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1. (WO2018044401) GLOBAL WARMING SOLUTION
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Claims:

I claim:

1. A marine solar energy farm for installation at sea comprising:

a plurality of floating structures such as but not limited to floating platforms, pontoons, rafts, vessels and other containers, float rings and buoys that have means comprising one or more of the following:

a. to collect solar energy;

b. to collect wind energy;

c. to collect rainwater and other forms of freshwater precipitation;

d. to store water;

e. to grow biomass; and

f. to grow marine and agricultural products;

conglomerating means to secure said floating structures whereby the position of the whole conglomerate can be controlled; and

propulsion means attached to said conglomerating means to control said marine solar energy farm in a predetermined location at sea.

2. The marine solar energy farm of Claim 1 wherein said conglomerating means

consist of an extensive underlying flexible frame comprising several layers of reinforcing network of flexible ties such as ropes, cables, wires, chains and nets of differing load capacities for each of said layers of reinforcing network so as to comprise an hierarchy of layers of reinforcing network graduated by levels of strength so that the layer of reinforcing network of the highest level of strength secures in position the layer of reinforcing network of the next lower level of strength, which in turn secures next layers of reinforcing network of progressively lower levels of strength till the layer of reinforcing network of the lowest level of strength is secured;

whereby said extensive underlying flexible frame is installed in the upper surface layer of the sea underlying said floating structures;

whereby said floating structures are attached with flexible ties to one or more said layers of reinforcing network; and

thereby enabling said floating structures to be secured into a conglomerate.

3. A marine solar energy integrated complex comprising the marine solar energy farm of Claim 1, and auxiliary vessels comprising barges, storage tankers, process vessels and other special function vessels;

whereby said auxiliary vessels are connected with means such as but not limited to electrical cables, communication systems, hydraulic and pneumatic pipes and tubes for transferring substances and products to one another of said auxiliary vessels and to said marine solar energy farm; and

whereby said auxiliary vessels provide integrated functions comprising one or more of the following:

1. to process and store products of said marine solar energy farm, and to

transfer processed products to visiting transport vessels for delivery to other global destinations;

2. to process electrical energy to produce chemicals such as hydrogen,

ammonia, ammonium compounds, sodium compounds, hydroxides of ammonia and sodium, chlorine, nitrates, fertilizers and other nitrogen compounds, carbon dioxide, methane and other organic compounds; 3. to cultivate and process biomass to produce biofuels, foods, pharmaceuticals, phytochemicals and plant fertilizers;

4. to process freshwater to produce potable water and other qualities of

freshwater suitable for industrial and agricultural uses;

5. to house, accommodate and provide support services for personnel of said marine solar energy farm;

6. to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere by drawing air into scrubbing tanks and mixing with scrubbing chemicals such as sodium hydroxide;

7. to input sodium bicarbonate solution into the upper layers of the ocean to enhance ocean alkalinity;

8. to enhance the diffusion of air through the air water interface of the oceans by injecting air bubbles into the upper surface layer of the oceans.

4. The marine solar energy farm of Claim 1 wherein said float ring is attached to a flexible collection bag made of water impermeable material to form a floating catchment module;

whereby the mouth opening of said flexible collection bag is kept open facing upwards by said float ring; and

whereby rainwater and other forms of freshwater precipitation may fall into said flexible collection bag and stored therein.

5. The marine solar energy farm of Claim 4 wherein said floating catchment module further comprises:

a. a flexible cover attached to said float ring and made of water-impermeable material;

b. a dam attached to said float ring and surrounds said flexible cover;

c. outlet holes controlled by valves installed through said dam;

d. freshwater detection means installed at base of said dam to automatically detect the presence of freshwater precipitation;

e. means to maintain said cover in an upward facing convex shape;

f. means to channel freshwater into said floating catchment module when

freshwater precipitation is detected within said dam, and to discharge saltwater into the sea when no freshwater is detected within said dam;

whereby freshwater precipitation is automatically collected into said floating catchment module.

6. The marine solar energy farm of Claim 4 wherein said floating catchment module further comprises:

a. an upward facing convex shaped thin film semi-rigid cover made of water- impermeable material and attached to said float ring;

b. a dam attached to said float ring and surrounds said semi-rigid cover;

c. outlet holes controlled by valves installed through the dam;

d. freshwater detection means installed at base of said dam to automatically detect the presence of freshwater precipitation;

e. means to channel freshwater into said floating catchment module when

freshwater precipitation is detected within said dam, and to discharge saltwater into the sea when no freshwater is detected within said dam;

whereby freshwater precipitation is automatically collected into said floating catchment module.

7. The marine solar energy farm of Claim 4 wherein said floating catchment module further comprises:

a. a flexible funneling cover made of water-impermeable material with one or more funneling holes that allow rainwater that falls onto said cover to funnel through said funneling holes into said flexible collection bag;

b. freshwater detection means to automatically detect the presence of

freshwater precipitation onto said funneling cover;

c. means to control shape of said funneling cover from an upward facing convex shape when no freshwater precipitation is detected, to an upward facing concave shape when freshwater precipitation is detected;

whereby freshwater precipitation is automatically collected into said floating catchment module.

8. The marine solar energy farm of Claim 1 wherein said floating structures enable reflection of solar radiant energy back towards the sky thereby increasing the albedo at the oceans; whereby the degree of such reflective effect achieved by selection of materials of said floating structures and coatings thereon, and the proportion of the total number of said floating structures so enabled.

9. The marine solar energy farm of Claim 1 wherein said floating structures collect and convert solar energy into electrical energy by means of lightweight thin film solar cell panels incorporated onto the top surface of said floating structures.

10. The marine solar energy farm of Claim 1 wherein said floating structures support wind turbines to convert wind energy to electrical energy.

11. A scrubber to remove carbon dioxide from ambient air comprising:

a. a wind tunnel open at both ends situated on the deck of a floating vessel such as a ship;

b. means to spray a scrubbing chemical solution such as sodium hydroxide that reacts with carbon dioxide within said wind tunnel;

whereby said floating vessel maneuvers in the direction such that sea surface winds blow into one end of said wind tunnel to encounter said spray of scrubbing chemical solution thereby removing carbon dioxide from ambient air before exiting at the other end.

12. A method to sequester carbon dioxide and simultaneously reduce ocean

acidification by:

a. providing a scrubbing system that uses an alkaline scrubbing chemical that reacts with carbon dioxide;

b. passing a gas that contains carbon dioxide into said scrubbing system such that said carbon dioxide may react with said alkaline scrubbing chemical to form an alkaline carbonate or bicarbonate compound;

c. inputting said alkaline carbonate or bicarbonate compound into the sea.

13. A method to solve the problem of global warming by convincing governments,

corporations and citizen groups to implement a marine solar energy farm by gaining the wide support of concerned persons through informing them on the urgent issue of global warming and the resultant climate change and globally devastating effects in such a way that said concerned persons understand climate change is real and imminent, and avoidance of devastating effects is yet possible in that at least a technical solution is available to mitigate global warming, comprising:

a. providing a detailed description of said marine solar energy farm that is

capable of producing alternative supplies of renewable energy that does not contribute to further global warming, and may be integrated with auxiliary vessels with means to mitigate global warming and ocean acidification;

b. providing wide dissemination of details of said technical solution as described in this patent specification and published by government patent offices worldwide and made freely available for study by said concerned persons through the Internet; and

c. providing wide dissemination of references to information from published literature, by inclusion in this patent specification, that informs said concerned persons the overwhelming majority of the scientific community believe beyond reasonable doubt global warming is caused by emissions of anthropogenic carbon dioxide, and predicts the extent of global warming should said emissions continue unabated, and that the consequential outcome being imminent climate change with globally devastating effects is highly probable.

14. The method to solve the problem of global warming of Claim 13 wherein said

published literature further includes scriptural literature and messages from spiritual leaders comprising:

a. references to verses from the books of Daniel, Isaiah and Jonah as included in the Holy Bible;

b. references to verses from the gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke as included in the Holy Bible;

c. references to verses from the book of Revelations as included in the Holy Bible;

d. reference to the Parliamentary Earth Summit (UNCED) address 1992 by His Holiness the Dalai Lama;

e. reference to publication from the International Islamic Climate Change

Symposium (2015);

f. reference to the Rabbinical Letter on the Climate Crisis (October 29, 2015); g. reference to Encyclical Letter‘Laudato Si’ of His Holiness Pope Francis;

whereby said concerned persons who have a preferential appeal for the wisdom and knowledge as found in the Holy Bible and messages from spiritual leaders may understand and accept said urgent issue.

15. A method to solve the problem of global warming and ocean acidification,

comprising:

a. providing first means to produce alternative supplies of renewable energy that does not substantially increase emissions of anthropogenic carbon dioxide; b. providing second means to reduce the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide;

c. providing third means to input alkaline solutions into the oceans to enhance ocean alkalinity;

d. providing fourth means that informs concerned persons the overwhelming majority of the scientific community believe beyond reasonable doubt global warming is caused by emissions of anthropogenic carbon dioxide, and predicts the extent of global warming should said emissions continue unabated, and that the consequential outcome being imminent climate change with globally devastating effects is highly probable thereby gaining the support of said concerned persons to participate in the implementation of said first means, said second means and said third means to solve the problem of global warming and ocean acidification; and

e. providing fifth means that informs said concerned persons who have a

preferential appeal for the wisdom and knowledge as found in scriptural and religious literature that said globally devastating effects are forewarned in such literature, and the teachings and warnings from current spiritual and political leaders, thereby enabling said concerned persons to understand the urgency to solve the problem of global warming and ocean acidification.