A wireless pulse measurement system based on a single-chip microcomputer comprises a data collection module, a wireless module, a setup module, a voice module and a display module that are all connected to a master control module. By using a low-power single-chip microcomputer, the master control module processes and outputs a signal collected by the collection module and outputs the processed signal, the output comprising displaying on a display and/or voice broadcast and transmission to another device by means of a wireless network. The data collection module detects pulses and transmits the detected data to the master control module. The setup module is used for setting an alarm threshold of the pulses. The voice module plays voice broadcast of a detected pulse value. The display module is used for displaying the pulse value. The wireless pulse measurement system based on a single-chip microcomputer uses a low-power single-chip microcomputer as a core, and a wireless transmission module is added, and accordingly, the wireless pulse measurement system has the advantages of low costs, flexible measurement body positions, a high measurement efficiency, a high measurement accuracy and the like.