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1. (WO2017132004) SURGICAL TOOLS FOR SPINAL FACET THERAPY TO ALLEVIATE PAIN
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THAT WHICH IS CLAIMED:

1. Surgical tools for spinal facet surgical procedures for alleviating spinal pain, comprising:

a guide cannula with a wall surrounding a longitudinally extending open channel, the wall having a plurality of longitudinally spaced apart fluid ports extending therethrough, wherein the guide cannula has an outer surface that is keyless; and

a tubular support member comprising a tube having a wall with an open

longitudinally extending interior channel, and at least one vacuum port in fluid

communication with the interior channel of the tube, wherein the guide cannula extends through the open interior channel and the at least one vacuum port is in fluid communication with at least one of the guide cannula fluid ports.

2. The surgical tools of Claim 1, wherein the wall of the guide channel has a constant outer diameter and a constant wall thickness from a proximal end portion to a distal end portion.

3. The surgical tools of Claim 1, wherein an inner surface of the wall of the tube extends laterally outward a distance further away from a centerline of the tube between the upper and lower ends relative to a position of the inner surface of the wall at the upper and lower ends to provide a fluid chamber with an increased volumetric open interior segment.

4. The surgical tools of Claim 1, wherein the wall of the tube is configured to provide a fluid chamber under the at least one vacuum port with a larger interior channel space relative to the interior channel above and below the fluid chamber.

5. The surgical tools of Claim 4, wherein the guide cannula comprises at least one fluid port, optionally shaped as a slot, and can reside in the tubular support member at any rotational position from 0-360 degrees and provide the fluid communication with the vacuum port.

6. The surgical tools of Claim 1, wherein the wall of the guide cannula has an outer surface with a constant outer diameter over a length from above a tapered distal end portion to a proximal end portion.

7. The surgical tools of Claim 1. wherein the wall of the guide cannula has at least one longitudinally extending notch or recess in a proximal end portion.

8. The surgical tools of Claim 7, wherein the at least one longitudinally extending notch or recess is a pair of diametrically opposed notches or recesses.

9. The surgical tools of Claim 1, further comprising a hand grip member with an open center channel extending therethrough that releasably engages a proximal end of the guide cannula to thereby allow a user to concurrently rotate and push against the guide cannula, wherein the hand grip member comprises at least one longitudinally extending protrusion extending about an inner wall surrounding the open center channel, under an upper surface of the hand grip member that slidably engages a corresponding, aligned longitudinally extending notch in an upper end of the guide cannula.

10. The surgical tools of Claim 1, wherein the tubular support member comprises a base configured to rest against skin of a patient that resides below the tube.

11. The surgical tools of Claim 1, wherein the at least one vacuum port is provided by an arm that is attached to the tube and extends substantially orthogonally outward from a longitudinally extending axis of the tube, and wherein the wall of the tube is configured to provide a fluid chamber under the at least one vacuum port with a larger interior channel space relative to the interior channel above and below the fluid chamber.

12. The surgical tools of Claim 9, wherein the hand grip comprises visual indicia and/or at least one window on an upper surface thereof.

13. The surgical tools of Claim 1, further comprising a k-wire or guide pin or a k-wire and guide pin that has visual markings thereon for allowing a user to determine a depth of a distal end of the guide cannula relative to the k-wire or guide pin or k-wire and guide pin when the k-wire or guide pin is or the k-wire and guide pin are in bone at a target spinal facet joint.

14. A surgical tool comprising:

a tubular support member with a base having a bottom surface that is adapted to reside against skin of a patient, wherein the base has or holds an upwardly extending tube with an outer wall having upper and lower ends and a longitudinally extending open through channel, wherein the wall has an inner surface that extends laterally outward from a longitudinally extending centerline of the tubular support member a further distance relative to the inner surface of the wall at each of the upper and lower ends to define a fluid chamber with an increased volumetric open space.

15. The surgical tool of Claim 14, wherein the upwardly extending tube includes an outwardly extending arm with a vacuum port in fluid communication with the fluid chamber.

16. The surgical tool of Claim 14, wherein the arm extends above the fluid chamber and under the upper end of the tube.

17. The surgical tool of Claim 14, further comprising a guide cannula held by the tube with the guide cannula extending through the tube, wherein the guide cannula has a wall that surrounds an open longitudinally extending through-channel, wherein the guide cannula wall comprises at least one fluid port extending though the guide cannula wall.

18. The surgical tool of Claim 17, further comprising a hand grip that detachably engages an upper end of the guide cannula, wherein the hand grip has an open center channel that is concentric with the guide cannula through-channel.

19. The surgical tool of Claim 17, wherein the guide cannula has an external surface that is keyless.

20. The surgical tool of Claim 17, wherein the at least one fluid port is at least one elongate slot.