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1. WO2017180122 - OPTICAL RECEIVERS

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[ EN ]

CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1 . An optical receiver, comprising:

an optical receiver front-end comprising a transimpedance amplifier to convert a photodiode output signal to a voltage signal;

four slicers including three data slicers and one edge slicer, where each of the slicers is to:

shift the voltage signal based on an offset voltage set for the respective slicer,

determine whether the shifted voltage signal is greater than a threshold value and generate a number of comparison signals based on the determining, and

generate N digital signals by demuxing the comparison signals, where N > 1 ; and

a logic block that is to perform PAM-4 to binary decoding based on the 3N digital signals output by the data slicers and sense edge transitions for a clock-and-data-recovery process based on the N digital signals output by the edge slicer.

2. The optical receiver of claim 1 ,

wherein each of the slicers includes:

a voltage shifting amplifier to shift the voltage signal based on the offset voltage set for the respective slicer, and

a number of comparators to determine whether the shifted voltage signal is greater than the threshold, and

the comparators of the edge slicer use clock signals that are phase shifted relative to corresponding clock signals used by the comparators of each of the data slicers.

3. The optical receiver of claim 2,

wherein each of the slicers includes two of the comparators,

the two comparators of each of the data slicers are controlled by a first clock and a second clock that is phase shifted 180 degrees from the first clock, and

the two comparators of the edge slicer are controlled by a third clock and a fourth clock, the third clock being phase shifted 90 degrees from the first clock, and the fourth clock being phase shifted 270 degrees from the first clock.

4. The optical receiver of claim 1 ,

wherein the optical receiver front end includes:

automatic gain control circuitry that is to automatically control a gain of the transimpedance amplifier when the photodiode output signal is larger than a particular value, and

DC offset cancelation circuitry that is to cancel a DC voltage offset of the transimpedance amplifier that is due to a DC component of the photodiode output signal.

5. The optical receiver of claim 1 ,

wherein the voltage signal corresponds to a PAM-4 encoded signal that transitions between a first voltage level, a second voltage level that is higher than the first voltage level, a third voltage level that is higher than the second voltage level, and a fourth voltage level that is higher than the third voltage level, and

the respective offset values that are set for the data slicers are such that: the shifted voltage signal of a first one of the data slicers is above the threshold whenever the voltage signal is at the fourth voltage level, and below the threshold whenever the voltage signal is at one of the first, second, and third voltage levels, the shifted voltage signal of a second one of the data slicers is above the threshold whenever the voltage signal is at one of the third and fourth voltage levels, and below the threshold whenever the voltage signal is at one of the first and second voltage levels, and

the shifted voltage signal of a third one of the data slicers is above the threshold whenever the voltage signal is at one of the second, third, and fourth voltage levels, and below the threshold whenever the voltage signal is at the fourth voltage level.

6. The optical receiver of claim 5,

wherein the optical receiver front-end is to output a common mode voltage of the voltage signal, and

the offset value set for the first one of the data slicers is the common mode voltage of the voltage signal plus a first amount,

the offset value set for the second one of the data slicers is the common mode voltage of the voltage signal, and

the offset value set for the third one of the data slicers is the common mode voltage of the voltage signal minus a second amount.

7. A computing device, comprising:

processing circuitry;

an optical transmitter configured to transmit, as a PAM-4 encoded optical signal, data-for-transmission received from the processing circuitry;

an optical receiver configured to receive the transmitted PAM-4 encoded optical signal, the optical receiver comprising:

a photodiode to convert the PAM-4 encoded optical signal into a photodiode output signal;

an optical receiver front-end comprising a transimpedance

amplifier to convert the photodiode output signal to a voltage signal;

four slicers including three data slicers and one edge slicer, where each of the slicers is to:

shift the voltage signal based on an offset voltage set for the respective slicer,

determine whether the shifted voltage signal is greater than a threshold value and generate a number of comparison signals based on the determining, and generate N digital signals by demuxing the comparison signals, where N > 1 ; and

a logic block that is to perform PAM-4 to binary decoding based on the 3N digital signals output by the data slicers and sense edge transitions for a clock-and-data-recovery process based on the N digital signals output by the edge slicer; and

a memory device to receive binary data output from the optical receiver.

8. The computing device of claim 7,

wherein each of the slicers includes:

a voltage shifting amplifier to shift the voltage signal based on the offset voltage set for the respective sliver, and

a number of comparators to determine whether the shifted voltage signal is greater than the threshold, and

the comparators of the edge slicer use clock signals that are phase shifted relative to corresponding clock signals used by the comparators of each of the data slicers.

9. The computing device of claim 8,

wherein each of the slicers includes two of the comparators,

the two comparators of each of the data slicers are controlled by a first clock and a second clock that is phase shifted 180 degrees from the first clock, and

the two comparators of the edge slicer are controlled by a third clock and a fourth clock, the third clock being phase shifted 90 degrees from the first clock, and the fourth clock being phase shifted 270 degrees from the first clock.

10. The computing device of claim 7,

wherein the optical receiver front end includes:

automatic gain control circuitry that is to automatically control a gain of the transimpedance amplifier when the photodiode output signal is larger than a particular value, and

DC offset cancelation circuitry that is to cancel a DC voltage offset of the transimpedance amplifier that is due to a DC component of the photodiode output signal.

1 1 . The computing device of claim 7,

wherein the voltage signal transitions between a first voltage level, a second voltage level that is higher than the first voltage level, a third voltage level that is higher than the second voltage level, and a fourth voltage level that is higher than the third voltage level, and

the respective offset values that are set for the data slicers are such that: the shifted voltage signal of a first one of the data slicers is above the threshold whenever the voltage signal is at the fourth voltage level, and below the threshold whenever the voltage signal is at one of the first, second, and third voltage levels, the shifted voltage signal of a second one of the data slicers is above the threshold whenever the voltage signal is at one of the third and fourth voltage levels, and below the threshold whenever the voltage signal is at one of the first and second voltage levels, and

the shifted voltage signal of a third one of the data slicers is above the threshold whenever the voltage signal is at one of the second, third, and fourth voltage levels, and below the threshold whenever the voltage signal is at the fourth voltage level.

12. An optical receiver, comprising:

an optical receiver front-end comprising a transimpedance amplifier to convert a photodiode output signal to a voltage signal, automatic gain control circuitry that is to control a gain of the transimpedance amplifier when the photodiode output signal is larger than a particular value, and DC offset cancelation circuitry that is to cancel a DC voltage offset of the transimpedance amplifier that is due to a DC component of the photodiode output signal;

four slicers including three data slicers and one edge slicer, where each of the slicers is to receive the voltage signal and output N digital signals based on the voltage signal, where N > 1 ; and

a logic block that is to perform PAM-4 to binary decoding based on the 3N digital signals output by the data slicers and sense edge transitions for a clock-and-data-recovery process based on the N digital signals output by the edge slicer.

13. The optical receiver of claim 12,

wherein each of the slicers includes:

a voltage shifting amplifier to shift the voltage signal based on an offset voltage that is set for the respective slicer, a number of comparators to determine whether the shifted voltage signal is greater than a threshold and generate a number of comparison signals based on the determining, and a number of demux stages to generate the N digital signals by demuxing the comparison signals, and

the comparators of the edge slicer use clock signals that are phase shifted relative to corresponding clock signals used by the comparators of each of the data slicers.

14. The optical receiver of claim 13,

wherein each of the slicers includes two of the comparators,

the two comparators of each of the data slicers are controlled by a first clock and a second clock that is phase shifted 180 degrees from the first clock, and

the two comparators of the edge slicer are controlled by a third clock and a fourth clock, the third clock being phase shifted 90 degrees from the first clock, and the fourth clock being phase shifted 270 degrees from the first clock.

15. The optical receiver of claim 13,

wherein the voltage signal corresponds to a PAM-4 encoded signal that transitions between a first voltage level, a second voltage level that is higher than the first voltage level, a third voltage level that is higher than the second voltage level, and a fourth voltage level that is higher than the third voltage level, and

the first voltage level is higher than the second voltage level, which is higher than the third voltage level, which is higher than the fourth voltage level and

the respective offset values that are set for the data slicers are such that: the shifted voltage signal of a first one of the data slicers is above the threshold whenever the voltage signal is at the fourth voltage level, and below the threshold whenever the voltage signal is at one of the first, second, and third voltage levels, the shifted voltage signal of a second one of the data slicers is above the threshold whenever the voltage signal is at one of the third and fourth voltage levels, and below the threshold whenever the voltage signal is at one of the first and second voltage levels, and

the shifted voltage signal of a third one of the data slicers is above the threshold whenever the voltage signal is at one of the second, third, and fourth voltage levels, and below the threshold whenever the voltage signal is at the fourth voltage level.