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1. (WO2017192821) METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR EFFICIENT USE OF CNC MACHINE SHAPING TOOL INCLUDING CESSATION OF USE NO LATER THAN THE ONSET OF TOOL DETERIORATION BY MONITORING AUDIBLE SOUND DURING SHAPING

Pub. No.:    WO/2017/192821    International Application No.:    PCT/US2017/031011
Publication Date: Fri Nov 10 00:59:59 CET 2017 International Filing Date: Fri May 05 01:59:59 CEST 2017
IPC: B23Q 17/09
G05B 19/4065
Applicants: MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Inventors: JEONG, Hyunsoo
Title: METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR EFFICIENT USE OF CNC MACHINE SHAPING TOOL INCLUDING CESSATION OF USE NO LATER THAN THE ONSET OF TOOL DETERIORATION BY MONITORING AUDIBLE SOUND DURING SHAPING
Abstract:
A CNC machine shaping tool is efficiently used by monitoring human audible sound during shaping. A sound information set is created for a tool shaping a workpiece. Shaping sounds are recorded and sliced into short term units. A human operator assigns tool condition labels to each slice. Short term units are combined into mid term units. Noise is reduced by profiling. Mid term sound related features of time and frequency domains are extracted. Dimensionality is reduced by robust principal component analysis. The principal component set is balanced, e.g. by SMOTE. A classifier and principal components are selected. An information set of patterns of values of selected principal components for the tool is created. In an industrial setting, shaping sounds are recorded, noise reduced and select principal component vector values are compared to the tool condition labeled patterns of values in the information set to identify tool condition before deterioration.