Structure for the ballistic protection of vehicles in general, characterized in that it comprises at least a first textile element and at least an additional element formed of a thermoplastic or thermosetting matrix. The structure forms a ballistic system for light armor plating obtained from at least one textile element and one or more thermoplastic or thermosetting base elements. The first textile element includes textile fibers. The second element can include thermoplastic matrices, thermosetting matrices, matrices based on rubber, elastomeric polymers and thermoplastic films of various kinds, the purpose of which consists in providing mechanical properties such that the use of the element can be extended to the field of armor plating while maintaining a high degree of flexibility. The aforesaid elements together contribute to define an efficient ballistic solution while maintaining a relatively low areal density.