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1. (WO2016061179) SMART LOWER END
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CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A pulser to generate pressure pulses for mud telemetry, the pulser comprising:

a hydraulically actuated valve that restricts flow and creates pressure spikes;

a pilot valve that controls the actuation of the hydraulically actuated valve;

a signal shaft comprising a magnet, the signal shaft configured to move due to the pressure difference; and

a lower end comprising a linear position sensor configured to measure the axial movement of the signal shaft.

2. The pulser of claim 1, wherein the linear position sensor is a magnetometer configured to measure a change in magnetic field, wherein the change in magnetic field is caused by movement of the signal shaft magnet.

3. The pulser of claim 2, further comprising a microcontroller and a memory, wherein the microcontroller is configured to input data from the magnetometer and store the data in the memory.

4. The pulser of claim 3, wherein the microcontroller is configured to calculate a displacement of the signal shaft based on the change in magnetic field.

5. The pulser of claim 2, wherein the magnetometer comprises two magnetometers, wherein one magnetometer is not able to sense the magnetic field change caused by the movement of the magnet on the signal shaft.

6. The pulser of claim 5, wherein the difference in signals from the two magnetometers compensates for a change in the magnetic field not caused by the movement of the signal shaft.

7. The pulser of claim 1, wherein the linear position sensor is a linear variable differential transformer configured to sense movement of the signal shaft magnet.

8. The pulser of claim 1, further comprising a plenum pressure sensor configured to measure plenum pressure within the pulser.

9. The pulser of claim 1, further comprising a bore pressure sensor configured to measure bore pressure external to the pulser.

10. The pulser of claim 1, further comprising a solenoid configured to actuate the pilot valve.

11. The pulser of claim 10, further comprising a pulser driver configured to energize the solenoid.

12. The pulser of claim 1, further comprising a motor configured to actuate the pilot valve.

13. The pulser of claim 11, further comprising a solenoid sense circuit, the solenoid sense circuit configured to sense the actuation of the solenoid.

14. The pulser of claim 13, wherein the solenoid sense circuit is a passive pick up coil.

15. The pulser of claim 13, wherein the lower end further comprises wake circuitry, the wake circuitry configured to wake other components of the lower end after the sense circuit senses the actuation of the solenoid.

16. The pulser of claim 15, wherein the wake circuitry is further configured to cause other components of the lower end to enter a low power state after the sense circuit does not sense the solenoid.

17. The pulser of claim 16, wherein the wake circuitry is configured to cause other components of the lower end to enter a low power state after a predetermined period of time after the sense circuit does not sense the solenoid.

18. A method of confirming the operation of a hydraulically actuated valve in a pulser, the method comprising:

measuring a change in magnetic field using a linear position sensor, wherein the change in magnetic field is caused by movement of a magnet attached to a signal shaft that causes a hydraulically actuated valve to restrict flow and create pressure spikes.

19. The method of claim 18, further comprising:

calculating a displacement of the signal shaft based on the change in magnetic field.

20. The method of claim 18, further comprising:

measuring plenum pressure within the pulser using a plenum pressure sensor; or measuring bore pressure external to the pulser using a bore pressure sensor.

21. The method of claim 20, further comprising:

sensing, using a solenoid sense circuit, a magnetic field generated by the actuation of a solenoid; and

22. The method of claim 21 , further comprising:

activating the plenum pressure sensor after sensing a magnetic field by the solenoid sense circuit;

activating the magnetometer after sensing a magnetic field by the solenoid sense circuit; and

activating a bore pressure sensor after sensing a magnetic field by the solenoid sense circuit.

23. The method of claim 22, further comprising:

sensing, using the solenoid sense circuit, the absence of a magnetic field;

deactivating the plenum pressure sensor after sensing the absence of a magnetic field; deactivating the magnetometer after sensing the absence of a magnetic field; and deactivating a bore pressure sensor after sensing the absence of a magnetic field.

24. The method of claim 22, further comprising:

deactivating the plenum pressure sensor after sensing a change in magnetic field that is caused by movement of the magnet attached to the signal shaft; deactivating the magnetometer after sensing a change in magnetic field that is caused by movement of the magnet attached to the signal shaft; and

deactivating a bore pressure sensor after sensing a change in magnetic field that is caused by movement of the magnet attached to the signal shaft.

25. The method of claim 23, further comprising waiting for a predetermined period of time before deactivating the plenum pressure sensor, the magnetometer, and the bore pressure sensor.

26. The method of claim 18, further comprising storing data from the magnetometer in a memory.

27. The method of claim 20, further comprising storing data from the plenum pressure sensor, the bore pressure sensor, and the magnetometer in a memory.

28. A non-transitory computer readable medium comprising computer executable instructions stored thereon configured to cause one or more processing units located within a pulser to:

measure a change in magnetic field using a magnetometer, wherein the change in magnetic field is caused by movement of a magnet attached to a signal shaft that causes a hydraulically actuated valve to restrict flow and create pressure spikes.

29. The non-transitory computer readable medium of claim 28, further comprising instructions to cause the one or more processing units to:

measure plenum pressure within the pulser using a plenum pressure sensor, wherein the pressure difference is caused by movement of a pilot valve; and measure bore pressure external to the pulser using a bore pressure sensor, wherein pressure change is caused by a pressure pulse generated by the signal shaft.

30. The non-transitory computer readable medium of claim 29, further comprising instructions to cause the one or more processing units to:

activate the plenum pressure sensor after sensing a magnetic field by the solenoid sense circuit;

activate the magnetometer after sensing a magnetic field by the solenoid sense circuit; and

activate a bore pressure sensor after sensing a magnetic field by the solenoid sense circuit.