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1. (WO2017091189) ELECTRICAL CONTACTS FOR MAGNETORESISTIVE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY DEVICES



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INTERNATIONAL SEARCH REPORT (ISR)
Part 1:  1  2  3  4  5  6          Part 2:  A  B  C  D  E 
International application No. Applicant's or agent's file reference
PCT/US2015/062078 P89238PCT
International filing date (day/month/year) (Earliest) Priority Date (day/month/year)
23 November 2015
Applicant
INTEL CORPORATION et al.
FOR FURTHER ACTION: See Form PCT/ISA/220 as well as, where applicable, item 5 below.
This international search report has been prepared by this International Searching Authority and is transmitted to the applicant according to Article 18. A copy is being transmitted to the International Bureau.
It is also accompanied by a copy of each prior art document cited in this report.
1. Basis of the report
a. With regard to the language, the international search was carried out on the basis of:
the international application in the language in which it was filed.
a translation of the international application into                                          which is the language of a translation furnished for the purposes of international search (Rules 12.3(a) and 23.1(b)).
b.
This international search report has been established taking into account the rectification of an obvious mistake authorized by or notified to this Authority under Rule 91 (Rule 43.6bis(a)).
c.
With regard to any nucleotide and/or amino acid sequence disclosed in the international application, the international search was carried out on the basis of a sequence listing:
2. Certain claims were found unsearchable
3. Unity of invention is lacking
4. Title of the invention
The text is approved as submitted by the applicant.
The text has been established by this Authority to read as follows:
5. Abstract
The text is approved as submitted by the applicant.
The text has been established, according to Rule 38.2, by this Authority as it appears in Box No. IV. The applicant may, within one month from the date of mailing of this international search report, submit comments to this Authority.
6. Drawings
a.
The figure of the drawings to be published with the abstract is Figure No.     1    
as suggested by the applicant.
as selected by this Authority, because the applicant failed to suggest a figure.
as selected by this Authority, because this figure better characterizes the invention.
b.
none of the figures is to be published with the abstract.

A. CLASSIFICATION OF SUBJECT MATTER

     H01L 43/02 (2006.01)i; H01L 43/08 (2006.01)i; H01L 43/10 (2006.01)i; H01L 43/12 (2006.01)i
According to International Patent Classification (IPC) or to both national classification and IPC

B. FIELDS SEARCHED

Minimum documentation searched (classification system followed by classification symbols):
Documentation searched other than minimum documentation to the extent that such documents are included in the fields searched:
Korean utility models and applications for utility modelsJapanese utility models and applications for utility models
Electronic data base consulted during the international search (name of data base and, where practicable, search terms used):
eKOMPASS(KIPO internal) & Keywords: magnetic tunnel junction, contact, tantalum, copper, passivation

C. DOCUMENTS CONSIDERED TO BE RELEVANT

Category* Citation of document, with indication, where appropriate, of the relevant passages Relevant to claim No.
(1)
X
US 2014-0017818 A1 (AVALANCHE TECHNOLOGY, INC.) 16 January 2014 See paragraphs [0009], [0044]-[0073], [0098]-[0114], claim 1 and figures 2, 2a.
1-5,14,15
Y
6-13,16-25
(2)
Y
US 2010-0301480 A1 (SUK-HUN CHOI et al.) 02 December 2010 See paragraphs [0093]-[0111], claim 1 and figures 1, 3.
6-13,18-25
(3)
Y
US 2003-0170985 A1 (JENG H. HWANG et al.) 11 September 2003 See paragraphs [0022]-[0037], claim 1 and figure 1A.
16,17
(4)
A
US 2007-0172964 A1 (CHENG-TYNG YEN et al.) 26 July 2007 See paragraphs [0025]-[0040], claim 1 and figure 1H.
1-25
(5)
A
KR 10-2015-0115360 A (SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.) 14 October 2015 See paragraphs [0027]-[0044], claim 1 and figure 1.
1-25
*
Special categories of cited documents:
"A"
document defining the general state of the art which is not considered to be of particular relevance
"E"
earlier application or patent but published on or after the international filing date
"L"
document which may throw doubts on priority claim(s) or which is cited to establish the publication date of another citation or other special reason (as specified)
"O"
document referring to an oral disclosure, use, exhibition or other means
"P"
document published prior to the international filing date but later than the priority date claimed
"T"
later document published after the international filing date or priority date and not in conflict with the application but cited to understand the principle or theory underlying the invention
"X"
document of particular relevance; the claimed invention cannot be considered novel or cannot be considered to involve an inventive step when the document is taken alone
"Y"
document of particular relevance; the claimed invention cannot be considered to involve an inventive step when the document is combined with one or more other such documents, such combination being obvious to a person skilled in the art
"&"
document member of the same patent family

D. INFORMATION ON PATENT FAMILY MEMBERS

Patent document cited in search report Publication date
(day/month/year)
Patent family member(s) Publication date
(day/month/year)
US 2014-0017818 A1
16 January 2014
US 2008-0293165 A1
US 8535952 B2
US 8980649 B2
WO 2009-108213 A1
27 November 2008
17 September 2013
17 March 2015
03 September 2009
US 2010-0301480 A1
02 December 2010
CN 102142442 A
JP 05775288 B2
JP 2011-109099 A
KR 10-1603161 B1
TW 2011-33757 A
US 8575753 B2
03 August 2011
09 September 2015
02 June 2011
15 March 2016
01 October 2011
05 November 2013
US 2003-0170985 A1
11 September 2003
US 6821907 B2
WO 2003-077287 A2
WO 2003-077287 A3
23 November 2004
18 September 2003
26 February 2004
US 2007-0172964 A1
26 July 2007
TW I292606 B
11 January 2008
KR 10-2015-0115360 A
14 October 2015
US 2015-0287912 A1
08 October 2015
Name and mailing address of the ISA/:
Korean Intellectual Property Office
189 Cheongsa-ro, Seo-gu, Daejeon Metropolitan City, 302-701
Republic of Korea
Facsimile No. +82-42-481-8578
Date of the actual completion of the international search:
04 August 2016
Date of mailing of the international search report:
08 August 2016
Authorized officer:
KIM, Do Weon
Telephone No. +82-42-481-5560
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