The present invention belongs to the field of household appliances. Provided are a data collection method for box-opening monitoring technology, and a postbox. The method comprises: recording a postbox information receiving port and a postbox opening instruction; determining whether the information receiving port has received the opening instruction; if not, remaining in an original state; if so, turning on a camera outside a postbox, recording video information, and opening the postbox at the same time; determining whether the postbox is closed; if not, remaining in an original state; if so, turning off the camera, holding the video information to a pre-set storage position, and sending technical usage data to a data collection end pre-set by a manufacturer. According to the present invention, a user can not only remotely open the postbox, but also can monitor the delivery process of an express parcel, thereby realizing the reception of the express parcel when nobody is at home, and also ensuring the security of the express parcel. Furthermore, it is also convenient for a manufacturer to collect the usage condition of the relevant technology in a timely and effective manner.