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Part 1:  1  2  3  4  5  6          Part 2:  A  B  C  D  E 
International application No. Applicant's or agent's file reference
PCT/US2016/014969 90115796
International filing date (day/month/year) (Earliest) Priority Date (day/month/year)
26 January 2016
FOR FURTHER ACTION: See Form PCT/ISA/220 as well as, where applicable, item 5 below.
This international search report has been prepared by this International Searching Authority and is transmitted to the applicant according to Article 18. A copy is being transmitted to the International Bureau.
It is also accompanied by a copy of each prior art document cited in this report.
1. Basis of the report
a. With regard to the language, the international search was carried out on the basis of:
the international application in the language in which it was filed.
a translation of the international application into                                          which is the language of a translation furnished for the purposes of international search (Rules 12.3(a) and 23.1(b)).
This international search report has been established taking into account the rectification of an obvious mistake authorized by or notified to this Authority under Rule 91 (Rule 43.6bis(a)).
With regard to any nucleotide and/or amino acid sequence disclosed in the international application, the international search was carried out on the basis of a sequence listing:
2. Certain claims were found unsearchable
3. Unity of invention is lacking
4. Title of the invention
The text is approved as submitted by the applicant.
The text has been established by this Authority to read as follows:
5. Abstract
The text is approved as submitted by the applicant.
The text has been established, according to Rule 38.2, by this Authority as it appears in Box No. IV. The applicant may, within one month from the date of mailing of this international search report, submit comments to this Authority.
6. Drawings
The figure of the drawings to be published with the abstract is Figure No.     2A    
as suggested by the applicant.
as selected by this Authority, because the applicant failed to suggest a figure.
as selected by this Authority, because this figure better characterizes the invention.
none of the figures is to be published with the abstract.


     H01L 45/00 (2006.01)i; H01L 45/02 (2006.01)i
According to International Patent Classification (IPC) or to both national classification and IPC


Minimum documentation searched (classification system followed by classification symbols):
Documentation searched other than minimum documentation to the extent that such documents are included in the fields searched:
Korean utility models and applications for utility modelsJapanese utility models and applications for utility models
Electronic data base consulted during the international search (name of data base and, where practicable, search terms used):
eKOMPASS(KIPO internal) & Keywords:threshold switch, selector, resistive memory, amorphous, electrode


Category* Citation of document, with indication, where appropriate, of the relevant passages Relevant to claim No.
US 9177916 B1 (INTERMOLECULAR, INC.) 03 November 2015 See column 1, line 38 – column 7, line 44, column 13, line 4 – column 15, line 13 and figures 1A-5B.
US 2003-0227803 A1 (EIJI NATORI et al.) 11 December 2003 See paragraphs [0041]-[0049], claims 1-6 and figure 4.
KR 10-2013-0011600 A (GWANGJU INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY et al.) 30 January 2013 See paragraphs [0042]-[0053], claims 1, 2 and figure 7.
US 2014-0268992 A1 (MICRON TECHNOLOGY, INC.) 18 September 2014 See paragraphs [0055]-[0067], claim 1 and figures 3-4B.
US 2012-0113706 A1 (R. STANLEY WILLIAMS et al.) 10 May 2012 See paragraphs [0028]-[0032], claim 1 and figure 1.
Special categories of cited documents:
document defining the general state of the art which is not considered to be of particular relevance
earlier application or patent but published on or after the international filing date
document which may throw doubts on priority claim(s) or which is cited to establish the publication date of another citation or other special reason (as specified)
document referring to an oral disclosure, use, exhibition or other means
document published prior to the international filing date but later than the priority date claimed
later document published after the international filing date or priority date and not in conflict with the application but cited to understand the principle or theory underlying the invention
document of particular relevance; the claimed invention cannot be considered novel or cannot be considered to involve an inventive step when the document is taken alone
document of particular relevance; the claimed invention cannot be considered to involve an inventive step when the document is combined with one or more other such documents, such combination being obvious to a person skilled in the art
document member of the same patent family


Patent document cited in search report Publication date
Patent family member(s) Publication date
US 9177916 B1
03 November 2015
US 2003-0227803 A1
11 December 2003
CN 1484858 A
CN 1484858 C
JP 4051567 B2
WO 03-023858 A1
US 6922351 B2
24 March 2004
09 August 2006
27 February 2008
20 March 2003
26 July 2005
KR 10-2013-0011600 A
30 January 2013
US 9208869 B2
US 2015-0318474 A1
US 2013-0021835 A1
US 2015-0318041 A1
US 9117513 B2
US 9214631 B2
KR 10-1257365 B1
08 December 2015
05 November 2015
24 January 2013
05 November 2015
25 August 2015
15 December 2015
23 April 2013
US 2014-0268992 A1
18 September 2014
US 9293196 B2
22 March 2016
US 2012-0113706 A1
10 May 2012
CA 02767764 A1
CN 102484127 B
CN 102484127 A
CN 102482276 A
EP 2443657 A1
EP 2443657 A4
EP 2455380 A1
WO 2011-007756 A1
KR 10-2012-0046327 A
US 8891284 B2
US 2012-0142672 A1
WO 2011-028208 A1
20 January 2011
15 July 2015
30 May 2012
30 May 2012
25 April 2012
31 July 2013
23 May 2012
20 January 2011
09 May 2012
18 November 2014
07 June 2012
10 March 2011
Name and mailing address of the ISA/:
Korean Intellectual Property Office
189 Cheongsa-ro, Seo-gu, Daejeon Metropolitan City, 302-701
Republic of Korea
Facsimile No. +82-42-481-8578
Date of the actual completion of the international search:
26 October 2016
Date of mailing of the international search report:
26 October 2016
Authorized officer:
KIM, Do Weon
Telephone No. +82-42-481-5560
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