(R5), SO, S02, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

Ci-C4o-thioalkoxy,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent Ch -groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C≡C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=0, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=0)(R5), SO, S02, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C2-C4o-alkenyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C≡C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=0, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=0)(R5), SO, S02, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C2-C4o-alkynyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C≡C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=0, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=0)(R5), SO, S02, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

Ce-Ceo-aryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5; and

C3-C57-heteroaryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5.

R5 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, N(R6)2, OR6, Si(R6)3, B(OR6)2, OS02R6, CF3, CN, F, Br, I,

Ci-C4o-alkyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R6C=CR6, C≡C, Si(R6)2, Ge(R6)2, Sn(R6)2, C=0, C=S, C=Se, C=NR6, P(=0)(R6), SO, S02, NR6, O, S or CONR6;

Ci-C4o-alkoxy,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R6C=CR6, C≡C, Si(R6)2, Ge(R6)2, Sn(R6)2, C=0, C=S, C=Se, C=NR6, P(=0)(R6), SO, S02, NR6, O, S or CONR6;

Ci-C4o-thioalkoxy,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R6C=CR6, C≡C, Si(R6)2, Ge(R6)2, Sn(R6)2, C=0, C=S, C=Se, C=NR6, P(=0)(R6), SO, S02, NR6, O, S or CONR6;

C2-C4o-alkenyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R6C=CR6, C≡C, Si(R6)2, Ge(R6)2, Sn(R6)2, C=0, C=S, C=Se, C=NR6, P(=0)(R6), SO, S02, NR6, O, S or CONR6;

C2-C4o-alkynyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R6C=CR6, C≡C, Si(R6)2, Ge(R6)2, Sn(R6)2, C=0, C=S, C=Se, C=NR6, P(=0)(R6), SO, S02, NR6, O, S or CONR6;

Ce-Ceo-aryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6; and

C3-C57-heteroaryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R6.

R6 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, OPh, CF3, CN, F,

d-Cs-alkyl,

wherein optionally one or more hydrogen atoms are independently from each other substituted by deuterium, CN, CF3, or F;

Ci-C5-alkoxy,

wherein optionally one or more hydrogen atoms are independently from each other substituted by deuterium, CN, CF3, or F;

Ci-C5-thioalkoxy,

wherein optionally one or more hydrogen atoms are independently from each other substituted by deuterium, CN, CF3, or F;

C2-C5-alkenyl,

wherein optionally one or more hydrogen atoms are independently from each other substituted by deuterium, CN, CF3, or F;

C2-C5-alkynyl,

wherein optionally one or more hydrogen atoms are independently from each other substituted by deuterium, CN, CF3, or F;

which is optionally substituted with one or more Ci-Cs-alkyl substituents;

C3-Ci7-heteroaryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more Ci-Cs-alkyl substituents;


N(C3-Ci7-heteroaryl)2; and

N(C3-Ci7-heteroaryl)(C6-Ci8-aryl).

The substituents Ra, R3, R4 or R5 independently from each other can optionally form a mono-or polycyclic, aliphatic, aromatic and/or benzo-fused ring system with one or more substituents Ra, R3, R4 or R5.

According to the invention exactly one substituent selected from the group consisting of W, X, and Y is CN or CF3, and exactly two substituents selected from the group consisting of T, V, W, X and Y represent the binding site of a single bond linking the first chemical moiety and one of the two second chemical moieties.

In one embodiment, R1 and R2 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of H, methyl and phenyl.

In one embodiment, W is the binding site of a single bond linking the first chemical moiety to one of the two second chemical moieties, or is selected from the group consisting of CN and

CF3.

In one embodiment of the invention, W is CN.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the two second chemical moieties each at each occurrence independently from another comprise or consist of a structure of Formula I la:


Formula lla

wherein # and Ra are defined as above.

In a further embodiment of the invention, Ra is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of H, Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3,

Ph, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

pyridinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

pyrimidinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph, carbazolyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph, triazinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

and N(Ph)2.

In a further embodiment of the invention, Ra is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of H, Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3,

Ph, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

pyridinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

pyrimidinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph, and triazinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph.

In a further embodiment of the invention, Ra is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of H, Me, 'Bu,

Ph, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

triazinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph.

In a further embodiment of the invention, Ra is H at each occurrence.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the two second chemical moieties each at each occurrence independently from another comprise or consist of a structure of Formula lib, a structure of Formula l lb-2, a structure of Formula llb-3 or a structure of Formula llb-4:


Formula lib Formula llb-2 Formula llb-3 Formula llb-4

wherein

Rb is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, N(R5)2, OR5, Si(R5)3, B(OR5)2, OSO2R5, CF3, CN, F, Br, I,

Ci-C4o-alkyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C≡C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=0, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=0)(R5), SO, S02, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

Ci-C4o-alkoxy,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C≡C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=0, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=0)(R5), SO, S02, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

Ci-C4o-thioalkoxy,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C≡C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=0, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=0)(R5), SO, S02, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C2-C4o-alkenyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C≡C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=0, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=0)(R5), SO, S02, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

C2-C4o-alkynyl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5 and

wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally substituted by R5C=CR5, C≡C, Si(R5)2, Ge(R5)2, Sn(R5)2, C=0, C=S, C=Se, C=NR5, P(=0)(R5), SO, S02, NR5, O, S or CONR5;

Ce-Ceo-aryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5; and

C3-C57-heteroaryl,

which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents R5.

Apart from that the aforementioned definitions apply.

In one additional embodiment of the invention, the two second chemical moieties each at each occurrence independently from another comprise or consist of a structure of Formula lie, a structure of Formula llc-2, a structure of Formula llc-3 or a structure of Formula llc-4:


Formula lie Formula llc-2 Formula llc-3 Formula llc-4

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, Rb is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of

Me, jPr, 'Bu, CN, CF3,

Ph, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

pyridinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

pyrimidinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph, carbazolyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph, triazinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

and N(Ph)2.

In a further embodiment of the invention, Rb is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of

Me, jPr, 'Bu, CN, CF3,

Ph, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

pyridinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

pyrimidinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph, and triazinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph.

In a further embodiment of the invention, Rb is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of

Me, 'Bu,

Ph, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

triazinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph.

In the following, exemplary embodiments of the second chemical moiety are shown:

wherein for #, Z, Ra, R3, R4 and R5 the aforementioned definitions apply.

In one embodiment, Ra and R5 is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of hydrogen (H), methyl (Me), i-propyl (CH(CH3)2) ('Pr), t-butyl ('Bu), phenyl (Ph), CN, CF3, and diphenylamine (NPh2).

In one embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Fo


Formula 111-1 Formula III-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structu


Formula llla-1 Formula llla-2 wherein

Rc is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu,

Ph, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

pyridinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

pyrimidinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph, carbazolyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph, triazinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

and N(Ph)2.

In one additional embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structu


Formula lllb-1 Formula lllb-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure


Formula lllc-1 Formula lllc-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula llld-1 or Formula llld-2:

Formula 11 lcl— 1 Formula llld-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structure


Formula llle-1 Formula llle-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structure


Formula lllf-1 Formula lllf-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structure of Formula lllg-1 or Formula lllg-2:

Formula lllg-1 Formula lllg-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structu


Formula lllh-1 Formula lllh-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of s


Formula IV-1 Formula IV-2

wherein the aforementioned definitions.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structure of Formula IVa-1 or Formula IVa-2:

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structu


Formula IVb-1 Formula IVb-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structu


Formula IVc-1 Formula IVc-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structure of Formula IVd-1 or Formula IVd-2:


Formula IVd-1 Formula IVd-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structure


Formula IVe-1 Formula IVe-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structure


Formula IVf-1 Formula IVf-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structure of Formula IVg-1 or Formula IVg-2:

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure


Formula IVh-1 Formula IVh-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In one embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of For


Formula V-1 Formula V-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structu


Formula Va-1 Formula

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structure


Formula Vb-1 Formula Vb-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structure


Formula Vc-1 Formula Vc-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structure


Formula Vd-1 Formula Vd-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structure


Formula Ve-1 Formula Ve-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structure


Formula Vf-1 Formula Vf-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structure of Formula Vg-1 or Formula Vg-2:


Formula Vg-1 Formula Vg-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula Vh-1 or Formula Vh-2:


Formula Vh-1 Formula Vh-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In one embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of For


Formula VI-1 Formula VI-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula Vla-1 or Formula Vla-2:

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula Vlb-1 or Formula Vlb-2:


Formula Vlb-1 Formula Vlb-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula Vlc-1 or Formula Vlc-2:


Formula Vlc-1 Formula Vlc-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structure of Formula Vld-1 or Formula Vld-2:


Formula Vld-1 Formula Vld-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structure of Formula Vle-1 or Formula Vle-2:


Formula Vle-1 Formula Vle-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structure of Formula Vlf-1 or Formula Vlf-2:


Formula Vlf-1 Formula Vlf-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula Vlg-1 or Formula Vlg-2:


Formula Vlg-1 Formula Vlg-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structu


Formula Vlh-1 Formula Vlh-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In one embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula VI 1-1 or Formula VII-2:


Formula VII-1 Formula VI I-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Fo


Formula Vlla-1 Formula Vlla-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structure of F


Formula Vllc-1 Formula Vllc-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structure of Formula Vlld-1 or Formula Vlld-2:


Formula Vlld-1 Formula Vlld-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structure of Formula Vlle-1 or Formula Vlle-2:

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Fo


Formula Vllf-1 Formula Vllf-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula Vllg-1 or Formula Vllg-2:


Formula Vllg-1 Formula VI Ig wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Fo


Formula Vllh-1

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In one embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula VI -1 or Formula VIII-2:


Formula VIII-1 Formula VIII-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula Vllla-1 or Formula Vllla-2:

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Fo


Formula Vlllb-1 Formula Vlllb-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Fo


Formula Vlllc-1 Formula Vlllc-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structure of Formula Vllld-1 or Formula Vllld-2:


In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of structure of Fo


Formula Vllle-1 Formula Vllle-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Formula Vlllg-1 or Formula Vlllg-2:


Formula Vlllg-1 Formula VI

wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules comprise or consist of a structure of Fo


Formula Vlllh-1 Formula Vlllh-2 wherein the aforementioned definitions apply.

In one embodiment of the invention, Rc is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of

Me, jPr, 'Bu, CN, CF3,

Ph, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

pyridinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph,

pyrimidinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph, and

triazinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3, and Ph.

In one embodiment of the invention Rc is at each occurrence independently from another selected from the group consisting of

Me, 'Bu,

Ph, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3 and Ph; and

triazinyl, which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently from each other selected from the group consisting of Me, 'Pr, 'Bu, CN, CF3 and Ph.

As used throughout the present application, the terms "aryl" and "aromatic" may be understood in the broadest sense as any mono-, bi- or polycyclic aromatic moieties. Accordingly, an aryl group contains 6 to 60 aromatic ring atoms, and a heteroaryl group contains 5 to 60 aromatic ring atoms, of which at least one is a heteroatom. Notwithstanding, throughout the application the number of aromatic ring atoms may be given as subscripted number in the definition of certain substituents. In particular, the heteroaromatic ring includes one to three heteroatoms. Again, the terms "heteroaryl" and "heteroaromatic" may be understood in the broadest sense as any mono-, bi- or polycyclic hetero-aromatic moieties that include at least one heteroatom. The heteroatoms may at each occurrence be the same or different and be individually selected from the group consisting of N, O and S. Accordingly, the term "arylene" refers to a divalent substituent that bears two binding sites to other molecular structures and thereby serving as a linker structure. In case, a group in the exemplary embodiments is defined differently from the definitions given here, for example, the number of aromatic ring atoms or number of heteroatoms differs from the given definition, the definition in the exemplary embodiments is to be applied. According to the invention, a condensed (annulated) aromatic or heteroaromatic polycycle is built of two or more single aromatic or heteroaromatic cycles, which formed the polycycle via a condensation reaction.

In particular, as used throughout the present application the term aryl group or heteroaryl group comprises groups which can be bound via any position of the aromatic or heteroaromatic group, derived from benzene, naphthaline, anthracene, phenanthrene, pyrene, dihydropyrene, chrysene, perylene, fluoranthene, benzanthracene, benzphenanthrene, tetracene, pentacene, benzpyrene, furan, benzofuran, isobenzofuran, dibenzofuran, thiophene, benzothiophene, isobenzothiophene, dibenzothiophene; pyrrole, indole, isoindole, carbazole, pyridine, quinoline, isoquinoline, acridine, phenanthridine, benzo-5,6-quinoline, benzo-6,7-quinoline, benzo-7,8-quinoline, phenothiazine, phenoxazine, pyrazole, indazole, imidazole,

benzimidazole, naphthoimidazole, phenanthroimidazole, pyridoimidazole, pyrazinoimidazole, quinoxalinoimidazole, oxazole, benzoxazole, napthooxazole, anthroxazol, phenanthroxazol, isoxazole, 1 ,2-thiazole, 1 ,3-thiazole, benzothiazole, pyridazine, benzopyridazine, pyrimidine, benzopyrimidine, 1 ,3,5-triazine, quinoxaline, pyrazine, phenazine, naphthyridine, carboline, benzocarboline, phenanthroline, 1 ,2,3-triazole, 1 ,2,4-triazole, benzotriazole, 1 ,2,3-oxadiazole, 1 ,2,4-oxadiazole, 1 ,2,5-oxadiazole, 1 ,2,3,4-tetrazine, purine, pteridine, indolizine und benzothiadiazole or combinations of the abovementioned groups.

As used throughout the present application the term cyclic group may be understood in the broadest sense as any mono-, bi- or polycyclic moieties.

As used throughout the present application the term alkyl group may be understood in the broadest sense as any linear, branched, or cyclic alkyl substituent. In particular, the term alkyl comprises the substituents methyl (Me), ethyl (Et), n-propyl (nPr), i-propyl ('Pr), cyclopropyl, n-butyl (nBu), i-butyl (jBu), s-butyl (sBu), t-butyl (lBu), cyclobutyl, 2-methylbutyl, n-pentyl, s-pentyl, t-pentyl, 2-pentyl, neo-pentyl, cyclopentyl, n-hexyl, s-hexyl, t-hexyl, 2-hexyl, 3-hexyl, neo-hexyl, cyclohexyl, 1 -methylcyclopentyl, 2-methylpentyl, n-heptyl, 2-heptyl, 3-heptyl, 4-heptyl, cycloheptyl, 1 -methylcyclohexyl, n-octyl, 2-ethylhexyl, cyclooctyl, 1 -bicyclo[2,2,2]octyl, 2-bicyclo[2,2,2]-octyl, 2-(2,6-dimethyl)octyl, 3-(3,7-dimethyl)octyl, adamantyl, 2,2,2-trifluorethyl, 1 , 1 -dimethyl-n-hex-1 -yl, 1 ,1 -dimethyl-n-hept-1 -yl, 1 ,1 -dimethyl-n-oct-1 -yl, 1 ,1 -dimethyl-n-dec-1 -yl, 1 ,1 -dimethyl-n-dodec-1 -yl, 1 ,1 -dimethyl-n-tetradec-1 -yl, 1 ,1 -dimethyl-n-hexadec-1 -yl, 1 , 1 -dimethyl-n-octadec-1 -yl, 1 ,1 -diethyl-n-hex-1 -yl, 1 ,1 -diethyl-n-hept-1 -yl, 1 ,1 -diethyl-n-oct-1 -yl, 1 ,1 -diethyl-n-dec-1 -yl, 1 ,1 -diethyl-n-dodec-1 -yl, 1 , 1 -diethyl-n-tetradec-1 -yl, 1 ,1 -diethyln-n-hexadec-1 -yl, 1 ,1 -diethyl-n-octadec-1 -yl, 1 -(n-propyl)-cyclohex-l -yl, 1 -(n-butyl)-cyclohex-l -yl, 1 -(n-hexyl)-cyclohex-1 -yl, 1 -(n-octyl)-cyclohex-1 -yl und 1 -(n-decyl)-cyclohex-1 -yl.

As used throughout the present application the term alkenyl comprises linear, branched, and cyclic alkenyl substituents. The term alkenyl group exemplarily comprises the substituents ethenyl, propenyl, butenyl, pentenyl, cyclopentenyl, hexenyl, cyclohexenyl, heptenyl, cycloheptenyl, octenyl, cyclooctenyl or cyclooctadienyl.

As used throughout the present application the term alkynyl comprises linear, branched, and cyclic alkynyl substituents. The term alkynyl group exemplarily comprises ethynyl, propynyl, butynyl, pentynyl, hexynyl, heptynyl or octynyl.

As used throughout the present application the term alkoxy comprises linear, branched, and cyclic alkoxy substituents. The term alkoxy group exemplarily comprises methoxy, ethoxy, n-propoxy, i-propoxy, n-butoxy, i-butoxy, s-butoxy, t-butoxy and 2-methylbutoxy.

As used throughout the present application the term thioalkoxy comprises linear, branched, and cyclic thioalkoxy substituents, in which the O of the exemplarily alkoxy groups is replaced by S.

As used throughout the present application, the terms "halogen" and "halo" may be understood in the broadest sense as being preferably fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine.

Whenever hydrogen is mentioned herein, it could also be replaced by deuterium at each occurrence.

It is understood that when a molecular fragment is described as being a substituent or otherwise attached to another moiety, its name may be written as if it were a fragment (e.g. naphtyl, dibenzofuryl) or as if it were the whole molecule (e.g. naphthalene, dibenzofuran). As used herein, these different ways of designating a substituent or attached fragment are considered to be equivalent.

In one embodiment, the organic molecules according to the invention have an excited state lifetime of not more than 150 s, of not more than 100 s, in particular of not more than 50 s, more preferably of not more than 10 s or not more than 7 s in a film of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) with 10% by weight of organic molecule at room temperature.

In one embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules according to the invention represent thermally-activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters, which exhibit a AEST value, which corresponds to the energy difference between the first excited singlet state (S1 ) and the first excited triplet state (T1 ), of less than 5000 cm"1 , preferably less than 3000 cm"1 , more preferably less than 1500 cm"1 , even more preferably less than 1000 cm"1 or even less than 500 cm"1.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules according to the invention have an emission peak in the visible or nearest ultraviolet range, i.e., in the range of a wavelength of from 380 to 800 nm, with a full width at half maximum of less than 0.50 eV, preferably less than 0.48 eV, more preferably less than 0.45 eV, even more preferably less than 0.43 eV or even less than 0.40 eV in a film of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) with 10% by weight of organic molecule at room temperature.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the organic molecules according to the invention have a "blue material index" (BMI), calculated by dividing the photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) in % by the CIEy color coordinate of the emitted light, of more than 150, in particular more than 200, preferably more than 250, more preferably of more than 300 or even more than 500.

Orbital and excited state energies can be determined either by means of experimental methods or by calculations employing quantum-chemical methods, in particular density functional theory calculations. The energy of the highest occupied molecular orbital EHOMO is determined by methods known to the person skilled in the art from cyclic voltammetry measurements with an accuracy of 0.1 eV. The energy of the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital ELUMO is calculated as EHOMO + Ega , wherein Ega is determined as follows: For host compounds, the onset of the emission spectrum of a film with 10% by weight of host in poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) is used as Ega , unless stated otherwise. For emitter molecules, Ega is determined as the energy at which the excitation and emission spectra of a film with 10% by weight of emitter in PMMA cross.

The energy of the first excited triplet state T1 is determined from the onset of the emission spectrum at low temperature, typically at 77 K. For host compounds, where the first excited singlet state and the lowest triplet state are energetically separated by > 0.4 eV, the phosphorescence is usually visible in a steady-state spectrum in 2-Me-THF. The triplet energy can thus be determined as the onset of the phosphorescence spectrum. For TADF emitter molecules, the energy of the first excited triplet state T1 is determined from the onset of the delayed emission spectrum at 77 K, if not otherwise stated measured in a film of) PMMA with 10% by weight of emitter. Both for host and emitter compounds, the energy of the first excited singlet state S1 is determined from the onset of the emission spectrum, if not otherwise stated measured in a film of PMMA with 10% by weight of host or emitter compound. The onset of an emission spectrum is determined by computing the intersection of the tangent to the emission spectrum with the x-axis. The tangent to the emission spectrum is set at the high-energy side of the emission band, i.e., where the emission band rises by going from higher energy values to lower energy values, and at the point at half maximum of the maximum intensity of the emission spectrum.

A further aspect of the invention relates to a process for preparing organic molecules (with an optional subsequent reaction) according to the invention, wherein a 2,4-R1-6-R2-substituted 3- nt:


According to the invention, in the reaction for the synthesis of E1 a boronic acid can be used instead of a boronic acid ester.

For the reaction of a nitrogen heterocycle in a nucleophilic aromatic substitution with an aryl halide, preferably an aryl fluoride, typical conditions include the use of a base, such as tribasic potassium phosphate or sodium hydride, for example, in an aprotic polar solvent, such as dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) or Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF), for example.

An alternative synthesis route comprises the introduction of a nitrogen heterocycle via copper-or palladium-catalyzed coupling to an aryl halide or aryl pseudohalide, preferably an aryl bromide, an aryl iodide, aryl triflate or an aryl tosylate.

A further aspect of the invention relates to the use of an organic molecule according to the invention as a luminescent emitter or as an absorber, and/or as host material and/or as electron transport material, and/or as hole injection material, and/or as hole blocking material in an organic optoelectronic device.

The organic electroluminescent device may be understood in the broadest sense as any device based on organic materials that is suitable for emitting light in the visible or nearest ultraviolet (UV) range, i.e., in the range of a wavelength of from 380 to 800 nm. More preferably, organic electroluminescent device may be able to emit light in the visible range, i.e., of from 400 to 800 nm.

In the context of such use, the organic optoelectronic device is more particularly selected from the group consisting of:

• organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs),

• light-emitting electrochemical cells,

• OLED sensors, especially in gas and vapour sensors not hermetically externally shielded,

• organic diodes,

• organic solar cells,

• organic transistors,

• organic field-effect transistors,

• organic lasers and

• down-conversion elements.

In a preferred embodiment in the context of such use, the organic electroluminescent device is a device selected from the group consisting of an organic light emitting diode (OLED), a light emitting electrochemical cell (LEC), and a light-emitting transistor.

In the case of the use, the fraction of the organic molecule according to the invention in the emission layer in an organic optoelectronic device, more particularly in OLEDs, is 1 % to 99 % by weight, more particularly 5 % to 80 % by weight. In an alternative embodiment, the proportion of the organic molecule in the emission layer is 100 % by weight.

In one embodiment, the light-emitting layer comprises not only the organic molecules according to the invention but also a host material whose triplet (T1 ) and singlet (S1 ) energy levels are energetically higher than the triplet (T1 ) and singlet (S1 ) energy levels of the organic molecule.

A further aspect of the invention relates to a composition comprising or consisting of:

(a) at least one organic molecule according to the invention, in particular in the form of an emitter and/or a host, and

(b) one or more emitter and/or host materials, which differ from the organic molecule according to the invention and

(c) optional one or more dyes and/or one or more solvents.

In one embodiment, the light-emitting layer comprises (or (essentially) consists of) a composition comprising or consisting of:

(a) at least one organic molecule according to the invention, in particular in the form of an emitter and/or a host, and

(b) one or more emitter and/or host materials, which differ from the organic molecule according to the invention and

(c) optional one or more dyes and/or one or more solvents.

Particularly preferably the light-emitting layer EML comprises (or (essentially) consists of) a composition comprising or consisting of:

(i) 1 -50 % by weight, preferably 5-40 % by weight, in particular 10-30 % by weight, of one or more organic molecules according to the invention;

(ii) 5-99 % by weight, preferably 30-94.9 % by weight, in particular 40-89% by weight, of at least one host compound H; and

(iii) optionally 0-94 % by weight, preferably 0.1 -65 % by weight, in particular 1 -50 % by weight, of at least one further host compound D with a structure differing from the structure of the molecules according to the invention; and

(iv) optionally 0-94 % by weight, preferably 0-65 % by weight, in particular 0-50 % by weight, of a solvent; and

(v) optionally 0-30 % by weight, in particular 0-20 % by weight, preferably 0-5 % by weight, of at least one further emitter molecule F with a structure differing from the structure of the molecules according to the invention.

Preferably, energy can be transferred from the host compound H to the one or more organic molecules according to the invention, in particular transferred from the first excited triplet state T1 (H) of the host compound H to the first excited triplet state T1 (E) of the one or more organic molecules according to the invention and/ or from the first excited singlet state S1 (H) of the host compound H to the first excited singlet state S1 (E) of the one or more organic molecules according to the invention.

In a further embodiment, the light-emitting layer EML comprises (or (essentially) consists of) a composition comprising or consisting of:

(i) 1 -50 % by weight, preferably 5-40 % by weight, in particular 10-30 % by weight, of one organic molecule according to the invention;

(ii) 5-99 % by weight, preferably 30-94.9 % by weight, in particular 40-89% by weight, of one host compound H; and

(iii) optionally 0-94 % by weight, preferably 0.1 -65 % by weight, in particular 1 -50 % by weight, of at least one further host compound D with a structure differing from the structure of the molecules according to the invention; and

(iv) optionally 0-94 % by weight, preferably 0-65 % by weight, in particular 0-50 % by weight, of a solvent; and

(v) optionally 0-30 % by weight, in particular 0-20 % by weight, preferably 0-5 % by weight, of at least one further emitter molecule F with a structure differing from the structure of the molecules according to the invention.

In one embodiment, the host compound H has a highest occupied molecular orbital HOMO(H) having an energy Ehomo(H) in the range of from -5 to -6.5 eV and the at least one further host compound D has a highest occupied molecular orbital HOMO(D) having an energy Ehomo(D), wherein EHOMO(H) > EHOMO(D).

In a further embodiment, the host compound H has a lowest unoccupied molecular orbital LUMO(H) having an energy ELUMO(H) and the at least one further host compound D has a lowest unoccupied molecular orbital LUMO(D) having an energy ELUMO(D), wherein ELUMO(H) > ELUMO(D).

In one embodiment, the host compound H has a highest occupied molecular orbital HOMO(H) having an energy Ehomo(H) and a lowest unoccupied molecular orbital LUMO(H) having an energy ELUMO(H), and

the at least one further host compound D has a highest occupied molecular orbital HOMO(D) having an energy Ehomo(D) and a lowest unoccupied molecular orbital LUMO(D) having an energy ELUMO(D),

the organic molecule according to the invention has a highest occupied molecular orbital HOMO(E) having an energy Ehomo(E) and a lowest unoccupied molecular orbital LUMO(E) having an energy ELUMO(E),

wherein


djfference between the energy level of the highest occupied molecular orbital HOMO(E) of organic molecule according to the invention (EHOMO(E)) and the energy level of the highest occupied molecular orbital HOMO(H) of the host compound H

(EHOMO(H)) is between -0.5 eV and 0.5 eV, more preferably between -0.3 eV and 0.3 eV, even more preferably between -0.2 eV and 0.2 eV or even between -0.1 eV and 0.1 eV; and
djfference between the energy level of the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital LUMO(E) of organic molecule according to the invention (ELUMO(E)) and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital LUMO(D) of the at least one further host compound D (ELUMO(D)) is between -0.5 eV and 0.5 eV, more preferably between -0.3 eV and 0.3 eV, even more preferably between -0.2 eV and 0.2 eV or even between -0.1 eV and 0.1 eV.

In a further aspect, the invention relates to an organic optoelectronic device comprising an organic molecule or a composition of the type described here, more particularly in the form of a device selected from the group consisting of organic light-emitting diode (OLED), light-emitting electrochemical cell, OLED sensor, more particularly gas and vapour sensors not hermetically externally shielded, organic diode, organic solar cell, organic transistor, organic field-effect transistor, organic laser and down-conversion element.

In a preferred embodiment, the organic electroluminescent device is a device selected from the group consisting of an organic light emitting diode (OLED), a light emitting electrochemical cell (LEC), and a light-emitting transistor.

In one embodiment of the organic optoelectronic device of the invention, the organic molecule according to the invention is used as emission material in a light-emitting layer EML.

In one embodiment of the organic optoelectronic device of the invention the light-emitting layer EML consists of the composition according to the invention described here.

Exemplarily, when the organic electroluminescent device is an OLED, it may exhibit the following layer structure:

1 . substrate

2. anode layer A

3. hole injection layer, HIL

4. hole transport layer, HTL

5. electron blocking layer, EBL

6. emitting layer, EML

7. hole blocking layer, HBL

8. electron transport layer, ETL

9. electron injection layer, EIL

10. cathode layer,

wherein the OLED comprises each layer only optionally, different layers may be merged and the OLED may comprise more than one layer of each layer type defined above.

Furthermore, the organic electroluminescent device may optionally comprise one or more protective layers protecting the device from damaging exposure to harmful species in the environment including, exemplarily moisture, vapor and/or gases.

In one embodiment of the invention, the organic electroluminescent device is an OLED, which exhibits the following inverted layer structure:

1 . substrate

2. cathode layer

3. electron injection layer, EIL

4. electron transport layer, ETL

5. hole blocking layer, HBL

6. emitting layer, B

7. electron blocking layer, EBL

8. hole transport layer, HTL

9. hole injection layer, HIL

10. anode layer A

Wherein the OLED with an inverted layer structure comprises each layer only optionally, different layers may be merged and the OLED may comprise more than one layer of each layer types defined above.

In one embodiment of the invention, the organic electroluminescent device is an OLED, which may exhibit stacked architecture. In this architecture, contrary to the typical arrangement, where the OLEDs are placed side by side, the individual units are stacked on top of each other. Blended light may be generated with OLEDs exhibiting a stacked architecture, in particular white light may be generated by stacking blue, green and red OLEDs. Furthermore, the OLED exhibiting a stacked architecture may optionally comprise a charge generation layer (CGL), which is typically located between two OLED subunits and typically consists of a n-doped and p-doped layer with the n-doped layer of one CGL being typically located closer to the anode layer.

In one embodiment of the invention, the organic electroluminescent device is an OLED, which comprises two or more emission layers between anode and cathode. In particular, this so-

called tandem OLED comprises three emission layers, wherein one emission layer emits red light, one emission layer emits green light and one emission layer emits blue light, and optionally may comprise further layers such as charge generation layers, blocking or transporting layers between the individual emission layers. In a further embodiment, the emission layers are adjacently stacked. In a further embodiment, the tandem OLED comprises a charge generation layer between each two emission layers. In addition, adjacent emission layers or emission layers separated by a charge generation layer may be merged.

The substrate may be formed by any material or composition of materials. Most frequently, glass slides are used as substrates. Alternatively, thin metal layers (e.g., copper, gold, silver or aluminum films) or plastic films or slides may be used. This may allow a higher degree of flexibility. The anode layer A is mostly composed of materials allowing to obtain an (essentially) transparent film. As at least one of both electrodes should be (essentially) transparent in order to allow light emission from the OLED, either the anode layer A or the cathode layer C is transparent. Preferably, the anode layer A comprises a large content or even consists of transparent conductive oxides (TCOs). Such anode layer A may exemplarily comprise indium tin oxide, aluminum zinc oxide, fluorine doped tin oxide, indium zinc oxide, PbO, SnO, zirconium oxide, molybdenum oxide, vanadium oxide, wolfram oxide, graphite, doped Si, doped Ge, doped GaAs, doped polyaniline, doped polypyrrol and/or doped polythiophene.

Particularly preferably, the anode layer A (essentially) consists of indium tin oxide (ITO) (e.g., (lnO3)0.9(SnO2)0.1 ). The roughness of the anode layer A caused by the transparent conductive oxides (TCOs) may be compensated by using a hole injection layer (HIL). Further, the HIL may facilitate the injection of quasi charge carriers (i.e., holes) in that the transport of the quasi charge carriers from the TCO to the hole transport layer (HTL) is facilitated. The hole injection layer (HIL) may comprise poly-3,4-ethylendioxy thiophene (PEDOT), polystyrene sulfonate (PSS), M0O2, V205, CuPC or Cul, in particular a mixture of PEDOT and PSS. The hole injection layer (HIL) may also prevent the diffusion of metals from the anode layer A into the hole transport layer (HTL). The HIL may exemplarily comprise PEDOT:PSS (poly-3,4-ethylendioxy thiophene: polystyrene sulfonate), PEDOT (poly-3,4-ethylendioxy thiophene), mMTDATA (4,4',4"-tris[phenyl(m-tolyl)amino]triphenylamine), Spiro-TAD (2,2',7,7'-tetrakis(n,n-diphenylamino)-9,9'-spirobifluorene), DNTPD (N 1 ,N1 '-(biphenyl-4,4'-diyl)bis(N1 -phenyl-N4,N4-di-m-tolylbenzene-1 ,4-diamine), NPB (N,N'-nis-(1 -naphthalenyl)-N,N'-bis-phenyl-(1 ,1 '-biphenyl)-4,4'-diamine), NPNPB (N,N'-diphenyl-N,N'-di-[4-(N,N-diphenyl-amino)phenyl]benzidine), MeO-TPD (N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(4-methoxyphenyl)benzidine), HAT-CN (1 ,4,5,8,9,1 1 -hexaazatriphenylen-hexacarbonitrile) and/or Spiro-NPD (N,N'-diphenyl-N,N'-bis-(1 -naphthyl)-9,9'-spirobifluorene-2,7-diamine).

Adjacent to the anode layer A or hole injection layer (HIL) typically a hole transport layer (HTL) is located. Herein, any hole transport compound may be used. Exemplarily, electron-rich heteroaromatic compounds such as triarylamines and/or carbazoles may be used as hole transport compound. The HTL may decrease the energy barrier between the anode layer A and the light-emitting layer EML. The hole transport layer (HTL) may also be an electron blocking layer (EBL). Preferably, hole transport compounds bear comparably high energy levels of their triplet states T1. Exemplarily the hole transport layer (HTL) may comprise a star-shaped heterocycle such as tris(4-carbazoyl-9-ylphenyl)amine (TCTA), poly-TPD (poly(4-butylphenyl-diphenyl-amine)), [alpha]-NPD (poly(4-butylphenyl-diphenyl-amine)), TAPC (4,4 -cyclohexyliden-bis[N,N-bis(4-methylphenyl)benzenamine]), 2-TNATA (4,4',4"-tris[2-naphthyl(phenyl)amino]triphenylamine), Spiro-TAD, DNTPD, NPB, NPNPB, MeO-TPD, HAT-CN and/or TrisPcz (9,9'-diphenyl-6-(9-phenyl-9H-carbazol-3-yl)-9H,9'H-3,3'-bicarbazole). In addition, the HTL may comprise a p-doped layer, which may be composed of an inorganic or organic dopant in an organic hole-transporting matrix. Transition metal oxides such as vanadium oxide, molybdenum oxide or tungsten oxide may exemplarily be used as inorganic dopant. Tetrafluorotetracyanoquinodimethane (F4-TCNQ), copper-pentafluorobenzoate (Cu(l)pFBz) or transition metal complexes may exemplarily be used as organic dopant.

The EBL may exemplarily comprise mCP (1 ,3-bis(carbazol-9-yl)benzene), TCTA, 2-TNATA, mCBP (3,3-di(9H-carbazol-9-yl)biphenyl), tris-Pcz, CzSi (9-(4-tert-Butylphenyl)-3,6-bis(triphenylsilyl)-9H-carbazole), and/or DCB (N,N'-dicarbazolyl-1 ,4-dimethylbenzene).

Adjacent to the hole transport layer (HTL), typically, the light-emitting layer EML is located. The light-emitting layer EML comprises at least one light emitting molecule. Particular, the EML comprises at least one light emitting molecule according to the invention. In one embodiment, the light-emitting layer comprises only the organic molecules according to the invention. Typically, the EML additionally comprises one or more host material. Exemplarily, the host material is selected from CBP (4,4'-Bis-(N-carbazolyl)-biphenyl), mCP, mCBP Sif87 (dibenzo[b,d]thiophen-2-yltriphenylsilane), CzSi, Sif88 (dibenzo[b,d]thiophen-2-yl)diphenylsilane), DPEPO (bis[2-(diphenylphosphino)phenyl] ether oxide), 9-[3-(dibenzofuran-2-yl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole, 9-[3-(dibenzofuran-2-yl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole, 9-[3-(dibenzothiophen-2-yl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole, 9-[3,5-bis(2-dibenzofuranyl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole, 9-[3,5-bis(2-dibenzothiophenyl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole, T2T (2,4,6-tris(biphenyl-3-yl)-1 ,3,5-triazine), T3T (2,4,6-tris(triphenyl-3-yl)-1 ,3,5-triazine) and/or TST (2,4,6-tris(9,9 -spirobifluorene-2-yl)-1 ,3,5-triazine). The host material typically should be selected to exhibit first triplet (T1 ) and first singlet (S1 ) energy levels, which are energetically higher than the first triplet (T1 ) and first singlet (S1 ) energy levels of the organic molecule.

In one embodiment of the invention, the EML comprises a so-called mixed-host system with at least one hole-dominant host and one electron-dominant host. In a particular embodiment, the EML comprises exactly one light emitting molecule according to the invention and a mixed-host system comprising T2T as electron-dominant host and a host selected from CBP, mCP, mCBP, 9-[3-(dibenzofuran-2-yl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole, 9-[3-(dibenzofuran-2-yl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole, 9-[3-(dibenzothiophen-2-yl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole, 9-[3,5-bis(2-dibenzofuranyl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole and 9-[3,5-bis(2-dibenzothiophenyl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole as hole-dominant host. In a further embodiment the EML comprises 50-80 % by weight, preferably 60-75 % by weight of a host selected from CBP, mCP, mCBP, 9-[3-(dibenzofuran-2-yl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole, 9-[3-(dibenzofuran-2-yl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole, 9-[3-(dibenzothiophen-2-yl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole, 9-[3,5-bis(2-dibenzofuranyl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole and 9-[3,5-bis(2-dibenzothiophenyl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole; 10-45 % by weight, preferably 15-30 % by weight of T2T and 5-40 % by weight, preferably 10-30 % by weight of light emitting molecule according to the invention.

Adjacent to the light-emitting layer EML an electron transport layer (ETL) may be located. Herein, any electron transporter may be used. Exemplarily, compounds poor of electrons such as, e.g., benzimidazoles, pyridines, triazoles, oxadiazoles (e.g., 1 ,3,4-oxadiazole), phosphinoxides and sulfone, may be used. An electron transporter may also be a star-shaped heterocycle such as 1 ,3,5-tri(1 -phenyl-1 H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)phenyl (TPBi). The ETL may comprise NBphen (2,9-bis(naphthalen-2-yl)-4,7-diphenyl-1 ,10-phenanthroline), Alq3 (Aluminum-tris(8-hydroxyquinoline)), TSP01 (diphenyl-4-triphenylsilylphenyl-phosphinoxide), BPyTP2 (2,7-di(2,2'-bipyridin-5-yl)triphenyle), Sif87 (dibenzo[b,d]thiophen-2-yltriphenylsilane), Sif88 (dibenzo[b,d]thiophen-2-yl)diphenylsilane), BmPyPhB (1 ,3-bis[3,5-di(pyridin-3-yl)phenyl]benzene) and/or BTB (4,4'-bis-[2-(4,6-diphenyl-1 ,3,5-triazinyl)]-1 ,1 '-biphenyl). Optionally, the ETL may be doped with materials such as Liq. The electron transport layer (ETL) may also block holes or a holeblocking layer (HBL) is introduced.

The HBL may exemplarily comprise BCP (2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diphenyl-1 ,10-phenanthroline = Bathocuproine), BAIq (bis(8-hydroxy-2-methylquinoline)-(4-phenylphenoxy)aluminum), NBphen (2, 9-bis(naphthalen-2-yl)-4,7-diphenyl-1 ,10-phenanthroline), Alq3 (Aluminum-tris(8-hydroxyquinoline)), TSP01 (diphenyl-4-triphenylsilylphenyl-phosphinoxide), T2T (2,4,6-tris(biphenyl-3-yl)-1 ,3,5-triazine), T3T (2,4,6-tris(triphenyl-3-yl)-1 ,3,5-triazine), TST (2,4,6-tris(9,9'-spirobifluorene-2-yl)-1 ,3,5-triazine), and/or TCB/TCP (1 ,3,5-tris(N-carbazolyl)benzol/ 1 ,3,5-tris(carbazol)-9-yl) benzene).

Adjacent to the electron transport layer (ETL), a cathode layer C may be located. Exemplarily, the cathode layer C may comprise or may consist of a metal (e.g., Al, Au, Ag, Pt, Cu, Zn, Ni, Fe, Pb, LiF, Ca, Ba, Mg, In, W, or Pd) or a metal alloy. For practical reasons, the cathode layer may also consist of (essentially) intransparent metals such as Mg, Ca or Al. Alternatively or additionally, the cathode layer C may also comprise graphite and or carbon nanotubes (CNTs). Alternatively, the cathode layer C may also consist of nanoscalic silver wires.

An OLED may further, optionally, comprise a protection layer between the electron transport layer (ETL) and the cathode layer C (which may be designated as electron injection layer (EIL)). This layer may comprise lithium fluoride, cesium fluoride, silver, Liq (8-hydroxyquinolinolatolithium), L12O, BaF2, MgO and/or NaF.

Optionally, also the electron transport layer (ETL) and/or a hole blocking layer (HBL) may comprise one or more host compounds.

In order to modify the emission spectrum and/or the absorption spectrum of the light-emitting layer EML further, the light-emitting layer EML may further comprise one or more further emitter molecule F. Such an emitter molecule F may be any emitter molecule known in the art. Preferably such an emitter molecule F is a molecule with a structure differing from the structure of the molecules according to the invention. The emitter molecule F may optionally be a TADF emitter. Alternatively, the emitter molecule F may optionally be a fluorescent and/or phosphorescent emitter molecule which is able to shift the emission spectrum and/or the absorption spectrum of the light-emitting layer EML. Exemplarily, the triplet and/or singlet excitons may be transferred from the emitter molecule according to the invention to the emitter molecule F before relaxing to the ground state SO by emitting light typically red-shifted in comparison to the light emitted by emitter molecule E. Optionally, the emitter molecule F may also provoke two-photon effects (i.e., the absorption of two photons of half the energy of the absorption maximum).

Optionally, an organic electroluminescent device (e.g., an OLED) may exemplarily be an essentially white organic electroluminescent device. Exemplarily such white organic electroluminescent device may comprise at least one (deep) blue emitter molecule and one or more emitter molecules emitting green and/or red light. Then, there may also optionally be energy transmittance between two or more molecules as described above.

As used herein, if not defined more specifically in the particular context, the designation of the colors of emitted and/or absorbed light is as follows:

violet: wavelength range of >380-420 nm;

deep blue: wavelength range of >420-480 nm;

sky blue: wavelength range of >480-500 nm;

green: wavelength range of >500-560 nm;

yellow: wavelength range of >560-580 nm;

orange: wavelength range of >580-620 nm;

red: wavelength range of >620-800 nm.

With respect to emitter molecules, such colors refer to the emission maximum. Therefore, exemplarily, a deep blue emitter has an emission maximum in the range of from >420 to 480 nm, a sky blue emitter has an emission maximum in the range of from >480 to 500 nm, a green emitter has an emission maximum in a range of from >500 to 560 nm, a red emitter has an emission maximum in a range of from >620 to 800 nm.

A deep blue emitter may preferably have an emission maximum of below 480 nm, more preferably below 470 nm, even more preferably below 465 nm or even below 460 nm. It will typically be above 420 nm, preferably above 430 nm, more preferably above 440 nm or even above 450 nm.

Accordingly, a further aspect of the present invention relates to an OLED, which exhibits an external quantum efficiency at 1000 cd/m2 of more than 8%, more preferably of more than 10%, more preferably of more than 13%, even more preferably of more than 15% or even more than 20% and/or exhibits an emission maximum between 420 nm and 500 nm, preferably between 430 nm and 490 nm, more preferably between 440 nm and 480 nm, even more preferably between 450 nm and 470 nm and/or exhibits a LT80 value at 500 cd/m2 of more than 100 h, preferably more than 200 h, more preferably more than 400 h, even more preferably more than 750 h or even more than 1000 h. Accordingly, a further aspect of the present invention relates to an OLED, whose emission exhibits a CIEy color coordinate of less than 0.45, preferably less than 0.30, more preferably less than 0.20 or even more preferably less than 0.15 or even less than 0.10.

A further aspect of the present invention relates to an OLED, which emits light at a distinct color point. According to the present invention, the OLED emits light with a narrow emission band (small full width at half maximum (FWHM)). In one aspect, the OLED according to the

invention emits light with a FWHM of the main emission peak of less than 0.50 eV, preferably less than 0.48 eV, more preferably less than 0.45 eV, even more preferably less than 0.43 eV or even less than 0.40 eV.

A further aspect of the present invention relates to an OLED, which emits light with CI Ex and CIEy color coordinates close to the CIEx (= 0.131 ) and CIEy (= 0.046) color coordinates of the primary color blue (CIEx = 0.131 and CIEy = 0.046) as defined by ITU-R Recommendation BT.2020 (Rec. 2020) and thus is suited for the use in Ultra High Definition (UHD) displays, e.g. UHD-TVs. In commercial applications, typically top-emitting (top-electrode is transparent) devices are used, whereas test devices as used throughout the present application represent bottom-emitting devices (bottom-electrode and substrate are transparent). The CIEy color coordinate of a blue device can be reduced by up to a factor of two, when changing from a bottom- to a top-emitting device, while the CIEx remains nearly unchanged (Okinaka et al. (2015), 22.1: Invited Paper: New Fluorescent Blue Host Materials for Achieving Low Voltage in OLEDs, SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 46; doi:10.1002/sdtp.10480). Accordingly, a further aspect of the present invention relates to an OLED, whose emission exhibits a CIEx color coordinate of between 0.02 and 0.30, preferably between 0.03 and 0.25, more preferably between 0.05 and 0.20 or even more preferably between 0.08 and 0.18 or even between 0.10 and 0.15 and/ or a CIEy color coordinate of between 0.00 and 0.45, preferably between 0.01 and 0.30, more preferably between 0.02 and 0.20 or even more preferably between 0.03 and 0.15 or even between 0.04 and 0.10.

In a further aspect, the invention relates to a method for producing an optoelectronic component. In this case an organic molecule of the invention is used.

The organic electroluminescent device, in particular the OLED according to the present invention can be fabricated by any means of vapor deposition and/ or liquid processing. Accordingly, at least one layer is

prepared by means of a sublimation process,

prepared by means of an organic vapor phase deposition process,

prepared by means of a carrier gas sublimation process,

solution processed or printed.

The methods used to fabricate the organic electroluminescent device, in particular the OLED according to the present invention are known in the art. The different layers are individually and successively deposited on a suitable substrate by means of subsequent deposition

processes. The individual layers may be deposited using the same or differing deposition methods.

Vapor deposition processes exemplarily comprise thermal (co)evaporation, chemical vapor deposition and physical vapor deposition. For active matrix OLED display, an AMOLED backplane is used as substrate. The individual layer may be processed from solutions or dispersions employing adequate solvents. Solution deposition process exemplarily comprise spin coating, dip coating and jet printing. Liquid processing may optionally be carried out in an inert atmosphere (e.g., in a nitrogen atmosphere) and the solvent may optionally be completely or partially removed by means known in the state of the art.

Examples

General synthesis scheme I


General procedure for synthesis AAV1:


E2 Z1

3-bromo/chloro-5-cyanobenzotrifluoride E2 (1 .00 equivalents), 4-cyano/(trifluoromethyl)-3,5-difluoro-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.10 equivalents), Pd2(dba)3 (0.01 equivalent), 2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2',6'-dimethoxybiphenyl (SPhos) (0.04 equivalents) and tribasic potassium phosphate (2.50 equivalents) are stirred under nitrogen atmosphere in a toluene/water mixture (ratio of 10:1 , 2 mL toluene/mmol aryl bromide) at 1 10 °C until completion (usually 2-4 hours). Subsequently the reaction mixture is filtrated and the residue is washed with dichloromethane. The filtrate is dried over MgSC>4, filtrated and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product obtained is purified by recrystallisation from an appropriate solvent (ethanol, toluene, n-hexane) or by flash chromatography. The product is obtained as solid. Instead of a boronic acid ester a corresponding boronic acid may be used.

General procedure for AAV2:


E2 Z2

The synthesis of Z2 is carried out according to AAV1, wherein 3-bromo-5-cyanobenzotrifluoride E2 reacts with 3-cyano/(trifluoromethyl)-2,4-difluoro-boronic acid pinacol ester.

General procedure for synthesis AAV3:


E2 Z3

The synthesis of Z3 is carried out according to AAV1, wherein 3-bromo-5-cyanobenzotrifluoride E2 reacts with 4-cyano/(trifluoromethyl)-2,6-difluoro-boronic acid pinacol ester.

General procedure for synthesis AAV4:

E2 Z4

The synthesis of Z4 is carried out according to AAV1, wherein 3-bromo-5-cyanobenzotrifluoride E2 reacts with 4-cyano/(trifluoromethyl)-2,5-difluoro-boronic acid pinacol ester.

General procedure for synthesis AAV5:


E2 Z5

The synthesis of Z5 is carried out according to AAV1, wherein 3-bromo-5-cyanobenzotrifluoride E2 reacts with 2-cyano/(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-difluoro-boronic acid pinacol ester.

General procedure for synthesis AAV6:


E2 Z6

The synthesis of Z6 is carried out according to AAV1, wherein 3-bromo-5-cyanobenzotrifluoride E2 reacts with 3-cyano/(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-difluoro-boronic acid pinacol ester.

General procedure for synthesis AAV7:

Z1 , Z2, Z3, Z4, Z5 or Z6 (1 equivalent each), the corresponding donor molecule D-H (2.00 equivalents) and tribasic potassium phosphate (4.00 equivalents) are suspended under nitrogen atmosphere in DMSO and stirred at 120 °C until completion (usually 4-16 h). After chilling to rt the reaction mixture is poured into water. The precipitated crude product is filtered off, washed with water and dissolved in dichloromethane. The resulting solution is dried over MgSC>4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product is purified by recrystallization from an appropriate solvent (toluene, ethanol, n-hexane) or by flash chromatography. The product is obtained as a solid.

In particular, the donor molecule D-H is a 3,6-substituted carbazole (e.g., 3,6-dimethylcarbazole, 3,6-diphenylcarbazole, 3,6-di-tert-butylcarbazole), a 2,7-substituted carbazole (e.g., 2,7-dimethylcarbazole, 2,7-diphenylcarbazole, 2,7-di-tert-butylcarbazole), a 1 ,8-substituted carbazole (e.g., 1 ,8-dimethylcarbazole, 1 ,8-diphenylcarbazole, 1 ,8-di-tert-butylcarbazole), a 1 -substituted carbazole (e.g., 1 -methylcarbazole, 1 -phenylcarbazole, 1 -tert-butylcarbazole), a 2-substituted carbazole (e.g., 2-methylcarbazole, 2-phenylcarbazole, 2-tert-butylcarbazole), or a 3-substituted carbazole (e.g., 3-methylcarbazole, 3-phenylcarbazole, 3-tert-butylcarbazole).

Exemplarily a halogen-substituted carbazole, particularly 3-bromocarbazole, can be used as D-H.

In a subsequent reaction a boronic acid ester functional group or boronic acid functional group may be exemplarily introduced at the position of the one or more halogen substituents, which was introduced via D-H, to yield the corresponding carbazol-3-ylboronic acid ester or carbazol-3-ylboronic acid, e.g., via the reaction with bis(pinacolato)diboron (CAS No. 73183-34-3). Subsequently, one or more substituents Ra may be introduced in place of the boronic acid ester group or the boronic acid group via a coupling reaction with the corresponding halogenated reactant Ra-Hal, preferably Ra-CI and Ra-Br.

Alternatively, one or more substituents Ra may be introduced at the position of the one or more halogen substituents, which was introduced via D-H, via the reaction with a boronic acid of the substituent Ra [Ra-B(OH)2] or a corresponding boronic acid ester.

HPLC-MS:

HPLC-MS spectroscopy is performed on a HPLC by Agilent (1 100 series) with MS-detector (Thermo LTQ XL). A reverse phase column 4,6mm x 150mm, particle size δ,Ομηη from Waters (without pre-column) is used in the HPLC. The HPLC-MS measurements are performed at room temperature (rt) with the solvents acetonitrile, water and THF in the following concentrations:

From a solution with a concentration of 0.5mg/ml an injection volume of 15 μί is taken for the measurements. The following gradient is used:

Flow rate [ml/min] time [min] A[%] B[%] C[%]

3 0 40 50 10

3 10 15 25 60

3 14 15 25 60

3 14.01 40 50 10

3 18 40 50 10

3 19 40 50 10

lonisation of the probe is performed by APCI (atmospheric pressure chemical ionization).

Cyclic voltammetry

Cyclic voltammograms are measured from solutions having concentration of 10"3 mol/l of the organic molecules in dichloromethane or a suitable solvent and a suitable supporting

electrolyte (e.g. 0.1 mol/l of tetrabutylammonium hexafluorophosphate). The measurements are conducted at room temperature under nitrogen atmosphere with a three-electrode assembly (Working and counter electrodes: Pt wire, reference electrode: Pt wire) and calibrated using FeCp2 FeCp2+ as internal standard. The HOMO data was corrected using ferrocene as internal standard against SCE.

Density functional theory calculation

Molecular structures are optimized employing the BP86 functional and the resolution of identity approach (Rl). Excitation energies are calculated using the (BP86) optimized structures employing Time-Dependent DFT (TD-DFT) methods. Orbital and excited state energies are calculated with the B3LYP functional. Def2-SVP basis sets (and a m4-grid for numerical integration are used. The Turbomole program package is used for all calculations.

Photophysical measurements

Sample pretreatment: Spin-coating

Apparatus: Spin150, SPS euro.

The sample concentration is 10 mg/ml, dissolved in a suitable solvent.

Program: 1 ) 3 s at 400 U/min; 20 s at 1000 U/min at 1000 Upm/s. 3) 10 s at 4000 U/min at

1000 Upm/s. After coating, the films are dried at 70 °C for 1 min.

Photoluminescence spectroscopy and TCSPC (Time-correlated single-photon counting) Steady-state emission spectroscopy is measured by a Horiba Scientific, Modell FluoroMax-4 equipped with a 150 W Xenon-Arc lamp, excitation- and emissions monochromators and a Hamamatsu R928 photomultiplier and a time-correlated single-photon counting option. Emissions and excitation spectra are corrected using standard correction fits.

Excited state lifetimes are determined employing the same system using the TCSPC method with FM-2013 equipment and a Horiba Yvon TCSPC hub.

Excitation sources:

NanoLED 370 (wavelength: 371 nm, puis duration: 1 ,1 ns)

NanoLED 290 (wavelength: 294 nm, puis duration: <1 ns)

SpectraLED 310 (wavelength: 314 nm)

SpectraLED 355 (wavelength: 355 nm).

Data analysis (exponential fit) is done using the software suite DataStation and DAS6 analysis software. The fit is specified using the chi-squared-test.

Photoluminescence quantum yield measurements

For photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) measurements an Absolute PL Quantum Yield Measurement C9920-03G system (Hamamatsu Photonics) is used. Quantum yields and CIE coordinates are determined using the software U6039-05 version 3.6.0.

Emission maxima are given in nm, quantum yields Φ in % and CIE coordinates as x,y values. PLQY is determined using the following protocol:

1 ) Quality assurance: Anthracene in ethanol (known concentration) is used as reference

2) Excitation wavelength: the absorption maximum of the organic molecule is determined and the molecule is excited using this wavelength

3) Measurement

Quantum yields are measured for sample of solutions or films under nitrogen atm


wherein nPhoton denotes the photon count and Int. the intensity.

Production and characterization of organic electroluminescence devices

OLED devices comprising organic molecules according to the invention can be produced via vacuum-deposition methods. If a layer contains more than one compound, the weight-percentage of one or more compounds is given in %. The total weight-percentage values amount to 100 %, thus if a value is not given, the fraction of this compound equals to the difference between the given values and 100%.

The not fully optimized OLEDs are characterized using standard methods and measuring electroluminescence spectra, the external quantum efficiency (in %) in dependency on the intensity, calculated using the light detected by the photodiode, and the current. The OLED device lifetime is extracted from the change of the luminance during operation at constant current density. The LT50 value corresponds to the time, where the measured luminance decreased to 50 % of the initial luminance, analogously LT80 corresponds to the time point, at which the measured luminance decreased to 80 % of the initial luminance, LT 95 to the time point, at which the measured luminance decreased to 95 % of the initial luminance etc.

Accelerated lifetime measurements are performed (e.g. applying increased current densities). Exemplarily LT80 value ing equation:


wherein Lo denotes the initial luminance at the applied current density.

The values correspond to the average of several pixels (typically two to eight), the standard deviation between these pixels is given. Figures show the data series for one OLED pixel.

Example 1 was synthesized according to AAV1 (64% yield) and AAV7 (75% yield).

MS (HPLC-MS), m/z (retention time): 602.41 (7.07 min).

Figure 1 depicts the emission spectrum of example 1 (10% by weight in PMMA). The emission maximum is at 465 nm. The photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) is 82% and the full width at half maximum is 0.44 eV. The resulting CIEX coordinate is determined at 0.16 and the CIEy coordinate at 0.21 .


Example 2 was synthesized according to AAV1 (64% yield) and AAV7 (48% yield).

MS (HPLC-MS), m/z (retention time): 754.29 (8.81 min).

Figure 2 depicts the emission spectrum of example 2 (10% by weight in PMMA). The emission maximum is at 484 nm. The photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) is 79%, the full width at half maximum is 0.45 eV and the emission lifetime is 45.5 s. The resulting CIEX coordinate is determined at 0.21 and the CIEy coordinate at 0.36.

Device D1

Example 2 was tested in an OLED-device D1 with the following layer structure:

For D1 an external quantum efficiency (EQE) at 1000 cd/m2 of 22.6% and a LT80-value at 500 cd/m2 of 432 h from accelerated lifetime measurements were determined. The emission maximum is at 486 nm and CIEy is 0.38 at 7 V.

Additional examples of organic molecules of the invention

61

62

63

64

65

66

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



70

71

72

73

74

75

76

77

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

80

81

82

83

84

85

88



90

91

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93

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95

96

97

98

99

100

101

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104

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106

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108

109

110

111

Figures

Figure 1 Emission spectrum of example 1 (10% by weight) in PMMA. Figure 2 Emission spectrum of example 2 (10% by weight) in PMMA.