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1. (WO2016092578) DEVICE FOR PRODUCING HYDROGEN
Latest bibliographic data on file with the International Bureau   

Pub. No.: WO/2016/092578 International Application No.: PCT/IT2015/000298
Publication Date: 16.06.2016 International Filing Date: 09.12.2015
IPC:
C25B 1/10 (2006.01) ,C25B 9/00 (2006.01) ,H01M 8/16 (2006.01) ,H01M 8/1018 (2016.01) ,C02F 1/461 (2006.01) ,H01M 8/00 (2016.01) ,H01M 8/10 (2006.01)
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
25
ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
B
ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON- METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
1
Electrolytic production of inorganic compounds or non-metals
02
of hydrogen or oxygen
04
by electrolysis of water
10
in diaphragm cells
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
25
ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
B
ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON- METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
9
Cells or assemblies of cells; Constructional parts of cells; Assemblies of constructional parts, e.g. electrode-diaphragm assemblies
H ELECTRICITY
01
BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
M
PROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8
Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
16
Biochemical fuel cells, i.e. cells in which micro-organisms function as catalysts
[IPC code unknown for H01M 8/1018]
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
02
TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
F
TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
1
Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
46
by electrochemical methods
461
by electrolysis
H ELECTRICITY
01
BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
M
PROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8
Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
H ELECTRICITY
01
BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
M
PROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8
Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
10
Fuel cells with solid electrolytes
Applicants:
LAVANGA, Vito [IT/IT]; IT
Inventors:
LAVANGA, Vito; IT
FARNE', Stefano; IT
Priority Data:
MI2014A00210209.12.2014IT
Title (EN) DEVICE FOR PRODUCING HYDROGEN
(FR) DISPOSITIF DE PRODUCTION D'HYDROGÈNE
Abstract:
(EN) This invention relates to a device for extracting, produce and convert into electric energy the hydrogen dissolved in a liquid mixture. Said device (A, B) is of the type able to produce hydrogen through the use of bacteria and it is characterized in that it includes: • a first manifold (1), in which a flow (F1) of said liquid mixture runs into; • a second manifold (2), from which a flow (F2) of said liquid mixture comes out; • one or more pipes (3) fitted to hydraulically connect said first (1) and second (2) manifold, so that said liquid mixture flows from said first manifold (1) to said second manifold (2); wherein the walls (3a) of said one or more pipes (3) include: • a first layer (31), made of metallic material, fitted to receive the bacterial consortia, said first layer (31) being electrically connected to a first terminal (7), that constitutes the anode of said device (A, B); • a second layer (32), including a proton exchange membrane (PEM - Proton Exchange Membrane), said membrane (32) having characteristics of solidity and water-tightness adequate to ensure the containment of said liquid mixture; • a third layer (33), made of metallic material, electrically connected to a second terminal (9) that constitutes the cathode of said device (A, B); the dissolved hydrogen oxidizing and giving electrons to said first metallic layer (31), that is negatively charged, and the residual protons diffusing through said PEM membrane, that constitutes said second layer (32) and spreading to the outside of said pipes (3).
(FR) La présente invention concerne un dispositif permettant d'extraire, de produire et de convertir en énergie électrique l'hydrogène dissous dans un mélange liquide. Ledit dispositif (A, B) est du type à pouvoir produire de l'hydrogène à l'aide de bactéries et il est caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend : • un premier collecteur (1), dans lequel est amené un écoulement (F1) dudit mélange liquide; • un second collecteur (2), à partir duquel sort un écoulement (F2) dudit mélange liquide; • un ou plusieurs tuyaux (3) conçus pour raccorder hydrauliquement lesdits premier (1) et second (2) collecteurs, de sorte que ledit mélange liquide s'écoule depuis ledit premier collecteur (1) vers ledit second collecteur (2); les parois (3a) dudit ou desdits tuyaux (3) comprenant : • une première couche (31), constituée d'un matériau métallique, conçue pour recevoir les communautés de bactéries, ladite première couche (31) étant raccordée électriquement à une première borne (7), qui constitue l'anode dudit dispositif (A, B); • une deuxième couche (32), comprenant une membrane échangeuse de protons (PEM), ladite membrane (32) ayant des caractéristiques de solidité et d'étanchéité à l'eau adéquates pour assurer le confinement dudit mélange liquide; • une troisième couche (33), constituée d'un matériau métallique, raccordée électriquement à une seconde borne (9) qui constitue la cathode dudit dispositif (A, B); l'hydrogène dissous oxydant et donnant des électrons à ladite première couche métallique (31), qui est chargée négativement, et le reste des protons se diffusant à travers ladite membrane PEM, qui constitue ladite deuxième couche (32) et s'étendant vers l'extérieur desdits tuyaux (3).
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Designated States: AE, AG, AL, AM, AO, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BH, BN, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CL, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DO, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, GT, HN, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IR, IS, JP, KE, KG, KN, KP, KR, KZ, LA, LC, LK, LR, LS, LU, LY, MA, MD, ME, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MY, MZ, NA, NG, NI, NO, NZ, OM, PA, PE, PG, PH, PL, PT, QA, RO, RS, RU, RW, SA, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SM, ST, SV, SY, TH, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, ZA, ZM, ZW
African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) (BW, GH, GM, KE, LR, LS, MW, MZ, NA, RW, SD, SL, ST, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW)
Eurasian Patent Office (AM, AZ, BY, KG, KZ, RU, TJ, TM)
European Patent Office (EPO) (AL, AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LT, LU, LV, MC, MK, MT, NL, NO, PL, PT, RO, RS, SE, SI, SK, SM, TR)
African Intellectual Property Organization (BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, KM, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG)
Publication Language: English (EN)
Filing Language: Italian (IT)