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1. (WO2018146181) TOOL SET HAVING DEFLECTION COMPENSATION
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CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A method of using a tool and die set (10) in a press, the tool and die set (10) including a die (14) having a die cavity (26) formed therein in which the die cavity (26) extends from a top side (22) to a bottom side (24) of the die (14), at least one lower tool member of a lower tool set (18) received in the die cavity (26) from the bottom side (24) of the die (14), and at least one upper tool member of an upper tool set (16) being receivable in the die cavity (26) from the top side (22) of the die (14), the method comprising:

filling the die cavity (26) with a powder metal (124);

lowering the at least one upper tool member into the die cavity (26) from the top side (22) of the die (14);

compacting the powder metal (124) in the die cavity (26) by application of a compressive load by the upper tool set (16) and the lower tool set (18) by opposing upper and lower faces of the at least one lower tool member and the at least one upper tool member by actuation of the lower tool set (18) and the upper tool set (16) by the press to respective positions in which the die (14) , the at least one lower tool member, and the at least one upper tool member collectively define the geometry of the preform under the compressive load; and

lifting the at least one upper tool member from the die (14), thereby removing the compressive force and relaxing the upper tool set (16) and the lower tool set (18);

wherein at least one of the at least one upper tool member and the at least one lower tool member includes a plurality of tool members in which a first tool member of the plurality of tool members has a first elastic response under the compressive load resulting in a first amount of positional deflection of a first preform-contacting surface of the first tool member and in which a second tool member of the plurality of tool members has a second elastic response under the compressive load resulting in a second amount of positional deflection of a second preform-contacting surface in the second tool member with the first amount of positional deflection being different than the second amount of positional deflection.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein the preform includes a plurality of sections with at least two of the plurality of sections having different heights and the differential

deflections result in partial stripping of at least one of the section from at least one of the tool members.

3. The method of any of the preceding claims, wherein the first amount of positional deflection is greater than the second amount of positional deflection and wherein the first amount of positional deflection is between 0.02mm to 0.2mm different from the second amount of positional deflection.

4. The method of any of the preceding claims, wherein the plurality of tool members further includes a third tool member and the third tool member has a third elastic response under the compressive load resulting in a third amount of positional deflection in the third tool member wherein the third amount of positional deflection is different than the first amount of positional deflection and the second amount of positional deflection .

5. The method of any of the preceding claims, wherein the plurality of tool members further includes a third tool member and the third tool member has a third elastic response under the compressive load resulting in a third amount of positional deflection in the third tool member wherein the third amount of positional deflection is the same as one of the first amount of positional deflection and the second amount of positional deflection .

6. The method of any of the preceding claims, wherein the first tool member and the second tool member are included in the at least one lower tool member.

7. The method of claim 6, wherein the lower tool set (18) includes a first adaptor supporting the first tool member and a second adaptor supporting the second tool member and wherein the first adaptor at least partially accounts for the first amount of positional deflection of the first tool member and the second adaptor at least partially accounts for the second amount of positional deflection of the second tool member.

8. The method of claim 6, wherein, during the step of compacting the powder metal (124), a first upper surface of the first tool member is positioned in the die cavity (26) lower than a second upper surface of the second tool member relative to the top side (22) of the die (14) under the compressive load and wherein, upon release of the compressive load, the first tool member relaxes the first amount of positional deflection and the second tool member relaxes the second amount of positional deflection such that, upon relaxation, the second tool member does not apply a force to the preform.

9. The method of any of the preceding claims, wherein at least two of the tool members in at least one of the at least one upper tool member and the at least one lower tool member have an asymmetrical elastic response to the compressive load.

10. The method of any of the preceding claims, further comprising the step of ejecting the preform from the die cavity (26) by raising the upper surfaces of the at least one lower tool member to be level with the top side (22) of the die (14) .

11. A tool and die set (10) for use in a press for the compaction of a powder metal (124) into a preform, the tool and die set (10) comprising:

a die (14) having a die cavity (26) formed therein, the die cavity (26) extending from a top side (22) to a bottom side (24) of the die (14) ;

a lower tool set (18) comprising at least one lower tool member receivable in the die cavity (26) from the bottom side (24) of the die (14) ;

an upper tool set (16) comprising at least one upper tool member receivable in the die cavity (26) from the top side (22) of the die (14); and

wherein the die (14), the at least one lower tool member, and the at least one upper tool member are receivable in the press and the at least one lower tool member and the at least one upper tool member are each movable to a position in which the die (14) , the at least one lower tool member, and the at least one upper tool member collectively define a geometry of the preform in the die cavity (26) under a compressive load applied by the press;

wherein at least one of the at least one upper tool member and the at least one lower tool member includes a plurality of tool members;

wherein a first tool member of the plurality of tool members having a first elastic response under the compressive load resulting in a first amount of positional deflection of a first preform-contacting surface of the first tool member;

wherein a second tool member of the plurality of tool members having a second elastic response under the compressive load resulting in a second amount of positional deflection of a second preform-contacting surface of the second tool member; and wherein the first amount of positional deflection is different than the second amount of positional deflection.

12. The tool and die set (10) of claim 11, wherein the plurality of tool members further includes a third tool member and the third tool member has a third elastic response under the compressive load resulting in a third amount of positional deflection in the third tool member wherein the third amount of positional deflection is different than the first amount of positional deflection and the second amount of positional deflection .

13. The tool and die set (10) of any of the preceding claims 11 and 12, wherein the plurality of tool members further includes a third tool member and the third tool member has a third elastic response under the compressive load resulting in a third amount of positional deflection in the third tool member wherein the third amount of positional deflection is the same as one of the first amount of positional deflection and the second amount of positional deflection.

14. The tool and die set (10) of any of the preceding claims 11 to 13, wherein the first amount of positional

deflection is greater than the second amount of positional deflection and wherein the first amount of deflection is between 0.02 mm to 0.2 mm different from the second amount of positional deflection .

15. The tool and die set (10) of any of the preceding claims 11 to 14, wherein at least one of the first tool member and the second tool member come in contact with the preform as a result of the difference between the first and the second amounts of positional deflection.

16. The tool and die set (10) of claim 15, wherein the lower tool set includes a first adaptor supporting the first tool member and a second adaptor supporting the second tool member and wherein the first adaptor at least partially accounts for the first amount of positional deflection of the first tool member and the second adaptor at least partially accounts for the second amount of positional deflection of the second tool member.

17. The tool and die set (10) of claim 16, wherein at least one of the first adaptor and the second adaptor is formed by additive manufacturing and/or wherein at least one of the first adaptor and the second adaptor is formed by three-dimensional printing .

18. The tool and die set (10) of claim 15, wherein, during compaction, a first upper surface of the first tool member is positioned in the die cavity (26) lower than a second upper surface of the second tool member relative to the top side of the die (14) under the compressive load and wherein, upon release of the compressive load, the first tool member relaxes the first amount of positional deflection and the second tool member relaxes the second amount of positional deflection such that the second tool member does not apply a force upon relaxation to the preform resulting in cracking.

19. The tool and die set (10) of any of the preceding claims 11 to 18, wherein at least two of the tool members in at least one of the at least one upper tool member and the at least one lower tool member have an asymmetrical elastic response to load .