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1. (WO2018203352) ATP-DEPENDENT GENERATOR/ACCUMULATOR BASED ON ACTIVE MEMBRANES

Pub. No.:    WO/2018/203352    International Application No.:    PCT/IT2017/000095
Publication Date: Fri Nov 09 00:59:59 CET 2018 International Filing Date: Sat May 06 01:59:59 CEST 2017
IPC: H01M 8/16
H01M 14/00
B01D 69/12
Applicants: SINOPOLI, Paolo
PUGLIESE, Roberto
CIPRIANI, Daniele
Inventors: SINOPOLI, Paolo
PUGLIESE, Roberto
CIPRIANI, Daniele
Title: ATP-DEPENDENT GENERATOR/ACCUMULATOR BASED ON ACTIVE MEMBRANES
Abstract:
ATP-dependent generator/accumulator (based on active membranes) ATP-dependent Generator/Accumulator technology springs from the idea of utilizing differences in potential coming from work going on at the molecular level (generated by proteins of the cell membrane) for the production of electric energy. Cyclic polarization/depolarization is used, coming from a series of membranes, (besides the support of ulterior membranes which have been genetically engineered to carry out functions different from those carried out by the principal membrane). An extremely versatile system is therefore set up which can function both as an accumulator and a generator. It can function as an accumulator because it stores a determined quantity of energy in the form of ATP, and as a generator because it transforms potential energy (the bond energy of the ATP molecule) into electric energy. This new technology, therefore, allows the realization of accumulators that can virtually beat every record of normal recharging times up to 100% capacity. This is carried out by substituting the exhausted ADP-containing solvent which accumulates in the designated tank with a fresh solvent containing ATP; this would allow the realization of accumulators that can be recharged is a very short time, and render them completely independent from the electric grid. As a generator, it produces no toxic or polluting substances, and even the ATP-rich solvent it uses and the ADP-rich by-product it produces are both completely biodegradable. The very technology of this system is indicated where electrical devices need to be miniaturized (and therefore also their accumulators) or where it is necessary that the accumulator assumes a particular form which would otherwise render it impossible to realize. This technology carries no physical or ecological risk in its realization, use or disposal.