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1. (WO2018009808) SUPERCRITICAL WATER SEPARATION PROCESS
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Pub. No.: WO/2018/009808 International Application No.: PCT/US2017/041116
Publication Date: 11.01.2018 International Filing Date: 07.07.2017
IPC:
C10G 49/18 (2006.01) ,C10G 47/32 (2006.01) ,C10L 9/08 (2006.01)
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10
PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
G
CRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
49
Treatment of hydrocarbon oils, in the presence of hydrogen or hydrogen-generating compounds, not provided for in a single one of groups C10G45/02, C10G45/32, C10G45/44, C10G45/58, or C10G47/287
18
in the presence of hydrogen-generating compounds, e.g. ammonia, water, hydrogen sulfide
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10
PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
G
CRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
47
Cracking of hydrocarbon oils, in the presence of hydrogen or hydrogen-generating compounds, to obtain lower boiling fractions
32
in the presence of hydrogen-generating compounds
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10
PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
L
FUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G OR C10K123; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; USE OF ADDITIVES TO FUELS OR FIRES; FIRE-LIGHTERS
9
Treating solid fuels to improve their combustion
08
by heat treatment, e.g. calcining
Applicants:
APPLIED RESEARCH ASSOCIATES, INC. [US/US]; 4300 San Mateo Boulevard, N.E., Suite A-220 Albuquerque, New Mexico 87110, US
Inventors:
COPPOLA, Edward, N.; US
RED, Charles, Jr.; US
NANA, Sanjay; US
PELT, Kenneth, D.; US
WAHLGREN, Jocelyn, Marie; US
Agent:
MEDER, Julie, W.; US
YODER, Michele, K.; US
FORTNEY, Lester, N.; US
GRESE, Michael, J.; US
Priority Data:
62/359,89608.07.2016US
Title (EN) SUPERCRITICAL WATER SEPARATION PROCESS
(FR) PROCÉDÉ DE SÉPARATION UTILISANT DE L'EAU SUPERCRITIQUE
Abstract:
(EN) A supercritical water separation process and system is disclosed for the removal of metals, minerals, particulate, asphaltenes, and resins from a contaminated organic material. The present invention takes advantage of the physical and chemical properties of supercritical water to effect the desired separation of contaminants from organic materials and permit scale-up. At a temperature and pressure above the critical point of water (374°C, 22.1 MPa), nonpolar organic compounds become miscible in supercritical water (SCW) and polar compounds and asphaltenes become immiscible. The process and system disclosed continuously separates immiscible contaminants and solids from the supercritical water and clean oil product solution. The present invention creates a density gradient that enables over 95% recovery of clean oil and over 99% reduction of contaminants such as asphaltenes and particulate matter depending on the properties of the contaminated organic material.
(FR) L'invention concerne un procédé et un système de séparation utilisant de l'eau supercritique pour éliminer des métaux, des minéraux, des particules, des asphaltènes et des résines d'un matériau organique contaminé. La présente invention tire profit des propriétés physiques et chimiques de l'eau supercritique pour effectuer la séparation désirée des contaminants des matières organiques, et permettre une extension à plus grande échelle. À une température et une pression supérieures au point critique de l'eau (374 °C, 22,1 MPa), les composés organiques non polaires deviennent miscibles à l'eau supercritique (SCW, Supercritical Water) et les composés polaires et les asphaltènes deviennent non miscibles. Le procédé et le système décrits permettent de séparer en continu des contaminants et des solides non miscibles de l'eau supercritique et de la solution de produit d'huile propre. La présente invention crée un gradient de densité qui permet une récupération de l'huile propre supérieure à 95 % et une réduction de 99 % des contaminants tels que des asphaltènes et des matières particulaires, en fonction des propriétés du matériau organique contaminé.
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Designated States: AE, AG, AL, AM, AO, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BH, BN, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CL, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DJ, DK, DM, DO, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, GT, HN, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IR, IS, JO, JP, KE, KG, KH, KN, KP, KR, KW, KZ, LA, LC, LK, LR, LS, LU, LY, MA, MD, ME, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MY, MZ, NA, NG, NI, NO, NZ, OM, PA, PE, PG, PH, PL, PT, QA, RO, RS, RU, RW, SA, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SM, ST, SV, SY, TH, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, ZA, ZM, ZW
African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) (BW, GH, GM, KE, LR, LS, MW, MZ, NA, RW, SD, SL, ST, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW)
Eurasian Patent Office (AM, AZ, BY, KG, KZ, RU, TJ, TM)
European Patent Office (EPO) (AL, AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LT, LU, LV, MC, MK, MT, NL, NO, PL, PT, RO, RS, SE, SI, SK, SM, TR)
African Intellectual Property Organization (BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, KM, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG)
Publication Language: English (EN)
Filing Language: English (EN)