A vertical shaft wind power generator driving device for a self-adaptive variable-propeller, and a wind power generator. The wind power generator driving device comprises a tower frame (8). A wind wheel and a motor are mounted on the top of the tower frame. The wind wheel comprises a plurality of blades (3), and a self-adaptive variable propeller device (6) is mounted on each blade. The self-adaptive variable propeller device is mounted on a rotor (7) of the motor. An air gathering and flow guide cover (5) is also mounted on the tower frame. The air gathering and flow guide cover is located below the wind wheel, and the air gathering and flow guide cover is used for gathering wind energy in all directions and vertically blowing the wind energy to the wind wheel, so that the wind wheel drives, under the action of a wind speed, the rotor of the motor to rotate to generate electric energy.