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1. WO2018141447 - METHOD FOR LOCALISING A MORE HIGHLY AUTOMATED, E.G. HIGHLY AUTOMATED VEHICLE (HAV) IN A DIGITAL LOCALISATION MAP

Publication Number WO/2018/141447
Publication Date 09.08.2018
International Application No. PCT/EP2017/082432
International Filing Date 12.12.2017
IPC
G01C 21/00 2006.1
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
21Navigation; Navigational instruments not provided for in groups G01C1/-G01C19/104
G01C 21/04 2006.1
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
21Navigation; Navigational instruments not provided for in groups G01C1/-G01C19/104
04by terrestrial means
G01C 21/12 2006.1
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
21Navigation; Navigational instruments not provided for in groups G01C1/-G01C19/104
10by using measurement of speed or acceleration
12executed aboard the object being navigated; Dead reckoning
G01C 21/16 2006.1
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
21Navigation; Navigational instruments not provided for in groups G01C1/-G01C19/104
10by using measurement of speed or acceleration
12executed aboard the object being navigated; Dead reckoning
16by integrating acceleration or speed, i.e. inertial navigation
G01C 21/26 2006.1
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
21Navigation; Navigational instruments not provided for in groups G01C1/-G01C19/104
26specially adapted for navigation in a road network
G01C 21/30 2006.1
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
21Navigation; Navigational instruments not provided for in groups G01C1/-G01C19/104
26specially adapted for navigation in a road network
28with correlation of data from several navigational instruments
30Map- or contour-matching
CPC
G01C 21/28
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
21Navigation; Navigational instruments not provided for in groups G01C1/00 - G01C19/00
26specially adapted for navigation in a road network
28with correlation of data from several navigational instruments
G01C 21/30
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
21Navigation; Navigational instruments not provided for in groups G01C1/00 - G01C19/00
26specially adapted for navigation in a road network
28with correlation of data from several navigational instruments
30Map- or contour-matching
G01S 11/12
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
11Systems for determining distance or velocity not using reflection or reradiation
12using electromagnetic waves other than radio waves
G01S 13/06
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
13Systems using the reflection or reradiation of radio waves, e.g. radar systems; Analogous systems using reflection or reradiation of waves whose nature or wavelength is irrelevant or unspecified
02Systems using reflection of radio waves, e.g. primary radar systems; Analogous systems
06Systems determining position data of a target
G05D 1/0274
GPHYSICS
05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
DSYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OR REGULATING NON-ELECTRIC VARIABLES
1Control of position, course or altitude of land, water, air, or space vehicles, e.g. automatic pilot
02Control of position or course in two dimensions
021specially adapted to land vehicles
0268using internal positioning means
0274using mapping information stored in a memory device
G05D 2201/0212
GPHYSICS
05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
DSYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OR REGULATING NON-ELECTRIC VARIABLES
2201Application
02Control of position of land vehicles
0212Driverless passenger transport vehicle
Applicants
  • ROBERT BOSCH GMBH [DE]/[DE]
Inventors
  • MIELENZ, Holger
  • ROHDE, Jan
Priority Data
10 2017 201 663.902.02.2017DE
Publication Language German (de)
Filing Language German (DE)
Designated States
Title
(DE) VERFAHREN ZUR LOKALISIERUNG EINES HÖHER AUTOMATISIERTEN, Z.B. HOCHAUTOMATISIERTEN FAHRZEUGS (HAF) IN EINER DIGITALEN LOKALISIERUNGSKARTE
(EN) METHOD FOR LOCALISING A MORE HIGHLY AUTOMATED, E.G. HIGHLY AUTOMATED VEHICLE (HAV) IN A DIGITAL LOCALISATION MAP
(FR) PROCÉDÉ DE LOCALISATION D’UN VÉHICULE À FORTE AUTOMATISATION, PAR EX. UN VÉHICULE ENTIÈREMENT AUTOMATISÉ (HAF), DANS UNE CARTE DE LOCALISATION NUMÉRIQUE
Abstract
(DE) Die Erfindung betrifft ein Verfahren zur Lokalisierung eines hochautomatisierten Fahrzeugs (HAF) in einer digitalen Lokalisierungskarte, umfassend die Schritte: S1 Erfassen von Merkmalen semistatischer Objekte in einer Umgebung des HAF mittels zumindest eines ersten Sensors; S2 Übermittlung der Merkmale der semistatischen Objekte sowie der Fahrzeugposition an eine Auswerteeinheit; S3 Klassifikation der semistatischen Objekte, wobei den semistatischen Objekten als Ergebnis der Klassifikation das Merkmal „semistatisch" zugeordnet wird; S4 Überführung der Merkmale der semistatischen Objekte in ein lokales Umfeldmodell des HAF, wobei bei der Erstellung des lokalen Umfeldmodells überprüft wird, ob für die Lokalisierung des HAF geeignete Landmarken in Bezug auf die Position und/oder eine Anfahrtrajektorie des HAF durch die semistatischen Objekte verdeckt werden; S5 Übermittlung des lokalen Umfeldmodells an das HAF in Form einer digitalen Lokalisierungskarte, wobei die digitale Lokalisierungskarte nur solche für die Lokalisierung des HAF geeignete Landmarken enthält, die in Bezug auf die Position und/oder eine Anfahrtrajektorie des HAF nicht durch semistatische Objekte verdeckt werden; und S6 Lokalisierung des HAF unter Verwendung der digitalen Lokalisierungskarte. Die Erfindung betrifft ferner einentsprechendes Systemsowie ein Computerprogramm.
(EN) The invention relates to a method for localising a highly automated vehicle (HAV) in a digital localisation map, comprising the steps: S1 sensing features of semi-static objects in an environment of the HAV by means of at least one first sensor; S2 transmitting the features of the semi-static objects and the vehicle position to an evaluation unit; S3 classifying the semi-static objects, the semi-static objects being assigned the feature "semi-static" as the result of the classification; S4 passing the features of the semi-static objects to a local environment model of the HAV, a check being performed during creation of the local environment model as to whether landmarks suitable for localising the HAV are concealed by the semi-static objects in relation to the position and/or an approach trajectory of the HAV; S5 transmitting the local environment map to the HAV in the form of a digital localisation map, the digital localisation map only containing the landmarks suitable for localising the HAV which are not concealed by semi-static objects in relation to the position and/or an approach trajectory of the HAV; and S6 localising the HAV using the digital localisation map. The invention also relates to a corresponding system and to a computer program.
(FR) L’invention concerne un procédé de localisation d’un véhicule entièrement automatisé (HAF), dans une carte de localisation numérique, dont les étapes consistent : (S1) en la détection de caractéristiques d’objets semi-statiques dans un environnement du HAF au moyen d’au moins un premier capteur ; (S2) en la transmission des caractéristiques des objets semi-statiques ainsi que de la position du véhicule à une unité d’évaluation ; (S3) en la classification des objets semi-statiques, la caractéristique « semi-statique » étant associée aux objets semi-statiques en résultat de la classification ; (S4) en le transfert des caractéristiques des objets semi-statiques dans un modèle local d’environnement du HAF, le système vérifiant lors de la création du modèle local d’environnement si des points de repère appropriés pour la localisation du HAF sont dissimulés par les objets semi-statiques par rapport à la position et/ou à une trajectoire d'avancement du HAF ; (S5) en la transmission du modèle local d’environnement au HAF sous la forme d’une carte de localisation numérique, la carte de localisation numérique ne contenant que les points de repère appropriés pour la localisation du HAF qui ne sont pas dissimulés par les objets semi-statiques par rapport à la position et/ou à une trajectoire d'avancement du HAF ; et (S6) en la localisation du HAF au moyen de la carte de localisation numérique. L’invention concerne en outre un système correspondant ainsi qu’un programme informatique.
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