Quantum neural nets, which utilize quantum effects to model complex data sets, represent a major focus of quantum machine learning and quantum computing in general. In this application, example methods of training a quantum Boltzmann machine are described. Also, examples for using quantum Boltzmann machines to enable a form of quantum state tomography that provides both a description and a generative model for the input quantum state are described. Classical Boltzmann machines are incapable of this. Finally, small non-stoquastic quantum Boltzmann machines are compared to traditional Boltzmann machines for generative tasks, and evidence presented that quantum models outperform their classical counterparts for classical data sets.