Systems and methods are proposed herein for coded block flag (CBF) signaling. In some embodiments, a hierarchical signaling method is used to signal the CBFs of chroma components for the quad-tree plus binary tree (QTBT) structure. A CBF flag may be signaled at each QTBT node level for each chroma component, indicating whether any descendent QTBT leaf node under the current level is associated with a non-zero coefficient. In some embodiments, for inter-coded pictures, a flag at the QTBT root node may indicate whether there are non-zero transform coefficients in the descendent leaf nodes that originate from the current root node. When the flag is equal to 1, the coefficients of the descendent leaf nodes under the current node may be signaled; otherwise, no further residual information is transmitted and all the transform coefficients are inferred to be 0.