Processing

Please wait...

Settings

Settings

Goto Application

1. WO2016092578 - DEVICE FOR PRODUCING HYDROGEN

Publication Number WO/2016/092578
Publication Date 16.06.2016
International Application No. PCT/IT2015/000298
International Filing Date 09.12.2015
IPC
C25B 1/10 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON- METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
1Electrolytic production of inorganic compounds or non-metals
02of hydrogen or oxygen
04by electrolysis of water
10in diaphragm cells
C25B 9/00 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON- METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
9Cells or assemblies of cells; Constructional parts of cells; Assemblies of constructional parts, e.g. electrode-diaphragm assemblies
H01M 8/16 2006.01
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
16Biochemical fuel cells, i.e. cells in which microorganisms function as catalysts
H01M 8/1018 2016.01
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
10Fuel cells with solid electrolytes
1016characterised by the electrolyte material
1018Polymeric electrolyte materials
C02F 1/461 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
1Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
46by electrochemical methods
461by electrolysis
H01M 8/00 2016.01
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
CPC
C25B 1/10
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON-METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
1Electrolytic production of inorganic compounds or non-metals
02of hydrogen or oxygen
04by electrolysis of water
10in diaphragm cells
C25B 9/00
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON-METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
9Cells or assemblies of cells; Constructional parts of cells; Assemblies of constructional parts, e.g. electrode-diaphragm assemblies
H01M 2008/1095
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
10Fuel cells with solid electrolytes
1095Fuel cells with polymeric electrolytes
H01M 8/004
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
002Shape, form of a fuel cell
004Cylindrical, tubular or wound
H01M 8/16
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
16Biochemical fuel cells, i.e. cells in which microorganisms function as catalysts
Y02E 60/366
YSECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
60Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
30Hydrogen technology
36Hydrogen production from non-carbon containing sources
366by electrolysis of water
Applicants
  • LAVANGA, Vito [IT]/[IT]
Inventors
  • LAVANGA, Vito
  • FARNE', Stefano
Priority Data
MI2014A00210209.12.2014IT
Publication Language English (EN)
Filing Language Italian (IT)
Designated States
Title
(EN) DEVICE FOR PRODUCING HYDROGEN
(FR) DISPOSITIF DE PRODUCTION D'HYDROGÈNE
Abstract
(EN)
This invention relates to a device for extracting, produce and convert into electric energy the hydrogen dissolved in a liquid mixture. Said device (A, B) is of the type able to produce hydrogen through the use of bacteria and it is characterized in that it includes: • a first manifold (1), in which a flow (F1) of said liquid mixture runs into; • a second manifold (2), from which a flow (F2) of said liquid mixture comes out; • one or more pipes (3) fitted to hydraulically connect said first (1) and second (2) manifold, so that said liquid mixture flows from said first manifold (1) to said second manifold (2); wherein the walls (3a) of said one or more pipes (3) include: • a first layer (31), made of metallic material, fitted to receive the bacterial consortia, said first layer (31) being electrically connected to a first terminal (7), that constitutes the anode of said device (A, B); • a second layer (32), including a proton exchange membrane (PEM - Proton Exchange Membrane), said membrane (32) having characteristics of solidity and water-tightness adequate to ensure the containment of said liquid mixture; • a third layer (33), made of metallic material, electrically connected to a second terminal (9) that constitutes the cathode of said device (A, B); the dissolved hydrogen oxidizing and giving electrons to said first metallic layer (31), that is negatively charged, and the residual protons diffusing through said PEM membrane, that constitutes said second layer (32) and spreading to the outside of said pipes (3).
(FR)
La présente invention concerne un dispositif permettant d'extraire, de produire et de convertir en énergie électrique l'hydrogène dissous dans un mélange liquide. Ledit dispositif (A, B) est du type à pouvoir produire de l'hydrogène à l'aide de bactéries et il est caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend : • un premier collecteur (1), dans lequel est amené un écoulement (F1) dudit mélange liquide; • un second collecteur (2), à partir duquel sort un écoulement (F2) dudit mélange liquide; • un ou plusieurs tuyaux (3) conçus pour raccorder hydrauliquement lesdits premier (1) et second (2) collecteurs, de sorte que ledit mélange liquide s'écoule depuis ledit premier collecteur (1) vers ledit second collecteur (2); les parois (3a) dudit ou desdits tuyaux (3) comprenant : • une première couche (31), constituée d'un matériau métallique, conçue pour recevoir les communautés de bactéries, ladite première couche (31) étant raccordée électriquement à une première borne (7), qui constitue l'anode dudit dispositif (A, B); • une deuxième couche (32), comprenant une membrane échangeuse de protons (PEM), ladite membrane (32) ayant des caractéristiques de solidité et d'étanchéité à l'eau adéquates pour assurer le confinement dudit mélange liquide; • une troisième couche (33), constituée d'un matériau métallique, raccordée électriquement à une seconde borne (9) qui constitue la cathode dudit dispositif (A, B); l'hydrogène dissous oxydant et donnant des électrons à ladite première couche métallique (31), qui est chargée négativement, et le reste des protons se diffusant à travers ladite membrane PEM, qui constitue ladite deuxième couche (32) et s'étendant vers l'extérieur desdits tuyaux (3).
Latest bibliographic data on file with the International Bureau