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1. (WO2018037116) TREATMENT OF WASTEWATER
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CLAIMS

1. A method of treating wastewater in a wastewater system; the wastewater system comprising a treatment plant comprising a treatment space and a sewer system comprising a sewer space, the treatment plant further comprising a treatment inlet for supplying wastewater to the treatment system from the sewer system; the method comprising the step of:

- providing a treatment parameter being significant for purification of wastewater in the treatment plant,

- determining an actual spare plant capacity indicating an amount of wastewater which can be supplied to the treatment space,

- determining an actual spare wastewater storage volume indicating an amount of wastewater which can be retained in the sewer space, and

- varying the amount of wastewater supplied through the treatment inlet to the treatment plant based on the treatment parameter, the actual spare plant capacity, and the actual spare wastewater storage volume.

2. A method according to claim 1, wherein the purification of the wastewater comprises at least one of biological and chemical removal of nutrients.

3. A method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the treatment parameter is selected from a group consisting of: Total-N, NH4-N, NH4-N + N03-N, N20, Total-P, P04-P, COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand), BOD (Biochemical Oxygen Demand), TOC (Total Organic Carbon), TSS (Total Suspended Solids), MLSS (Mixed Liquor Suspended sludge) DO (Dissolved Oxygen), turbidity, OUR (Oxygen Uptake Rate), sludge blanket, settling properties, such as SVI (Sludge Volume Index), sludge composition, e.g. based on DNA sequencing analysis technology, and combinations thereof.

4. A method according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the step of varying the amount of wastewater supplied is carried out in rainy weather, further comprising a step of continuing the step of varying the amount of wastewater supplied until dry weather occurs, and continuing varying the amount of wastewater supplied during dry weather.

5. A method according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the step of varying the amount of wastewater supplied through the inlet is further based on energy consumption in the wastewater system.

6. A method according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the step of varying the amount of wastewater supplied through the inlet is further based on variable costs of energy consumption.

7. A method according to any of the preceding claims, further comprising a step of monitoring effluent quality of the wastewater after treatment in the treatment plant, and wherein the step of varying the amount of wastewater supplied through the inlet is further based on the effluent quality.

8. A method according to claim 7, further comprising a step of determining a risk of exceeding an effluent threshold value, and wherein the step of varying the amount of wastewater supplied through the inlet is further based on the determined risk.

9. A method according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the treatment plant comprises a digester, and wherein the step of varying the amount of wastewater supplied through the inlet is further based on an amount of biogas produced in the digester.

10. A method according to any of the preceding claims, further comprising a step of dosing an amount of at least one substance to the treatment plant, and a step of determining the amount, wherein the step of varying the amount of wastewater supplied through the inlet is further based on the determined amount of the at least one substance.

11. A method according to claim 10, wherein the substance is selected from a group consisting of: precipitation chemical, iron, aluminium, external carbon, polymer, nutrients, base, acid, and combinations thereof.

12. A method according to any of the preceding claims, further comprising a step of determining a risk of overflow in the wastewater system, and wherein the step of varying the amount of wastewater supplied through the inlet is further based on the determined risk.

13. A method according to any of the preceding claims, further comprising a step of mathematically modelling at least one of treatment parameter, actual spare plant capacity, and actual spare wastewater storage volume by use of a mathematical model, and wherein the step of varying the amount of wastewater supplied through the inlet is further based on the mathematical modelling.

14. A method according to claim 13, wherein the step of mathematically modelling the treatment parameter includes online measurements of the treatment parameter.

15. A method according to claim 13 or 14, wherein the step of mathematically modelling comprises a step of calibrating the mathematical model based on online measurements of the treatment parameter.

16. A method according to any of the preceding claims, wherein at least one of the steps of providing a treatment parameter, determining the actual spare plant volume and determining the actual spare sewer volume is based on forecast information.

17. A method according to claim 16, wherein the forecast information is based on information from a group consisting of: information from one or more rain gauges, weather radar, weather forecasts, temperature, satellite data, one or more flow measurements in the sewer system, one or more signals from one or more pumping stations arranged in the sewer system, and combinations thereof.

18. A wastewater treatment system forming a treatment space connected to a sewer space for receiving wastewater from the sewer space and including a control structure for controlling fluid flow of the wastewater from the sewer space to the treatment space, the system comprising:

- a parameter structure configured to provide a treatment parameter significant for purification of the wastewater in the treatment space,

- a capacity structure configured to determine an actual spare plant capacity indicating an amount of wastewater which can be supplied to the treatment space,

- a volume structure configured to determine an actual spare wastewater storage volume indicating an amount of wastewater which can be retained in the sewer space,

wherein

the control structure is configured to varying the flow of the wastewater from the sewer space to the treatment space based on the treatment parameter, the actual spare plant volume, and the actual spare sewer volume.

19. A wastewater treatment system according to claim 18, wherein the parameter structure configured to provide a treatment parameter significant for purification of the wastewater in the treatment space comprises one or more measuring devices configured to measure the treatment parameter.

20. A wastewater treatment system according to claim 19, wherein the parameter structure further comprises a parameter processor configured to mathematically model at least one treatment parameter.

21. A wastewater treatment system according to any of claims 18-20, wherein the capacity structure configured to determine an actual spare plant capacity comprises a plant processor configured to determine the actual spare plant capacity based on registration and/or calculation of information obtained from the treatment space.

22. A wastewater treatment system according to any of claims 18-21, wherein the volume structure configured to determine an actual spare wastewater storage volume comprises a storage processor configured to determine the actual spare wastewater storage volume based on registration and/or calculation of information obtained from the sewer space.