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1. (WO2018226088) SOLID ACID CATALYST AND SOLID BASE CATALYST FOR BIOFUEL AND METHOD THEREOF
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Pub. No.: WO/2018/226088 International Application No.: PCT/MY2018/050021
Publication Date: 13.12.2018 International Filing Date: 27.04.2018
IPC:
B01J 23/745 (2006.01) ,B01J 21/04 (2006.01) ,B01J 23/04 (2006.01) ,B01J 21/08 (2006.01) ,B01J 37/02 (2006.01) ,B01J 37/08 (2006.01) ,C10G 3/00 (2006.01) ,C10L 1/04 (2006.01)
B PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01
PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
J
CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS, COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
23
Catalysts comprising metals or metal oxides or hydroxides, not provided for in group B01J21/113
70
of the iron group metals or copper
74
Iron group metals
745
Iron
B PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01
PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
J
CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS, COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
21
Catalysts comprising the elements, oxides or hydroxides of magnesium, boron, aluminium, carbon, silicon, titanium, zirconium or hafnium
02
Boron or aluminium; Oxides or hydroxides thereof
04
Alumina
B PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01
PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
J
CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS, COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
23
Catalysts comprising metals or metal oxides or hydroxides, not provided for in group B01J21/113
02
of the alkali- or alkaline earth metals or beryllium
04
Alkali metals
B PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01
PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
J
CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS, COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
21
Catalysts comprising the elements, oxides or hydroxides of magnesium, boron, aluminium, carbon, silicon, titanium, zirconium or hafnium
06
Silicon, titanium, zirconium or hafnium; Oxides or hydroxides thereof
08
Silica
B PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01
PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
J
CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS, COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
37
Processes, in general, for preparing catalysts; Processes, in general, for activation of catalysts
02
Impregnation, coating or precipitation
B PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01
PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
J
CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS, COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
37
Processes, in general, for preparing catalysts; Processes, in general, for activation of catalysts
08
Heat treatment
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10
PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
G
CRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
3
Production of liquid hydrocarbon mixtures from oxygen-containing organic materials, e.g. fatty oils, fatty acids
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10
PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
L
FUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G OR C10K123; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; USE OF ADDITIVES TO FUELS OR FIRES; FIRE-LIGHTERS
1
Liquid carbonaceous fuels
04
essentially based on blends of hydrocarbons
Applicants:
UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA [MY/MY]; Putra Science Park, Universiti Putra Malaysia Serdang, Selangor, 43400, MY
Inventors:
IDRIS, Azni; MY
ALI, Salmiaton; MY
ISHAK, Nor Shafizah; MY
Agent:
AWANG, Muhammad Irfan Mustaqim; MY
Priority Data:
PI 201770207206.06.2017MY
Title (EN) SOLID ACID CATALYST AND SOLID BASE CATALYST FOR BIOFUEL AND METHOD THEREOF
(FR) CATALYSEUR ACIDE SOLIDE ET CATALYSEUR À BASE SOLIDE POUR BIOCARBURANT ET PROCÉDÉ ASSOCIÉ
Abstract:
(EN) The present invention relates to an improved method of producing a sulphated-ferric(III) oxide/alumina oxide solid acid catalyst (20) and a potassium/silica oxide solid base catalyst (30). The method of preparing the sulphated-ferric(III) oxide/alumina oxide solid acid catalyst (20) includes impregnating (26) an ammonium ferum (II) sulphate hexahydrate onto an aqueous alumina oxide. The method of preparing the potassium/silica oxide solid base catalyst (30) includes impregnating (26) a potassium carbonate onto an aqueous silica oxide. The sulphated-ferric(III) oxide/alumina oxide solid acid catalyst and potassium/silica oxide base catalyst solid base catalyst produced by the method of the present invention is reusable for up to 10 times, thus reducing biofuel production cost.
(FR) La présente invention concerne un procédé amélioré de production d'un catalyseur acide solide oxyde d'alumine/oxyde ferrique (III) sulfaté (20) et d'un catalyseur à base solide oxyde de silice/potassium (30). Le procédé de préparation du catalyseur acide solide oxyde d'alumine/oxyde ferrique (III) sulfaté (20) comprend l'imprégnation (26) d'un sulfate d'ammonium ferum (II) hexahydraté sur un oxyde d'alumine aqueux. Le procédé de préparation du catalyseur à base solide oxyde de silice/potassium (30) comprend l'imprégnation (26) d'un carbonate de potassium sur un oxyde de silice aqueux. Le catalyseur acide solide oxyde d'alumine/oxyde ferrique (III) sulfaté et le catalyseur à base solide oxyde de silice/potassium produits par le procédé selon la présente invention sont réutilisables jusqu'à 10 fois, ce qui réduit ainsi le coût de production du biocarburant.
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Designated States: AE, AG, AL, AM, AO, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BH, BN, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CL, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DJ, DK, DM, DO, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, GT, HN, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IR, IS, JO, JP, KE, KG, KH, KN, KP, KR, KW, KZ, LA, LC, LK, LR, LS, LU, LY, MA, MD, ME, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MY, MZ, NA, NG, NI, NO, NZ, OM, PA, PE, PG, PH, PL, PT, QA, RO, RS, RU, RW, SA, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SM, ST, SV, SY, TH, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, ZA, ZM, ZW
African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) (BW, GH, GM, KE, LR, LS, MW, MZ, NA, RW, SD, SL, ST, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW)
Eurasian Patent Office (AM, AZ, BY, KG, KZ, RU, TJ, TM)
European Patent Office (EPO) (AL, AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LT, LU, LV, MC, MK, MT, NL, NO, PL, PT, RO, RS, SE, SI, SK, SM, TR)
African Intellectual Property Organization (BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, KM, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG)
Publication Language: English (EN)
Filing Language: English (EN)