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1. (WO2016063455) ELECTRODE, FUEL CELL AND WATER TREATMENT DEVICE
Latest bibliographic data on file with the International Bureau   

Pub. No.: WO/2016/063455 International Application No.: PCT/JP2015/004732
Publication Date: 28.04.2016 International Filing Date: 16.09.2015
IPC:
H01M 4/86 (2006.01) ,C02F 3/28 (2006.01) ,H01M 4/96 (2006.01) ,H01M 8/16 (2006.01)
H ELECTRICITY
01
BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
M
PROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4
Electrodes
86
Inert electrodes with catalytic activity, e.g. for fuel cells
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
02
TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
F
TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
3
Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
28
Anaerobic digestion processes
H ELECTRICITY
01
BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
M
PROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4
Electrodes
86
Inert electrodes with catalytic activity, e.g. for fuel cells
96
Carbon-based electrodes
H ELECTRICITY
01
BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
M
PROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8
Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
16
Biochemical fuel cells, i.e. cells in which micro-organisms function as catalysts
Applicants:
パナソニック株式会社 PANASONIC CORPORATION [JP/JP]; 大阪府門真市大字門真1006番地 1006, Oaza Kadoma, Kadoma-shi, Osaka 5718501, JP
Inventors:
吉川 直毅 YOSHIKAWA, Naoki; null
北出 祐基 KITADE, Yuuki; null
Agent:
伊藤 正和 ITO, Masakazu; JP
Priority Data:
2014-21393020.10.2014JP
2015-07817707.04.2015JP
Title (EN) ELECTRODE, FUEL CELL AND WATER TREATMENT DEVICE
(FR) ÉLECTRODE, PILE À COMBUSTIBLE ET DISPOSITIF DE TRAITEMENT D'EAU
(JA) 電極、燃料電池及び水処理装置
Abstract:
(EN) This electrode (10) is provided with: a first diffusion layer (1) that has water repellency; a second diffusion layer (2) that supports a catalyst (4); and an oxygen permeable layer (3) that is arranged between the first diffusion layer and the second diffusion layer and has oxygen permeability. The second diffusion layer comprises a sheet-like carbon material. Meanwhile, a fuel cell (100) is provided with: a negative electrode (20) which supports a microorganism; an ion transfer layer (30) through which hydrogen ions permeate; and a positive electrode (40) which is formed of the electrode (10) and is separated from the negative electrode with the ion transfer layer being interposed therebetween.
(FR) La présente invention porte sur une électrode (10) comprenant : une première couche de diffusion (1) qui présente un caractère hydrofuge ; une seconde couche de diffusion (2) qui supporte un catalyseur (4) ; et une couche perméable à l'oxygène (3) qui est agencée entre la première couche de diffusion et la seconde couche de diffusion et présente de la perméabilité à l'oxygène. La seconde couche de diffusion comprend un matériau carboné en forme de feuille. L'invention porte par ailleurs sur une pile à combustible (100) comprenant : une électrode négative (20) qui soutient un micro-organisme ; une couche de transfert d'ions (30) à travers laquelle passent des ions hydrogène ; et une électrode positive (40) qui est formée de l'électrode (10) et est séparée de l'électrode négative avec la couche de transfert d'ions intercalée entre elles.
(JA)  電極(10)は、撥水性を有する第一の拡散層(1)と、触媒(4)を担持する第二の拡散層(2)と、第一の拡散層と第二の拡散層との間に配置され、酸素透過性を有する酸素透過層(3)とを備える。そして、第二の拡散層は、シート状の炭素材料を有する。また、燃料電池(100)は、微生物を担持する負極(20)と、水素イオンを透過するイオン移動層(30)と、イオン移動層を介して負極と隔てられた、電極(10)からなる正極(40)とを備える。
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Designated States: AE, AG, AL, AM, AO, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BH, BN, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CL, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DO, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, GT, HN, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IR, IS, JP, KE, KG, KN, KP, KR, KZ, LA, LC, LK, LR, LS, LU, LY, MA, MD, ME, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MY, MZ, NA, NG, NI, NO, NZ, OM, PA, PE, PG, PH, PL, PT, QA, RO, RS, RU, RW, SA, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SM, ST, SV, SY, TH, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, ZA, ZM, ZW
African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) (BW, GH, GM, KE, LR, LS, MW, MZ, NA, RW, SD, SL, ST, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW)
Eurasian Patent Office (AM, AZ, BY, KG, KZ, RU, TJ, TM)
European Patent Office (EPO) (AL, AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LT, LU, LV, MC, MK, MT, NL, NO, PL, PT, RO, RS, SE, SI, SK, SM, TR)
African Intellectual Property Organization (BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, KM, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG)
Publication Language: Japanese (JA)
Filing Language: Japanese (JA)