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1. (WO2018165160) IMPROVED VARIABLE STROKE CONSTANT COMPRESSION RATIO ENGINE
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WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. A continuously variable displacement engine comprising:

a plurality of pistons (24) received in a cylinder block (14) and connected to a nutator (42);

a crankshaft(lO) carried in a crankcase (16) and having an axis of rotation (11) and

an upper journal (20b) with a first angle relative to the axis and

a lower journal (20a) with a second angle with respect to the axis;

a first slider ball (44b) engaged on the upper journal and a second slider ball (44a) engaged on the lower journal;

a carrier assembly (30) capturing the first and second slider balls and incorporating an actuating cylinder (32);

an actuation piston assembly (34) translatably carried in the actuating cylinder and connected to the crankshaft intermediate the upper journal and lower journal, said actuating piston controllably translating between a first high eccentricity position and second low eccentricity position;

an anti-rotational assembly (82,94) connecting the nutator to the crankcase; and, a balance mechanism (83) adapted to change the amount of counterbalance for the nutator and the axial location of the counterbalance consistent with eccentricity of the nutator.

2. The continuously variable displacement engine as defined in claim 1 wherein the carrier assembly comprises:

a split lower clevis (60) engaging the lower slider ball and a split upper clevis (62) engaging the upper slider ball, said split lower clevis received in a lower termination of the actuating cylinder and the split upper clevis received in an upper termination of the actuating cylinder.

3. The continuously variable displacement engine as defined in claim 2 wherein lower and upper cavities (40a, 40b) are created in the actuating cylinder by the actuation piston assembly and a pivot plate assembly (36) engaged in the actuation piston assembly is integrally connected to the crankshaft thereby providing a double acting hydraulic circuit.

4. The continuously variable displacement engine as defined in claim 3 wherein a reacting assembly (49) engages the pivot plate assembly which has a pivot plate (50) having a shaft (52) received in a boss (54) of the reacting assembly, the reacting assembly secured to the bottom journal and top journal thereby pinning the pivot plate assembly to the crankshaft.

5. The continuously variable displacement engine as defined in claim 4 wherein the pivot plate comprises two overlapping split halves (54a, 54b) each with a shaft support end (53a, 53b) receiving the shaft.

6. The continuously variable displacement engine as defined in claim 5 wherein in the actuation piston assembly further comprises an upper half and a lower half (34a, 34b), said upper and lower half secured to engage the pivot plate and each of the upper and lower half having a cutout (35) to receive the boss of the reacting assembly.

7. The continuously variable displacement engine as defined in claim 1 wherein the nutator comprises:

a frusto-conical upper shell (70) axially received over an upper bearing (42b) on the carrier assembly and engaged in an upper race containment flange (72);

a frusto-conical lower shell (74) axially received over a lower bearing (42a) on the carrier assembly and engaged in a lower race containment flange (76); and,

a skirt (78) radially extending from an interface of the frusto-conical upper shell and frusto-conical lower shell, said skirt supporting rod bearings connected to cylinder rods extending from the pistons.

8. The continuously variable displacement engine as defined in claim 7 wherein the upper bearing is carried on the upper split clevis and the lower bearing is carried on the lower split clevis.

9. The continuously variable displacement engine as defined in claim 7 wherein the anti-rotation assembly comprises:

a stationary gear (94) connected proximate an interface of the cylinder block and crankcase; and,

a plurality of gear balls (82) mounted to a flange (80) extending from the skirt, said gear balls engaging the stationary gear.

10. The continuously variable displacement engine as defined in claim 9 wherein the plurality of gear balls are spherical.

11. The continuously variable displacement engine as defined in claim 9 wherein the gear balls are not aligned with the rod bearings.

12. The continuously variable displacement engine as defined in claim 1 wherein the balance mechanism comprises:

a balance weight (84) having extending arms (88) positioned on opposite sides of the crankshaft;

a wedge (86) placed between the arms and the crankshaft, said wedge effective as a cam to position the weight as the carrier assembly and nutator change postion.

13. The continuously variable displacement engine as defined in claim 12 wherein the wedge is attached to the carrier assembly at an attachment boss (68).

14. The continuously variable displacement engine as defined in claim 13 wherein the wedge is pinched between a balance weight stop roller (89) rotatably engaged in a terminal end of the weight arms and a loading roller (90) rotatably engaged in a receiver on the lower termination of the crankshaft.

15. The continuously variable displacement engine as defined in claim 14 wherein the weight is supported by and shifts position with a linear (92) bearing on the lower termination of the crankshaft, said linear bearing comprising a linear boss (91) extending from each side of the crankshaft perpendicular to a plane of eccentricity of the crankshaft and mating slots (95) on the support arms receiving each linear boss.

16. The continuously variable displacement engine as defined in claim 12 further comprising a fixed counter balance weight (93) extending from the crankshaft.

17. The continuously variable displacement engine as defined in claim 1 wherein the balance mechanism comprises a carrier balance weight (67) integral with the carrier or attached thereto.

18. The continuously variable displacement engine as defined in claim 17 wherein the carrier balance weight is integral with the actuating cylinder.