Processing

Please wait...

Settings

Settings

1. WO2017139309 - METHODS AND MATERIALS FOR HIGH THROUGHPUT TESTING OF MUTAGENIZED ALLELE COMBINATIONS

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

What is claimed is:

Claim 1. A method for identifying a combination of genetic mutations that improves a phenotype of a plant, wherein said method comprises:

(a) selecting a plurality of genomic targets for mutation,

(b) making a plant cell comprising a plurality of different gRNAs designed to mutate the genomic targets , and a Cas9 polypeptide, wherein a plant descended from the plant cell has a plurality of germline mutations,

(c) sexually crossing a first parental plant comprising at least a subset of the germline mutations to a second parental plant to produce a progeny population,

(d) phenotyping the progeny population to select an individual with improved phenotype, and

(e) genotyping the selected individual to identify the combination of genetic mutations that improves the phenotype of the plant.

Claim 2. The method of claim 1 wherein said plurality of genomic targets comprises is at least four.

Claim 3. The method of claim 1 wherein said first and second parental plants are Zea mays.

Claim 4. The method of claim 3 wherein said plurality of genomic targets comprises at least one of SEQ ID NOs: 26-39.

Claim 5. The method of claim 1 wherein a subset of said plurality of different gRNAs are designed to mutate distinct residues of the same genomic target.

Claim 6. The method of claim 1 wherein a subset of said plurality of different gRNAs is designed to mutate residues within conserved sequences of paralogous genes.

Claim 7. The method of claim 1 wherein making a plant cell comprises inserting gRNA-expressing transgenes.

Claim 8. The method of claim 1 wherein making a plant cell comprises contacting the cell with pre-assembled gRNA-Cas9 ribonucloeoproteins.

Claim 9. The method of claim 1 wherein making a plant cell comprises adding a Cas9 polypeptide-expressing transgene.

Claim 10. The method of claim 9 wherein adding the Cas9 polypeptide-expressing transgene comprises crossing to a plant having the Cas9 polypeptide-expressing transgene.

Claim 11. The method of claim 9 wherein the first parental plant is a progeny of selfing the plant having the germline mutations.

Claim 12. The method of claim 9 wherein the first parental plant is a progeny of a cross of the plant having germline mutations to a wild type plant.

Claim 13. The method of claim 9 wherein the first parental plant is a progeny of a cross of the plant having mutated germline to another plant, whereby the germline mutations of the first parental plant are heterozygous.

Claim 14. The method of claim 9 wherein the first parental plant does not comprise the Cas9 polypeptide-expressing transgene.

Claim 15. The method of claim 1 wherein the second plant has germline mutations.

Claim 16. The method of claim 1 wherein said first and second parental plants are isogenic and belong to complementary heterotic groups.

Claim 17. The method of claim 1, wherein said method comprises repeating steps (a) through (e), wherein said selecting of step (a) comprises genomic targets determined to be present within said selected individual in step (d).

Claim 18. The method of claim 1, wherein said method comprises repeating steps (a) through (e), wherein said first or said second parental plants are related by lineage to an individual selected in step (d).

Claim 19. A method for making a collection of seeds, wherein the embryonic cells of said seeds comprise a combination of genetic mutations identified by the method of claim 1.

Claim 20. The method of claim 1, wherein said first parental plant and said second parental plant are selected from the group consisting of Zea mays, Sorghum bicolor, Triticum aestivum, and Oryza sativa.

Claim 21. The method of claim 1, wherein said first parental plant or said second parental plant is cytoplasmically male sterile.

Claim 22. The method of claim 1, wherein said selecting of step (d) is based at least in part on performance under field testing conditions.

Claim 23. The method of claim 1, wherein said selecting of step (d) is based at least in part on water use efficiency, nitrogen use efficiency, seed oil content, or plant density stress

performance.

Claim 24. The method of a claim 1, wherein phenotyping said progeny comprises using seed chipping to select a subset of individuals from said progeny population.