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1. (WO2018226254) GASEOUS HYDROGEN STORAGE SYSTEM WITH CRYOGENIC SUPPLY
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Pub. No.: WO/2018/226254 International Application No.: PCT/US2017/066926
Publication Date: 13.12.2018 International Filing Date: 18.12.2017
IPC:
F17C 9/02 (2006.01) ,C01B 3/00 (2006.01) ,F17C 5/06 (2006.01) ,F25J 3/02 (2006.01)
F MECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
17
STORING OR DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
C
VESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
9
Methods or apparatus for discharging liquefied or solidified gases from vessels not under pressure
02
with change of state, e.g. vaporisation
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
01
INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
B
NON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF
3
Hydrogen; Gaseous mixtures containing hydrogen; Separation of hydrogen from mixtures containing it; Purification of hydrogen
F MECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
17
STORING OR DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
C
VESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
5
Methods or apparatus for filling pressure vessels with liquefied, solidified, or compressed gases
06
for filling with compressed gases
F MECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
25
REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION OR SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
J
LIQUEFACTION, SOLIDIFICATION, OR SEPARATION OF GASES OR GASEOUS MIXTURES BY PRESSURE AND COLD TREATMENT
3
Processes or apparatus for separating the constituents of gaseous mixtures involving the use of liquefaction or solidification
02
by rectification, i.e. by continuous interchange of heat and material between a vapour stream and a liquid stream
Applicants:
UT-BATTELLE, LLC [US/US]; One Bethel Valley Road 4500N, MS-6258 Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6258, US
Inventors:
FENG, Zhili; US
WANG, Yanli; US
Agent:
CIARAVINO, Vito A.; US
BURPEE, Charles E.; US
DANI, William P.; US
BONDARENKO, Gregory P.; US
KLEINHEKSEL, Chad E.; US
COLLINS, Catherine S.; US
SHUNTA, Dustin H.; US
DEGRAZIA, Gregory D.; US
DEVRIES, Nathan J.; US
PECK, Randall J.; US
ISTVAN-MITCHELL, Wyatt J.; US
GOSKA, Matthew L.; US
BECKER, Rebecca A.; US
HARRIER, Ian M.; US
Priority Data:
62/515,04405.06.2017US
62/565,58729.09.2017US
Title (EN) GASEOUS HYDROGEN STORAGE SYSTEM WITH CRYOGENIC SUPPLY
(FR) SYSTÈME DE STOCKAGE D'HYDROGÈNE GAZEUX À ALIMENTATION CRYOGÉNIQUE
Abstract:
(EN) A gaseous hydrogen storage and distribution system with a cryogenic supply and a method for the cryogenic conversion of liquid hydrogen into high-pressure gaseous hydrogen are provided. The gaseous hydrogen storage and distribution system includes pressuring liquid hydrogen from a cryogenic tank using a low pressure liquid pump before vaporization within a relatively small vaporizer. The resulting high pressure gaseous hydrogen is transferred to a plurality of storage tanks at ambient temperature according to a desired fill sequence. The high pressure hydrogen gas is subsequently distributed from the storage tanks through a hydrogen fueling dispenser according to a desired dispensing sequence. The present system and method provide improvements in operational safety, eliminates the use of high pressure gas compressor, and minimizes boiling off and ventilation losses at a reduced cost when compared to existing thermal compression storage systems.
(FR) L'invention concerne un système de stockage et de distribution d'hydrogène gazeux avec une alimentation cryogénique et un procédé de conversion cryogénique d'hydrogène liquide en hydrogène gazeux à haute pression. Le système de stockage et de distribution d'hydrogène gazeux comprend la mise sous pression d'hydrogène liquide provenant d'un réservoir cryogénique à l'aide d'une pompe à liquide basse pression avant la vaporisation dans un vaporisateur relativement petit. L'hydrogène gazeux à haute pression résultant est transféré à une pluralité de réservoirs de stockage à température ambiante selon une séquence de remplissage souhaitée. L'hydrogène gazeux à haute pression est ensuite distribué à partir des réservoirs de stockage par l'intermédiaire d'un distributeur de ravitaillement en hydrogène selon une séquence de distribution souhaitée. Le système et le procédé de la présente invention fournissent des améliorations en termes de sécurité de fonctionnement, éliminent l'utilisation d'un compresseur de gaz haute pression et réduisent au minimum les pertes d'évaporation et de ventilation à un coût réduit par rapport aux systèmes de stockage de compression thermique existants.
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Designated States: AE, AG, AL, AM, AO, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BH, BN, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CL, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DJ, DK, DM, DO, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, GT, HN, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IR, IS, JO, JP, KE, KG, KH, KN, KP, KR, KW, KZ, LA, LC, LK, LR, LS, LU, LY, MA, MD, ME, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MY, MZ, NA, NG, NI, NO, NZ, OM, PA, PE, PG, PH, PL, PT, QA, RO, RS, RU, RW, SA, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SM, ST, SV, SY, TH, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, ZA, ZM, ZW
African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) (BW, GH, GM, KE, LR, LS, MW, MZ, NA, RW, SD, SL, ST, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW)
Eurasian Patent Office (AM, AZ, BY, KG, KZ, RU, TJ, TM)
European Patent Office (EPO) (AL, AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LT, LU, LV, MC, MK, MT, NL, NO, PL, PT, RO, RS, SE, SI, SK, SM, TR)
African Intellectual Property Organization (BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, KM, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG)
Publication Language: English (EN)
Filing Language: English (EN)