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|1. (WO2018107140) NONLINEAR ACOUSTIC RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY (NARS) FOR DETERMINING PHYSICAL CONDITIONS OF BATTERIES|
|Inventors:||HSIEH, Andrew Gaheem
VAN TASSELL, Barry James
MOHR, Robert Charles
|Title:||NONLINEAR ACOUSTIC RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY (NARS) FOR DETERMINING PHYSICAL CONDITIONS OF BATTERIES|
Systems and methods of determining physical conditions of a battery, such as state of charge (SOC), state of health (SOH), quality of construction, defect, or failure state include driving two or more acoustic signals of two or more amplitudes, each acoustic signal having two or more frequencies, into the battery and detecting vibrations generated in the battery based on the two or more acoustic signals. Nonlinear response characteristics of the battery for the two or more acoustic signals are determined from the detected vibrations. The physical conditions of the battery are determined based at least in part on the nonlinear response characteristics, using nonlinear acoustic resonance spectroscopy (NARS) or nonlinear resonant ultrasound spectroscopy (NRUS).