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1. (WO2018222083) METHOD OF GROWING RADIOACTIVE DIAMONDS AND A GROWN RADIOACTIVE DIAMOND
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Pub. No.: WO/2018/222083 International Application No.: PCT/RU2018/000312
Publication Date: 06.12.2018 International Filing Date: 21.05.2018
IPC:
B01J 3/06 (2006.01) ,C30B 29/04 (2006.01) ,C01B 32/26 (2017.01)
B PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01
PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
J
CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS, COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
3
Processes of utilising sub-atmospheric or super-atmospheric pressure to effect chemical or physical change of matter; Apparatus therefor
06
Processes using ultra-high pressure, e.g. for the formation of diamonds; Apparatus therefor, e.g. moulds, dies
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
30
CRYSTAL GROWTH
B
SINGLE-CRYSTAL GROWTH; UNIDIRECTIONAL SOLIDIFICATION OF EUTECTIC MATERIAL OR UNIDIRECTIONAL DEMIXING OF EUTECTOID MATERIAL; REFINING BY ZONE-MELTING OF MATERIAL; PRODUCTION OF A HOMOGENEOUS POLYCRYSTALLINE MATERIAL WITH DEFINED STRUCTURE; SINGLE CRYSTALS OR HOMOGENEOUS POLYCRYSTALLINE MATERIAL WITH DEFINED STRUCTURE; AFTER-TREATMENT OF SINGLE CRYSTALS OR A HOMOGENEOUS POLYCRYSTALLINE MATERIAL WITH DEFINED STRUCTURE; APPARATUS THEREFOR
29
Single crystals or homogeneous polycrystalline material with defined structure characterised by the material or by their shape
02
Elements
04
Diamond
[IPC code unknown for C01B 32/26]
Applicants:
ОБЩЕСТВО С ОГРАНИЧЕННОЙ ОТВЕТСТВЕННОСТЬЮ "СИНТЕЗ" (ООО "СИНТЕЗ") OBSCHESTVO S OGRANICHENNOJ OTVETSTVENNOSTJU "SYNTEZ" (OOO "SYNTEZ") [RU/RU]; 5-ый Верхний пер., 19, оф. 407, Санкт-Петербург, 5-y Verhnij per., 19, of. 407 St.Petersburg, 194292, RU
Inventors:
БУРАКОВ, Борис Евгеньевич BURAKOV, Boris Evgenjevich; RU
БОЧАРОВ, Сергей Николаевич BOCHAROV, Sergey Nicolaevich; RU
ШУЛЕПОВ, Сергей Валентинович SHULEPOV, Sergey Valentinovich; RU
Priority Data:
201711865529.05.2017RU
Title (EN) METHOD OF GROWING RADIOACTIVE DIAMONDS AND A GROWN RADIOACTIVE DIAMOND
(FR) PROCÉDÉ DE PRODUCTION DE DIAMANTS RADIOACTIFS OBTENUS PAR CROISSANCE ET DIAMANT RADIOACTIF AINSI OBTENU
(RU) СПОСОБ ПОЛУЧЕНИЯ ВЫРАЩЕННЫХ РАДИОАКТИВНЫХ АЛМАЗОВ И ВЫРАЩЕННЫЙ РАДИОАКТИВНЫЙ АЛМАЗ
Abstract:
(EN) In a method for obtaining radioactive diamonds containing 14С isotope and exhibiting β-radiation, waste elements from the processing of spent fuel is used. Diamonds are grown from iron carbide formed directly in a growing chamber from barium carbonate which is a product of the processing of spent fuel and in which 14С isotope accounts for 50-70% of the total mass of carbon, and there is no less than a fivefold excess of iron relative to the total mass of barium carbonate.
(FR) Dans ce procédé de production de diamants radioactifs qui comprennent un isotope de 14С, qui émet des rayons β, on utilise des déchets de transformation de combustible nucléaire usagé. La croissance des diamants se fait à partir d'un carbure de fer qui se forme directement dans la chambre de croissance en carbonate de baryum qui constitue un produit de de transformation de combustible nucléaire usagé et contenant dans sa composition de 50 à 70% d'isotope de 14С de la masse globale de carbone et présente un excédent de fer d'au moins 5 à 1 par rapport à la masse globale de carbonate de baryum.
(RU) В способе получения радиоактивных алмазов, включающих изотоп 14С, обладающих β-излучением, используются отходы переработки отработавшего ядерного топлива. Алмазы выращиваются из карбида железа, образующегося непосредственно в ростовой камере из карбоната бария, являющегося продуктом переработки отработавшего ядерного топлива и содержащего в своем составе 50-70% изотопа 14С от общей массы углерода, и не менее чем 5-тикратного по отношению к общей массе карбоната бария избытка железа.
Designated States: AE, AG, AL, AM, AO, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BH, BN, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CL, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DJ, DK, DM, DO, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, GT, HN, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IR, IS, JO, JP, KE, KG, KH, KN, KP, KR, KW, KZ, LA, LC, LK, LR, LS, LU, LY, MA, MD, ME, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MY, MZ, NA, NG, NI, NO, NZ, OM, PA, PE, PG, PH, PL, PT, QA, RO, RS, RU, RW, SA, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SM, ST, SV, SY, TH, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, ZA, ZM, ZW
African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) (BW, GH, GM, KE, LR, LS, MW, MZ, NA, RW, SD, SL, ST, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW)
Eurasian Patent Office (AM, AZ, BY, KG, KZ, RU, TJ, TM)
European Patent Office (EPO) (AL, AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LT, LU, LV, MC, MK, MT, NL, NO, PL, PT, RO, RS, SE, SI, SK, SM, TR)
African Intellectual Property Organization (BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, KM, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG)
Publication Language: Russian (RU)
Filing Language: Russian (RU)