A bulk acoustic wave sensor includes a delay layer. The sensor includes an acoustic mirror and a base resonator. The base resonator includes a piezoelectric layer and two electrodes. One or more delay layers are disposed adjacent to the base resonator. A delay layer may be disposed between the base resonator and the acoustic mirror, a delay layer may be disposed on the base resonator opposite to the acoustic mirror, or both. Each delay section is formed of high quality-factor material. The sensor may define a resonant frequency, and the thickness of each delay section may be an integer multiple of half- wavelengths of the resonant frequency.