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1. (WO2018126118) SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING THE APPLICATION OF ENERGY TO A CONSTRUCTION COMPONENT
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CLAIMS

1. A system for controlling the response to the application of energy to a construction component, the system comprising:

a plurality of particles distributed within or applied to the construction component, the plurality of particles programmable to detect and react to applied energy patterns;

an algorithm to determine the controlled response of the plurality of programmable particles to selectively alter attributes of the construction component to effect the behavior of the component; and

a transducer to convert a portion of the energy applied to the construction component into an alternative form of energy, wherein the transduced energy powers the controlled response under the direction of the algorithm.

2. The system of claim 1, wherein the particle comprises a micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS).

3. The system of claim 2, wherein the MEMS is selected from a group consisting of an accelerometer, a pressure sensor, a gyroscope, a high aspect ratio electrostatic resonator, a thermal actuator, a magnetic actuator and a comb drive.

4. The system of claim 1, wherein the plurality of particles comprise a nanomaterial.

5. The system of claim 4, wherein the nanomaterial comprises a nanoantenna.

6. The system of claim 1, wherein the transducer is selected from the group consisting of an antenna, hall effect sensor, accelerometer, microelectromechanical system, potentiometer, pressure sensor, string potentiometer, tactile sensor, microphone, tactile transducer, piezoelectric crystal, resistance temperature detectors, thermocouples and thermistors.

7. The system of claim 1, wherein the construction component is selected from the group

consisting of drywall, insulation, roofing materials, foam sheathing, plywood, framing, window and door components, concrete, masonry, thermal and moisture protection, openings, finishes, plumbing, heating, ventilating and air conditioning electrical, textiles, fabrics and

communications components.

8. A system for controlling the response to the application of energy to a construction component, the system comprising:

at least one particle distributed within or applied to the construction component, the at least one particle programmable to detect and react to applied energy patterns;

an algorithm to determine the controlled response of the at least one programmable particle to selectively alter attributes of the construction component to effect the behavior of the component; and

the at least one particle converts a portion of the energy applied to the construction component into an alternative form of energy, wherein the converted energy is harvested for utilization elsewhere.

9. The system of claim 8, wherein the controlled response is a physical displacement of the at least one particle at controlled time intervals, the physical displacement causing an opposing force having a spread spectrum inverse waveform from the disruption.

10. The system of claim 8, wherein the controlled response is a change in the orientation of the at least one particle.

11. The system of claim 8, wherein the construction component is selected from the group consisting of drywall, insulation, roofing materials, foam sheathing, plywood, framing, window and door components, concrete, masonry, thermal and moisture protection, openings, finishes, plumbing, heating, ventilating and air conditioning electrical and communications.

12. A system for dissipating energy propagating through a construction component, the system comprising:

a plurality of particles dispersed throughout the construction component, the particles being configured to provide a controlled response to the energy propagation; wherein, in a use configuration, the energy received by the construction component

causes the particles to oscillate between a first and second positions, the oscillation causing an opposing force on the construction component which is less than the disruption received by the construction component, the opposing force acting to reduce the effects of the energy propagation.

13. The energy dissipation system of claim 12, wherein the disruption is at least one of a sound wave, an electromagnetic wave, seismic waves, a change in temperature, a change in pressure, and a physical force.

14. The energy dissipation system of claim 12, wherein the particle is one of a three-dimensional structure having a plurality of members extending radially therefrom, a spheroid, and a nanotube.

15. The energy dissipation system of claim 12, wherein the first position is an expanded state and the second position is a compressed state.

16. The energy dissipation system of claim 12, further comprising a sensor for measuring an amplitude and frequency spectrum of the disruption and a force field generating device; wherein, in the use configuration:

the sensor determines the amplitude and frequency spectrum of the disruption received by the structure; and

the applied force field is dependent on the amplitude and frequency spectrum of the

disruption.

17. A construction component for detecting the application of energy to the component, the component comprising:

a plurality of particles distributed throughout the component, each particle being

configured to sense component state information; and

at least one processor configured to receive sensing information from the plurality of particle sensors; wherein

the at least one processor is configured to receive component state information and to algorithmically process the information to determine a response to selectively alter attributes of the construction component to effect the behavior of the component; and

the plurality of particles capable of converting a portion of the energy applied to the construction component into an alternative form of energy, wherein the converted energy is harvested for utilization elsewhere.

18. The system of claim 17, wherein the particle comprises a micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS).

19. The system of claim 18, wherein the MEMS is selected from a group consisting of an accelerometer, a pressure sensor, a gyroscope, a high aspect ratio electrostatic resonator, a thermal actuator, a magnetic actuator and a comb drive.

20. The system of claim 17, wherein the plurality of particles comprise a nanomaterial.

21. The system of claim 20, wherein the nanomaterial comprises a nanoantenna.

22 The system of claim 1, wherein the construction component is selected from the group consisting of drywall, insulation, roofing materials, foam sheathing, plywood, framing, window and door components, concrete, masonry, thermal and moisture protection, openings, finishes, plumbing, heating, ventilating and air conditioning electrical, textiles, fabrics and

communications components.