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1. (WO2017130149) HEAT EXCHANGER
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CLAIMS

1. A heat exchanger (1; 1*; 100) including:

- a bundle of tubes (8), each extending in a respective elongation direction (XI) and defining a flow path for a working fluid extending along said elongation direction (XI), wherein each tube (8) of the bundle can be supplied with a working fluid,

- a matrix (6) made of thermally conductive material that houses the tubes (8) of said bundle and that is configured, in use, to promote a thermal exchange between working fluids that run through corresponding tubes (8) of said bundle,

- a shell (4) made of thermally insulating material arranged around said matrix

(6),

wherein

said matrix (6) is made of a plurality of sections (10) alternated by thermal interruptions (12) extending transversally to said elongation direction (XI).

2. The heat exchanger (1; 1*; 100) according to Claim 1, wherein the elongation direction of each tube (8) is a longitudinal direction (XI) of said heat exchanger (1), wherein the plurality of sections (10) of the matrix (6) are arranged aligned along said longitudinal direction (XI) and are alternated by thermal interruptions (12) extending transversally to said longitudinal direction (XI).

3. The heat exchanger (1; 1*; 100) according to Claim 1 or 2, wherein said matrix (6) is part of a thermal exchange core (2) of said heat exchanger (1) internal to said shell made of thermally insulating material (4), said heat exchange core (2) including said matrix (6), said bundle of tubes (8) and a further shell made of refractory material (5).

4. The heat exchanger (1; 1*; 100) according to one of Claims 1 to 3, wherein each section (10) of said matrix (6) has a modular construction including a stack of modular elements (14, 16).

5. The heat exchanger (1) according to Claim 4, wherein each stack of modular elements includes, arranged in sequence with each other, a first modular element (14), two second modular elements (16, 16) and a further first modular element (14), wherein:

- each first modular element (14) is a plate made of thermally conductive material including one or more axial grooves (14A) on a sngle face thereof, and

- each second modular element (16) is a plate made of thermally conductive

material including axial grooves (16A) in correspondence of a first and a second opposite faces thereof.

6. The heat exchanger (1) according to Claim 5, wherein the first modular element (14) includes a first number of axial grooves (14A), while the second modular element (16) includes:

- said first number of axial grooves on said first face, and

- a second number of axial grooves, equal to the first number plus one unit, on said second face, so that when faces of said first and second modular elements (14, 16) having equal number of axial grooves (14A, 16A) are juxtaposed, a quincuncial arrangement of holes is obtained oriented along said longitudinal direction (XI), wherein each hole is configured for housing a tube (8) of said bundle.

7. The heat exchanger (1) according to Claim 5, wherein each thermal interruption includes, arranged in sequence with each other, a first portion (12A), two second portions (12B, 12B), and a further first portion (12A) wherein:

- each first portion (12A) is a plate made of thermally insulating material, preferably alumina, having a perimeter including one or more indentations (120) on a single side thereof,

- each second portion (12B) is a plate made of thermally insulating material, preferably alumina, including indentations (120) in correspondence of a first and a second sides of said perimeter, opposite to one another,

wherein

the first portion (12A) includes a first number of indentations (120), equal to the first number of axial grooves (14A) of said first modular element (14),

the second portion (12B) includes:

- a number of indentations equal to said first number of indentations (120) of said first side, and

- a second number of indentations (120), equal to the first number of indentations plus one unit, on said second side, so that, when said first and second portions (12A, 12B) having equal number of indentations (120) are juxtaposed, a quincuncial arrangement of holes is obtained having axes parallel to said longitudinal direction (XI), and having the same position, number, and arrangement of the holes of the quincuncial arrangement determined by said stack of modular elements (14, 16, 16, 14).

8. The heat exchanger (1; 1*; 100) according to any of Claims 1, 2, 6 or 7, wherein each tube (8) of said bundle is mounted freely slidable in a corresponding hole in each section (10) of the matrix (6).

9. The heat exchanger (1) according to any of the previous claims, wherein the sections (10) of said matrix are encircled by means of a first and a second metal profiles (18, 18) connected to one another by means of a flanged joint (18A, BL).

10. The heat exchanger (1) according to any of the previous claims, wherein each of said thermal interruption (12) is made as, alternatively, as:

- an interspace wherein vacuum is applied,

- an interspace wherein air is inserted,

- an interspace wherein an inert gas is inserted,

- a septum made of thermally insulating material (12A, 12B), preferably alumina.

11. The heat exchanger according to Claim 9, wherein said shell made of refractory material (5) has a modular structure and includes:

- a first pair of modular elements (20) including two plates made of refractory material arranged aligned to said longitudinal direction (XI) on opposite sides of said matrix (6) with respect to the seam line between said first and second profile and protruding laterally with respect thereto, and

- a second pair of modular elements (22) having C-shaped cross section arranged between said first pair of modular elements and astride of said flanged joint.

12. The heat exchanger (100) according to Claim 1, wherein each of said thermal interruptions consists of a complex of joints (J) that hydraulically connect the tubes (8) of modular heat-exchange units (1*), each modular heat-exchange unit (1*) including a section (10; 10*) of the matrix of the heat exchanger (1*).

13. The heat exchanger (100) according to Claim 1, wherein the matrix section (6) of each modular heat-exchange unit (1*) is in turn divided into a plurality of sections (10) separated by thermal interruptions (12) that extend in a direction transverse to the elongation direction (XI).

14. The heat exchanger (100) according to Claim 12 or Claim 13, wherein the tubes of each modular heat-exchange unit are hydraulically connected by means of joints (J) to the corresponding tubes of at least another modular heat-exchange unit (1*), said joints (J) providing said thermal interruptions.

15. The heat exchanger (100) according to Claim 12 or Claim 14, wherein the matrix of each modular heat-exchange unit (1*) is made up of a single section (10), provided at the ends of which are a first thermal interruption (12) and a second thermal interruption (12).